What work does the cultivator do. Soil loosening technique.

Which cultivator is best suited for processing a summer cottage?

Often it is quite difficult to purchase a suitable cultivator in price and performance. On sale you can find a variety of equipment for cultivating land with various technical capabilities. How to choose a cultivator for a summer residence, which will better cope with the tasks?

The cultivator is a device that is designed to facilitate agricultural work. With its help, you can loosen the ground on the site, hill it, remove weeds and feed plant crops.

Before purchasing such garden equipment, you should decide on the main task of using it. This will avoid unnecessary financial costs and purchase a cultivator with optimal necessary characteristics.

The main criteria for choosing such agricultural machinery is:

  • The area of ​​the cultivated land;
  • What work must be performed using a cultivator;
  • Features of the soil composition;
  • Relief characteristics of the area;
  • Cultivator power;
  • Equipment performance.

When choosing a cultivator, you need to pay attention to the convenience of its use. Some cultivators have a practical pen, with which it is easy to unfold the device in any direction.

There are technology with optimal capabilities. Motorbace. They include a whole glad functions with which you can perform many soil processing operations.

The configuration of many cultivators may include various additional devices that are attached to the apparatus to expand its working capabilities. It can be a hinged rotary mower, a plow, a device for digging potatoes, a cupboard. There are motor cultivators with a trailer or cart.

Comparative table of technical characteristics of various types of cultivators:

engine’s type Power The average processing width The depth of plowing The maximum number of speeds The mass of the device
Petrol 1. 10 l/s or from 0.7 to 6 kW 100 cm 5 to 30 cm 6 forward and 2 back ultra.Light. Up to 10 kg; lungs. Up to 30 kg; average up to 60 kg; heavy. More than 60 kg
Battery from 0.8 to 1 kW or up to 2 l/s 40 cm up to 25 cm 2 forward, 2 ago up to 35 kg
Electric from 0.6 to 2 kW or 1-3 l/s 45 cm Up to 25 cm 2 forward, 2 ago from 6 to 20 kg

The choice of a motor cultivator. Varieties of cultivators and their purpose.

Agree. Work on digging the Earth requires great physical efforts. And the older the person, the more difficult it is for him to cope with the loads that take away a lot of strength and health. Spring is a hot time for summer residents, so right now it is worth thinking about buying a motor.Cultivator who will become a reliable assistant in garden work.

Unlike powerful aggregates, such as a mini.Tractor or motorcycle units with a plow, a motor.Cultivator is not intended for plowing boundless fields and raising virgin lands. The scope of its application. Small vegetable beds, greenhouses and greenhouses, flower beds, areas under the crowns of garden trees. With its help, you can process or cultivate the upper fertile layer of the earth with a depth of not more than 30 cm. The task of the motor.Cultivator is to give the soil the necessary looseness and lumpy, preparation for fertilizer, aeration, as well as delivering a site from weeds.

Garden cultivators primarily differ in weight and power. The mass of lightweight models is about 9-10 kg, the weight of the most severe can reach 50 kg. Their power ranges from 1-2 liters.With. Up to 7-12 l.With. The more powerful the tool, the more heavy soil it will cope.

Depending on the source of energy, motor cultivators are divided into electric and gasoline. An electric model on the shoulder even a woman. She is light and does not cause any problems in operation. Convenience in transporting the electrical cultivator is provided by a folding handle, thanks to which it freely placed in the trunk of a car. Its disadvantages are low maximum power and limited maneuverability due to a binding to a power source. The gasoline motor.Cultivator is deprived of these shortcomings, but it weighs much more.

Depending on the purpose, garden cultivators can be: universal (for continuous and inter.Row processing), steam (for continuous processing) and rowing (for the cultivation of the soil and extermination of weeds in rows).

A summer resident who decides to buy a motor cultivator should decide for what purposes he will use it. The more hinged tools are included, the more different operations the unit can perform.

