How To Make A Cart For A Tiller With Your Own Hands
When it is decided what parameters the planned cart corresponds to, it is worth making drawings, and then calculating the amount of material required, including the channel. Craftsmen recommend based on those details that are already at hand, and if necessary, something together. The profile pipe of rectangular or square section can be easily replaced by the round one that is available. All detected parts must be cleaned of corrosion spots and covered with a rust converter with a priming function. In accordance with the drawings, some of them will have to be corrected by removing unnecessary elements. Then all that remains is to fit and combine.
Of the tools that can be useful during work, experts call a welding machine, a drill or a full-fledged drilling machine, an angle grinder with roughing and cutting discs, as well as a special device equipped with rivets.
Designing a simple cart
The simplest trailer can carry from 450 to 500 kilograms of cargo and can hold approximately 8 full bags of potatoes. If you study the drawing, it becomes clear that the self-propelled cart will consist of such typical elements as a body, carrier, frame, wheels, and others. The frame The best thing will be scolded from cut tubes with a round or rectangular cross-section, as well as iron corners. This should be done on a flat surface and with the introduction of electric arc welding. During work, it is necessary that the seam is uniform at all joints, which are then polished by an angle grinder. The resulting structure will be able to operate in areas with irregularities and small differences in height. Body with frame is usually fixed using pins.
In addition, the installation of springs is recommended to minimize the shaking that occurs when driving over potholes. A tipper wagon will NOT function without the aid of a wheel axle, which is a 1 meter long pin that is NOT more than three centimeters in diameter. It is important to make sure, when choosing a rod, that as a result its wheels do not go beyond the boundaries of the body. It will be possible to collect the parts by quarreling due to the support corners, as well as the frame beams from the kerchief, which have longitudinal hinges. By the way, since the main load will fall on the point where the trailer is directly connected, as well as on the turning zone, they should be additionally strengthened.
The body of the dump trailer is made either of metal or wood. boards or plywood. In any case, the thickness of the material should be at least 20 millimeters, and it would be better to strengthen it with steel corners. Props will be required to connect the frame and body. In their capacity, by the way, there can be strong 50 by 50 mm bars available on the farm. The center of gravity must NOT cross the straight line of the wheel pin, and stiffeners are required at the bottom and sides.
In addition, it is important to consider for what purposes the cart will be used. If bags with cargo will be transported in it, then folding sides are NOT necessary at all. Nevertheless, for unloading, it is worth providing an opening rear wall of the body or tipping mechanisms for turning the device over. Of course, all sides are allowed to be fixed. In addition, from the inside they must be smooth.
In order for the resulting trailer to attach to an existing tiller, a special part called a console is required. In this case, the connecting mechanism must be removed into the cylindrical body of the longitudinal hinge and secured with a special thrust ring. This will make it possible to create the independence of the cart wheels from the wheels of a tiller or other agricultural machinery, and therefore simplify the process of driving a moving vehicle. The hitch is formed from any suitable metal fragment, the length of which is determined so that the transport device is convenient to operate.
Wheels are usually assembled from scrap materials. stroller tires, combined with a central part taken from other parts. Both axles are sharpened to the diameter of the bearings of the motorcycle hub taken from the sidecar. For the wheel axle, a steel circle is required, the diameter of which reaches at least three centimeters, which will then be combined with the help of a quarrel with a longitudinal hinge and corner supports.
The bottom of the cart itself is more convenient to design from a metal plate, the thickness of which varies from 2 to 3 millimeters. Edged board, which is more affordable, but less stable, will also work.
This device will simplify the processing of a summer cottage, and will also help to transport various goods, ranging from hay and crops to the remaining garbage. Its production does not require expensive and complex materials; rather, most of them will be found in a home workshop. In this case, a home-made cart will be much more economical than a purchased one, because the latter will cost from 12 thousand rubles in the case of a new design and from 8 thousand when choosing a used one. The dimensions of the designed trailer depend on what kind of load it has to work with. For example, for the transportation of 2.5 centners of cargo, the cart must have a width equal to 1150 millimeters, a length of 1500 millimeters and a height of 280 millimeters.
The need for brakes
Undoubtedly, it is worth supplementing a homemade trailer with a braking system. Otherwise, any descent from the hill can end in tragedy. The brakes on a cart are usually released from another vehicle, such as a regular car or a tiller. The most suitable parking mechanism is considered: it can be used to fix the trailer in an immovable state for a long time, stop it while driving, or even leave it at an angle. You can use the brake by pressing the lever or pedal.
