How to get a drill from an electric screwdriver

How to insert a drill into an electric screwdriver?

drill, electric, screwdriver

An irreplaceable power tool in everyday life with a self-explanatory name, the electric screwdriver is actively used in construction work. The most common procedure with such a device is to replace the drill. Sometimes it seems that this process is very difficult and practically impossible. However, in fact, replacing a drill in an electric screwdriver will not be difficult, the main thing is to follow the instructions step by step and pay attention to the details.

Features of the electric screwdriver

An electric screwdriver means the same drill, but it has a lower rotation speed of the chuck and the ability to adjust the twisting force. Many hours of twisting and untwisting with their own hands have not yet given pleasure to anyone. an electric screwdriver will help you quickly and efficiently tighten and unscrew the fasteners. Also, using this device, you can make holes in materials of various densities. metal, wood and stone. The power of the electric screwdriver comes from the mains or battery.

The building device is divided into the following types:

Using Power or Electric Drill as Electric Screwdriver

  • standard;
  • rechargeable screwdriver;
  • drill-electric screwdriver;
  • wrench.

All types of tools differ only in their purpose: an electric screwdriver (ordinary) is used only in working with fasteners, a drill will help to drill the required hole, a screwdriver is intended for twisting and unscrewing fasteners with a cross-shaped “head”, a device with the self-explanatory name of a wrench does an excellent job with bolts and nuts.

Replacing the cutting tool

The “tail” of the electric screwdriver drill is fixed in the chuck. It comes in different sizes, just like the attachments. If the cutting tool is incorrectly installed, the electric screwdriver can damage the work process and harm your health. For example, due to the “wrong” drill, holes of different sizes with a damaged surface can be obtained. The sharp element will cause serious injury when it “leaves” the cartridge.

Most modern screwdrivers have jaw chucks. They consist of a cylindrical body as well as a sleeve and cams. When the sleeve rotates clockwise, the cams simultaneously press the drill.

The process of replacing it is simple, but it has a number of individual characteristics. The whole process can be described as follows:

  • it is necessary to select the necessary nozzle (bit) for the drill;
  • then you need to take the cutting tool and install it in the center of the chuck (between the open “cams”);
  • after that, it should be fixed by turning the sleeve clockwise (with a key type cartridge, the key is installed in the recess);
  • twist the sleeve until the attachment is fixed.

It is not difficult to change the drill, but first you need to pull out the previous one. There are the following options for the development of the situation:

  • standard removal of the drill (the chuck is not damaged);
  • pulling out the drill in the absence of a key;
  • removing a jammed cutting element.

With the proper operation of an electric screwdriver, problems should not arise when replacing its working tool. the operation is elementary. To do this, you need to take the key, which is designed to loosen the cartridge, and insert it into the recess. Twist counterclockwise. Untwisting is carried out due to special teeth that are on objects. There is also another option for removing the drill. To do this, turn on the reverse rotation mode on the electric screwdriver, hold the outer case of the cartridge and press the “start” button. This way the drill can be easily released.

In the absence of a special key, the drill can be removed using a Phillips screwdriver or a nail. It must be inserted into the recess on the chuck and half of it fixed. We twist the opposite part of the cartridge by hand. However, if such unwinding does not work, then we take a gas wrench or a vice. these tools will help to increase the rotation of the cartridge. If the previous options for pulling out the drill failed, then you should resort to “heavy artillery”. In some cases, external damage makes it difficult to get the drill. In this situation, it is necessary to relax the “cams” with the help of gas keys and a vice. We completely clamp the cartridge with keys and rotate (unscrew).

In this process, the simultaneous use of both the key and the vise is encouraged. You can also take a hammer and apply light blows to the cartridge. vibration from impacts helps to relax.

A radical option in the most hopeless situation would be to twist the cartridge from an electric screwdriver. To do this, it is necessary to squeeze it in a vice and forcefully knock out the cutting tool from the inside using a punch. Naturally, after such a procedure, the electric screwdriver should be taken to the repair. Summing up, it is worth noting that the procedure for inserting a drill into an electric screwdriver is quite simple and even someone who has never done this can handle it. The main thing in this process is to follow the recommendations.

