What tools are needed for the construction of the house
What tools do you need to build your own house?
Spring, according to the unanimous opinion of builders, is the best time to start building your own house. However, quality building materials, a well-thought-out design and serious financing are not enough for a successful construction. An important role in the success of the enterprise also plays the availability of the necessary tools. What must be necessarily present at the construction site.
In the mobile version of the popular TV game “One to One”, users are offered a question. what can’t a house be built without? The most popular answers. without hands, without a foundation and without a brick. But experienced craftsmen know that “handy” workers can be hired, and without a brick (as well as without a foundation) residential buildings are quite erected. But without what really can not start building, so it is without tools. Now, when the in the markets have not yet come out of “winter hibernation,” and the weather conditions already allow “unleash your hand”, “Free Press” asked the experts what tools are needed for the construction of a private house.
No matter how strange it may seem, but first of all, says Andrei Kireev, foreman of one of the major construction companies in the southeast suburbs, should be concerned about the selection of a good grass mower!
In addition, just in case the issue with electricity, the expert advises to get hold of and portable power generator. “It doesn’t matter that much,” notes Kireev, “whether it is gasoline or diesel. The main thing is to have enough power, not less than 4 kilowatts.
Before you start building a house, adds former construction manager Alexander Gladyshev, it is worth thinking about buying a concrete mixer. “Of course,” notes the expert, “we can remember the times of our grandfathers and great grandfathers, and do with two shovels with a large piece of iron. But such a manual batch takes a lot of time and effort, especially when it comes to large amounts of mortar for the construction of strip foundation or the construction of monolithic two-story house.
The list of necessary tools, builders are sure, should obligatory include a wheelbarrow and an earth drill. The first one is indispensable for transporting concrete mortar, as well as for trash removal. The second one is indispensable both for making pile foundations and for erecting a fence.
Master finisher Sergei Valov argues that for the construction and subsequent finishing of the house in the luggage of the master must be present more chain saw, angle grinder (aka angle grinder), impact drill, electric screwdriver and jigsaw.
The impact drill, the master adds, is an indispensable helper in drilling various parts and surfaces, as well as cutting tile (of course, in the presence of appropriate bits and drills). But for it to successfully cope with all those tasks, its power should be at least 900 watts (and if it is also equipped with built-in light and hydro-level, it’s generally a fairy tale, and not a tool).
“At low speeds the drill can also be used instead of a screwdriver,” Valov specifies But it is more reasonable to use a cordless electric screwdriver for these purposes. First of all, it is much lighter and feels almost nothing in your hand. And this is a very important factor. try to wrap 500 self-tapping screws in the roof with a heavy impact drill. Yes, the battery capacity is not infinite and sooner or later it will have to be recharged. But this question does not even arise when you have two power packs in the kit. Of course, you can also work with the same drill with extension cords. But it is not very convenient and reduces maneuverability when working in awkward positions”.
In the books on self-build, which are popular among non-professionals, you can find various recommendations on the minimum composition of the necessary tools for this. But in general they all agree on one thing. one way or another in the process of building a house in the obligatory order will be required:
hammers (metal, wooden and rubber), a sledgehammer, and a hand saw, a construction gun and a stapler;
chisels, chisels, planer, screwdrivers (cross and slotted);
Sets of wrenches with different sizes of the yawn (at least, ring, horn, socket, pipe and adjustable);
measuring tools (construction levels of different lengths, plummet, angle, tape measure, caliper, protractor);
sanding boards-grinders, toothed and smooth spatulas.
In some cases, add the authors of such manuals, you may need an electric and gas welder, as well as ordinary garden sprayers (capacity of about 10 liters). Without the first can not do without the creation of metal frameworks, connecting heating pipes and other similar works. The latter will come to the aid in the construction of a wooden house. the processing of large masses of wood with fire retardant and bioprotective compositions is very difficult to imagine without them.
Painters use several varieties of professional tools in their work. To get the desired result they have to perform various manipulations: leveling, smoothing and scraping coatings. Based on the peculiarities of the latter, the appropriate devices are changed, their appropriate dimensions are selected. The main distinguishing feature of the painting tool is the presence of the contact surface, with the help of which the bases are finished.
