How to Make a Grinder From an Angle Grinder
DIY grain crusher
Each owner of a small or medium-sized farm needs to constantly take care of him. In order to increase the effectiveness of such activities, it is worthwhile to regularly introduce means of mechanization. So, many people make a grain crusher with their own hands, which allows it to be granulated in order to obtain feed for animals that are on the farm. A similar technique carries out the grinding of grains so that the digestive system of living creatures can digest them. This makes it nutritious as well as more beneficial.
Principle of operation
The main point of such units is to obtain a ready-made semi-finished product of the required fraction due to the mechanical effects of the equipment on the initial product. The main tools in a homemade grain crusher are a hammer or knives that grind. They quickly rotate inside the working tank, affecting the filled raw materials. A similar unit is similar to a tumbling installation, which is often used in mechanical engineering. Grain grinders operate on manual or electric traction.
The use of small aggregates in household plots can significantly increase work efficiency, as well as reduce labor costs. The use of more serious models is carried out on large farms, as well as agricultural holdings. In addition, such devices for country use can be made independently with the necessary tools, as well as the ability to handle the welding machine.
Types of construction
In total there are several varieties of grain crushers that are worth considering in more detail.
For such options crushers are characterized by high weight, large dimensions, as well as the presence of a powerful power plant. They are used to grind various crops, as well as grass or root crops. Devices cope with them without difficulty. The main working body of the unit is the rotor on which the knives are mounted. The size of the finished feed fraction is determined by the speed at which the rotor rotates. Doing such a grain grinder with your own hands or buying it in the finished version will cost much more than a hammer version. In addition, due to the large size, as well as weight, such a unit is problematic to use in small farms.
This view is a more complex device in terms of design. However, this makes it difficult to use. So, after starting the engine, the rotation of the drum begins. In this case, the hammers that are installed inside, also begin to move and hit him. As a result, the poured grain falls under such blows and breaks into small parts. After that, it is lowered onto a sieve, through which a fine fraction is sieved, and the larger one continues to remain inside and grind.
How to make a grinder
Such a unit is medium in complexity in terms of assembly, and its presence in the farm is a necessity. For the independent manufacture of a grain crusher, you do not need to cook a large number of tools. The main equipment used in such devices undergoes a balancing procedure. This can be done both independently and by inviting outside experts for this. When balancing, the following works are performed:
- Examination of equipment condition for vibration.
- Identification of the causes that lead to the appearance of vibration, and after their elimination.
- Direct shaft balancing is carried out.
The need for such a procedure is that the presence of even slight vibrations can lead to the fact that the working elements (knives or hammers) will touch the walls of the working tank. As a result, this will lead to their rapid wear and damage to the entire device. It is worthwhile to analyze in detail how to make a crusher from various household appliances.
From angle grinder
Often in the household, a conventional grinding machine is used, in common people. an angle grinder. Craftsmen figured out how to make a grain crusher out of it. This will require only minor improvements. The result is a home-made device that does not require significant costs.
So, a plywood sheet is required, which will serve as the basis for future construction. Far on it will be installed the main elements of the device. In this sheet, you need to make 2 holes on which to mount the receiving hopper, as well as the saw body.
Further, with the help of bolts and staples, the angle grinder itself is attached. In the form of a crusher, a metal disk having circular grinding is used. A mesh having the required mesh size is mounted below. As a grain hopper, you can use a plastic bottle having a capacity of 5 liters. After that, you can begin to use the finished unit.
Grinder from angle grinder
From the washing machine
A larger version of the grain crusher can be done using an old washer. Its operation will be very similar to that of a coffee grinder. This is due to the fact that the grain that is poured into such an aggregate will be crushed by means of sharpened knives spinning inside the drum. To make such a crusher, the first power plant must be mounted on the bottom of the device. A grid is set there, and a window is created through which the crushed fraction will come out. The second engine should be mounted next to the hole, which is located near the base. The shafts from the motors are directed in different directions relative to each other.
In order to protect the power plant from dust, a special protective casing is created around it.
The dimensions of the hopper where the grain will fall asleep are determined by the capacity that the finished unit will have. It is recommended to additionally equip it with a shield shutter. In addition, a capacity is installed under the mounted unit, where the ground grain will flow. In order to increase the comfort of working with such a grain mill, it is recommended to install a special sleeve on the exit hatch. With its help, the spreading of shredded products on the sides will be prevented.