To provide a trailer with the above function, as an option, a motorcycle brake drum and pads, as well as a motorcycle wheel spokes, are required. The implementation of the direct alteration will take place with the introduction of a welding machine and pliers. Pre-used discs are freed from ropes and rods and sharpened into a specialist. Next, the drums are put on the hubs and fixed at the back. The resulting empty space between the ribs will have to be filled, wrapped the ribs themselves with ordinary metal wire.
At the next stage, the discs are arranged on the axle and fastened with bushings. In addition, it is worth welding to fix a small fragment of a metal part, for example, a corner, to prevent the disc from moving. The cables are mounted on drums and reach the place where the driver can apply the brake, usually a lever or pedal.
How to make a trolley for a tiller with your own hands, see the following.
The do-it-yourself rotary knot of the device is made of a steel piece of metal that is suitable in size. A hole is drilled or drilled in it, which is intended for the passage of the console. The hitch is recommended to be made according to the drawings of the tiller carriage, when using bearings of a certain size. The fixed shell of the part is placed in the body of the rotary unit and fixed with a quarrel, and the inner part is connected to the console, making sure that there is no backlash.
Choosing wheels is the easiest step in deciding how to make a tiller cart. They use discs from a variety of agricultural equipment, motorcycles, mopeds, cars. You just need to DO NOT forget that you will have to grind here, on which they will be located, so that its diameter coincides with the dimensions of the bearings in the hubs.
The body itself does not require special knowledge and skills when performing. The main thing is to decide on the size of the cart for the tiller.
The easiest way to make a body is to use planks, securing them in the corners with corners of strong and thick metal. Boards are chosen with a thickness of at least 2 centimeters. Since the device involves loading, unloading and moving things and goods, it is recommended that the sides of the unit be made reclining. The bottom is most often also made of wood, but for greater reliability and durability, it is best to use metal sheets more than 2 millimeters thick.
This will increase the total weight of the structure, but such a homemade technique will last a long time and without complaints. It is necessary to take into account the length and width of the body so that they correspond to the dimensions of the tiller itself and its maximum power. For the convenience and comfort of the driver when performing work, if there is such an opportunity, a device is installed in front of the body where a person will sit, in which the best choice will be a chair from a car.
How to make a tiller with a cart
Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery
The tiller is one of the most useful and inexpensive technical devices used when working in home gardens and gardens. It is used not only in soil cultivation and harvesting, but also when transporting hay, fuel and other heavy items. The standard unit does NOT imply the presence of a trailer, but every person who is at least a little versed in the structure and operation of the mechanisms can make a cart for a tiller with his own hands. Its design is quite simple.
First you need to refer to the drawings of the trolley and sketches, according to which the manufacturing will be carried out. It is necessary to think over what will be the carrying capacity, dimensions of the device, and their compatibility with each other, focusing on the mechanisms made in industrial plants.
Making a homemade carts for a tiller will save you significant money, and not spending much time and effort.
How to choose material
Before thinking about how to make a cart for your tiller with your own hands, you need to decide on the choice of materials and tools that are necessary in the process of performing work. These include:
- To make a frame and a control mechanism, take a steel pipe with a square section, with sides of 2-4 or 305 centimeters;
- Use a corner of steel, the thickness of which is at least three millimeters and a side length of 3-4 cm;
- They take sheets of iron 1-2 mm thick or wooden boards or plywood to make the body;
- Here it is made of a strong steel pipe;
- Pneumatic wheels, which are taken from a tiller, or are not bad in size from an old Moskvich car;
- Do not forget about the nuts and bolts, which will fasten the components of the equipment;
- They use rivets that are used with special devices;
- You need to have an angle grinder with a variety of discs;
- Welding machine for joining metal and steel parts;
- You can’t do without a drill, since you will have to make many holes.
Many materials for manufacturing can be found in your backyard. Almost all people have unnecessary things that they can clean, trim and adapt to the production of trolleys. After all, the main thing is not beauty, but a well-made device with excellent functioning. At the same time, you can significantly reduce material costs for the purchase of parts.
Tiller trolley drawing
Consider the easiest and fastest way to make a small trolley capable of carrying no more than half a ton of cargo. The proposed drawing looks like this.
