What Oil For Chainsaw Stihl
All About Choosing Chainsaw Oil
Oil requirements for a 2-stroke chainsaw engine. Review of the best two-stroke oils from Stihl, Husqwarna. Fuel mixture, gasoline to oil ratio table. What oil to use to lubricate the saw chain.
Fuel mixture preparation rules
It is necessary to dilute gasoline with oil in containers that are resistant to the effects of petroleum products (plastic or metal canisters). It is not recommended to use plastic bottles from water, juice or milk for these purposes, as food grade plastic decomposes under the influence of gasoline. As a result of this process, the fuel mixture will change its properties, and it is difficult to predict what effect it will have on the engine.
A combustible mixture for a chainsaw is easy to prepare.
- Take the required amount of lubricant and pour it into the prepared container. You should not pour all the prepared gasoline into a container with oil, half of the required amount will be enough.
- Slightly shaking the container, wait until the lubricant is completely dissolved in the gasoline.
- Now you can fill in the remaining gasoline, mixing it well with the mixture in the container. This completes the preparation of the fuel mixture for the chainsaw.
It is better to use ready-made fuel mixture immediately. Therefore, it must be prepared in such an amount that it is enough for the expected volume of work. If, nevertheless, the mixture remains, then it is impossible to store it for more than 1-1.5 months. During this time, it will lose a significant part of its lubricating properties.
It is a Swedish manufacturer that includes several well-known brands, including Partner (Partner), known for its semi-professional and professional gardening equipment. Husqvarna produces not only machinery, but also high-quality lubricants that are used on almost all brands of gasoline-powered tools.
The picture below shows Husqvarna HP 2-stroke oil, which contains special additives that can compensate for poor fuel quality, which is not uncommon in our country. After all, the octane number of gasoline purchased at a gas station does not always correspond to the declared one.
This grease is green and contains a semi-synthetic base. It can be packed both in 10-liter containers and in 1-liter containers. The mixture is diluted in a standard ratio of 1:50 (20 g per 1 liter of gasoline). But when the engine has not yet been run-in, or work is coming in the cold, the proportion can be increased to 1:40.
Choice of oil for chain lubrication
Remember to check the amount of oil in the oil tank after each refueling of the chainsaw. In a chainsaw, an oil pump is responsible for delivering lubricant to the tire on which the saw chain slides. Normally, refueling of both tanks. Fuel and oil. Should be done simultaneously. Chain oil must be poured into a suitable tank up to the neck. Otherwise, it may run out before fuel, which will lead to overheating of the chain and bus.
Chainsaw chain oil must be designed specifically for this purpose. The use of other lubricants is ineffective and reduces the service life of not only the saw, but also the tires of the machine. This is due to the fact that chain oil contains adhesive additives, due to which the lubricant literally “sticks” to the chain. This property of the oil reduces its consumption, as a result of which the lubrication of the chainsaw bar and the saw chain is improved, and their service life increases.
Also an important parameter of chain lubrication is its density. If you are going to use a lubricant that is not intended for chainsaws, you may notice that oil leaks during operation or after stopping the unit. This fact suggests that the grease is too liquid. In addition, the liquid lubricant will quickly scatter in all directions and, accordingly, quickly run out.
Leading manufacturers of gasoline-powered tools such as Stihl, Husqvarna, Makita, Bosch and Oregon chainsaw accessories manufacturer recommend special highly adhesive oils, including biodegradable ones. But oils of well-known brands have only one drawback. The price of 300 rubles per 1 liter and above. In addition, the grease in the reservoir can thicken over time and clog the channels. For this reason, it has to be drained, and this already increases the consumption. But despite this, we have to admit the fact that only the use of special lubricants can extend the service life of the chainsaw.
Overview of manufacturers of oils for internal combustion engines
Among the manufacturers producing the best two-stroke oils, we can confidently name 2 leaders. They are Husqvarna (Husvarna) and Stihl (Stihl). The companies produce not only conventional mineral oils, but also synthetic lubricants designed for 2-stroke engines operating in severe conditions.
