What kind of oil should be poured into a uniaxial tractor

How to change the oil

In order for motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically change the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running in, and then after every 50-100 hours of operation of motor vehicles (with intense loads, it will be necessary to “fill in” even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.

Choosing the best oil for a walk-behind tractor and learning to change it correctly: in a gearbox, in an engine

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During the operation of the walk-behind tractor, the engine is exposed to a heavy load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, therefore it is used according to the classification.

What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor

As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:

The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter “W” indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values ​​of the thermometer, and the numbers after the “dash”. at positive values. These indicators characterize how easy the liquid will be pumped through the system, and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.

The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products intended for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, and category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since for a diesel and carburetor engine it has a different composition.

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The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas index into a tractor, mini-tractor, as well as heavy Neva walk-behind tractors designed for heavy loads.

Below are the types of machine lubrication, which, according to their characteristics, are the most optimal for a cultivator or walk-behind tractor. Of course, they can be used, if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer, and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:

  • 5w30, 5w40. all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
  • 10w30, 10w40. with anti-corrosion properties;
  • 15w40, 20w40. designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above;
  • 0w30, 0w40. created for winter use;
  • MIL-L. designed for military vehicles and can be used on motoblocks with diesel (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) type engines.

Double-labeled grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any motors: it is universal and equally suitable for both a diesel engine and gasoline-powered engines (like, for example, a Texas cultivator). Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives are added to it. Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.

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Changing the oil in the gearbox

Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid. If necessary, it must be changed, having previously checked the volume of the tank. Checking in such models of a walk-behind tractor as Neva is carried out as follows:

  • The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (it will be more convenient to pour the product).
  • Insert a probe into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and measure the level of the substance with it.

If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. If the results are different, the lubricant should be added to the gearbox to the correct level. At least 2 liters of lubricant will need to be poured into a completely dry gearbox.

Changing the engine oil

The procedure for replacing the lubricating fluid in the motor is as follows:

  • Motorcycle engine is started and warmed up.
  • a single-axle tractor is installed on an elevated horizontal surface.
  • Open the drain hole of the tank to drain the contents into a separate container, and then close tightly.
  • Pour a new agent through the filler hole, controlling its level with a dipstick.
  • Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.

Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease needs to be poured, since the performance of the walk-behind tractor, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product and with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such motoblocks as S htenli (Shtenli), Patriot, Tarpan, Kaskad, Khoper, Agat, Oka, Luch, MTZ.

How to pour oil into the gearbox of a walk-behind tractor

All actions for pouring oil into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor are performed in the same way as when pouring oil into the engine of the walk-behind tractor.

The whole process is as follows: a single-axle tractor is located on level ground, the surface around the neck of the gearbox housing is cleaned, the plug-dipstick of the neck for pouring oil is unscrewed, the required amount of lubricant is poured using a funnel.

What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor

In order not to be mistaken with what kind of oil you need to pour into the engine, you need to follow the instructions for the unit, which was developed by the manufacturers of the walk-behind tractor of a certain brand. The instructions indicate the type of oil and its exact amount to fill. For the engine, engine oil is used in all cases. Some manufacturers produce branded oil.

There are two types of oils. for 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. To determine the type of engine, you need to look at its marking. Also, these two types of oils are divided according to their composition: semi-synthetic and synthetic (mineral). In everyday life, it is believed that synthetic oils are universal and can be used wherever possible. But in reality, this is completely wrong.!

Also, oils are divided according to the seasons of the year. For example, one type of oil (synthetic) can be used in winter, and another type (semi-synthetic) can be used in summer.

How to check the oil level in the engine crankcase

They check the oil level thanks to the dipstick, with its help it is easy to check whether you have filled in the required amount of oil. To do this, you will need to wipe the dipstick dry, insert the dipstick plug into the filler neck, do not tighten it along the thread, remove the dipstick plug and make sure that the oil level does not vary below the “minimum” mark and does not exceed the “maximum” mark. After work, close the dipstick tightly. The image below shows the correct operation with the dipstick.

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Caution: you can check the oil level on a warmed-up engine of the walk-behind tractor only after a pause of 2-3 minutes after stopping. Thus, the oil will have time to drain into the engine crankcase, and the check will show an error-free result.

How to check the oil level in the gear case

To fill in the lubricant, place the single-axle tractor on a flat horizontal surface, clean the gearbox housing next to the filler plug, which is located under the steering mounting bracket, and next to the inspection hole bolt (located on the right side of the gearbox). Then. loosen the control hole bolt. If oil starts to flow from it, this indicates that its level is normal, if it does not flow, its level is insufficient. In this case, unscrew the control hole bolt, open the gearbox filler cap, and use a hose or an angle funnel to pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the control hole. After that, you need to tighten the control hole plug, close the filler cap.