Where the numbers mean:
- 1. brackets for attaching additional devices to the unit;
- 2. a place for a console;
- 3. carrier;
- 4. a device for the convenience of the position of the leg, made of a board, 20 millimeters wide;
- 5. driver’s seat. Wood of the same thickness is used in production;
- 6. main frame for attachment to the tiller;
- 7. the wooden body itself;
- 8. the presence of a support beam is determined;
- 9. wheels.
In this one, consider a tiller with a cart:
Wheel axle blank
For the manufacture of this very important component of the unit, they usually take a circle made of steel with a diameter of about 3 centimeters. With the help of a quarrel, they are attached to the longitudinal hinge and supports located in the corners. The length of the axle must correspond to the distance between the wheels so that the latter are under the bottom of the body.
The design of the unit includes several main components. Let’s consider each of them.
- Frame. It is produced mainly from a corner, made of steel; round and rectangular pipe cuts are used. This main part of the product must be especially strong and withstand significant loads. The cart is operated on uneven ground and therefore the frame is severely affected.
- Drove. This is a blank for a wheel wasp made of a steel circle with a diameter of 3 centimeters. The axle length is about 100 mm, and it is attached with corner supports by means of a brace to the side members and the hinge body.
- The body of the unit is made of boards 2 cm wide, additionally fastened with steel corners. Then they are reinforced on the frame using strong beams made of wooden blocks with sides of 5 cm.
- The wheels for the trolley can be used from the tiller itself, and it is better to use them immediately together with the hub so as not to disassemble. Here on both sides they undermine to match the diameter of the bearings. Before installation, you need to do the mounting of the hub. The main method for this action is to press on. The rear of the hub is bored and slid onto the axle. The main thing is not to skew. Next, you need to install the wheel rims on the pin and tighten the nuts firmly to put on the caps.
Do-it-yourself cart for a tiller
- The console is used to couple the tiller to the cart. At the top, it is fastened with brackets with hinged devices, and at the bottom, with the help of bearings, the swivel unit is fixed. All connections must be well lubricated and covered with a special boot so that dirt and moisture DO NOT damage the equipment.
If the product is used very often and with heavy loads, the console is made using hinges. The drawbar is inserted into the longitudinal hinge and is fastened with a thrust ring. With this method, the wheels of the tiller and the carts form a so-called independent suspension, while the unit will become much easier to control, moving on uneven ground.
- With the help of the swivel unit, the driver gets the opportunity to sit on a wooden chair between the body and the motorcycle. With his hands, he holds the control levers, and his legs are placed on a footrest made of corners and designed for convenience and allowing the limbs to NOT get tired during prolonged work.
How to make the bottom of the cart
The most unreliable, but fastest way to make a bottom for a cart is to perform work using an edged wooden board. However, if you want to get a strong and durable device, then the bottom should be used as a material of metal sheets with a thickness of at least 2 millimeters. A cart with such a bottom will last for many years, and does not rot and does NOT require frequent repairs.
When all the intermediate steps and components have been completed, you can start assembling the unit. To do this, it is better to follow a certain sequence:
- The main pipe is welded to the additional one, which is performed here for the cart. Any off-the-shelf vehicle wheel assembly can also be used.
- The tiller hitch is attached to the opposite side of the pipe. You need to make sure that the quarrel is strong, so that the welded parts do NOT separate at the most crucial moment.
- Fasten the hubs firmly to the ends of the main axle, best also applying a quarrel.
- The next step is to fit the wheels, fix them with nuts and bolts, tighten them securely and tightly so as not to lose the discs on the way.
- Next, a parking device is attached to the beginning of the pipe so that the trailer takes a horizontal position when it is uncoupled from the motorcycle and stands idle.
- The last step is to attach the body and fenders.
After completing all the steps, the cart is almost ready for use. You just need to attach a chair and footrests for the person who will operate the unit. The steering wheel and the corresponding levers are used for this. Driver convenience and comfort can be improved by attaching a backrest to the seat and padding it with soft material, or simply placing a pillow under the back.
Having familiarized yourself with how to make a cart for a tiller, you can easily and simply, following the instructions set out, make a device with your own hands, significantly reducing material costs, and get an excellent assistant when working in the garden and a personal plot, which will allow you not only to save strength, but and Reduce time. You will be able, and without hesitation, to engage in the transportation of the harvested crop, various fertilizers, materials for construction, using for this not a car, but a tiller.