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For information on how to insert a drill into an electric screwdriver, see the following video.

Correct installation of the drill in the drill chuck

Before you figure out how to properly install the drill into the hammer drill, it is advisable to figure out how to insert the drill into the drill. The chuck is the element of its design, in which the drill shank is fixed. Most models of modern drills are equipped with cam-type chucks, consisting of:

  • cylindrical bodies;
  • rings or sleeves that rotate around the outer surface of the body;
  • cams installed in the inside of the housing.

When the sleeve is rotated clockwise, the cams simultaneously approach each other, thereby reliably clamping the shank of the drill to be installed. Accordingly, the question of how to pull the drill out of the drill is not difficult to solve: it is enough to start rotating the sleeve counterclockwise. This will cause the jaws to open, making it easy to remove the drill from the drill. It should be borne in mind that before installing the drill, the cams should be unclenched with a margin, in which case the tool can be easily inserted.

The convenience of using cam-type chucks lies not only in the efficiency and high reliability of the tool installation, but also in the fact that drills of almost any diameter can be inserted into them. When using such chucks, there is usually no difficulty in changing the drill bit in the drill. Correctly inserted tools are held securely in these chucks and allow a precise hole to be drilled.

If you begin to notice slipping of the teeth when tightening the chuck, replace the worn-out wrench with a new one.

Jaw chucks are used in both industrial and household drilling tools. Clamping devices for household drills are available for two ranges of drill diameters: from 0.8 to 10 and from 1.5 to 13 mm.

The design of the jaw chucks can provide for two different ways of clamping the tool: key and keyless.

In the first case, the sleeve is activated using a special key, on the tapered working part of which there are teeth. The key, to activate the clamping mechanism, must be inserted into the holes on the side of the chuck body and rotated. There may even be three such holes in some models. Accordingly, in order to loosen or clamp the cams, the key must be inserted into each of them and start rotating counterclockwise or along it.

After loosening the cams with a wrench, it is necessary to turn counterclockwise and the chuck itself, which will increase the distance between the cams to the required value. The inserted tool is fixed in the reverse order: first, the chuck itself is clamped (when it is rotated clockwise), and then the sockets are clamped with a key.

Removing and installing drills is much easier and faster when using the keyless chuck. In it, the sleeve is actuated by manually rotating it. To limit the retraction force of the cams, they are often equipped with locking elements.

Before inserting the drill, first make sure the drill is in working order and disconnect the power supply. Only then can you start installing the drill.

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What repairs would cost without a good drill and drill set! However, even the most reliable tool can jam during operation. Don’t rush to panic! We will teach you how to change a drill in a drill and correctly diagnose other breakdowns.

Installing the working tool on the hammer drill

As mentioned above, the hammer drill must be checked for operability before installing the drill. To perform this check, the working mode of the hammer drill is set to drilling without a knock. If, after pressing the start button of the device, you hear and feel that its engine is running smoothly and without jolts, then the hammer drill can be used for its intended purpose, having previously inserted a drill or drill into it.

To mount a drill with a cylindrical shank in the hammer drill, use an adapter with a jaw-type chuck

Before inserting the drill into the hammer drill, it is necessary to treat the shank of the working tool with a special grease that will protect it from corrosion. The very procedure for installing the drill into the hammer drill is as follows.

  • The rotary hammer is installed with its back on the floor or other hard surface.
  • The movable part of the clamping device is pulled back.
  • The tool is inserted into the punch until it stops. In this case, the drill or drill, which must be inserted into the hammer drill, must be held vertically. If you neglect this requirement, you may be faced with the fact that the tool will fly out or even break, and this can also lead to failure of the hammer drill itself.

Press until it clicks, then pull the drill, if it is not removed, everything is fine

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Considering the fact that the chucks on modern rock drills differ in a fairly simple principle of operation, there are usually no questions about how to get the drill out of the hammer drill.

