How to Saw Laminated Particleboard without Chipping with a Jigsaw
Laminated particle board is made from sawn hardwood and softwood waste, while the board is lightweight and is used for the manufacture of furniture structures. Most home furniture makers prefer laminated particle board when choosing raw materials for making furniture. This material is relatively inexpensive, and in outlets there is always a wide variety of colors and textures to choose from. The difficulty in working with Laminated Chipboard is that it is very difficult to saw off a part of the sheet of the required size due to the fact that the fragile laminated layer creates cracks and chips at the cutting site. Knowledge of some of the techniques used in work helps to cope with this task.
To cut laminated chipboard, you need to arm yourself with a fine-toothed saw.
over, the smaller and more often they are located on the tool blade, the cleaner and smoother the finished cut of the laminated material will turn out.
For an accurate and high-quality performance of sawing work, it is necessary to act in a certain sequence.
- On a sheet of Laminated Chipboard, you need to mark the cutting line, where to glue the paper adhesive strip tightly. The tape will prevent the saw teeth from crushing the lamination layer during the sawing process.
- With the help of an awl or a knife blade, a groove with a recess is made along the mowing line. Thus, we cut through a thin layer of lamination in advance, simplifying our task during sawing. Moving along this groove, the saw blade will move along a tangent plane, while cutting deep layers of wood-shaving material.
- When cutting, it is recommended to keep the saw blade at an acute angle relative to the working plane of the plate.
- If the sawing work is to be carried out using an electric tool, the feed speed of the cutting blade should be kept to a minimum so that the saw cannot vibrate or bend.
- After sawing off, the cut of the workpiece must be processed first with a file, and then with sandpaper. The cut must be processed with movements from the center to the edge of the workpiece.
To protect the cut point on the workpiece from further chips or cracks, it is closed by applying melamine adhesive tape, or end edges are fixed, which can have a T-shaped or C-shaped appearance.
After such decorative masking, not only the appearance of the slab is improved, but also the service life of the material is increased.
How and what to cut Laminated chipboard without chips?
The abbreviation Laminated Chipboard is understood as a laminated chipboard, which consists of natural wood waste mixed with a polymer adhesive, and has a lamination in the form of a monolithic film consisting of several layers of paper impregnated with resin. The lamination process is carried out under industrial conditions under a pressure of 28 MPa and at a high temperature regime of up to 220 ° C. As a result of such processing, a very durable glossy coating is obtained, which can have various color shades and is highly resistant to mechanical damage and moisture.
This hand tool is used in combination with a metal blade, as it has the smallest teeth. Before work, a sticky paper tape must be glued to the cut site, which protects the lamination layer from damage. The hand saw blade must be held at an angle of 30–35 °, this position reduces the likelihood of chipping on the material. The movements of the hacksaw blade should be smooth, without pressure on the blade.
After the cut is completed, the edges of the cut will need to be processed with a file and fine-grained emery paper.
This power tool consists of a small work table and a rotating toothed disc. A circular saw cuts a chipboard much faster and better than an electric jigsaw. During the sawing process, the saw is turned on at low speed. In this case, chips may appear on the opposite side of the saw teeth.
To prevent this situation, before starting the sawing, paper adhesive tape is glued to the cutting site.
Materials and tools
In the conditions of a woodworking enterprise, special equipment is used to cut the sheet of Laminated Chipboard, which is called a panel saw. Some private furniture workshops purchase such a machine, but it is hardly advisable to install it at home due to the high cost. Household power tools will be able to replace such equipment. sawing a chipboard can be done with a circular saw or a hacksaw. The sawing process will take quite a lot of time and effort, but from an economic point of view, it will be quite justified.
Electric milling cutter
It is a hand-held type of power tool that is used to saw and drill wood-based panels. Before starting work in Laminated Chipboard, using a hand jigsaw, make a small cut, retreating from the marking contour by 3-4 mm. During the sawing process, several cutter blades and its bearing device are used, which regulates the cutting depth. Using a milling cutter is not so easy, so you need to have some skill with this tool to cut the slab. The movement of the cutter is quite fast, and there is a possibility of making an uneven cut.
But with the help of a cutter, you can get a perfectly smooth cut of the material. the appearance of chips and cracks when using this device is very rare.
The use of hand tools is advisable in the manufacture of single products from laminated chipboard. For mass production, it is advisable to purchase format-cutting equipment.
In order to make an even cut without damaging the laminated layer, you will need to take a jigsaw file, in which the size of the teeth will be the smallest. It is advisable to use a jigsaw for cutting small-sized areas. Laminated Chipboard. Jerks and excessive pressure during work should be avoided. The feed speed of the cutting blade at the tool should be selected as minimum.
This device is quite capable of making a smooth and high-quality cut without chips of the laminated surface.
A large ruler (tire) will be required, which is fixed to the workpiece with clamps. The first cut is made to cut the laminate along the mowing line. The tire must be installed on the mowing line, and the cut should be made to a depth of 6-10 mm. there will be no chips.