From the vacuum cleaner
Another option for creating a grain mill is to use a power plant taken from a conventional household vacuum cleaner. In this case, the sequence of actions will be as follows:
- First, to create the base, a sheet of laminate or plywood is taken.
- After that, a hole is made in the center where the motor is mounted from the vacuum cleaner.
- Now chopping knives are made. For their manufacture, a steel plate is used having a thickness of 20 cm and a thickness of about 2 mm.
- Further cooked knives are installed on the shaft of the power plant.
- Installation of the working chamber is in progress.
Such a grain crusher, in addition to economic benefits, is still easy to install and has a simple design. Thanks to this, it is easily repaired.
Crushers are a necessary mechanical device that allows you to get a fine fraction of various cereals. It is necessary not only in large agricultural holdings, but also in small farms. In addition, you can make it yourself from various household appliances using the instructions that can be viewed on the video.
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Grain chopper: DIY, household, garden
When feeding livestock in the household, it is best to use chopped fodder grain, which animals and birds eat with great pleasure.
Grinding grain allows you to make a homogeneous mixture of different crops, which makes a difference in the feed ration of domestic animals. The use of a grain grinder allows with greater efficiency and variety to create boiled or steamed feeds that are better absorbed by animal organisms.
Devices for personal use
Household grain grinders are widely represented by manufacturers of this kind of technology. As a rule, these are compact in size, and devices that are simple in execution, with electric motors of low power.
Many craftsmen make a homemade grain chopper with their own hands having an electric motor of sufficient power.
Of the inexpensive devices available for purchase, with which you can get crushed fodder grain, the most popular:
- grain grinder Niva;
- Piggy grain grinders.
For a personal farm and a small farm enterprise, the use of grain grinders IZ 05 Niva is the most optimal. His purpose is crushing dry feed grain and related products agriculture (soybeans, corn) for further feeding to animals and poultry.
Distinctive features of this model are as follows:
- high reliability in work, which is achieved by horizontal arrangement of the motor shaft and vertically rotating knives;
- low content of dust (flour) fraction arising during operation due to the special shape that the working chamber has;
- the possibility of convenient location (fixing) on any flat surface;
- use as a receiving hopper of any suitable capacity, regardless of shape, size and material.
Grain grinders created by the Elektromash enterprise received the common brand “Piggy” and are represented by three models:
Video: How to Make a Grinder From an Angle Grinder
These figures show the device performance declared by the manufacturer, expressed in kilograms of processed grain per hour.
With the same overall dimensions (310 × 300×300) mm and almost the same weight (7.8-8 kg), the difference in performance is due to engine power and the speed of the cutting element.
Power corresponds to indicators of 1.75, 1.9, 1.9 kW, and the rotation speed is 1200, 1400, 1800 revolutions per minute, in accordance with the increase in model number.
All devices operate from a household network with a voltage of 220 V, as they are equipped with a collector single-phase electric motor.
The working hopper allows you to load grain in a volume of 10 to 12 liters, and a sieve, with a mesh size of 5 mm, provides an average grinding of the finished product.
to the menu
In order to create your own type of grain grinder, you should use the principle of a coffee grinder, in which the crushing of grain occurs due to the rotation of the knife in the form of a plate mounted on the drive shaft. The mover can be any electric motor of sufficient power. But the manual drive will not work, as in some coffee grinders, due to the insufficiently high speed.
DIY grain grinder
One of the simple options for creating a device for crushing grain:
- A 10 mm thick plywood sheet is needed, on which an electric motor should be fixed so that its shaft passes through the plywood and peeps 3-4 cm out of it.
- At the end of the shaft, a cutting element is fixed. a plate made of tool steel with dimensions of 15 by 210 mm and a thickness of 1-1.5 mm. The front edges of such a knife should be sharpened in the direction of rotation, and the nozzle hole should be strictly in the center to avoid the effect of imbalance.
- The working chamber is folded from a strip of thin sheet iron 60 × 705 mm. The internal diameter will be 220 mm and the height 40 mm. The resulting metal ring must be bent outward around the entire perimeter to form 10 mm wide flanges. With their help, it will be possible to fix the hopper to the base (plywood sheet) and hang a sieve.
- The sieve is made of mesh or perforated discs with mesh sizes suitable for a given degree of grinding.