Having removed the used tool from the punch in order to replace it with another, it is advisable to immediately clean its shank from grease and construction dust. In this case, the shank of the drill that you are going to insert must also be cleaned and pre-lubricated. A tool replaced in this way will not damage the clamping mechanism of the hammer drill and will last much longer.

Lubrication extends the life of both the drill itself and the rock drill

Using a perforator, you can not only get a drilled structural element, but also perform processing using a special chisel. You can also install a mixer as a working element of such a device.

DIYers often also have questions about how to insert the drill into an electric screwdriver or how to change the chuck on a hammer drill. Solving the first question is quite simple, since the design of an electric screwdriver uses cartridges of the same design as on drills and hammer drills. But the question of how to correctly replace a cartridge on a perforator should be approached competently: it is not easy to perform such a procedure without having certain knowledge and skills.

Cordless Screwdriver or Cordless Drill?

Polishing

To polish the body, headlights of a car or other surface using an electric screwdriver, you need additional attachments. polishing wheels. Circles made of cord or leather are used for pre-cleaning. Felt tips are used for both cleaning and final polishing.

  • the surface to be polished is washed from dirt and dust;
  • dried;
  • apply an abrasive compound to the polishing wheel;
  • consistently treat all areas with smooth movements without strong pressure.

In the process, the circle is periodically cleaned of paste residues with a clean rag. Polishing takes a long time and the battery may be discharged. If the device becomes very hot, you need to turn it off and wait a while before resuming operation.

For newbies

So, let’s start with the simplest case. inexperienced users. Screwdrivers have such a thing as a torque regulator. It looks like a scale around the front of the electric screwdriver, which is right behind the chuck. It contains numbers from 1 to 10, 15, 20 or even more. different models have different ways. and the last position on it is indicated as a drill. If you rotate this regulator and set it opposite a special mark so that one of the numbers is next to it, then when a certain torque is reached, the cartridge will no longer rotate, but will begin to click. If you put on the “drill”, then the electric screwdriver will try to twist with all its might, as much as the engine power allows.

True, it is worth noting that in two-speed screwdrivers at second speed, even in the “drill” position, if the torque reaches a certain value, then a protective system is triggered, which simply cuts off the current supply. At the first speed, the electric screwdriver will also try to twist “to the last”.

And a beginner can start drilling or screwing screws, for example, when the torque regulator is on one of the numbers, or the electric screwdriver is at the second speed (and it is recommended to drill on it).

The drill can be clamped quite hard, and as a result, when you start to release the drill or bit in the standard way (turning on the reverse, holding the chuck and pressing the start button), either the torque limiter or the protective system can just work.

Therefore, in such a situation, you just need to put the electric screwdriver at the first speed and set the torque regulator to the “drill” position. On single-speed models, just set the torque adjuster to the drill position. Well, then again, we unscrew it in the standard way.

Features of the electric screwdriver

An electric screwdriver means the same drill, but it has a lower rotation speed of the chuck and the ability to adjust the twisting force. Many hours of twisting and untwisting with their own hands have not yet given pleasure to anyone. an electric screwdriver will help you quickly and efficiently tighten and unscrew the fasteners. Also, using this device, you can make holes in materials of various densities. metal, wood and stone. The power of the electric screwdriver comes from the mains or battery.

The building device is divided into the following types:

  • standard;
  • rechargeable screwdriver;
  • drill-electric screwdriver;
  • wrench.

All types of tools differ only in their purpose: an electric screwdriver (ordinary) is used only in working with fasteners, a drill will help to drill the required hole, a screwdriver is intended for twisting and unscrewing fasteners with a cross-shaped “head”, a device with the self-explanatory name of a wrench does an excellent job with bolts and nuts.