Finishing work is impossible to perform without different in shape and size trowels, brushes, brushes, other devices. They are uncomplicated in use, they are in demand for certain operations. Buying professional tools for one use is not reasonable, they can often be replaced by simpler counterparts. For example, instead of a roller or an inexpensive sprayer beginners often use a regular brush.
For cosmetic transformation of the room is acceptable to be limited to the use of hand tools Source materialyinfo.ru
What tools are used for painting works
According to the method of application, there are two groups of devices: mechanical and manual. The first are often chosen by professionals for high quality finishing. In the process of cosmetic repair of the premises it is enough to use simple tools: trowels, brushes, rollers, auxiliary equipment.
Used for painting any surface, consists of the following parts: handle, rim with bristles. Based on shape, size and purpose of the product, the following classification is used.
Choose the most suitable brushes for painting different surfaces. Among the most popular, it is worth noting the following:
- Round. It comes in different diameters, it is convenient to use when decorating ceilings, walls. It is often used for whitewashing, painting, priming substrates.
- Narrow. Designed for painting of pipes, hard-to-reach areas, decorative ornaments. Working part width. 1-3 cm.
- Paint brush. Best for application of primer, different impregnating compounds on the huge area of the basis. This brush should not be used for oil-based products.
- Radiator. Has an extended handle, so with its help you can reach hard-to-reach places when painting heating radiators, surfaces behind them.
- Blade. Flat brush with shortened handle, flexible working part. It spreads paint evenly over the surface.
Advice! To avoid searching for different brushes separately, it is better to buy a set. Brushes usually come with extensions, tools for painting.
There are many varieties of paint brushes, each designed for finishing certain surfaces Source diy.obi.ru
According to the material of the bristles
When selecting a brush for surface treatment, special attention should be paid to the trash. It comes in several kinds:
- Natural. Often pig’s wool, horsehair or a combination is used. Since this material has a split structure, the impregnation of the substrate with the coloring compound is the most effective.
- Synthetic. Perfectly absorbs moisture, it is wear-resistant, evenly distributes the paint compound on the surface to be treated.
- Combination. Composed of a synthetic and natural material, it combines the advantages of the previous varieties.
Tip! Before using new brushes, they should be properly prepared: immerse in water, soak for an hour, dry. Working with pre-treated brushes is much easier, as their bristles become softer, more voluminous.
The fibers of quality synthetic brushes remain straight even after the hundredth time they have been used Source element.ua
Keyboard musical instruments
Keyboard musical instruments: a group of musical instruments united by a common attribute: the presence of keyboard mechanics and the keyboard. Divided into different classes and types. Keyboard musical instruments can be combined with other categories.
Strings (percussion and keyboards): fortepiano, celeste, harpsichord, and its varieties.
Winds (keyboard and reed): organ and its varieties, harmonium, accordion, accordion, melodica.
Electromechanical: Electric piano, clavinet
piano (ital. fortepiano (from forte, loud and piano, silent), the general name for keyboard musical instruments with hammer mechanism (piano, piano). It was invented in the beginning of the 18th century. The upright piano is a modern type of musical instrument.н. double rehearsal. dates back to the 1820s. The heyday of piano playing was in the 19th and 20th centuries.
What instrument to choose for building a house??
