Where to pour chain oil into the chainsaw
What kind of oil should you use
It is widely believed that quality branded chainsaw oil should only be used in the engine’s gasoline-oil mixture. However, the choice of oil for lubrication is a simple matter. Anyone will do, as long as it gets to the right place.
But adding lubricant to the chain is half the battle. It is necessary that it hold on to the metal and remain on the lower edge, with which the tree is sawn. For this purpose, substances with increased adhesion are used, that is, the ability to adhere to the surface and adhere to it. Oil with poor adhesion will fly off the rapidly rotating chain, splattering around uselessly. Of course, some part will remain, but it is not known whether this will be enough so that during intensive work the circuit does not overheat.
Important! During all-season operation with a chainsaw, it is necessary to take into account the dependence of the oil supply conditions on the season and air temperature.
Mineral materials that provide chain and bar lubrication at freezing temperatures crystallize and thicken in the cold. This leads to the fact that the lubrication will be difficult to supply and the load on the oil pump will increase. Its service life is shortened and it may fail prematurely. In winter, it is necessary to choose synthetic materials with special additives that provide reliable lubrication in frosts down to 40 ℃. At low frosts and temperatures near zero, semi-synthetics are used.
Estimates of the use of different oils for lubricating chainsaw chains boil down to the fact that the wrong choice can increase the engine load by up to 10%. The service life of the chain and guide bar is further reduced.
Due to the fact that in recent years great importance has been attached to ecology, more and more branded oil products are made on the basis of decomposable substances. But during long-term operation, the consumption of chain lubrication can be measured in liters. And for people who are not indifferent to nature, this will be another reason to choose an environmentally friendly product. If you do not care what your area is sprayed with and what marks remain on the wood after cutting.
Leading manufacturers of chainsaws produce consumables and lubricants for them, including those specifically for chains and tires. All other things being equal, you should give preference to the products of the manufacturer of the chainsaw itself. But the quality of the best brands is such that the use of lubricants from another manufacturer will not have a negative impact on the work.
The most famous brands are the German company STIHL, the Swedish company Husqvarna and the Japanese company Makita. They provide a fairly wide range of adhesive oils, including the following:
- mineral STIHL ForestPlus is designed to work at temperatures up to 15 ℃. Standard packing. 1 and 5 liters. For long-term work, it has recently been produced in a 20-liter container;
- the highly sustainable STIHL BioPlus is plant-based. Once in the soil, it quickly decomposes without contaminating it. The working temperature is also up to 15 ℃. Packing. 1 and 3 liters;
- semi-synthetic STIHL SynthPlus suitable for low temperatures, working usable up to 25 °.
- Eco-friendly, biodegradable Bio and Bio Advanced. It is presented as a universal multigrade oil. Bio Advanced option. improved oxidation resistance and up to 10% better lubricating properties;
- Makita. Biotop oil;
- adhesive oil Champion.
How to Add Bar and Chain Oil to Your Gas Chainsaw
Of the Russian brands, especially for chains, there is Zubr ZMPM-M. There are other, less well-known manufacturers, whose lubricating oil is noticeably lower in price.
When and how to fill
Where to fill the chain oil is clear. There is a separate container for this. In most chainsaws, the size of this container is calculated taking into account the volume of the saw’s gas tank. When both tanks are full, they empty at about the same time. Therefore, it is recommended to fill the full volume of the oil tank at the same time as filling the fuel tank. Then you don’t have to be distracted by topping up twice.
Before starting work, it is useful to check if oil will flow to the chain. To do this, it is enough to direct the end of the tire onto a flat surface. Some of the grease will fly off the edge of the tire. Droplets on the surface indicate that the system is operating normally.
At high negative temperatures, summer oil thickens and its lubricity deteriorates. Therefore, it is worth using brands designed for winter conditions. If this is not possible, then it is worth taking the time to dilute the existing oil to reduce its thickness. It is best to dilute with kerosene in a ratio of 1 to 4.
Some models have an adjustable feed rate in the lubrication system. It is useful for correcting in the event of a change in the type of grease.