Self-assembly of a motoblock trailer. it CANNOT be easier
How to make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands? The main thing that you need to save energy and avoid unwanted mistakes is the correct drawings of the trailer for the tiller and diagrams.
Having picked up the exact drawings with your own hands and the dimensions of the planned trailer, you need to calculate all the nuances in the manufacture.
- Think over what the cart is made for transporting: whether it will be a small-sized, light cargo or, most likely, heavy. Based on this, choose a material for strength for the frame and trim of the trailer.
- If the trailer is a two-axle trailer with a large carrying capacity, then there is a need to equip it with a hydraulic drive. This is for easy rollover.
- For a model with one axis (uniaxial), a manual device is sufficient.
- For safety, the cart, in which the carrying capacity will be more than 350 kg, must be equipped with a mechanical home-made brake. When the tiller with the trolley is sufficiently loaded, it will be impossible to stop it when descending the hill. But since it is quite difficult to make the brakes on the trailer to the tiller on your own, so the best option would be the help of a qualified person.
Frame cladding options
For covering the structure, craftsmen choose an inexpensive material or the one that is available. The price of the product becomes much less.
- Wooden planks, which are often left behind after construction. The main advantages are low-cost, the disadvantages are moisture-resistant, as a result of the low “life” of a wheelbarrow for a tiller. In addition, additional funds are needed to process them.
- Plastic. Pros. resistant to moisture, unlike wood, cons. not strong, if damaged, it will break.
- Metal sheets. Pros. strong material, therefore durable, cons. one of the most expensive options.
But if the cart to the tiller is used constantly, then it is more profitable to make it metal and does not spend extra money on repairs. You can fix the sheets to the frame with a welding machine.
The first stage is the preparation of the necessary parts and tools
In general, this is the usual combination of body, frame, wheels and hitch. To mount a homemade trailer to the tiller, you need to purchase (or perhaps they are already on the farm) the following parts:
- Pipes with a diameter of 60×30 mm and 25×25 mm, usually they must be iron for the reliability of the future product;
- Two wheels, perhaps you have old unnecessary from “Moskvich” lying around, as well as springs;
- Duralumin sheets, their thickness should be about 2 mm;
- Steel sheets, their thickness should be about 0.8 mm;
Of course, when assembling a tiller cart, you cannot do without the necessary tools: an angle grinder for cutting parts, an electric jigsaw, a screwdriver and a quarrel.
Tiller trailer hitch
The hitch for a trailer trailer is a rather important element of the entire structure. The best option is a knot where a pipe is connected to another pipe. In a curved pipe on one side, you need to weld another small part of the pipe. This must be done in an upright position. The same operation is performed on the other end of the main pipe. Finally, a king pin is mounted to connect to the trailer. When cornering or on uneven roads This design will provide strong traction.
How to make a tiller cart with your own hands? Frame for motoblock cart
To make a do-it-yourself trailer for a tiller reliable and durable, you need a very strong frame. In the production of the lattice for the frame, a 60×30 mm pipe is suitable, in the section there should be a square (rectangle) and a corner for connecting 25×25 mm. In order to make a lattice-frame, all parts need to be connected with 5 additional crossbars.
At the corners of the lattice frame, 4 vertical posts are attached to the longitudinal pipes using a welding machine. If the wheelbarrow for the tiller will have a tailgate, then the frames must be produced separately and only then installed.
How to avoid mistakes when making a tiller cart?
If a motoblock trailer is made for the first time, then mistakes are encountered even in the best craftsman. The main ones are:
- Wrong seat. It should be comfortable, because you often have to work on the farm. The best lava seats;
- Economy Boards DO NOT install brakes. In no case do NOT save on your own safety. Better homemade hand brakes than nothing;
- Low-quality and cheap plating. And again the advice of a budget option, but remember. a miser pays twice.
We make the chassis
To transport the cargo of the trailer, wheel assemblies are needed, which can be removed from an unnecessary vehicle. For fastening the wheel assemblies, an additional weld pipe is required. The trailer hub is attached by pressing. They put on the back part, which they grind before that. There should be no skew, so it must be constantly monitored. The mounted wheels must be secured with nuts and caps put on.
Variations of bogies for this type of equipment directly depend on the ability to transport a certain cargo.
- Simple single axle trolley. Maximum lifting weight up to 70 kg. Its design will be simple and inexpensive.
- Tiller cart with carrying capacity up to 110-120 kg. The most versatile option for household use.