You’ve accomplished a great feat if you dared to build a house with their own hands. But any construction, repair or decoration requires first of all tools. And the more seriously you choose the tool, the easier and more productive your work will be. Nowadays the tool market is so saturated, that sometimes it’s hard even for professionals to make sense of all the novelties and their functions. And in order to have no confused eyes when looking at the tool in the store you should be prepared to make a purchase. It is necessary to designate in advance the requirements which you will make to this kind of tool, its purpose and belonging to a price category. But just to choose a tool is not enough. The independent building of the house with your own hands. the process, in most cases, long, but interesting. That’s why you will need not only to choose and buy a tool, but also learn how to use it properly. All tools can be divided into three major categories: mechanical tools, power tools and alternative tools (I include in this category gasoline tools, pneumatic tools, etc.).п.). Let’s look at these categories. First. mechanical tools. We can also call it hand tools. The name already suggests what kind of tool it is and how it should be used. Manual tools are everything, with which a person can carry out the work only with the use of his muscular force. The hand tool will actually be the most necessary when building a house with your own hands. It includes almost everything. from a crowbar with a shovel to an angle, a tape measure and a marking pencil. The second is the power tool. It is clear that this tool works due to the action of electric current. To imagine any construction and finishing without this type of tool, nowadays, is almost impossible. Almost all power-driven tools already exist, although in some cases I don’t think it’s always justified or necessary. This is generally the most expensive category, but you have to buy, so get ready to spend. And the last one is an alternative tool. By and large, it mostly includes specialized tools and will not be in demand in our. Unless it’s something from the line of gasoline-powered tools. Like a chainsaw or a gasoline generator. Now let’s think about what we will need first of all.
A hand tool.
The first place where you will have to start working. your lot for building a house. The most needed tools here are shovels: bayonet and shovel. It is better to buy them in a few pieces. they are always useful in the economy. It is useful to have a pair of crowbars: one shorter and lighter, the other heavier and longer. Another, in my opinion, necessary and useful tool is a garden wheelbarrow. When building a house with their own hands it will be very useful to you. Digging trenches and other excavation work that goes along with building a house, site planning. everything will involve moving the ground, where the tool will serve you well. Next. At first, assemble a simple set of carpentry tools. A pair of hammers, of varying weight, an axe, a good hacksaw, a planer, a nailer. You can immediately buy a set of chisels, a chisel, and of course do not forget about the tape measure (the optimal length of 5-7.5 meters) and square. I think that is the basic hand tools, without which it is not advisable to start building a house. Now let’s look at
Do not forget, in order to use it, there should be electricity on your property for the construction of the house. It is possible to make a wire PUNP. The presence of this kind of communication will greatly facilitate your work later, so when choosing a site, be guided by this. To start building, the first thing you need to buy is a set of chisels
This tool will be your faithful assistant for a wide variety of jobs. From pouring the foundation, to preparing mortar for masonry walls, to improving the site with the need to make concrete and paving tiles. The optimum capacity of 130-180 liters (it is convenient and not heavy to work alone). Next I’ll just recommend you, and you choose, which at the planning of construction tool at this stage you will need more.
You can’t do without it if you’ve chosen a timber house project. As an alternative. a chainsaw. Used for longitudinal and cross cutting of boards and logs of almost any size.
Not a necessary tool to start building a house, but very useful in the arrangement of the roof and interior decoration (flooring, etc.).д.).
The all-purpose tool you always need. In addition to the drilling functions, it is possible to use with special whiskers as a mixer for mixing paints and various mortars. A large number of different attachments for scraping, sanding, polishing, etc. are available.
A tool that should preferably be kept at hand at all times. Combines the useful functions of a cordless drill and screwdriver. Very useful if your site for the construction of the house does not yet have electricity. Better to buy in a set with two batteries.
An interesting and useful tool. Used both for shape cutting of various materials (wood-fiber board, chipboard, plywood, plastic, wood, metal, and with special saws perhaps tiles and glass), and simply instead of a hacksaw for cross-cutting boards and bars.
One of the first tools I recommend to buy. Great for any application. With different kinds of discs you can cut almost any construction and finishing materials, from metal to plastic panels and siding. For the convenience of work, it is desirable to buy under the discs of several sizes. The biggest is 230 and smaller 125-150.
You might not need this instrument at first. But with the beginning of the finishing work, I recommend to pay attention to it. A skillful approach will save you not only time and effort, but probably also money (see the difference in price between planked and unplanked material).
Keyboard musical instruments
Keyboard musical instruments: A group of musical instruments that share a common feature: keyboard action and a keyboard. Divided into different classes and types. Keyboard musical instruments can be combined with other categories.
Stringed (percussion and plucked keyboards): Piano, celeste, harpsichord, and its varieties.