Filling a STIHL chainsaw with fuel and chain oil
Note! Do not fill the tank with a mixture of different types of oils. mineral and synthetic.
If the oil from one manufacturer has run out, and the same type is available, but from a different company, then their mixing is allowed, provided that they are used immediately. Leaving such a mixture for a long time is not worth it.
At the end of the chainsaw bar, there is a driven sprocket that rotates the chain. It also needs to be lubricated periodically. For this, thick materials are used. STIHL multipurpose grease can be used. Domestic lithol-based lubricants are also suitable. There is a special hole on the sprocket lubrication tire. You need to pump grease into it with a grease can or a syringe.
What oil is used in a chainsaw?
Experienced experts recommend using one fraction of the fuel mixture for two weeks.
The life of a chainsaw is determined by the type of lubricant used when working with equipment. The two-stroke saw and the fuel tank are used in accordance with the instructions. Often, a fuel mixture is made by mixing gasoline and oil, which are combined in a specific ratio. This information must be indicated by the manufacturer in the relevant instructions.
If the inventory is of domestic manufacture, then gasoline with the AI-76 brand is usually used, as well as ordinary motorcycle oil. The proportions in which gasoline and oil are taken are 1/25. If foreign-made chainsaws are used, then the requirements will be different. They are reduced to the use of gasoline with an octane number equal to 95 and 92, at the same time a special oil is used that is suitable for these grades of fuel.
Mixes oil with fuel in a ratio of 1/40. It is suitable to use metered canisters, which greatly simplify the process of making the fuel mixture. The use of foreign-made tools requires an appropriate refueling with motorcycle oils.
It should be borne in mind that certain types of foreign-made lubricants can be used by working with chainsaws, the cycle of which is 8.5 thousand per minute. Basically, a tool with an oscillation cycle in the range of 11-14 thousand / min is used. The use of foreign oils in such saws is the reason for a decrease in the motor resource by an average of 8%. If the chainsaw is operating at full power, then the lubricant is consumed half an hour after it is turned on.
Experienced professionals recommend using one fraction of the fuel mixture for two weeks, because otherwise a chemical reaction occurs. With all this, oil can lose all properties, and gasoline is capable of oxidation. As a result, parts are clogged, the motor overheats and the CPG is jammed. The type of oil to be filled into the instrument must be carefully controlled.
How a chain oil system should work?
Saw fuel tanks are selected by volume, taking into account a certain ratio, which allows leaving the tank with a small amount of oil at maximum fuel production. Correct carburetor adjustment determines the amount of fuel consumed for the chainsaw, otherwise if it is not correct, then the fuel runs out very quickly.
With a slow decrease in the amount of oil during the operation of the saw, in the absence of its decrease, the chain lubrication process is disturbed, and the conductivity of the channels where the lubricant moves is reduced. It is necessary not only to identify, but also to eliminate all malfunctions. You can measure the performance level of the oil pump with the adjusting screw manually.
You can check the correct operation of the lubrication system by bringing the bar, the chain of which is rotating, to the illuminated surface. When oil splashes appear on this surface, the operation of the system is adjusted correctly. The amount of oil consumed by the chain itself is provided depending on the specific situation.
Cutting the longest length on hard or dry type of wood should be done with the greatest amount of lubricant, which also applies to sawing thick types of bark. If you want to make a cut, the length of which is small, then the presence of moist and soft wood will require the least amount of lubrication.
One of the reasons for the strong heating of the cutting attachment, followed by the appearance of smoke, can be the lack of sufficient lubrication of the chain.
Excessive heat can cause the chain to be pinched in the bar groove. The reason for the appearance of smoke can also apply to those cases if the chain is incorrectly sharpened, dull, or this happened when the chain is tightly tensioned. If the end of the tire has a maintenance-free sprocket, then no lubricant gets on it, that is, lubrication occurs separately if there is a special hole.
If the chainsaw is well adjusted, it can be easily started. For this purpose, the saw is installed on level ground, making sure that the tire does not sink to the ground. It is imperative to activate the chain brake, its handle should be pushed in a certain direction to the end of the bar. Start the chainsaw by holding the saw with your left hand by the front handle, and with your right foot resting on the rear handle, which should be pressed to the ground.