Important: do not forget to wipe any leaked traces of oil from the gearbox housing.

What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor

When servicing any agricultural machinery, you need to make the correct selection of related and consumables. The same is with the walk-behind tractor, it needs timely, proper and proper care. In this article, we will only talk about what kind of engine oil you need to fill in a uniaxial tractor. This topic is one of the most important for the maintenance of equipment. Indeed, the durability and working capacity of the device depends on the choice of oil. All manufacturers, in addition to warranty coupons, leave technical documentation in which they indicate the recommended type and brand of oil for the walk-behind tractor. But, unfortunately, this kind of information cannot always be saved.

Experts warn that the performance and service life of a walk-behind tractor with a specific brand depends on the choice of oil. If you choose the wrong oil, there is a high risk of equipment damage.

To avoid an unpleasant incident with the wrong choice of oil for the walk-behind tractor, we have divided the article into points for ease of use.

How to pour oil into a walk-behind tractor engine

Before filling the oil, you need to follow a number of steps:

  • place the single-axle tractor on a horizontal flat surface
  • Wipe with a damp cloth the area around the filler neck of the engine crankcase (in the picture below you can see its location) from dust and other contaminants.
  • Unscrew the oil filler plug. The required amount of oil is poured using a funnel-shaped watering can.
  • SAE oil classification

    The SAE technical classification is developed by the American Association of Automotive Engineers. The engineers paid attention to a specific temperature range, while not forgetting to take into account the fluidity and viscosity of the substance. According to SAE J300 standards, the following types of oils are distinguished:

    • Universal: 5W-30, 5W-50, 5W-50, 15W-30, 20W-30, 10W-50, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-50 15W-40, 20W-40;
    • For cold climates: SAE 0W, 10W, 15W, 5W, 20W;
    • For warm climates: 50, 40, 30, 20.

    All-season brands are in the greatest demand. The high demand for products is easy to explain due to the ability to use these oils absolutely in any climate in different weather.

    What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor

    The gearbox must not be filled with oil that is suitable for the engine. Therefore, only gear oil is used, which provides an excellent level of lubrication to all moving parts.

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    Oil change: how to do it right

    First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, it should be moistened to the middle.

    What oil is better for pouring into a diesel engine of a walk-behind tractor?

    Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option that is indicated in the instruction manual. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.

    But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the species presented on the market today. According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to the operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:

    • API СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful devices of 10-12 liters. with., which are constantly exposed to serious loads. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sulfur 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
    • API CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high desperging properties;
    • API CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully complies with the most stringent requirements of American and European manufacturers. Oil is less sensitive to fuel containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
    • API CF-2. The specified option is ideal for motoblocks with two-stroke engines used in difficult conditions. The oil contains additives that protect the internal parts of the engine from rapid wear;
    • API CA. Suitable for a walk-behind tractor running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, not suitable for high mechanical stresses). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
    • API CВ. Ideal for engines running on high sulfur fuels. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
    • API CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without superchargers. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.
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    If you classify the specified substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:

    • The letter “W” denotes those types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W);
    • The absence of a letter designation is accompanied by highly viscous species that are ideal for summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
    • All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are indicated by a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).

    Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (higher viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel motoblocks with and without air cooling should be just selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.

    Oil for diesel walk-behind tractor

    a uniaxial tractor, like any technical device, requires careful operation and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But it is necessary to deal with oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.

    The replacement procedure is pretty simple:

    • To begin with, you should place the uniaxial tractor in a horizontal position;
    • Then you need to remove the plug on the drain tank (you can use a screwdriver);
    • The next step is to patiently drain the entire contents of the tank into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters (the process takes 15-20 minutes) and tighten the cap;
    • Now you can very carefully fill in fresh oil up to a certain mark without spilling it.

    For what reasons a diesel single-axle tractor takes a lot of oil?

    Sometimes situations arise when in the work of the walk-behind tractor, not everything goes as smoothly as we would like. Among the reasons for this problem are:

    • Malfunction of the PCV system causing oil to be sucked back into the engine. To get rid of the trouble, replace the PCV valve;
    • Mechanical problems can also cause excessive oil absorption. It is necessary to check the compression, because because of its poor performance, the oil may not enter the combustion chamber, but simply “disappear” along with the fuel;
    • Preexisting problems with a destroyed catalytic converter can also be the cause. It is possible that dust and particles of the scattered catalyst got into the combustion chamber and led to mechanical damage to the cylinders. The solution is to replace the cylinders;
    • Worn valve seals allow oil to easily seep through the engine, so you should carefully check them if necessary.