Wind (keyboard and reed): organ and its varieties, harmonium, accordion, accordion, melodica.
Electromechanical: electric piano, clavinet
Piano. fortepiano, from forte. loud and piano. quiet). the general name for keyboard musical instruments with hammer mechanism (piano, piano). It was invented in the early 18th century. The appearance of the modern type of piano. the s.н. double rehearsal. refers to the 1820s. The heyday of piano playing was in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Popular manufacturers of power tools for home
Conditionally, the market of power tools for home can be divided into two groups. The first includes proposals from manufacturers of professional equipment.
Manufacturers of professional power tools for home
Bosch. The company produces a wide range of power tools for home. The high demand for the products allows the manufacturer to keep the at an optimal level.
Makita. In our country the tools of the Japanese giant are most widely used. The reason for this is the best price to quality ratio.
Metabo. This German company that produces functional, reliable and ergonomic units, closes the top three. The company’s products are a little less in demand because of the higher prices.
DeWALT. American company takes the honorable fourth place in the rating of producers of professional power tools for home. Saws, jigsaws and drills from DeWALT last longer than their German equivalents. The company is in fourth place because of high prices.
Picture 2: Professional power tools for the home
Household and professional tools from other manufacturers (AEG, Hitachi, Kress, etc.) are also inexpensive.) are in much less demand.
Home Power Tool Manufacturers
This category includes the Russian company Interskol. Domestic power tools for home. best choice for limited budget. Inexpensive models are also great if you don’t use the equipment very often.
Photo 3: “Interskol”. Russia’s most famous manufacturer of household power tools
Einhell also specializes in production of household power tools for home use. It delivers the best low-power models on the market. You have to pay more for German quality.
Power tool selection features for your home
The main and in most cases the only technical parameter for the choice of professional and household power tools for home use is the engine power. Its increase increases the size of the units and their prices.
Optimal values are calculated individually depending on the maximum possible loads. When in doubt, call in a specialist. It will help you choose the right power tools for your home, taking into account the list of jobs and their complexity.
After determining the optimal power, we move on to the functionality of the units. Manufacturing companies equip power tools for the home with a variety of additional options.
Speed control. Proper adjustment allows efficient and high-quality machining of various materials without the risk of damaging surfaces and workpieces.
Soft start. With this feature, the tool motor starts smoothly and jerk-free for longer motor life.
Extra insulation. Increased protection for spindle, tool restraints and leads. Equipment safety class II is increased. Power tools with increased safety can be plugged in, even through ungrounded sockets. Safety systems feature insulation wear indicators.
Backhammer Protection. This is a feature that is added to heavy-duty professional models. Motor stops immediately if tooling jams. Tool will not break free in the event of tool jamming.
Protection against unintentional start-up. Nearly all power tools on the market have this feature. often than not, the motor is started by pressing two buttons at the same time. This prevents traumatic unintentional start-up.
Not forgetting ergonomics! Before you buy a tool, make sure the handles have rubberized grip areas. It prevents possible slips.
One last thing. If you buy a heavy-duty power tool, make sure the handles have vibration-damping dampening systems. Vibration damping reduces the rate of stress accumulation in the hands. The technology allows you to work longer without discomfort.
What power tools are a must-have at home
Let’s tell about the purpose of the basic power tools that every owner needs to perform work of varying complexity in a private home, workshop or apartment.
This is the most common power tool found in every home. Punching models are best suited for domestic use.
They can work in two modes (drilling and drilling with impact). This functionality in most cases makes it unnecessary to buy such power tools at home as a peorator.
Drill (in the presence of the necessary drills, drills, and other attachments) is excellent for the following operations.
Drilling holes in metal, brick, concrete, wood for dowels. Preparation of recesses is necessary for screwing shelves, wall cabinets and other interior elements.
Drilling holes for construction assembly. In these cavities install the fasteners.
Finishing surfaces. The core drill is equipped with a scraping, polishing and grinding tool.
Mixing mortars. Mixer nozzles are used.
For cutting and milling, these tools for the home are used much less frequently.