All modern chainsaws have a separate oil circuit for lubricating the cutting elements of the chain.
The quality of the saws largely depends on their condition and working conditions. Therefore, companies that produce accessories for chainsaws create special brands of oils that provide reliable surface lubrication.
What kind of oil to fill the chainsaw tank correctly?
When lubricating the chain links of the chainsaw, the composition is poured into a special container. Its use helps to reduce the frictional force that occurs between the bar and the chain links. The use of special oils with a viscous consistency to lubricate the chainsaw chain will give positive results, ensure a long service life of the equipment. In the absence of this substance, car oil is suitable.
Choose the right oil that allows you to properly lubricate the chain, depending on the time of year when it will be used. So, in the summer, mineral oils are best suited, the disadvantage of which is the crystallization of the structure of the substance at low temperatures. Therefore, in winter, experts recommend using oils with special additives that are synthetic, which makes them less viscous. This facilitates the use of the saw at low temperatures, in other words, up to 40 ° C.
The use of semi-synthetics seems to be a more suitable option when using the saw at a moderate temperature, fluctuating in the range of 30. 25 ° С.
It is strongly not recommended to fill the tank with recycled machine oils for lubricating the chainsaw chain.
Such oils can be highly oxidized, and this is due to the presence of impurities in them, which can cause damage to the chainsaw. At the same time, sometimes during the operation of saws, gear or engine oils are poured into them, which is acceptable.
Motor oils, suitable not only for two-stroke, but also for four-stroke engines, are made on the basis of base oil and additional substances, that is, additives that can be different. Various solvents can be used as additives to improve the mixing process of oils and fuels, their pumpability, and a possible atomization method.
Recommendations for the use of special oils for chainsaws
The saw bar and chain should be lubricated with a special oil, other types of this substance are not suitable for this purpose. If applied, the oil pump can be damaged as it is self-lubricating for high quality performance. Using waste, including filtered, oil compositions in a chainsaw means disrupting the tool’s ability to high speed.
The chain requires proper storage, which is associated with immersion in oil. If the saw bar is worn out, do not put a new chain on it. It is important to have a chain in stock, and it is best to purchase several chains at once. The optimal number of chains in stock is 4 pieces, which allows working with them in turn and periodically sharpening each of them. This ensures a reduced level of wear on each of the components, i.e. tire, chain and drive sprocket.
Professionals recommend not to sharpen the chain, but to correct it with the help of special devices that allow you to sharpen the chain. Refills are made every 2 or 3 fillings of the fuel mixture into the saw tank.
One intended work with the tool requires the preparation of a certain amount of fuel mixture. At the same time, it is strictly forbidden to work with a chainsaw without oil in the tank. When refueling the saw with fuel, you should immediately provide for its required amount, which should be lubricated with the bar and chain. The main thing is that its composition is purified, free of impurities, water, sand, debris, etc.
Chainsaw Basics: Fuel and Oil
The filling of the tanks should be carried out simultaneously, that is, the oil is poured together with the fuel mixture into different tanks. Take into account the air temperature. If the temperature is below 20 ° C, then it must be diluted with dehydrated kerosene, taking into account the ratio of 4: 1, that is, 1 part of kerosene is added to 4 parts. If there is an adjustment for the oil supply, it is made maximum.
Almost all chainsaws come with an instruction manual. In such a manual it is indicated that in all cases it is necessary to fill in chain oil with a high adhesion effect.
Adhesion. an indicator characterizing the degree of adhesion of the lubricant to the surface of the chain bar.
Adhesive oil is required for the chain to function for the following reasons:
- At the time of operation of the device, the chain moves at high speed. If oil with a low adhesion index is used, then during operation it will be scattered by inertia. You can check this yourself, for which it is enough to add ordinary lubricants to the surface and add gas.
- The oil must be highly lubricating. At a high speed of movement of the tire, it can become very hot, due to which the metal used in the manufacture becomes soft and less wear-resistant.
It should be borne in mind that with prolonged use of the chainsaw, a large amount of oil will be required, since it is quickly wiped off the tire surface. Various companies are involved in the production of chain lubricants.