- Trailer for transporting heavy objects weighing more than 120 kg. The design becomes more complex, the cost of material for the frame and cladding increases. This option is more expensive, but the capabilities of the trolley increase significantly.
Into the couplings
Since the clutch is performed individually, you should carefully understand which option is used by a particular manufacturer in the manufacture of the specified model. This will allow you to choose the right hitch that will fit well to the “ear” of the tiller.
The upper part of the hitch is presented here with two bearings. The movement of the reverse assembly takes place around it.
The drawing shows that the console is in contact with the carrier, which is fixed to the frame, using the body of the longitudinal hinge. For this, an M8 bolt and a thrust ring are used. Thanks to this fastening, the movement of the trolley will take place efficiently on any road.
In general, the cart is a set of such elements:
The frame is erected from a circular section or shaped pipes. Using a quarrel, they are held together by corners. The bottom and sides of the body can be refined with thin sheet metal or corrugated board. Suitable for THESE purposes and boards. To use the body was convenient, it is better to make the sides hinged.
How to make a tiller cart
Land cultivation is a difficult procedure that requires not only physical effort, but also some experience. This is the only way to achieve proper efficiency. As for labor, it doesn’t have to be manual. The time for such work has passed. Now is the era of replacing manual labor with mechanical or electronic ones. So it is with agriculture. Even for processing a personal plot, it is more convenient to use special devices, which speed up the processes and do NOT make you physically tired much. One of these units is the tiller. It is worth talking in more detail in it, Using photos and materials.
The tiller is a very effective and useful equipment on the farm, in particular for tillage. For this, various attachments can be used, and a trailer can also be attached, which allows you to actually convert the trailer into a multifunctional mini tractor. This will allow the use of technology as a transport. And for THESE purposes, it is not necessary to buy a ready-made version, since the cart can be made by hand. To do this, we present the main technical characteristics, drawings and photos of models, which can be created.
In the hubs
Wheels are needed to move the cart. These can be not only specialized products, but also models from old cars or motorized strollers. Technical characteristics allow them to be used very effectively.
Any of these options has the desired hub. Suitable for THESE purposes and the now popular rear beam “nine”. It’s an inexpensive, affordable option.
Wheels and behold
The wheel can be made from a rod about a meter long. If you take more of it, the wheels will not fit within the boundaries of the body. You can take the corners as supports. Using a quarrel, you need to connect the hinge body and side members to the rod. Earrings are put on the side members and here is the bracket.
How to make
Of course, if you plan to transport goods in bulk, then it is better to make the sides folding, in particular the side ones. If the cargo is in bags, then the tailgate will do.
Before starting work, you should draw up a drawing or use the existing one shown in the photo. You can use it to navigate in the dimensions and second parameters of the cart.
Typically, a trailer drawing includes the following components:
- Drove carts;
- Mounting console;
- Area for placing the legs of the manager;
- Manager’s seat;
- Cart body and frame
- Support beam, ring;
From a steel corner (size 21x21x3 is used), the frame braces and the trolley seat frame are made. The tube (50×25 used) is suitable for creating frame struts and rear / front struts. A steel corner (size 40x40x4 is used) is suitable for creating a seat post, longitudinal and transverse spars, reinforcing the cross members. A steel corner (size 32x32x4 is used) is used to make the right wheel axle supports. A longitudinal hinge body is created from a pipe (size 58×4 is used).
Homemade cart is economical and interesting
Indeed, if you make such a structure for a tiller with your own hands, you can not only save money, but also spend time interestingly. This is especially true for those who understand technology and are fond of it. As a result, you can make a cart for the tiller Not worse than shown in the photo. It is only important to respect the dimensions, as well as to take care of the reliability of the cart. Then the efficiency of labor on tillery will be increased significantly.
One per entry “How to make a tiller cart”
Thank you, everything is accessible and understandable. The main thing is to adhere to the criteria in the manufacture.
How to properly design a trailer structure
So, in order to avoid in the process of assembling the trolley multiple redrawing of parts, alterations and, as a result, damage to the material and on its endlessly prolonged production, it is necessary to make a detailed drawing. To be more precise, there should be several of them: for all trailer nodes and, moreover, for each of them in several projections. views from different sides. For complex and critical parts, additional separate drawings should be made. The design of all nodes and their elements must be carefully drawn. Each detail must be signed: indicate its name and all dimensions.