- The grain feed hopper can have a conical rectangular or round shape and is mounted on top of a plywood sheet (next to an electric motor). The grain enters the working chamber through a specially made hole.
- A container for collecting finished products can be a suitable bucket, pan or tank.
Homemade grain crusher (video)
Garden shredders are intended for crushing straw, tops of root crops, branches, bark, etc. the mass of which can then be consumed for pet food (rabbits, nutrias, ducks and chickens), or is intended for disposal.
The scheme by which such a device works is very simple. the source material is fed into the hopper, falling under the rotating knives, it is ground, and small pieces or sawdust are obtained at the output.
to the menu
Aggregates of this type have two types of working cutting (crushing) systems:
The disk system is very suitable for chopping leaves, stems, grass, thin branches. When passing through rapidly rotating knives, they turn into a green mass, convenient for animals to consume. Unfortunately, such a system is not suitable for working with solid dimensional objects, such as thick tree branches. If they get into the chopper. the knives quickly blunt and stop working normally.
A milling (turbine) shredder can handle harder materials, such as thick branches or root crops. Some models have a reverse (reverse) in case something gets stuck in the chopper. A stuck item can be removed by turning the rotation of the solid cast cylindrical cutting and crushing gears in the opposite direction.
How to make a simple grain grinder for home.
More than 20 years have been used in our household small grain crusher, which was collected for me by a good noble turner from old agricultural parts lying on the territory of the then collective farm economy.
He slightly machined the spline part on a lathe, a couple of discs and sized it, and I put it all together.
The mill does not use centrifugal hammers or rollers. No drop screen. Everything is much simpler.
The basis of the working part, in which the grain is crushed, is steam from a telescopic universal joint of old agricultural machinery. The pair is formed by a segment of a splined shaft and a cardan tube with splines.
A piece of a splined shaft is machined under a cone, with the smallest clearance of 0.2 mm from the splines of the pipe. A blind hole is drilled in the lower part of the shaft and a thread is cut for the prepared corresponding thread on the motor shaft.
Additionally, grain grinding occurs between two discs. One disk is mounted on the shaft and rotates with it. The second disk does not rotate and is located on the lower end of the spline pipe.
By turning the adjusting nuts, the gap between the discs can be changed up to zero.
The crushed grain is removed from the mill by centrifugal force, rotating blades mounted on a rotating lower disk.
How is grain crushing in such a crusher.
Grain from the loading hopper, the design of which can be arbitrary, is poured into the cavity of the splined pipe, in which the machined splined shaft rotates. As you move, the grain falls between the slots of the shaft and pipe, where it is crushed into several large particles. Since the gap between the slots of the shaft and the pipe gradually decreases to the bottom, the size of the cereal fraction decreases accordingly.
The resulting fraction is then crushed between rotating disks, on which deep notches are applied with a metal blade and a sharp chisel. The gap between the discs is adjustable depending on the desired result. You can get half the grain, or flour, but the processing time in this case will increase. A groove is fixed at the outlet window of the crash chamber itself, to output the finished crushed fraction to its collection capacity. The design is placed on a metal frame.
The electric motor can be used with any shaft speed. The lower the rotation frequency, the less flour dust is formed during crushing.
All grain mill design fastens to the electric motor with 3-4 bolts or hairpins. If the electric motor is flanged, then the grain crusher is bolted directly to the bed. When a foot motor is available, the installation process will be different.
- From the side of the front cover, the bolts securing the cover are unscrewed, and instead they are screwed in long studs of the same diameter.
- The cover is clamped with stud nuts.
- The nuts are pressed on the studs, the bed is installed, passing the electric motor shaft through the hole, the bed is fixed with the second screwed nuts.
- A spline shaft is screwed to the threaded part of the motor shaft until it stops.
- Four nuts are screwed onto the studs, which serve simultaneously as adjusting and as the basis for the splined tube of the crusher.
- The whole system is fixed with fifth nuts, which are tightly clamped over the ear of the pipe mount.
You can install an insert with a shutter on top and, I think, it will be convenient for someone.
Download drawings of a homemade grain mill.
Watch the video of the work of the grain crusher.