This power tool for the home is no substitute for a drill when performing work such as:
Laying heating systems, as well as water and gas supply;
Drilling holes with large diameters for mounting equipment;
Caving in large-size joints and grooves in masonry and concrete structures.
Photo: Drilling for a socket with a diamond core drill bit
For heavy-duty jobs with heavy loads, these powerful power tools for the home are equipped with diamond drill bits and chisels.
Screwdrivers are much more compact than drills and rotary wrenches. Power is also reduced. These home tools are designed for screwing and unscrewing fasteners on both exposed surfaces and hard-to-reach places.
Photo : Work with an electric screwdriver
The main uses of screwdrivers are:
Fixing brackets for fixing appliances, furniture and interior items;
Wood and metal construction assembly;
Drilling small holes in soft materials;
This useful power tool for the home will help you do everything very quickly!
Angle grinders are called wrenches. These power tools for the home are most often used in the following operations.
Cutting sheet metal and ceramic tiles.
Cutting fixtures and metal angles and profiles.
Grinding the surfaces of workpieces, parts, products and structures made of various materials.
Depending on the type of tasks, angle grinders are equipped with abrasive discs, diamond discs and other devices.
Photo : sanding wood with an angle grinder
The jigsaw is one of the most versatile sawing tools at home. It can be used to:
cut at various angles sheets of wood, plywood, chipboard, tectolite, etc.;
Cut tiles, drywall, and even metal.
Picture : cutting metal with an electric jigsaw
The most reliable power tools for the home of this type have cast platforms. The more revolutions per minute the better.
Circular (circular) saw. a power tool, which masters most often use for sawing boards and bars, cutting particleboard, fiberboard and plywood.
Photo : Working with a circular saw
Using this power tool at home involves strict adherence to all safety rules. Damaged or torn discs can cause serious injury.
An electric planer is an electric tool for the home, designed for processing boards, laths, logs, beams and other wood workpieces, products and structures. With the help of this device masters:
adjust wooden structures to the required dimensions;
Picture : processing beams with an electric planer
This chainsaw is much smaller than a gasoline-powered. The power of this mains or cordless power tool for the home is quite enough:
To perform various carpentry and carpentry work;
Photo : Networked electric chainsaw
This power tool for the home differs from the jigsaw with higher power and longer saws (up to 200 mm). Saber saws are used to cut:
Multifunctional power tools for the home
Tools of this type are called universal cutters, power pliers, renozzers and multitools. They are excellent for a wide range of low to medium complexity domestic operations with wood and its derivatives, ceramic tiles, laminate, plastic, concrete, plexiglass, bricks and other materials.
Popular power tool manufacturers for the home
Conventionally, the market for power tools for the home is divided into two groups. The first includes proposals from manufacturers of professional equipment.
Manufacturers of professional power tools for home
Bosch. The company produces a wide range of power tools for home. High demand for products allows the manufacturer to keep at an optimal level.
Makita. In our country, the tools of this Japanese giant have received the maximum distribution. The reason. the best price to quality ratio.
Metabo. This German company that produces functional, reliable and ergonomic units, closes the top three. the company’s products are in a bit less demand due to higher prices.
DeWALT. The American company takes the fourth place in the rating of professional power tools producers for household appliances. Saws, jigsaws and drills from DeWALT last longer than their German equivalents. Fourth place because of high prices.
Photo 2: professional power tools for household
Household and professional tools from other manufacturers (AEG, Hitachi, Kress, etc.) are included in this category.) are in much less demand.
Home electric tools manufacturers
This category includes the Russian company “Interskol”. Domestic power tools for home. the best choice for a limited budget. Also inexpensive models are great if you have to use the equipment infrequently.
Picture 3: “Interskol”. the most famous Russian manufacturer of household power tools
On the production of household power tools for home also specializes firm Einhell. It delivers the best low-power models on the market. You have to pay more for German quality.
Purchasing of materials
The quantity and composition of materials is stipulated in the bill of quantities. When choosing construction and finishing materials that have a manufacturer’s certificate (quality assurance) are preferred. This will help avoid future disappointments in the roof or exterior finishes that begin to rapidly lose their appearance after 2-3 seasons.
