What Kind Of Oil Can Be Poured Into A Chainsaw
Review of the best two-stroke oils from Stihl, Husqwarna.
Fuel mixture, gasoline to oil ratio table. What oil to use to lubricate the saw chain.
Stihl HP Ultra
The oil belongs to the highest category. It is created on a completely synthetic basis, has a green color and has high lubricating properties, and, thanks to salt-free additives, does not create carbon deposits.
The oil was specially developed for lubricating engines operating for a long time at high loads and low ambient temperatures, up to 25C. In addition, this lubricant is not harmful to the environment. If spilled on the ground, it will decompose by 80% in 21 days. The grease is packaged in bottles of 100 ml and 1 liter.
The grease was specially developed for the engines of Stihl equipment. It has a mineral base, has high lubricating and cleaning properties and can be used at an ambient temperature of at least 10C.
The grease is red in color and can be stored for no more than 4 years in a closed container. The latter can have different capacities, both large and small (for one-time refueling). For example, there is a 20-gram container on sale, the contents of which are added to 1 liter of gasoline. This is a very convenient option for owners of chainsaws who use them occasionally. Important: a mixture of gasoline with this oil cannot be stored for more than 1 month, since it will already lose its lubricating properties during this time.
Choosing engine oil
An oil intended for a 2-stroke engine must meet the following requirements.
- The lubricant should form a minimum of ash during combustion. Ideally, it should burn completely.
- The lubricant must have good solubility in gasoline and a high degree of purification from various impurities that can cause clogging of very narrow channels of the carburetor.
- The oil must have high anti-corrosion, anti-wear and lubricating properties.
There are certain standards for oils intended for 2-stroke engines: TC-W3 and 2T. The grease complying with the TC-W3 standard is used for water cooled engines (outboard motors, jet skis). 2T oil is used as an additive in gasoline for 2-stroke air-cooled engines (petrol cutters, mopeds, chainsaws, etc.).
MOTUL Outboard Tech 2T Oil
When using poor-quality lubricant, the entire piston group of the engine may fail due to the formation of carbon deposits under the piston rings. As a result, they will not be able to compress, and scuffs will form on the cylinder walls. Also, improper lubrication of the crankshaft bearings leads to overheating and, ultimately, to seizure. Important: it is forbidden to use diesel oil to prepare the fuel mixture, since it does not correspond to any of the above parameters.
It is a Swedish manufacturer that includes several well-known brands, including Partner (Partner), known for its semi-professional and professional gardening equipment. Husqvarna produces not only machinery, but also high-quality lubricants that are used on almost all brands of gasoline-powered tools.
The picture below shows Husqvarna HP 2-stroke oil, which contains special additives that can compensate for poor fuel quality, which is not uncommon in our country. After all, the octane number of gasoline purchased at a gas station does not always correspond to the declared one.
This grease is green and contains a semi-synthetic base. It can be packed both in 10-liter containers and in 1-liter containers. The mixture is diluted in a standard ratio of 1:50 (20 g per 1 liter of gasoline). But when the engine has not yet been run-in, or work is coming in the cold, the proportion can be increased to 1:40.
Fuel mixture preparation rules
It is necessary to dilute gasoline with oil in containers that are resistant to the effects of petroleum products (plastic or metal canisters). It is not recommended to use plastic bottles from water, juice or milk for these purposes, as food grade plastic decomposes under the influence of gasoline. As a result of this process, the fuel mixture will change its properties, and it is difficult to predict what effect it will have on the engine.
A combustible mixture for a chainsaw is easy to prepare.
- Take the required amount of lubricant and pour it into the prepared container. You should not pour all the prepared gasoline into a container with oil, half of the required amount will be enough.
- Slightly shaking the container, wait until the lubricant is completely dissolved in the gasoline.
- Now you can fill in the remaining gasoline, mixing it well with the mixture in the container. This completes the preparation of the fuel mixture for the chainsaw.
It is better to use ready-made fuel mixture immediately. Therefore, it must be prepared in such an amount that it is enough for the expected volume of work. If, nevertheless, the mixture remains, then it is impossible to store it for more than 1-1.5 months. During this time, it will lose a significant part of its lubricating properties.
What parts of a chainsaw need oil
If you look closely at a working chainsaw, you will immediately notice its main moving part, the saw chain, which slides along the tire during sawing. Since the law of friction still exists, both parts will gradually wear out. To slow down this process, it is customary to use chain oil specially formulated to lubricate saw chains.
Chainsaws can be equipped with both four-stroke and two-stroke engines. In 4-stroke units, the crank group is lubricated with oil in the engine crankcase. Two-stroke engines differ slightly in their design and operating principle. Gasoline for this type of drive enters directly into the space under the piston, where the crank mechanism is located, which has several bearings and bushings that need lubrication. Therefore, oil for two-stroke engines of chainsaws is added to gasoline so that it, falling on the rubbing parts of this block, lubricates them.