Stihl HP Ultra
The oil belongs to the highest category. It is created on a completely synthetic basis, has a green color and has high lubricating properties, and, thanks to salt-free additives, does not create carbon deposits.
The oil was specially developed for the lubrication of engines operating for a long time at high loads and low ambient temperatures, up to 25 ° C. In addition, this lubricant is not harmful to the environment. If spilled on the ground, it will decompose by 80% in 21 days. The grease is packaged in bottles of 100 ml and 1 liter.
What parts of a chainsaw need oil
If you look closely at a working chainsaw, you will immediately notice its main moving part. The saw chain, which slides along the tire during sawing. Since the law of friction still exists, both parts will gradually wear out. To slow down this process, it is customary to use chain oil specially formulated to lubricate saw chains.
Chainsaws can be equipped with both four-stroke and two-stroke engines. In 4-stroke units, the crank group is lubricated with oil in the engine crankcase. Two-stroke engines differ slightly in their design and operating principle. Gasoline for this type of drive enters directly into the space under the piston, where the crank mechanism is located, which has several bearings and bushings that need lubrication. Therefore, oil for two-stroke engines of chainsaws is added to gasoline so that it, falling on the rubbing parts of this block, lubricates them.
ForestPlus mineral oil for chain lubrication is a quality product that creates a reliable film on the tire bar and on the chain links, which holds well even at maximum chain speeds.
It is packaged in three types of containers, a liter bottle and cans of five and twenty liters.
ForestPlus has the lowest shelf life of the Stihl range, which is only three years when stored properly.
Designed for high-performance engines and four-stroke engines made using 2-MIX technology. The characteristics are slightly worse than those of the HP Ultra, so at the moment the HP Super is not supplied to the counters of authorized Stihl dealers.
Very often people ask the question, how much oil per liter of gasoline is considered the norm. It is easy to answer it, because the instructions for any Stihl chainsaw, as well as on the additive package, indicate that when using original Stihl products, the proportions of oil and gasoline should be 1:50. This means that for one liter of fuel, it is necessary to add 20 ml of the additive.
Which Stihl oil to choose for a chainsaw
Any two-stroke engine of a chainsaw runs on a mixture of gasoline and oil, respectively, how long it will last depends on the quality and correct mixture of these components. Also, in chainsaws, it is necessary to lubricate the bar and chain, and the quality of the lubricant is not the last factor affecting the duration of use of these parts of the chainsaw. In this article, we will talk about the oils that Stihl produces and recommends for use not only on chainsaws of its own production.
How to tell fake Stihl oil
Attackers do not miss the opportunity to make money selling fake products of a well-known brand. Stihl oil is no exception. The most common counterfeit Stihl HP is due to its highest sales volumes of the entire Stihl line of lubricants.
In order to distinguish a fake from the original, the Stihl company has issued a special brochure on which it has recorded all the main differences between the original and the fake.
Also, we invite you to look, in which, using a specific example, it is shown how a package of high-quality Stihl oil should look like and how to distinguish a fake.
Which oil to choose
If you are a regular user of a chainsaw and do not use it daily for 6-8 hours, while working only in the summer, then you can use a regular Stihl HP to prepare the fuel mixture for your chainsaw. The optimal ratio of price and quality of the lubricant has made it popular with millions of gasoline tool users.
The problem of how to replace branded chain oil, which is not commercially available, is relevant for many peripheral regions. According to experts, a full-fledged analogue is products of well-known brands Stihl and Husqvarna, identical in basic characteristics. Motor and chain oils from these manufacturers have proven themselves in all respects at their best.
Taking into account the possibilities of the offered assortment, the consumer can make a choice in favor of a more expensive chain oil or its budget analogue. In addition to branded products, the list includes Enkor, Nanotech Standard and Nanotech Premium oils, which retain their working properties at temperatures up to 30 ° C.
Mineral oil versions are represented by the brands Makita and Makita Oregon, identical lubricating characteristics to organic chain oils Makita Biotop, Stihl Bio Plus, which are sold in packaging from 1 to 25 liters.
