What oil to fill in a single axle tractor Cascade
Fault in the ignition system
First you need to inspect all the parts of the ignition system, and if there is no visible damage and contamination, you need to check each component in more detail.
If there is no spark, then the spark plug is the cause. Need to check the gap and the state of the electrodes. If necessary, the soot is removed, but at the same time, experts recommend the complete replacement of the candle.
The intake and exhaust valves should also be carefully examined. It should fit snugly in the saddles. Combustion products are gradually accumulated in the muffler, which leads to the engine stalling. Clean it periodically.
Transmission oil for your power tiller
Gearbox is filled with special gear oil and not engine oil. There are different recommendations for various models of power tillers. For example, TAD-17I, TAP-15V are suitable for Neva MB-1. For the Neva MB-2 power tiller, GOSTs recommend oils TEP-15, TM-5, SAE90 API GI-2, etc. д. TAP-15 oil is recommended for Zubr and Kentavr power tillers.
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Based on these parameters and taking into account the category of API (gasoline or diesel single axle tractor), the most popular oils are 5w30, 5w40 (all-season), 10w30, 10w40 (rust-proof), 15w40, 20w40 (for work at high temperatures, namely above 45 ° C), 0w30, 0w40 (for use in winter).
Pour 1.5 to 2.5 liters it is better to look at the tech. The oil is not as described, or better yet, check with the dipstick. Think of a volume of about two liters. In a 8-horsepower, 1.5-liter, 10-liter single–axle tractor.
When to change
Now that you have decided which lubricant is right for your equipment, you need to worry about a clear sequence of changing it. A new, newly purchased single axle tractor should be run-in for the first 5 hours. After that, always change the lubricant in the engine for the first time. If this is not done, all the debris deposited in the engine during assembly will mix with the oil and the machine will stop working immediately. For complete debris removal, it’s best to repeat the oil change after another 5 to 7 hours. Next fluid change after 30-55 hours of operation.
If you use the machine every day full time, the fluid should be changed every 25 hours. If you use your iron horse not often, changing the grease in the unit can be done after 50 hours of operation. However, before you start your spring field work, you should change the oil in any case.
The structure of cascade tractors
Cascade single-axle tractor is a power unit with a single-cylinder 4-stroke engine installed. All Cascade units have DM or Lifan engines. All the control levers are on the steering column. The transmission is located under the engine. Also connected to the engine are: gearbox, transmission, differential, PTO and clutch.
As standard, the Cascade single-axle tractor rides on 4×11 pneumatic tires.
This part is responsible for the preparation and supply of the fuel mixture.
If the carburetor mixes in the wrong proportion, it is immediately evident.
Most often, to restore its proper operation it is sufficient to simply adjust the fuel and air supply to the carburetor. To do this, proceed as follows:
- Completely unscrew the screws that control the maximum and minimum throttle. After the bolts should be returned to a turn and a half;
- Let the motor run at idle for about 10 minutes;
- Move the lever which controls engine RPM to the lowest position. Do not stop the engine while doing this;
- Adjust throttle to the lowest idle RPM. The work of the motor should be clear, without foreign sounds;
- Then with the help of fuel screws adjust petrol supply (when you turn the screw the petrol flow increases and when you unscrew it the flow decreases).
About 90% of all failures in the work of the Cascade motorblade carburetor are solved by its adjustment. If the problem does not disappear, then try to disassemble and wash the carburetor. This is done to remove the carbon and slag build-up.
Adjusting the carburetor of a Cascade motoblock:
The carburetor should be cleaned with a soft cloth soaked in gasoline. After removing all the sludge, the carburetor must be thoroughly dried. This is best done with an air compressor, if not at hand, wipe thoroughly with a dry rag and let dry. Then reassemble.
If during disassembly you notice that any part of the carburetor has split off, then continue working with such a part is not allowed! It must be replaced with a new one.