Chainsaw Oil to Gasoline Ratio
To find out how much oil to pour into gasoline for a chainsaw (as well as for any other two-stroke technique: trimmer, motor-drill, etc.), you need to see the correct proportion in the instructions for the saw or on the packaging. Usually, when using the native version, the proportion is 1:50. If another type is used, it is recommended to mix it in a ratio of 1:40. That is, for example, with a ratio of 1:50, we divide 1 liter by 50 and get 0.02 liters, which is the amount that needs to be added to 1 liter of gasoline. That is, pour 20 ml into 1 liter of gasoline.
The proportions of gasoline and oil for the chainsaw must be observed with great accuracy, therefore, to determine the required amount, I advise you to use a regular medical syringe of 20-25 ml. In addition, there are special packages with a dispenser, as well as containers for mixing. The latter allow you to measure as the required amount of both mixed products.
When using a syringe or a package with a dispenser, you need to have a container for which you can accurately measure the required amount of gasoline.
So, after adding the required amount of oil to gasoline, simply shake the container in which they are mixed, and the whole fuel mixture is ready.
You should not stock up on the mixture for future use, as it has a limited shelf life. Usually the shelf life after mixing should not exceed one month, but some service centers recommend generally storing the finished fuel mixture for no more than 3 days.
Hello! In this article, I will guide you on how to use your chainsaw oil. The information presented here is based both on my personal experience of using saws, and on the experience associated with the fact that I am a sales consultant for this technique, this is both communication with buyers and with service masters. Plus there will be a theory where without it.
What kind of oil to pour into gasoline for a chainsaw?
A special oil for two-stroke engines is used to prepare the fuel mixture. There are a great many of them today. However, manufacturers themselves, especially serious ones such as Stihl or Husqvarna, always write which oil to mix with gasoline for their chainsaws. They are produced under the same brand, so, for example, Stihl oil is suitable for Stihl saws, and Husqvarna for Husqvarna.
At the same time, representatives of manufacturers declare that they do not know how the chainsaw will work with other oils, but they can definitely guarantee the correct operation of their equipment when the fuel mixture for it is prepared on the basis of the product that they indicate in the operating instructions. By the way, if a malfunction occurs in the piston group during the warranty period, you may be refused free repair if it turns out that you added something other than what the manufacturer indicates.
Masters from the services with whom I had to communicate, praise all the same Stihl and Husqvarna oils.
Mineral or synthetic oil, which is better to add to gasoline
Two-stroke oils can be mineral or synthetic. As in the case of a car, synthetics are always more expensive here than mineral water. Its most important advantage is that no carbon deposits form inside the chainsaw cylinder when used. This extends its service life. Thus, if you want the saw to last as long as possible, fill in synthetics.
True, it is worth noting that if you have already used mineral water for a long time (at least 100 hours), then you cannot use synthetics. This is due to the fact that synthetic oil, possessing cleaning properties, will wash away the carbon layer accumulated on them from the cylinder walls, and its falling off pieces can lead to damage. Therefore, if you have been using AL-KO for a long time, then use it.
What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
Now let’s move on to chain lubrication. To lubricate the chain, you must use special adhesive lubricants specifically designed for this. You can, of course, fill in other types of oils, for example, transmission or engine oils, but they will not lubricate the bar and chain as effectively as a special adhesive oil does for lubricating the chain.
This is due to the fact that the special lubricant contains adhesive substances that make it stick to the chain. Due to this, it does not fly out as much when the chain rotates, as other types of it do. Therefore, the bar and chain wear less and last longer.
If you drop a good adhesive on your thumb and forefinger, connect them, and then spread them apart, you can see how it stretches between them. Other types can’t do that.
Density is an important characteristic. Do not take too liquid lubricant, as it is quickly consumed. Stihl chain lubricant is the longest-lasting lubricant in my experience, as well as the customers I have talked to about this topic.
It is also worth noting that if you care about nature, then you can use oil to lubricate the chain, which subsequently decomposes without harming the environment. It is produced on a plant basis. The price, of course, will be higher.
Pour chain oil into a special tank right up to the neck. It is recommended to top up when refueling the saw with a fuel mixture, since, usually, when a full tank of the fuel mixture is generated, there is still some chain lubrication. But if you do not top it up, then it will be used up before the fuel runs out.
That’s all. I hope you found it interesting and learned something new for yourself. Use only special oils for gasoline and chain lubrication and your chainsaw will last you its full life.
Read more articles on my site. Bye and see you soon!
What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
The answer to this question is quite simple, for this you need to open the instructions for any saw and it will indicate that you need to fill in oil that has a good adhesion effect.
What is it for? The fact is that the chain moves along the tire at a high speed, and if an oil with low adhesion is used as a lubricant, then most of it, by inertia, flies off the end of the tire and lubrication of its lower part does not occur. This phenomenon can be observed with a little experiment. Start the chainsaw, point the end of the tire towards a bright surface and add maximum gas. As a result, oil stains will appear on it, which are proof of the theory.
