What tools are needed for plastering walls
What tools are used for plastering work
All plastering tools are divided into the following groups, depending on the role performed in the process:
- surface preparation. removal of old materials, washing and removal of dirt: this requires a hammer, chisel, metal brush, sandpaper, peorator, angle grinder, metal scissors, brushes, buckets, shovels;
- Marking and setting corners: tape measure, angles, plumb and levels, pencil or marker;
- installation of auxiliary elements and assembly of scaffolding and scaffolding: locksmith’s hammer, screwdrivers, jaw tool, electric screwdriver, knife;
- tools for working with plaster creating, applying, leveling and shaping the surface, finishing and giving the look: are described further because of their specificity and importance;
- Protective clothing, footwear and PPE: gloves, goggles, earplugs, respirator, helmet.
What tools do you need?
- Brushes are needed for primer application.
- Clean containers for mixing mortar.
- Steel beacons 6. 10 mm, galvanized steel strips should be used preferably.
- A mixer drill for mixing the mortar.
- A laser level, string with paint and a hydraulic level will be helpful for marking the beacons. If you do not have a laser level, you need to make a plumb line.
Tools for plastering walls: what will be needed for work
Tools for plastering walls allow you to apply a high-quality coating on the walls. They help make surfaces perfectly smooth and very even. What tools for plastering walls is better to use when preparing walls for finishing, creating original patterns and processing surfaces mechanically, this article will tell you.
Tools for preparing walls for plastering
At the stage of preparing the surface for plastering, a number of tools are used:
- Trowel. They are used to apply a small amount of plaster mortar. It is best to have two options in the arsenal: one wide, the other narrow.
- Rule. Wooden rail 0,3 to 3 meters for leveling the applied mortar on the work surface.
- Trowel. With its help, the mortar is applied, aligned on the work surface.
- Scraper. It is necessary for removing old materials.
- Metal brush. To use for cleaning the dirt before applying a new mixture.
- Sandpaper. For preliminary smoothing of the applied layer.
- Scrubber. Aggregate with sandpaper: the material applied is scraped.
- Scoop. A normal brush with coarse and thick bristles. It is used to apply primer to increase adhesion. Wet the wallpaper before pasting.
- Plastering hammer with pick. To beat off the protruding parts of the walls with it.
We have considered the basic tools for plastering work. In addition to them are used:
As well as personal protective equipment:
But the main striking force, so to speak, the heavy artillery, is considered a bouchard of the pneumatic or mechanical principle of action.
This is actually a hammer, but very heavy, made entirely of metal. The working surface is equipped with teeth. Special nozzles for working with the plasterer are available. They are applied notches on bricks, masonry and concrete surface. With its help, you can treat the hardened screed. Notches help plaster mortar to cling better to the surface.
We almost forgot about the scaffolding. They are needed to create an even surface.
Now let’s find out what to use to apply plaster.
Rules for plastering work
All work is done in a certain order, and it must be followed.
Technically, everything looks as follows:
|Preparation of the plane||This is the first step. And on its correct execution will depend on the quality of the coating. If the preparation is done incorrectly, then the durability and quality is simply worth forgetting.|
|The mortar||Here you need to consider where you are going to plaster. If it is an internal plane, then lime mortar is most often used. If it is the outer surface, then it is better to give preference to cement mortar. If you need to make a seam of a certain color, you will not find a better dry mixture. It can be almost any color.|
|Applying the mortar||Technology is important in this matter. It is from it that the quality of the plane will depend. If you do the application incorrectly, then the material can simply flake off and will not last long.|
Now, how best to plaster the walls, let’s break it down point by point and in detail.
List of tools, equipment, and supplies
Instructions for plastering rules start with the right tool (see the instructions for use). Wall plastering tool: what you’ll need for the job). So that’s where we start.
5 Tools You Need To Start Plastering. Plastering For Beginners
- Plaster mixture of a certain composition of components (the most popular mixture on a cement and gypsum basis);
- Composition for priming surfaces;
- A roller for applying primer and a brush for hard-to-reach places and corners;
- Trowel or spatula (about 15 cm wide) to apply plaster;
- Beacons (are guides made of aluminum with peoria);
- Peorator and a drill of the appropriate size;
- Dowels and self-tapping screws to make a marking;
- A level to measure the slope of the planes;
- Rule. a rigid metal or wooden rail up to 2.5 m long;
- Steel iron;
- Metal scissors or an angle grinder.
Preparing the walls for plastering
About the preparation you have seen in the table. But here we need to analyze this process in more detail.