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types, selection and manufacture of grain crushers for household do-it-yourself
In a large farm, a grain crusher is a useful and necessary unit. With its help, it is possible to prepare food for poultry and other animals without great efforts. The device is not cheap, so the question of creating a grain mill with your own hands is quite relevant. Often, an old angle grinder or a washing machine is taken as the basis for such home-made products.
What is needed
To independently make a grinder for grain or a grain mill, you do not have to come up with drawings and calculate the required amount of work. Resourceful craftsmen have long tried many options for grain crushers.
The most convenient and effective of them:
- grain crusher from a washing machine;
- from unnecessary angle grinder;
- from an old vacuum cleaner.
Advice! The motor required for the grain crusher can be removed from any other equipment.
Before starting work, you need to prepare all the necessary materials and tools. You will need:
- a set of various keys;
- bolts and drills of different diameters;
- saw and scissors for metal;
- corners, as well as plates made of metal and staples;
Depending on the manufacturing method and the features of the device, taken as the basis of the grain crusher, this list may differ. You may also need:
- chopping knife, it can be borrowed from an old or unnecessary vegetable cutter, grinder and blender;
- fine fraction lattice, grain will be sieved through it;
- a piece of pipe with a diameter of about 10-15 cm, through which the crushed grain will exit the device.
Having prepared everything you need, you can start assembling the grain crusher.
The device from the old washer
If you look, a washing machine is almost a ready-made device for grinding animal feed. It remains only to bring the design of the grain crusher to the ideal through minor modifications.
Advice! For such purposes, it is better to take very old (Soviet) models of washing machines. Their cylindrical shape is ideal for future grain crushers, and the motor is mounted below.
For the full operation of such a grain mill, an additional engine is required. It is recommended to install it under the top cover of the structure. It is attached with metal plates or corners.
After that, the knives of the grain mill are made. The first should have double-edged sharpening, and its blade should not touch the walls of the device. The second knife is attached to the main motor, located below. For maximum efficiency, the knives are set so that their rotation is carried out in opposite directions.
A small hole for grain must be cut in the top lid. For greater convenience, it is recommended to make and attach a funnel so that the raw materials do not wake up by. To provide the upper engine with protection against ingress of debris, dust and other undesirable components, it is covered with a protective cover.
The principle of operation of the obtained grinder resembles a coffee grinder: the rotation of the knives in two directions, and their large area leads to efficient processing of raw materials. Such a home-made device will easily grind any grain crop.
Corn grinder from angle grinder
A saw with a rotating disk is useful in the household not only to perform its direct tasks. From it you can make a powerful grain crusher. As a basis for the design, you can take a thick plywood sheet. The rest of the device will be installed on it. To do this, make 2 holes for the saw body and the receiving tank for crushed raw materials. The angle grinder is attached to the plywood by bolts and brackets. The cutting disc is replaced with the same double-edged knife, as in the case of the manufacture of a grain mill from a washing machine.
At the bottom of the plywood, a mesh suitable for the size is mounted; bolts are used as fasteners. You can also do the grid yourself. For example, take an unnecessary pan and drill holes in its bottom. And you can pull the net out of a metal colander.
The drive or the so-called grain hopper can be a regular 5 liter plastic bottle or a canister of the same size. Another option for a budget and homemade grain crusher is ready to go.
Vacuum cleaner chopper
To assemble a grain crusher from an old vacuum cleaner, you only need an electric motor. As in the previous version, a solid sheet of plywood or laminate is taken as the basis for the design. A hole is cut out in its center through which the working shaft of the motor will go.
The chopping knife is made of steel plate. Suitable size: 20 cm width and 1.5 mm thickness. You can borrow a metal disk from a vegetable cutter. With the help of nuts, the knife is attached to the shaft of the electric motor.
A metal sieve is taken for the camera. You can use both the finished product and make it yourself. It will be most convenient to provide for a removable sieve design with different cell sizes. Then, in addition to grain, it will also be possible to grind vegetables in the grain mill.
To make a sieve with your own hands you need to get a thin steel sheet, its length should not exceed 70 cm. It will need to be rolled up and bolted in this position. For fastening, the lower edge of the ring bends outward, the bent section should not be wider than 1.5 cm.
A hopper for receiving chopped grain is mounted directly under the sieve. This function will perform a metal basin or bucket. For the convenience of loading grain into the working capacity of the grain crusher, you can make a box with a movable shutter that would control the supply of raw materials.
Have you tried to make a chopper with your own hands?