Manufacturers of adhesive oils
Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws are engaged in the production of consumables for them, explaining by the fact that these products are most suitable for use in conjunction with their saws. There is no information about how true this is, but based on the experience of operating and repairing chainsaws, it can be noted that there are no significant differences in the service life of parts or at least visible wear.
But the fact is the fact, the manufacturers recommend and cannot be hidden. So, back to the manufacturers, and start with the popular Stihl brand.
Chainsaw chain oil what to use
You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still don’t know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.
After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And we will also figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.
The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is made from plant components and is environmentally friendly, supplied in one liter and five liter containers.
As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% compared to others. Supplied in a liter container.
The company also manufactures bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.
Less common, but popular with chainsaw owners, are:
- Polar Lube Mineral Mine Oleo-Mac;
- Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
- Makita Biotop;
You can get acquainted with some oils for chains by looking below, in it a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.
How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth
In situations where it is not possible to use original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options are unsuitable for long-term use due to low adhesive properties.
Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogues, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the lubrication system, which means that the only difference is in the quality of the tire protection from chain friction.
Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.
If you do not want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original one.
It is possible to lubricate the chain saw tire sprocket with the same lubricants as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in through the technological holes in the tire to the sprocket bearing.
Fuel mixture: the proportion of oil and gasoline for the chainsaw
The chainsaw engine is the heart of the tool, so it is very important to use a properly prepared fuel mixture.
Chainsaw fuel mixture prepared from two compound oil and gasoline. Chainsaws are equipped with two-stroke engines, so oil is not added to the lubrication system (like a four-stroke engine), but directly to gasoline. In this case, it is very important to observe the correct proportions of the ingredients, of course, in no case try to work on pure gasoline, because in this way you will very quickly kill the chainsaw.
If we talk about what kind of gasoline to pour into the chainsaw, then it will be optimal to use fuel with an octane number A-95, in this case, fuel savings can turn out to be deplorable. Often European manufacturers indicate that it is possible to use A-90 or A-92 gasoline, but in post-Soviet countries the quality of gasoline is inferior to that of Europe, so in our realities it is better to use higher quality gasoline.
As for the proportions of petrol-oil mixture, then everything is simple: you need to follow the instructions for the tool. All manufacturers of chainsaws indicate the required ratio in the instruction manual or in the passport of the tool, in addition, the proportions for refueling the chainsaw may differ depending on the model of the chain saw. As a rule, the proportion of oil and gasoline to a chainsaw of famous manufacturers is a ratio of 1:40 or 1:50, which means 1 part of oil for, for example, 40 parts of gasoline. Now arithmetic 1 liter of gasoline = 1000 ml of gasoline, divide by 40 and we get 25ml of oil. If you follow the same steps for the ratio 1:50, then we get 20 ml of oil per 1 liter of gasoline. As for budget chainsaws made in China, the situation is slightly different. The ratio of gasoline to chainsaw oil made in China 1:25, that is, divide 1000 ml of gasoline by 25, we get 40 ml of oil. The thing is that in branded chainsaws, a solid assembly and the distance between pistons and cylinders in the engine is much less than that of Chinese chainsaws, therefore the required amount of oil differs almost twice.
Use a conventional medical syringe with sufficient volume to measure the correct amount of oil.
Another subtlety Fill a dry gasoline can with gasoline first, then oil. The procedure, on the contrary, is fraught with a low quality fuel mixture, because the oil is more dense, it will stick to the bottom of the canister, what a good mixing there is.
Be sure to prepare the fuel mixture in a canister and pour ready-made special fuel into the gas tank! Never cook or mix it directly in the fuel tank of your chainsaw!
If you figured out the question of how to breed gasoline for a chainsaw, then on storage conditions and shelf life of the fuel mixture it is worth saying a few words. It is best and easiest to prepare a petrol-oil mixture for 1 liter of gasoline, it is recommended to do this immediately before working with the tool. Chainsaw fuel tanks have a volume of 0.3 to 1 liter. In the conditions of domestic use, the entire volume of the prepared combustible mixture is rarely used in one session, so the remainder can be saved until the next session. It is necessary to store the fuel mixture in a special canister for gasoline, in a dry, dark place. It is optimal to count that the shelf life of the finished mixture will be 7-10 days. The fact is that the oil on the market now is not synthetic, but organic, that is, natural. After 10 days, all lubricating properties are lost, gasoline simply eats up the oil. Naturally, it is no longer possible to use such fuel, this can cause breakdown and failure of the chainsaw.
At the end of the work, it is necessary to drain the fuel mixture, start the chainsaw, the tool will stall (so that the saw has a dry carburetor) and now you can leave it until the next operation.
Dispose of unsuitable fuel mixture.