- To begin with we need to decide on the layer of application. To do this, pull a fishing line along the diagonals of the plane, then you can immediately see the necessary layer. If it is less than 2 cm, then the application can be done in one approach. If the layer is larger, then it is necessary to apply several layers. If the thickness will be more than 5 cm, then it is better to level the plane with drywall (see “Plasterboard”). Mounting plasterboard to the wall: how to hide all the defects quickly and inexpensively).
- Now it is necessary to remove unnecessary wallpaper, plaster and other coatings that do not hold well and subsequently may lead to detachment of the applied layer of plaster.
- Another necessary step is to increase the adhesive qualities of the wall. If there is a coating of paint that is difficult to remove over the years, it is notched with a spatula. Plastering drums helps the mortar and wood walls adhere better. If there is an impressive area of work, using a sandblaster is just right.
- In case of plastering with a thick layer (up to 5 cm) one performs works on mounting the reinforcing metal mesh. To avoid the emergence and development of corrosion, the mesh is treated with a special anti-corrosion composition.
- For better adhesion of the surface and working composition, to prevent the formation of mold and mildew, as well as to protect against moisture carry out priming.
- For surfaces sensitive to moisture, with bumps, pores and other defects, use a primer of deep penetration. “Concrete contact”. a composition that will be ideal for the treatment of walls made of concrete. The work is carried out with a brush or roller.
Tips for the proper installation of beacons
The implementation of marking and accurate installation of beacons. not only the most difficult stage of finishing work, but also the most important. At this stage determine how thick to apply a layer of plaster, and, in accordance with this, set levels strictly vertically and horizontally for the alignment of the finished mixture.
- The first thing to look for is the biggest irregularities. bumps and depressions. To do this, the rule is brought to different areas of the walls. All detected defects are marked with a marker. It’s practical. Subsequently the most noticeable ledge will be used as a guide.
- After detecting and fixing the defects of the surface are carried out marking. For this purpose, dowels with self-drilling screws and rope are used. The work is carried out sequentially. Only after finishing with one wall, begin to work with the other. First screw in the uppermost and lowest self-tapping screws. The distance from the ceiling and floor should be 15. 20 cm, and from the corners. about 30 cm. This is because the beacons are shorter than the distance between the floor and the ceiling.
- The segment on which to place the intermediate self-tapping screws near the floor and ceiling, is determined as follows: when working with a rule of length about 2. 2.5 m, they are located at a distance of 30. 40 cm from each other. Beginning from the corner, so that later it was convenient to level the mixture between the beacons. At this stage, a construction level will come in handy, it will help to make an even vertical line.
- As a result, on the working surface will be installed 4 screws in the corners, plus the intermediate ones, located at the intersection of vertical dashes and horizontal ropes. Using the level and rule, place the flat of the existing self-tapping screws within the same plane. This procedure must be approached with great care, because it will determine the level for alignment of the rails.
- At the next stage install the screed rails and fix them with the prepared compound. Its consistency should be such that it does not run down the wall. Using a putty knife or trowel, on the work surface to throw a little bit of mixture and immerse it in the beacon so that it is located in the same plane as the flatness of the self, which is located on the vertical breaking line. The same principle is used to place the rest of the profile. The correct location of each of them is determined by a building level and a rule.
- After the beacon installation procedure is complete, the self-tapping screws are removed.
What kinds of tools are used for plastering?
In the process of repair professional and home craftsmen are faced with the necessity to level walls and ceilings. A budget option that allows you to quickly, efficiently and inexpensively eliminate defects in the base surface. plastering. To prepare the surface of walls/ceilings for the final finish, professional plastering tools are used. The list of equipment is quite extensive, masters use modern devices that simplify labor and accelerate the work process.
What tools are available for plastering walls with cement mortar and gypsum plaster: Preparation and application: Types Video
What tools do you need for preparing and applying plaster? When carrying out repair work inside the premises, many people are faced with the fact that it is necessary to level the walls. This is especially true for those apartment buildings that were built several decades ago. The most popular and budgetary method of leveling walls is plastering. If these works will be handled by specialists, then the owner is only required to fund and express wishes for the result.
But if you decide to save money, you should know in advance what tools for plastering you will need.
What tool will be needed for plastering walls
Each of us understands that it is impossible to level surfaces qualitatively, without using a plastering and painting tool. There is quite a large list, which includes devices for manual, including decorative plastering.
For large amounts of work, use a pneumatic tool for applying plaster mechanically. To be able to finish a house or apartment with your own hands, you need, at a minimum, to know exactly what you will need, and how to handle it all.
