When Working With a Jackhammer Must Be Used
These safety instructions are designed specifically for personnel performing manual pneumatic tools.
1. GENERAL LABOR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS
1.1. Work with a manual pneumatic tool is allowed for employees who have undergone a medical examination, special training, are certified by a qualification commission and have received an appropriate certificate, who have undergone introductory briefing on labor protection at hiring and initial briefing at the workplace, as well as repeated and, if necessary, unscheduled and targeted safety briefings.
1.2. Throughout the work shift, the work and rest regime established by the organization should be observed. Resting and smoking is allowed only in designated areas.
1.3. Workers should only perform work that is assigned by the work manager. It is not allowed to delegate their work to other employees and to allow unauthorized persons to the workplace.
1.4. For all pneumatic tools, a serial number should be applied to the housing with its entry in a special journal of periodic inspections of the pneumatic tool.
1.5. All types of repair of a pneumatic tool should be carried out centrally in accordance with the instructions of the tool manufacturer.
1.6. Each pneumatic tool must be equipped with a passport, which indicates the release date of the tool, marks on the production of all types of repairs, the amplitude of vibration.
1.7. A worker can be affected by dangerous and harmful production factors: noise, vibration, adverse performance microclimate, dust, moving machines and mechanisms, not fenced rotating elements of equipment.
1.8. Overalls, safety shoes and other personal protective equipment are issued to employees in accordance with applicable standards in accordance with the work performed.
1.9. The employee should follow the fire safety rules, know the fire warning signals, the location of fire extinguishing means and be able to use them. It is not allowed to use fire-fighting equipment for household purposes, cluttering walkways and access to fire-fighting equipment.
1.10. In the event of an accident, stop work, notify management and seek medical help.
1.11. Workers should observe personal hygiene practices.
1.12. If during the work any questions arise related to its safe execution, you should contact the employee responsible for the safe execution of work.
1.13. Workers who do not comply with the requirements of this Instruction are liable in accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. LABOR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS BEFORE GETTING STARTED
2.1. Before starting work, it is necessary to find out from the shift worker about all the malfunctions and malfunctions that occurred during the work and the measures taken to eliminate them.
2.2. Put on and tidy up work clothes, special vibration-proof gloves and prepare safety glasses. Do not allow loose-hanging pieces of clothing, tuck them in, fasten the cuff of the sleeves. To choose hair under the fitting headdress.
2.3. When working with a percussion instrument (hammer, chisel, etc.), it is necessary to wear safety glasses with safety glasses, as well as anti-vibration gloves.
2.4. When lying down, resting on your elbows or knees, put on elbow pieces and knee pads.
2.5. When working at height, wear a safety climbing belt and use it throughout the work.
2.6. During work inside the vessels (boilers, tanks, etc.), when riveting, minting and other operations with significant noise, wear anti-noise headphones.
2.7. Inspect the workplace, remove objects that interfere with the work and clear the passages.
2.8. Make sure that the workplace is adequately lit. When using a portable light bulb, check that the lamp has a protective net, that the cord and the insulating rubber tube are working properly.
2.9. At each delivery of the pneumatic tool, the completeness and reliability of the fastening of the parts should be checked, as well as an external inspection to check the serviceability of the cable (cord), its protective tube and plug.
2.10. Before working with pneumatic tools, you should check:
– reliability of tightening of all threaded joints;
– the absence of damage to the rubber air hoses, the reliability of their fastening on the fitting (the fittings have serviceable edges and threads, providing a strong and tight connection of the hose to the pneumatic tool and to the air line);
– the strength of the connection of the hoses to the pneumatic tool and the connection of the hoses to each other, carried out only with the help of fittings or nipples with a working thread (ring grooves) and coupling clamps;
– it is not allowed to use wire and electric wire for fixing hoses to fittings or nipples in order to avoid hose breakage;
– the correctness of the sharpening of the insert tool (drills, screwdrivers, wrenches, countersinks, etc.), the absence of cracks, potholes, burrs and other defects on it;
– the shanks must be smooth, without bevels, cracks and other damage, tightly fitted and properly centered;
– the presence on the shank of the plug-in tool percussion (chisels, crimping, etc.) of clear edges and the possibility of its entry into the axle box of the hammer;
– placement of a set of insertion tools during storage in a portable box;
– the quality of compressed air supplied to the tool, which must have a purity of at least grade 5;
– the presence of lubrication of the pneumatic tool, the absence of cracks and other damage on its body;
– ease and speed of opening and closing the valve to turn on the tool, the absence of air passage in the closed position;
– the absence of nicks on the cone of the spindle of the drilling machine;
– the reliability of the fencing of the abrasive wheel on the grinding machine with a protective casing;
– the presence of a pneumatic chisel-hammer device, excluding the return flight of the tool.