Additional individual drawings of trailer parts
Based on the finished drawings, it will be possible not only to visually present the volume and scale of the work required, but also to easily and quickly make a list of all the tools and materials that will be needed to assemble the trailer with your own hands. During the manufacture of the trolley, it may turn out that in the prepared sketch some important nuances were initially missed and / or there are no parts or nodes necessary for the design. Therefore, before starting work, the drawings should be carefully studied, thinking over and taking into account the following points:
- What are the main and auxiliary units in the trailer and in what way they will need to be connected. by welding, twisting with bolts and nuts or riveting;
- How will the movement and coordination with the stationary rotary elements occur. through the hinge, bushing, bearing or axle;
- Is there a desire to make a parking support;
- Do I need a tipper for mechanical unloading of the body;
- And so on.
Quarrel of trolley auxiliary units
After that, it is possible that the drawings will have to be supplemented with any clarifications, detailing or completing the missing ones in them, and the nodes and elements are not provided initially. But having done this, it will already be possible to draw up a complete correct inventory of the necessary materials and tools.
Before purchasing the necessary materials, you should look at what is available on the site or in the garage. It may well be that there is something suitable for use when assembling a trailer. For example, from any round or shaped pipes, you can make a frame, other load-bearing and supporting structural elements.
Development of drawings for a bogie with a carrying capacity of up to 350 kg
Such a trailer is suitable for any tiller. It is not worth it to start making a do-it-yourself more lifting cart, since according to the above safety requirements, you will have to decide on equipping it with its own braking system. Designing or competently using a finished one, for example, from a light car, for the majority will simply not be able to. On the other hand, by and large, it is technically difficult to make brakes with your own hands in order to achieve the necessary level of traffic safety from them on a trailer with a loaded trailer.
Driving on tillery with a loaded trailer
The choice of dimensions, body dimensions and the trailer itself primarily depends on the required carrying capacity. When determining them, one must proceed from the standards for factory trolleys given in the 1st chapter. To make a trailer with a carrying capacity of 350 kg with your own hands, you can use the drawings, which follow. The dimensions of both the main and parts can be changed depending on the materials available. Also, these drawings can be used as an illustrative example of how to correctly develop the design of a trolley if you plan to assemble another version of it.
The first drawing is general. It has all the main components. body, frame, wheels, carrier. and dimensions.
General drawing with all major nodes
Then a detailed drawing of the frame, which should be made of rectangular or round steel pipes. Connect them together by welding.
The body in this variant of the trolley is made of boards, the thickness of which is 20 mm. The sides are all deaf. do not fold back.
Carrier drawing. The main load in it is taken by the joint of the body of the swivel unit with the drawbar. Therefore, their connection is reinforced with 4 stiffeners, which are drawn in the section BB.
For the swivel unit, as a complex critical element of the trailer, a separate drawing has been developed with detailed detailing of its structure and elements.
Carrier swivel assembly
When using second materials in the construction of this tiller cart, the permissible weight of the transported goods may change.
Tiller cart. we make a reliable trailer ourselves
I decided to use a tiller for transporting goods, I have to decide which trailer to pick up for it. The cart can be made by yourself, taking into account your requirements for it and the capabilities of a manual mini tractor.
We determine the main characteristics of the trailer. focusing on the factory models
The design of the tiller cart is not overly complex. If you have an angle grinder, electric welding and a drill, almost any owner of a hand-held mini tractor can make a trailer on their own. The main thing is to correctly draw up its drawing or sketch before assembling the trolley, and then, strictly according to it, perform all the work. To do this, you first need to decide on the main characteristics of the trailer: carrying capacity, dimensions and some others. To simplify this procedure, it is recommended to focus on factory, industrial-made models of motor-block carts.
Factory trailers are produced with carrying capacities ranging from 300 kg to 1000 kg with bodies of different sizes. These parameters depend on what kind of tiller the cart is intended for use, or rather, on its technical characteristics. In accordance with this, there are 3 main types of trailers: for heavy, medium and light manual mini tractors.
With heavy, power over 10 hp. tillers, as a rule, use one or two-axle carts with a body length of 2-3 m and a width of 1.2 m.Such trailers are designed to transport goods weighing 500-1000 kg.
Tiller trailer for transporting heavy loads
For medium manual mini tractors. with a capacity of 4.8 to 10 hp. oriented uniaxial bogies with a body size of 1.0 × 1.5 m, 1.1 × 1.4 and the like. Their carrying capacity is 300-500 kg.