Most professional sawers prefer one brand of branded lubricants. The constant use of one brand of oil allows you to explore its capabilities and use them with maximum efficiency.
Performance evaluations of so-called multipurpose oils should be viewed critically. In reality, this is not a very good advertising ploy. To date, no manufacturer, respecting its reputation, has received information about the start of production of 100% universal oil.
Practice has proven that the wrong choice of chain lubrication increases the load on the engine by 7-10% and also reduces the working life of the saw set.
Pro’s recommendations for the selection and use of chain oils
The operation of the lubrication system must be monitored periodically. A lack of oil supply can be easily identified by the increased load on the engine and the smell of overheated wood. The crown and bearing of the driving and driven sprockets need additional lubrication.
Danger of using counterfeit oil
The performance properties of cheaper counterfeit oils are inferior to proprietary developments in basic parameters. The problem is that, relying on the perceived quality of the product, users operate their chainsaw equipment at full load.
The use of surrogate oils initiates accelerated wear of the material part, in some cases it is the basis for the cancellation of factory warranty obligations by service services.
Benefits of higher price oils
Proprietary chain oils are formulated with beneficial antioxidant, anticorrosive, stabilizing components and additives to help maintain the oil’s performance and increase the wear resistance of working equipment under difficult operating conditions.
The quality of branded consumables is benchmark. Most of these are products of leading manufacturers Stihl, Husqvarna, Echo, Daewoo and a number of others. Over the past few years, the quality of Chinese chain oils produced by state-owned enterprises has improved markedly.
Chainsaw owners decide on their own which oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain. At its best, it is a consumable adapted to the climate of the region and recommended by the operating instructions for this model.
Price features of the offered assortments
European chain oils of a high price group are recommended for the operation of professional chainsaw equipment operating in difficult and even extreme conditions.
The cost of consumables is fully compensated for by the productivity of large-scale sawing operations, reliability, and almost complete production of the specified service life by the sawing equipment.
Domestic chain oils are mostly produced from their raw materials, imported additives and using modern technologies.
In terms of quality and performance, the Russian assortment is not inferior to similar products of European brands, but it costs much less.
Chinese saw headsets of the middle class are inferior to European counterparts in terms of wear resistance and durability. This imbalance is partially eliminated by using the manufacturer’s recommended chain oils, developed by Chinese specialists.
According to consumables suppliers, the presence of special additives in Chinese chain oils has a positive effect on the performance of standard tires and saw chains, as well as chainsaw equipment in general.
All of the above applies only to the products of large companies. The advantages of using chain oils for small private businesses have not been proven in practice.
How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth
In situations where it is not possible to use original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options are unsuitable for long-term use due to low adhesive properties.
Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogues, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the lubrication system, which means that the only difference is in the quality of the tire protection from chain friction.
Chainsaw chain oil. Which one to use
You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still don’t know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.
After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And we will also figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.
The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is made from plant components and is environmentally friendly, supplied in one liter and five liter containers.
As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% compared to others. Supplied in a liter container.
The company also manufactures bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.
Less common, but popular with chainsaw owners, are:
- Polar Lube mineral. Oleo-Mac;
- Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
- Makita Biotop;
You can get acquainted with some oils for chains by looking below, in it a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.
Stihl adhesive oils
The company’s website contains the following adhesive oils designed for various operating temperatures and having a good lubricating performance:
- ForestPlus adhesive oil. Recommended for operation at temperatures up to. 15 ° C, shelf life under storage conditions is 3 years. Supplied in 1 liter or 5 liter containers;
- BioPlus. Its feature is a vegetable base, which allows it to decompose quickly when it enters the soil. Used up to minus 15, supplied in three, five and one-liter containers;
- The latest SynthPlus oil is characterized by its ability to maintain performance at minus 25 ° C.
Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.
If you do not want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original one.
It is possible to lubricate the chain saw tire sprocket with the same lubricants as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in through the technological holes in the tire to the sprocket bearing.
Manufacturers of adhesive oils
Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining by the fact that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.
But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and start with the popular Stihl brand.