Gearbox and Transmission
Below are the main problems that arise during the operation of the Cascade motoblock on the gearbox side, and the ways to solve them:
Oil is leaking
This phenomenon can indicate:
- simple oil overflow in the transmission,
- Significant wear or incorrectly seated seals on the bearings,
- wear of the pads, the cover not tightened all the way or foreign particles getting into the air valve.
Inspect each part of the above and find the cause, then correct the problem.
Shifting gears is difficult
There are several causes here, let’s deal with each of them:
- Worn parts in the gearbox. The most common wear is on the ends of the gears. That is why the gear can no longer be locked and constantly sticks and cannot be shifted with any control. Disassemble the complete gearbox and inspect the gears and if they are worn, try to grind them down as much as possible. If this is not possible, replace the lever.
- Spline of the shaft is worn or misaligned. They must be equipped with additional retaining rings in order to adjust them correctly. If they are worn out, there is no other solution than to change them.
- Clutch not properly adjusted. Because of this the gear shift lever is not locked in the end position. This can be a consequence of improper handling of the Cascade motoblock, when the lever is released before it is properly secured. In this case, adjust the clutch and shift gears correctly in the future.
The gearbox is considered a complex component, in which several parts work at the same time. To repair the gearbox of a power tiller Cascade should proceed only if you are confident in your abilities. If this is not the case, it’s worth getting in touch with the experts.
The transmission is a part of the Cascade power harvester, designed to transmit the rotation from the engine to the shaft, and from it to the attachment.
Transmission of a Cascade power tiller consists of clutch, gearbox, differential and final drive.
The most common problem is adjusting the clutch.
If the Cascade single axle tractor “drives” during work (the lever is fully depressed, but the machine tries to go forward), the adjusting screw should be tightened a little.
If the clutch is stuck (in other words, the device does not move when the clutch is fully released, or gives a low number of revolutions), it must be loosened.
After the final adjustment, the clutch screw must be firmly secured so that it remains in one position and does not move during operation.
If this does not help, the flywheel may be the cause. This is the device that transmits the torque from the starter to the crankshaft.
Assembly and installation of the flywheel clutch:
The most common wear of the flywheel ring teeth. It is the part that engages with the shaft and transmits the rotation. And they periodically break off the teeth.
So, instead of replacing the entire flywheel, it can simply be repaired by replacing the crown. This work should be done only in a workshop.
Cascade motor-blocks work thanks to the belt transmission. They are stretched over special pulleys. And it is necessary to constantly adjust their tension, if they loosened, the rotation from the engine will go, but here to the attachment it will not reach.On the other hand, if the tension is too high, it will simply tear when receiving a heavy load.
The belt can also wear out, and at this time, even with the normal tension, tear.
If you don’t want to watch the tension of belts on your Cascade power tiller all the time, you can replace them with chains. This is the more practical option, which guarantees permanent reliable operation without interruptions. The only exceptions are when the chain is too loose and slack.
It is necessary to additionally replace the tension pulleys with sprockets of the appropriate size.
A clear plus is that chains can withstand much more pressure than belts. Cascade motor blocks are professional, and their weight is 160 kg, and an even greater load is given by the attached equipment. Chains break a lot less often, so the choice is obvious.
The ignition is the part that drives the motor of a Cascade block. When work is finished, the motor is switched off with the ignition switch.
As standard Cascade chain saws are equipped with a manual starter. And the engine is started by hand using a cable. This is difficult to do and often the starter does not start on the first try. This is particularly pronounced in the winter when the air temperature is low and the engine parts are cool.
That is why the manual starter is often replaced with an electric starter. To operate such a device it is necessary to additionally equip the single-axle tractor Cascade with a battery. The electric starter is powered by the.
Adjusting the ignition of the engine of motor-blocks on the following
It is important to monitor the condition of the plugs and the gap between them. They give a spark and burn the fuel mixture. In normal condition, they should be firmly seated in the grooves and have a fixed gap of 0.6-0.7 mm.
The spark plugs need to be firmly seated on the spark plugs. They must be free of soot and slag, as these impede spark formation and ignition. If the soot is not removed, the spark plug needs to be replaced with a new one.