Mounting device. non-combat cartridge

The chuck is the fastener in which the drill is fixed. The fasteners themselves are screwed onto the tool spindle. Most often, drills are equipped with a jaw chuck. This design is a hollow cylinder with metal “fingers” inside. When turning the adjusting ring, which is located outside the assembly, the “fingers” converge or diverge along the inner cone-shaped surface. In such a “fist” you can clamp both a drill with a cylindrical shank and a hexagonal.

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Convenience and ease of use have made the cam mechanism popular. However, it is not without its drawbacks. One of them is the difficulty of working with small drills. A short piece can simply fall inward. You can still fix it by putting the drill in a horizontal position, but you cannot press on it hard during work. If another drill has been inserted into the drill, it can be removed by turning the adjusting ring in the appropriate direction. It is not always possible to do this manually, for this there is a special key that acts like a lever, increasing the effort. By the way, tightening the drill without a key is also not recommended. the larger the drill diameter, the more reliable the fastening should be.

When buying fasteners, make sure that it is rubberized. this way you will less injure your hands when fastening the tool.

Keyless fasteners, the second most popular, can be operated without a key. It is enough to insert the drill and turn the lever, often it can be done with one hand. The fixation of the drill, which this type of chuck provides, is quite enough for most jobs, however, compared to the classic version of the fastening, it is inferior in reliability, and it is more expensive. The main advantage of the quick-release fastening is the speed of changing the drill and the safety of the process, since such a chuck is devoid of teeth that can injure hands. The absence of a specialized key is also a significant advantage! Seasoned builders know how easily it is lost, so very often you can see the key tied with tape or electrical tape to the wire.

True, this does not add convenience, but there is at least some confidence that the key will not have to be looked for throughout the construction site. How to change a drill in an electric screwdriver? The scheme is absolutely identical. the cartridges for most drills are similar to fasteners on screwdrivers. Of course, the latter tool cannot be a full-fledged replacement for a high-quality drill, if only because fasteners are not provided for drills with a large diameter, and the speed of an electric screwdriver is, as a rule, less.

Mounting device. non-combat cartridge

The chuck is the fastener in which the drill is fixed. The fasteners themselves are screwed onto the tool spindle. Most often, drills are equipped with a jaw chuck. This design is a hollow cylinder with metal “fingers” inside. When turning the adjusting ring, which is located outside the assembly, the “fingers” converge or diverge along the inner cone-shaped surface. In such a “fist” you can clamp both a drill with a cylindrical shank and a hexagonal.

Convenience and ease of use have made the cam mechanism popular. However, it is not without its drawbacks. One of them is the difficulty of working with small drills. A short piece can simply fall inward. You can still fix it by putting the drill in a horizontal position, but you cannot press on it hard during work. If another drill has been inserted into the drill, you can remove it by turning the adjusting ring in the appropriate direction. It is not always possible to do this manually, for this there is a special key that acts like a lever, increasing the effort. By the way, tightening the drill without a key is also not recommended. the larger the drill diameter, the more reliable the fastening should be.

When buying fasteners, make sure that it is rubberized. this way you will less injure your hands when fastening the tool.

Keyless fasteners, the second most popular, can be operated without a key. It is enough to insert the drill and turn the lever, often it can be done with one hand. The fixation of the drill, which this type of chuck provides, is quite enough for most jobs, however, compared to the classic version of the fastening, it is inferior in reliability, and it is more expensive. The main advantage of the quick-release fastening is the speed of changing the drill and the safety of the process, since such a chuck is devoid of teeth that can injure hands. The absence of a specialized key is also a significant advantage! Seasoned builders know how easily it is lost, so very often you can see the key tied with tape or electrical tape to the wire.

True, this does not add convenience, but there is at least some confidence that the key will not have to be looked for throughout the construction site. How to change a drill in an electric screwdriver? The scheme is absolutely identical. the cartridges for most drills are similar to fasteners on screwdrivers. Of course, the latter tool cannot be a full-fledged replacement for a high-quality drill, if only because fasteners are not provided for drills with a large diameter, and the speed of an electric screwdriver is, as a rule, less.