2.11. The pneumatic tool should be securely connected to the air vent and check that it is idling.
2.12. Grinders, saws and planers must have a protective guard for the working part.
2.13. The gap between the circle and the upper edge of the opening of the movable casing, as well as between the circle and the safety visor, must not exceed 6 mm.
2.14. The gap between the side wall of the protective casing and the flanges for fastening the circle of the highest height used on this machine should be observed within 5-10 mm. During operation, the removable cover of the protective cover must be firmly fixed.
2.15. Starting work with a pneumatic grinding tool is allowed only with a balanced abrasive wheel. The prepared tool should be turned on immediately before lowering the grinding wheel onto the material to be processed.
2.16. When preparing the wrench for operation, you should install a shock absorber, pick up an interchangeable head-wrench on a screwed nut or bolt and, using a pin with a lock ring, attach it to the wrench. Then it is necessary to establish the necessary tightening torque of the nut and bolt, for which purpose turn the throttle until the corresponding number appears in the reverse slot, as well as the necessary direction of rotation of the interchangeable key head.
2.17. Before installing the drill in the drilling tools, the spindle cone and drill shank must be cleaned of dirt. The contamination of the spindle cone does not allow the drill to fit tightly into it, the drill will be installed off-center.
2.18. The working tool, accessories and auxiliary materials should be arranged in a convenient manner for use and check their serviceability.
Video: When Working With a Jackhammer Must Be Used
3. LABOR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS DURING WORK
3.1. Before connecting the hose to the tool, it is necessary to drain the condensate from the air line. With a slight short-term pressure blow out the hose with compressed air, having previously connected it to the network. The air stream should be directed only upwards; It is not allowed to direct a stream of air at people, on the floor or equipment.
3.2. When connecting the hose to the air line, make sure that it is securely mounted on the fitting.
3.3. The hose should be handled with care; avoid kinks, tangles, intersections with cables, electrical cables, acetylene or oxygen hoses. Place the hose in such a way that it excludes the possibility of a collision with vehicles and passage of workers to it.
3.4. Connecting the hose to the network and to the tool, as well as disconnecting it, is only necessary when the valve on the air line is completely closed.
3.5. Ensure that there are no air leaks at the hose connections.
3.6. If the air supply is interrupted or during interruptions in operation, even for a short time, close the valve on the air line and remove the insert tool, and on drilling machines, additionally put the starting clutch to the inoperative position.
3.7. When the hose breaks, when checking or replacing the plug-in working tool, it is necessary to shut off the valve on the line. Cutting off compressed air by breaking the hose is not permitted.
3.8. It is not allowed to throw a pneumatic tool, subject it to impacts, protect it from pollution, leave it unattended. It is necessary to systematically lubricate it with special oil.
3.9. In case of a tool malfunction, for example, in case of air leakage in the valve, trigger failure, stop work and hand over the tool to the pantry for repair.
3.10. When transferring a pneumatic tool, hold it by the handle of the housing, and turn the hose into a ring. Do not carry the pneumatic tool while holding it by the hose or by the plug-in tool.
3.11. The air should be turned on only after setting the percussion instrument in the working position (for example, so that the crimp is pressed against the rivet, the chisel is attached to the surface of the product, etc.).
3.12. The working tool should be pressed with a gradual, gradual force.
3.13. Use a plug-in tool with a shank corresponding to the dimensions of the barrel sleeve. The use of pads (jamming) or the presence of play in the sleeve is not allowed.
3.14. When working with a pneumatic hammer, you should hold it by the body (barrel); Do not hold the hammer by the insert tool. Care should be taken to ensure that the hammers are equipped with a device that prevents the striker from releasing.
3.15. When chopping, riveting and other similar work, in which metal particles can fly off, it is necessary to use glasses or a mask with shatterproof glass and install portable enclosing shields to protect workers who are near or passing by from injuries.
3.16. When working with a heavy pneumatic hammer, grinder or wrench, suspend them on a spring balancer or on a special suspension.
3.17. When working with an abrasive wheel, do not raise the protective screen. If the screen is missing, wear safety glasses. Make sure that the gap between the abrasive wheel and the handrail does not exceed 3 mm; with a gap of more than 3 mm it is necessary to stop the work and inform the supervisor of the work.
3.18. Processed products should be installed stably on workstations and other devices in the manner prescribed by the technology and excluding any displacement during operation.
3.19. Chopping, drilling, sharpening products (parts) that are in a freely suspended state, as well as holding them when doing such work with your hands, is not allowed.
3.20. When drilling a part with a drilling machine in a vice, make sure that the workpiece is firmly fixed.
3.21. When the drill leaves the drilled part, the pressure must be reduced to a minimum.
3.22. It is necessary to ensure that there is no warp of the drill. Work is not allowed with drills with downed and folded shanks of cones.