What engine can be installed on a Cascade single-axle tractor??
As a standard, the units are accompanied by engines of domestic production DM-66 and DM-68. But often a long service life leads to the need to replace the “heart” of the power tiller. The problem of engine selection is topical also due to the fact that Russian engines of this plan are not produced. As a result, there is interest in suitable devices of foreign origin.
The most popular engine is the Briggs Stratton I/C, which is known for its excellent compatibility with the machine and greater power (7 L. с.). The advantages of the choice can include reinforced transmission and the possibility of a deeper plunge milling machine during the processing of soil.
Another quite widespread replacement of the original Cascade engine is the American BriggsStratton Vanguard OHV. The model is known for its incredible power (7.5 l. с.), so it is suitable for owners of large areas with heavy soil.
The variant with Lifan 168 F-2 is also quite good. The engine volume is 196 cm3. The development belongs to the class of gasoline four-stroke models, known for their practical properties (power. 6.5 liters). с.). The air-cooled design allows it to run continuously for quite a long time. Subaru EX17 also managed to win recognition among domestic users and demonstrate itself only in the best light. Contains 6 hp. с. and is distinguished by the crankshaft of the horizontal plan.
Naturally, much depends on the wishes of the owner of a Cascade power tiller, his financial capabilities and the specifics of the machine. To understand what’s what, you need to get acquainted with the current series of the brand and learn about their technical characteristics.
Transmission and running gear of the motor block “Cascade
Cascade” motorblocks have a belt clutch. Clutch mechanism functions on the basis of a belt tensioned V-belt drive. Gearbox (two kinds are used, and “005.45.7530” on this power tiller is chain-type, two-speed
The manufacturer notes that the gearbox of “Cascade” is reinforced, its output shaft is mounted on bearings of large diameter. This provides high resistance to vibration and shock.
As a standard equipment, the “Cascade” power tillers are equipped with pneumatic tires 4.00-10, models TU 38.304-13-13-92; or cast, solid, with channels on sides, 5.00L-12, model F-232 TU 38.304-13-05-92.
Cascade” motor-block range consists of different modifications, which differ in engine type and, accordingly, technical characteristics of the device. For example, a single–axle tractor “Cascade MB 1” has 8 horsepower, only one speed backward, can plow a strip of land up to 1050 mm to a depth of 150-300 mm. This unit is manufactured on the basis of the single-axle tractor “Luch Kaskad”, developed in Perm during the Soviet era.
The following modifications have been developed in the last few years:
- MB6-06. the single-axial tractor “Cascade MB 6” has a powerful gearbox with an additional set of speeds and unlocking the wheels, but has a standard steering column.
- MB6-08. differs by the increased speed up to 10 km/hour. The model is the most popular in its niche.
- MB61-12. the speed of this model is even higher than its predecessor. up to 12 km/h, at the same time the model is 11 kg lighter than the standard one. Such monoblocks cost up to 40000.
- MB61-21. this model is equipped with a Robin-Subaru EX-21 engine with 211 cm3 cylinder volume. Fuel consumption does not exceed the standard. 1.6 and 1.8 liters per hour.
- MB61-22 is equipped with a Honda GX-200 engine with standard technical characteristics for these power tillers.
The Cascade model range consists of different modifications
Main causes of breakdowns. why a single-axle tractor won’t start?
Cascade single-axle tractor, like any gasoline single–axle tractor, sometimes may not start or does not start at the first attempt to turn on. Probable causes of this problem could be:
- too low a temperature (heavy cooling of the engine, fuel)
- Low amount of fuel, insufficient to start and work;
- Low or no oil level;
- improper assembly;
- clogged carburetor jets;
- oxidation of contacts in the electric starter;
- a faulty spark plug or the need to clean the plug;
- wiring insulation is broken;
- poor fuel quality
do not violate the recommendations on combustible and lubricating materials! This will accelerate the wear and tear of the piston group, the engine as a whole