What Oil To Fill In A Diesel Walk-Behind Tractor
Choosing the best oil for the walk-behind tractor and learning to change it correctly: in the gearbox, engine During the operation of the walk-behind tractor, the engine is exposed to a heavy load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, so it is used according to the classification.
Changing the oil in the gearbox
Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid, if necessary, change it. Pre-check the volume of the tank. Checking in such models of a walk-behind tractor as Neva is carried out as follows:
- The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (it will be more convenient to pour the product);
- A probe is inserted into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and the level of the substance is measured with it.
If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. For other results, the lubricant must be added to the gearbox to the correct level. A completely dry gearbox will require at least 2 liters of lubricant.
What kind of oil to pour into the walk-behind tractor
As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:
The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter W indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values of the thermometer, and the numbers after the dash at positive values. These indicators characterize how easily the liquid will be pumped through the system and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of the rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.
The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products designed for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, to category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since it has a different composition for a diesel and carburetor engine.
The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas indicator into a tractor, a mini-tractor, as well as heavy Neva walk-behind tractors, designed for heavy loads.
Below are the types of machine lubrication, which, according to their characteristics, are the most optimal for a cultivator or walk-behind tractor. Of course, they can be used if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:
- 5w30, 5w40 all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
- 10w30, 10w40 with anti-corrosion properties;
- 15w40, 20w40 designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above.
- 0w30, 0w40 designed for winter use;
- MIL-L designed for military vehicles and can be used on motoblocks with diesel engines (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) types.
Double-marked grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any motors, as it is universal and equally suitable for both diesel and engines (for example, a Texas cultivator) running on gasoline. Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others are added to it. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.
Choosing the best oil for a walk-behind tractor and learning how to change it correctly: in the gearbox, engine
During the operation of the walk-behind tractor, the engine is exposed to a large load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, so it is used according to the classification.
How to change the oil
In order for the motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically replace the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running in, and then after every 50-100 hours of motor vehicle operation (and with intense loads, it will need to be poured even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.
Changing the engine oil
The procedure for replacing the lubricating fluid in the motor is as follows:
- The motor vehicle engine is started and heated;
- The tiller is installed on an elevated horizontal surface;
- Open the tank drain hole to drain the contents into a separate container, and then close tightly;
- Pour a new agent through the filler hole, controlling its level with a dipstick;
- Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.
Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease needs to be poured, since the performance of the walk-behind tractor, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such motoblocks as: shtenli (shtenli), Patriot, tarpan, cascade, hoper, agate, oka, ray, mtz.
What oil to pour into a diesel walk-behind tractor
- In order for the walk-behind tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil. It is a key factor in keeping the engine running. We will try to figure out what kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and provide excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters of the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION
API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
CLASSIFICATION OF OIL GRADES BY VISCOSITY
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter with the letter W (Winter). Oils satisfying these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer without letter designation. Oils satisfying these categories are highly viscous and are used in summer SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. At the moment, the most widespread are universal oils that are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. Oil with a higher value (more viscous).
The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Engine oil for motoblocks, recommended by manufacturers.
|Motoblock engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30 in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30 in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher|
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
|Honda (honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures.|
If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. All-season|
|Briggs Stratton (briggs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208|
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 Certification Mark, API and API Service Symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
|SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
(JSC Kaluga engine)
|M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
Instruction from OJSC “Red October”
|M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85|
M63/ 12G1 or M53/ 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with the recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can cause serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend do not use oil with additives and for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
In general-purpose gasoline engines, only engine oils of classes SE, SF, SG should be used.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline enginesth
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. Differs in low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. And not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971, equipped with a PCV system. Compared with the SC category, it better reduces the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, wear and corrosion of the engine.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to the SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||The highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Categories of engine oils for diesel engines
|CA||For low to medium stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to moderate mechanical stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it further reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use in medium to high mechanical stress in uncharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposit formation and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot walk-behind tractors and cultivators (Patriot)
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.
The increased content of additives reliably protects the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before oil change.
The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
2. Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
3. The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
4. Reduction of noise during engine operation;
5. Extension of engine life;
7. Perfect engine cleanliness.
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. ENGINE OIL CHANGE ONCE PER SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.
|Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.|
The use of the latest additives packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.|
The use of the latest additives packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling.|
The increased content of additives reliably protects the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before changing it.
The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor
|Briggs Stratton (briggs)||First 5 hours|
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check the oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
|Checking the oil level. With every use.|
Oil change. First month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. Every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. Every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).|
Change of engine oil: First change after 20 hours of operation;
afterwards. Every 100 hours of operation
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:
- Check the oil level with the engine on a horizontal surface and wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- When changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- Do not use additives and additives in the oil
- Dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:
Diesel motoblock oil
A walk-behind tractor, like any technical device, requires careful operation and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But you need to deal with oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.
Oil change: how to do it right
First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, moisten it to the middle.
What kind of oil is better for pouring into a diesel engine of a walk-behind tractor?
Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option that is indicated in the instruction manual. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.
But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the types presented on the market today. According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:
- API СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful 10-12 hp devices. With., which are constantly exposed to serious loads. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sulfur 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
- API CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high desperging properties;
- API CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully meets the most stringent requirements of American and European manufacturers. Oil is less sensitive to fuel containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
- API CF-2. This option is ideal for motoblocks with two-stroke engines used in difficult conditions. The oil contains additives that protect the internal parts of the engine from rapid wear;
- API CA. Suitable for a walk-behind tractor running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, not suitable for high mechanical stresses). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
- API CВ. Ideal for engines running on high sulfur fuels. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
- API CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without superchargers. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.
If you classify the indicated substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:
- The letter W denotes those types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W);
- The absence of a letter designation is accompanied by highly viscous species that are ideal for summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
- All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are designated with a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).
Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (higher viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel motoblocks with and without air cooling should be selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.
The replacement procedure is quite simple:
- First you need to place the walk-behind tractor in a horizontal position;
- Then you need to remove the plug on the drain tank (you can use a screwdriver);
- The next step is to patiently drain the entire contents of the tank into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters (the process takes 15-20 minutes) and tighten the cap;
- Now you can very carefully fill in fresh oil up to a certain mark without spilling it.
An important fact: in recently purchased motoblocks, on engines with and without air cooling, it is necessary to change the oil after the first 5 hours of operation, in the future this procedure should be carried out after every 25 hours of operation. Experienced owners of this technique carry out the process before each spring.
For what reasons does a diesel walk-behind tractor take a lot of oil?
Sometimes situations arise when in the work of the walk-behind tractor, not everything goes as smoothly as desired. Among the reasons for this problem are:
- Malfunction of the PCV system causing oil to be sucked back into the engine. To get rid of the trouble, replace the PCV valve;
- Mechanical problems can also cause excessive oil absorption. It is necessary to check the compression, because due to its poor performance, the oil may not enter the combustion chamber, but simply disappear along with the fuel;
- Preexisting problems with a destroyed catalytic converter can also be the cause. It is possible that dust and particles of the scattered catalyst got into the combustion chamber and led to mechanical damage to the cylinders. Solution for replacing cylinders;
- Worn valve seals allow oil to easily seep through the engine, so check them carefully if necessary.
The engine of the walk-behind tractor is the heart of the device, therefore, the choice of oil and its care should be taken with the utmost seriousness, then the unit will thank the caring owner with a long service and a minimum number of malfunctions.