Usually, most materials are prepared in advance. Construction is often delayed or temporarily suspended, for example, for the winter period. Improper storage can reduce the quality of materials, sometimes significantly (this applies not only to wooden structures, but also to bricks, building blocks, dry mixes).
Many site owners prefer to rely on the recommendations of good friends and acquaintances who have personally experienced construction. This strategy can be expanded and strengthened with additional actions:
- Exploring options. Conscientious construction firms willingly provide their qualification certificates, references and portfolios of completed work.
- Conclusion of contract. It prescribes a list of works, terms of performance, payment and additional conditions required by the builder (fines in case of non-compliance with conditions, cleaning the area from construction waste).
- Materials. Their quality should be monitored, which is better to involve an independent technical supervision, or at least check that the purchased materials conform to building codes.
- The work of technical supervision. The service’s specialists can monitor compliance with building codes, which can help reduce costs. In addition, the technical supervisor can additionally check the contract, estimates and the company itself before the start of construction.
Many site owners prefer to rely on the recommendations of good friends and acquaintances who have personally experienced construction. This strategy can be expanded and strengthened by additional actions:
- Exploring options. Conscientious construction firms are happy to provide their qualification certificates, references, and portfolios of completed work.
- The contract. It prescribes a list of works, deadlines for their implementation, payment and additional conditions required by the builder (fines in case of non-compliance with conditions, cleaning the area from construction waste).
- Materials. Their quality must be controlled, for which it is better to connect an independent technical supervision, or at least check that the purchased materials comply with the building codes.
- The work of a technical supervision service. Service specialists can monitor compliance with construction standards, which will help reduce costs. In addition, technical supervision may additionally check the contract, estimates and the company itself before the start of construction.
Erection of a house
Knowing where to start building a house on a plot, you can think about the next stages of construction of a private house and not to worry about disrupted schedule. Before you start work you need to ensure access roads, water and electricity to the construction site. At this stage the axes of the building are already rendered to the site in accordance with fire and sanitary regulations. The erection of a private house passes several stages.
Construction supervision is worth ordering? This question concerns almost everyone who builds a house, makes repairs, etc. Today we will consider how to control the construction company? What to pay attention to? Where to find an independent technical supervision and what is the nature of the service? Also consider how much will the construction supervision cost and what are the benefits of this service?
Plumbing and sewage outlets are marked, trenches are dug for them, and pipes are laid and insulated. After a geological survey foundation is laid (geological survey. without them the type of foundation may not be chosen correctly, leading to either the destruction of the house, or excessive costs). For this excavation is dug, the bottom is laid cushion of gravel, installed formwork. After the fittings are installed concrete is poured.
After the concrete takes 20 to 30 days to cure. This time can be devoted to the construction of a septic tank or well. Then erect the foundation walls.
Erection of the house frame
At this stage the walls and floor slabs are built, then the rafters are erected and the roof is laid. And lastly windows are installed and the garage door and entrance door are installed.
Finishing of facade and primary internal works
This includes exterior wall finish, installation of balcony and stairs (if designed). Next, the internal insulation of the floor and walls, the primary finishing of the walls, installing floors, trim the ceiling. Simultaneously lay utilities (sewage, water and electrical wiring).
After that the building can be insured as an unfinished construction object. Before finishing walls mount air conditioning system and underfloor heating.
The Conclusion. Final Settlement
The stage includes the completion of interior decoration, installation of kitchen and plumbing, tidying up the area. After completion the owner and the contractor sign an acceptance report stating the warranty for work performed. Next, the building should be registered in the State Architectural and Construction Supervision Service (SACS) and the State Registry Office.
The construction of their own house. an exciting period in the life of the family. The path from the approval of the architectural plan to the housewarming will be remembered for years to come. It’s sure to be a pleasant memory if you choose a construction company whose specialists will help you with the right choice of site and project, plus, make a thoughtful construction plan.
The exhibition low-rise country expresses gratitude to Vnukov Ivan. to the architect of Shelf.