Chainsaw chain oil
Chainsaws are most widely used in everyday life and industry. Features of their design determine that in order to ensure a long service life, it is necessary to periodically lubricate the chain and many other elements. Lack of lubricant can negatively affect the performance of the tool, reduce its efficiency and duration of operation.
Choosing engine oil
Saw chain oil is not always used as a universal option. Often, pouring is also carried out for an option for the engine, from which the tire receives rotation. When choosing it, the following points are taken into account:
- It is necessary to give preference only to the versions recommended by the saw manufacturer.
- Mineral lubricants are more popular, as they are more effective in application.
- Products from well-known manufacturers are characterized by higher performance characteristics.
- It is necessary to take into account the recommended temperature regime. Some versions cannot be operated at too low temperatures, as this leads to an increase in viscosity. Too high viscosity causes structural damage when operating at high speeds.
If the lubricant is not added to the engine in a timely manner, then it can wear out quickly or completely fail.
In the production of branded and standard oils, standards related to viscosity or density, as well as the concentration of impurities, are taken into account. Among the features, we note the following points:
- Organic and mineral compositions practically do not differ in their performance. This is due to the fact that grease flies off the tire surface rather quickly. It is not worth overpaying significantly for the purchase of expensive lubricants, since the difference is insignificant.
- The protective properties of mineral compounds are significantly higher than those of natural ones. That is why it is recommended to use such oils for one-time work.
- If there are only a few days between works, then it is recommended to use organic compounds. They are much cheaper than mineral ones, while they are characterized by high efficiency in application.
If this is the first time you are using the lubricant, you should hold the saw at medium speed for a few minutes and check if it is suitable for your particular model. Such oils are also characterized by the temperature at which they can maintain their performance.
When to Use Special Chain Oil?
Manufacturers recommend the use of a special chain oil whenever the chainsaw is used. This recommendation is related to the points below:
- The oil pump may be damaged. This is due to the special properties of the lubricant.
- The use of waste or other oils for other purposes reduces the ability of the tool to high revs.
- If the tire is heavily worn, do not put a new chain on it. This is due to increased surface wear. It is recommended to purchase at least four chains with frequent work.
- It is strictly forbidden to work without the oil being poured into the tank. At the time of refueling the chainsaw with fuel, the tire must be lubricated.
When using a special oil for lubricating the chain, you need to pay attention to its quality, since the composition should not contain various impurities or debris. Otherwise, the oil pump can quickly fail.
Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws and accessories are engaged in the production of lubricants. Chainsaw chain oil protects metal from rapid wear and corrosion. In addition, the chain oil stays on the surface for a long time even with prolonged operation of the device.
Danger of using counterfeit oil
Cheap lubricants are inferior in their properties to proprietary developments. At the same time, manufacturers of expensive versions indicate that the saw should be used with the lowest load. In addition, you should consider:
- Counterfeiters accelerate material wear. At the same time, in case of severe wear, the structure cannot be handed over for repair under warranty, since non-recommended oil was poured during operation.
- Rapid wear can cause the engine or tire to fail quickly. The fuel-fueled engine is a combination of various moving elements. In order to reduce their wear, a certain amount of a special lubricant is added to the structure, which also provides the required cooling. During operation, due to heating and slow wear of the metal, the properties of the oil change significantly. That is why from time to time it is necessary to carry out a complete replacement.
Adjustment of oil density to external temperature factors
The performance of the grease decreases during its operation at the time the ambient temperature drops to 20 degrees Celsius and below. Also, at low temperatures, the pump, which is responsible for the oil supply, does not work correctly. The solution to this problem is often mixing the thickened composition with kerosene. Such an additive provides the required density of the substance, but it is still recommended to reduce the load applied. If the ambient temperature is too low, it is necessary to monitor the effectiveness of the lubrication of the main elements. This recommendation can also be attributed to the fact that the liquid in the wood begins to freeze, increasing the hardness and reducing the degree of workability. Too high a load causes rapid wear and an increase in viscosity makes the engine more difficult to operate. That is why many manufacturers indicate in what conditions a chainsaw can be used.