The second cut is made through. On the mowing line, there will be no chips of teeth entering the slab, and at the exit point the laminate has already been cut off, so they simply cannot be.
Saw Cut Laminated Particleboard at Home
Based on practice, we can conclude that it is not easy to cut a laminated chipboard with high quality at home. often the tool makes notches along the mowing line of the postforming cut. Laminated boards lose their appearance with this approach.
Sawing with an available tool
Produce a cut Laminated Chipboard and using various improvised tools:
- Electric jigsaw;
- With a plane (it is better to use a power tool);
- Manual router;
- A hacksaw for metal;
- angle grinder.
Sawing Laminated Chipboard with a hacksaw for metal
Before starting work along the cutting line, we glue sticky tape or paper tape. This will protect the decorative layer of Laminated Chipboard from chipping. The file must have a fine tooth.
The blade is cut at a fairly sharp angle, so the likelihood of chips is reduced. Work is done without strong pressure. At the end, the cut is processed with a file if necessary.
Of course, the quality with an improvised tool is not the same as when sawing on special equipment, but it is quite satisfactory. The speed of work is also not at the highest level, but at home it is better not to rush, paying more attention to accuracy.
What affects the quality of the cut Chipboard?
In this case, we will saw Chipboard, this is the most capricious material for sawing, because it has longitudinal and transverse layers, a rather delicate and thin veneer. But on the other hand, it has a tough glue base, which will also interfere with us.
How to make a machine with your own hands
When using a panel saw, you can get high quality furniture parts. This is due to the high precision of the production process, including cutting. Therefore, if it is difficult to purchase ready-made equipment, but you really want to start a business for processing Laminated Chipboard, you can assemble the machine yourself.
How to cut a laminate worktop cleanly.
A circular saw
You will need a fine-toothed saw blade. With this method, long, straight cuts will be more successful than with a jigsaw. There will be no chipping on the side where the teeth cut into the plate. If they appear, then from the opposite side, as in the case of a jigsaw.
The use of guides increases the accuracy of the cut. At the same time, it is better to fix the saw on the table.
Saw blade. How to choose it?
When cutting a chipboard, the saw blade must simultaneously cut cleanly and be resistant, because the glue in its properties is very close to glass and quickly blunts the tool itself. Therefore, in the process of cutting the chipboard, you need to choose good enough discs to cut them without losing quality for a long time.
What is the difficulty of sawing with a circular saw with discs?
If we look at the cut of the workpiece, we will see that it is full of seizures, because it is practically impossible to keep the saw straight in the cut by hand.
On the saw blade there is a difference in height between the body of the saw itself and the sawing part. the tooth. Due to this distance, the disc is able to guide its position in the cut. Accordingly, as soon as it changes its geometry, the rear teeth begin to press on the workpiece from the chipboard and leave traces on it.
It is important to have the workpiece face down. Why?
The disc rotates from the bottom up, it cuts the pile of the workpiece up to the base. Thus, below, on the front side, we always have a clean surface. Problems begin to form at the top, where the teeth come out of the workpiece. This is how explosions, chips, pile are obtained.
How can they be minimized, or avoided altogether? There are several simple tricks and we will tell you about them now.
Using a router
Milling cutter. a power tool for manual woodworking. Suitable for grooving, shaping, edging and drilling. Before using it, a sheet of wood is sawn with a jigsaw, stepping back 3 mm from the markings. It is necessary to cut with a milling cutter together with a bearing, which forms the cutting depth to the required level. This is a laborious process that only experienced specialists can do. There is a high probability of crookedly cutting the board.
The process requires a tire. a persistent ruler. It is fixed on the board with clamps. Trimming is carried out according to the markings. The tire is installed along the mowing line, and the cut is made 10 mm deep. The second cut is made through. With this method, there will be no chips on both sides, since the laminate has already been cut on the underside.
Some elements used in design ideas are not cut straight, but curved. In this case, use a mixed type of cutting Chipboard.
Using a hacksaw
Sawing with a hacksaw at home is quite difficult. First, you need to cut the measuring line with a knife and glue tape on it. This will protect the top layer from damage. Aim the tool at an angle of 30 degrees. Carefully, without strong pressure, move the hacksaw back and forth. To cut Laminated Chipboard without chipping with a hacksaw at home, choose the finest teeth. In case of damage, the place of cutting must be passed with a file, guiding it from the edge to the center. At the end, rub with sandpaper (fine-grained) and hide the defects under the flexible profile.
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Sawing with a panel saw
The workpiece is placed on the table and fixed in a stationary state. The necessary markings are made on the sheet and the saw unit is turned on. When the disc reaches a sufficient speed, the table moves forward along with the wooden plates and hits the disc.
- tile position;
- the depth of the cut;
- cutting angle.
Chipboard cutting machines are divided into 3 types:
- lungs. for 5 hours of continuous work;
- medium. up to 10 hours;
- heavy. up to 20 hours.