With light tillers, with a capacity of up to 4.8 hp, single-axle trailers with a body length of 0.85-1.15 m and a width of 1 m are usually used.Carrying capacity of THESE bogies is 300 kg.
The height of the sides in factory standard trolleys for tillers is 30-35 cm.On heavy-duty trailers, side fences of a frame structure are installed, the height of which is 50-60 cm.
To make loading and unloading easier, the tailgate of the bogies is made of folding and removable. On some models, in addition to the rear one, both side ones are opened and removed, which increases the convenience of filling the body with cargo and releasing it from it.
All standard trailers are manufactured as a trailer. The models for medium and light tillers have a hydraulic lift cylinder and this feature is realized by the design of the cart. The body on the trailer is installed so that its center of gravity and the load in it is located on the pivot axle, combined with the wheelset of the bogie. This balancing makes manual tipping much easier.
This is due to the fact that when descending on a steep slope, the inertia of a laden trailer will be extinguished only with the 1st brake of a hand-held mini tractor. Therefore, trolleys for heavy tilers must be equipped with their own braking system.
What materials and how can you use to assemble a trailer yourself
The simplest way to scold the frame was from a corner, channels and a profile pipe. I-beams and round tubes are also suitable.
A steel bar should be taken as the wheel axle. Its diameter must be at least 30 mm, and its length must be at least 1070 mm, but so that the wheels do not protrude beyond the dimensions of the trailer. The rod is welded to the longitudinal hinge and frame corner supports.
Steel bar for wheel axle
The wheels will fit from any agricultural machinery or motorcycle sidecar. To fit the diameter of the bearings in their hubs, it will be necessary to grind here.
It is easier to make the body with your own hands from boards, fastening them at the corners with metal corners. Fix to the frame with bolts. The optimum board thickness is 20 mm. To facilitate loading and unloading, it is better to make the sides hinged. The bottom of the body can be made of edged boards, but the trailer will be more reliable and durable if you use sheet metal for this, preferably 2-3 mm thick. A car seat is perfect as a seat.
DIY plank body
We do the hitch (swivel unit) of the trolley with our own hands from a piece of steel of a suitable size, having drilled or drilled a hole in it, into which the console would easily enter. It is advisable to make the swivel assembly according to the scheme proposed in the above drawing. with the introduction of bearings of a suitable diameter. Their outer cage is tightly planted in the hitch body or welded to it, and the console is brought into the inner one without backlash.
It is made from any suitable piece of metal by drilling such a hole in it into which the hitch easily passes. It is advisable to make a rotary unit from a bearing with a suitable diameter, securing it as tightly as possible by welding.
You can use them from any agricultural machinery. Wheels from a regular sidecar from a motorcycle are also quite suitable. It will be necessary to grind to the diameter of the bearings in the wheel hubs.
Wheel axle blank
For it, you can take a steel circle with a diameter of at least 30 mm. Here it is connected by welding with a longitudinal hinge and with corner supports. Select the length of the axle so that the wheels are under the body.
The simplest tiller trolley can easily transport loads weighing up to 400 kg.
Structural parts of the trolley
In any trolley, the following components can be conditionally distinguished: a driver’s seat installed on a welded frame, a central frame, the actual trolley with a body and wheels.
It is hammered together from 20mm planks with steel corners attached to the corners. The trolley body is attached to the frame through three strong support beams made of 50×50 timber.
How to make a trolley body
The body is easiest to assemble with your own hands from boards up to 20 mm thick, steel corners are installed on its corners. Boards are fastened to the frame with bolted connections. It is better to make the sides hinged: yes, it will be more convenient to unload large cargo.
It is made of steel angle and pipe cuttings with round and rectangular sections. The whole structure looks a little intricate and has an excess margin of safety. It is designed for use on rough terrain and hence the harsh operating conditions for the cart.
- 1. body of the swivel unit;
- 2. drawbar from pipe st. 49 x 3, L1820;
- 3. a frame of a footboard from a corner of the item L25 × 4,
- 4. stop from pipe st. 58 × 4,
- 5. stiffening rib from the letter of Art S4;
- 6. strip made of st. 25 × 4.
A steel circle with a diameter of 30mm serves as a blank for the wheel axle. With an axle length of about a meter, the wheels are under the body. Wheel with angle supports and gusset plate welded to spars and longitudinal hinge body.