Further we will tell for what technological operations this or that tool is used, and the video in this article will reinforce the theory with practical tips.
Plastering station. what it is and how it works
Equipment of this type is used for receiving, mixing, feeding and applying mortar, thus there is an acceleration of plastering. The design of the station allows you to use it to form a poured floor covering, for casting polystyrene concrete as insulation on the roof or other building structures, walls, etc. In the market of construction equipment you can find such models, both stationary and mobile (mobile).
For the most part, stationary stations are huts or insulated van equipped with a receiving hopper, usually its capacity is 2.5 cubic meters. м. Such equipment is installed in the working area of construction sites, where surfaces are constantly plastered. These devices weigh a lot, but at the same time they are characterized by high efficiency. They show their effectiveness in the presence of large volumes of work, for example, in the construction of modern apartment houses, warehouses, industrial buildings.
Mobile, or mobile stations, as a rule, they are equipped with transport wheels. They are used for work in the field, for example in the construction of country houses.
To power a stationary plastering machine will require a power line of 380 v, for mobile equipment is quite enough voltage of 220 v.
Structurally, the plastering station consists of:
- Receiving hopper. It is needed for receiving dry mix.
- Screw, with its help the components of the mortar are mixed.
- A tank designed for stirring the mortar. Sometimes a water dispenser is installed.
- Water supply.
- pump and the system of getting the mortar to the place of work.
- Unit with control panel.
The plastering machine must be connected to the water mains and electricity supply. Required characteristics of connected systems are specified in the station operating manual. If there is insufficient pressure in the water supply line, then an additional water tank must be installed.
- The dry mixture, necessary for mortar production, is loaded into the hopper and fed into the mixing tank with the help of the rotating auger. As the mortar is prepared, it is conveyed with a plaster pump towards the delivery hose.
- Mixture flows under pressure from the hose to the workplace.
- Power. the higher it is, the more can be handled by the station. Attention should be paid to the potential place of work. Whether it is possible to use a stationary station or there is a possibility of installing a mobile unit;
- Capacity. Traditionally plastering stations produce from t 1 to 6 cubic meters.m/hour. These figures should be related to the volume of work;
- Range of supply of finished plaster composition, up to 50;
- Capacity of the receiving hopper.
Advantages and disadvantages of using
Plastering station, like any equipment for plastering walls for has its advantages and disadvantages. Let us consider them in detail.
- High productivity;
- Reduced labor costs;
- Reducing the amount of time required to perform a given amount of work;
- High quality of the finished mortar.
For the performance of works and maintenance of the station it is necessary to provide a team, including:
The experience of using such equipment suggests that such a team for one shift can work out up to 200 cubic. М. Ready plastering mortar.
It is worth noting that the cost of production is quite high. This is conditioned by the cost of raw material, the size of FZP (wage fund), the size of consumed resources. Prepared dry mixes are used for the preparation of ready-to-use mortar. Difficulties, associated with maintenance, also have a negative impact on the cost of production. For instance, washing of the plant requires certain preparation.
As a rule, at such a station it is possible to prepare mortar on the basis of cement or gypsum. Plastering stations are good where a large amount of work needs to be done, and very quickly.
Comparison of manual and machine methods
Regardless of what type of plaster is used to finish the surface it can be applied either manually or using the means of mechanization, that is machine stations. Each method has both pros and cons, and this causes certain difficulties when selecting the necessary equipment.
The subtleties of applying machine plaster. As it has been noted more than once for the preparation of the prepared solution dry mixes are used, the solution made from such a mixture, easily moves through the pipes and does not stick to the parts of the installation.
Modern manufacturers have begun to replace metal parts with plastic ones.
When using the installation, the user gets the following advantages:
- The process of applying mortar is fully automated.
- Reduced number of workers.
- The user gets the opportunity to work on recesses and apertures.
Preparation of ready plaster is carried out with special equipment. One plastering machine can work on up to 45 square meters of ground surface. м.
Subtleties of working by hand. Plastering can also be done manually. This requires the use of typical tools. Processing of walls and facades takes more time. If you make a comparison between manual and automated methods of application, you will immediately see that the manual application of plaster is several times slower than mechanized.
As noted earlier, the basic difference between manual and mechanized plastering lies in the speed and quality of work performed. In fact, the materials used are similar, the only difference lies in the fact that the plasterer works with a mixture that uses additives.
In reality, plastering work can be done in both ways, it all depends on the expected amount of work, the skill of workers, etc.