- The bed is the mount on which the entire mechanism rests. A heavy bed will add stability to the instrument and eliminate vibration. This is important for a quality cut.
- Saw unit. consists of 2 flat metal discs. The first cuts the slab first, and the second cuts through it completely.
- Work tables. Three take part in the process at once. The first is for the location of the unit, the second is for feeding the sawn-off plates (movable), the third is for supporting the sawn-off parts.
- Carriage. allows the moving table to move. In this case, the workpiece is fixed with a stop and rulers in the required position.
To smoothly saw off a chipboard without chips with a jigsaw, you need to choose a device with a minimum tooth size. It is used for small areas of tiles, with smooth movements without pressure at a low speed. If you are using the jigsaw for the first time, some cracks may appear on the back of the hob. With continued use, the quality of the cut will improve.
The tool is a toothed disc table for Chipboard. Among the craftsmen, it is called a circular saw. Cuts through wood better than a jigsaw. A good chipping-free result is possible by sketching the guide lines and securing the circular saw to the board. Chips should not appear at the point where the saw cuts into the plate. But the opposite side can be cut with fragments.
How to Saw Laminated Particleboard without Chipping at Home
Chipboard. chipboard. It is used in the manufacture of furniture and decoration. Affordable price is the main feature. In modern wood production, laminated boards are used. They are made from coniferous and deciduous-wood materials. They are distinguished by their strength and ease of processing. Incorrect cutting process can lead to breakage and cracks. To avoid this, you should know what to do to cut Laminated Particleboard without chips at home.
Sawing Methods Laminated Chip-free Chipboard
You need to cut the laminated board with a special machine (format-saw). But his) when it comes to home use. An alternative can be budget options (hacksaw, jigsaw, etc.), which will take more time when cutting, but require less cash investment.
How to Saw Laminated Chipboard with a Jigsaw Without Chipping?
Laminated chipboard is one of the most widespread materials used in the independent manufacture of furniture. You can talk about its advantages and disadvantages for a long time. But it’s much more important to learn how to cut Laminated Chipboard with a jigsaw without chipping.
What else do you need to know?
When it is planned to saw off everything without chips on one side, it is permissible to use saws with both upper and lower teeth. Most craftsmen prefer small, straight-toothed files. Such devices chip less material, but at the same time they work pretty well. After the saw cut, it is best to process the ends with emery stretched over even bars. If there is no ready-made crayon of a suitable color, you can mix different crayons, like paints in the artist’s palette, and get a new color.
To cut without errors and moreover quickly, you must always take into account the brand markings. There is no universally binding standard for designations yet, but almost all companies strictly follow the classification developed by Bosch specialists. Or at least indicate it along with their own abbreviations and terms. For cutting wood and wood-based products, CV files (sometimes referred to as HCS) are well suited.
For processing laminated panels, Hardwood saws are intended (they are also useful, we note, when processing hardwood).
Some inscriptions indicate in which mode the tool works optimally:
basic. a simple blade that allows you to make a clean cut of high quality;
speed. a device whose teeth are set apart (this allows you to cut faster);
clean. a canvas that has not been diluted (usually gives the cleanest cut).
If the workpiece is relatively thick, preferably a saw blade with large incisors that have not been set, then there will be minimal deviation from the vertical. The longitudinal (in relation to the fibers) cut is most often made with helical saws. For a transverse, a straight blade is better. When you plan to make a blank for furniture, it is advisable to choose a less productive, but more accurate tool. Since most of the saws produced now cut the material when retracted, the workpiece will need to be processed from the inside out.
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Features and recommendations
Experts and connoisseurs advise doing this kind of work with electric jigsaws, just because an ordinary hand hacksaw is too rough. It does not allow you to cut the material straight enough. The correct sequence of steps is as follows:
preparation of tools (ruler, jigsaw, measuring tape, awl or other sharp device for drawing on chipboard);
addition of these tools (if necessary) with a square for laying right angles;
measuring the desired part (with a margin of 0.2 cm so that you can fit);
actually, the cut along the laid mowing line;
completion of the saw cut with sandpaper;
with very poor quality of the end. rubbing it with a fine, similar in tone to a chipboard.
Completing of the work
When the file is selected, you still need to properly saw the laminated board at home. Experts recommend sawing along a guide (a rail clamped in clamps is also suitable). If you use a new, unworn blade, you can cut the chipboard as cleanly as you would with a circular saw. It is advisable to turn on the jigsaw at the lowest speed possible. This will significantly increase the resource of each file used.
The canvases themselves are placed at right angles to the sole of the jigsaw. The easiest way to adjust the angle is with a square or protractor. Important: the straight line passing through the cutting edge of the tool must be parallel to the rigidly fixed part of the jigsaw. It is recommended to use special inserts to reduce the chance of splitting. But to make them work more efficiently, they usually cut the laminate layer on the side where the blade will come out.
For how to cut Laminated Chipboard with a jigsaw without chips, see the following video.