3.23. To remove chips from holes and from a rotating cutting tool, special hooks or brushes must be used.
3.24. When drilling partitions through, make sure that there are no live electrical wires on the other side of the drill path.
3.25. Knock out the insertion tool from the drilling machine after it is installed in a horizontal position with a special wedge and in a direction that is safe for the worker and others.
3.26. Working with drilling and other rotating tools in mittens is not allowed.
3.27. Keep your hands away from a rotating tool.
3.28. The employee must not allow persons unrelated to the work to be carried out at his workplace and not transfer the pneumatic tool to another employee even for a short time without the permission of the work manager.
3.29. When starting work in confined spaces, compartments or in enclosed spaces, you should check the air saturation of harmful gases (acetone, oil vapors, gasoline, etc.) and, if they are detected, require the employer to bring the working room into a condition suitable for normal work.
3.30. When working with a percussion and chopping instrument, you must use anti-noise headphones or cover your ears with ultra-thin cotton, special plugs.
3.31. When carrying out electric welding work near the workplace, it is necessary to require the employer to provide fencing of the welder’s workplace with portable shields or screens to protect eyes and face from the action of ultraviolet rays or to give the worker safety glasses with special glasses.
3.32. When working with an electric welder or gas cutter, beware of molten metal spray and the flame of a gas burner or torch.
3.33. It is not allowed to leave and lay out tools, fasteners and other items that are not fixed at height. Rivets, nuts, bolts, tools and other items should be put in special boxes.
3.34. When working with a manual pneumatic tool it is not allowed:
– hold the tool by the working part or by the sleeve;
– connect and disconnect the sleeves until the supply of air to them ceases;
– lay sleeves through walkways, driveways and roads, in places of storage of materials, twist and bend them;
– fasten the sleeve joints with wire and eliminate air leakage by driving a wedge under the clamp;
– connect the tool to the compressed air line directly through the sleeve without the use of valves;
– stop the air supply by breaking the sleeve;
– use pneumatic tools with unregulated valves;
– apply sleeves with defects, as well as rewind from insulating tape and other materials;
– adjust and change the insertion tool in the presence of compressed air in the hose, with the exception of work carried out in underground conditions with a jackhammer, a perforator or a drill;
– remove vibration protection means and control of the working tool from the pneumatic tool, noise muffler;
– work with ladders, as well as simultaneously in two or more tiers along the same vertical without appropriate safety devices;
– handle cutting objects with weight;
– fold the tool over the heads of workers;
– leave the air supply on during breaks in work or when switching from one workplace to another;
– work at a height in the open air with ice or wind with a force of more than six points;
– repair pneumatic tools in the workplace;
– wrap hoses in case of accidents with rubber, insulation tape and other materials;
– warm frozen hoses with hot water, steam or an open fire at the workplace (hoses should be heated in a warm and dry room using steam, hot water or heated sand after disconnecting them from the pneumatic systems);
– to throw, subject to blows, to leave the pneumatic tool without supervision.
4. LABOR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
4.1. If abnormalities in the operation of a pneumatic tool are detected (the appearance of extraneous noise or knocking, vibration, etc.), as well as in the event of a power outage or a stop of the tool, disconnect it from the mains supply and report to the work manager.
4.2. The elimination of defects in the tool and its cleaning from jammed waste should be done only after disconnecting from the mains.
4.3. If a fire occurs:
– stop work;
– disable the tool;
– call the fire department by phone 101 and inform the management;
– proceed to extinguish the fire with the existing fire extinguishing means.
4.4. In the event of an accident:
– take measures to release the victim from the action of the traumatic factor;
– provide first aid to the victim depending on the type of injury;
– report the incident to the management of the organization;
– if possible, maintain the situation, if this does not lead to an accident or injury to other people;
– if necessary, call the ambulance team by phone 103 or help deliver the victim to a medical facility.
4.5. In case of electric shock:
– turn off electrical equipment;
– release the victim from live parts;
– provide first aid to the victim;
– if necessary, call the ambulance team by phone 103 or help deliver the victim to a medical facility.
5. LABOR PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS
5.1. Close the valve on the air line, remove the working tool from the pneumatic tool and disconnect the hose from the mains.
5.2. Wipe and grease the pneumatic and working tools thoroughly with oil.
5.3. Fold the hose into neat rings.
5.4. To tidy up the workplace.
5.5. Return the pneumatic tool and hose to the pantry or put them in the space provided for storage. Prevention should be carried out in accordance with the instructions for use of the tool.
5.6. Wash face and hands with soap and warm water or take a shower.
5.7. Report to the shift manager and work manager about all the malfunctions noticed during the work and the measures taken to eliminate them.