To hill the rows, the device of the beds and the formation of grooves and a row, cutting weeds and their backfill, you need a perch. The milling cutter is designed to break and loosen soil and weed fighting. I needle, disk and sickle cuts are distinguished depending on the design. When collecting root crops, you can not do without digger. It undermines and lifts the upper layer of the soil.

Some cultivators are additionally equipped with nozzles that can be used to process soft soils, lawn care and plowing earth. Beds and the formation of grooves and aisles, cutting of weeds and their backfill, a perch is necessary.

In order to correctly operate the cultivator and, accordingly, increase its service life, you should get acquainted with the instructions. It not only describes how to correctly install nozzles, but also give advice on care and storage. Timely replacement of motor oil, washing and drying the air filter. These are the main recommendations, the implementation of which ensures reliable operation of the motor.Cultivator. Before sending the unit for storage, you should drain the fuel and replace the engine oil.

The choice of a motor cultivator. Varieties of cultivators and their purpose.

Agree. Work on digging the Earth requires great physical efforts. And the older the person, the more difficult it is for him to cope with the loads that take away a lot of strength and health. Spring is a hot time for summer residents, so right now it is worth thinking about buying a motor.Cultivator who will become a reliable assistant in garden work.

Unlike powerful aggregates, such as a mini.Tractor or motorcycle units with a plow, a motor.Cultivator is not intended for plowing boundless fields and raising virgin lands. The scope of its application. Small vegetable beds, greenhouses and greenhouses, flower beds, areas under the crowns of garden trees. With its help, you can process or cultivate the upper fertile layer of the earth with a depth of not more than 30 cm. The task of the motor.Cultivator is to give the soil the necessary looseness and lumpy, preparation for fertilizer, aeration, as well as delivering a site from weeds.

Garden cultivators primarily differ in weight and power. The mass of lightweight models is about 9-10 kg, the weight of the most severe can reach 50 kg. Their power ranges from 1-2 liters.With. Up to 7-12 l.With. The more powerful the tool, the more heavy soil it will cope.

Depending on the source of energy, motor cultivators are divided into electric and gasoline. An electric model on the shoulder even a woman. She is light and does not cause any problems in operation. Convenience in transporting the electrical cultivator is provided by a folding handle, thanks to which it freely placed in the trunk of a car. Its disadvantages are low maximum power and limited maneuverability due to a binding to a power source. The gasoline motor.Cultivator is deprived of these shortcomings, but it weighs much more.

Depending on the purpose, garden cultivators can be: universal (for continuous and inter.Row processing), steam (for continuous processing) and rowing (for the cultivation of the soil and extermination of weeds in rows).

How To Use A Tiller (FULL Tutorial)

A summer resident who decides to buy a motor cultivator should decide for what purposes he will use it. The more hinged tools are included, the more different operations the unit can perform.

To hill the rows, the device of the beds and the formation of grooves and a row, cutting weeds and their backfill, you need a perch. The milling cutter is designed to break and loosen soil and weed fighting. I needle, disk and sickle cuts are distinguished depending on the design. When collecting root crops, you can not do without digger. It undermines and lifts the upper layer of the soil.

Some cultivators are additionally equipped with nozzles that can be used to process soft soils, lawn care and plowing earth. Beds and the formation of grooves and aisles, cutting of weeds and their backfill, a perch is necessary.

In order to correctly operate the cultivator and, accordingly, increase its service life, you should get acquainted with the instructions. It not only describes how to correctly install nozzles, but also give advice on care and storage. Timely replacement of motor oil, washing and drying the air filter. These are the main recommendations, the implementation of which ensures reliable operation of the motor.Cultivator. Before sending the unit for storage, you should drain the fuel and replace the engine oil.

Champion EC750

A low.Power model that will perfectly cope with the processing of a small garden or summer cottage. The device is delivered disassembled. Assembly instructions are attached. Launch is carried out by pressing two buttons. Manufacturers have provided protection against accidental inclusion.

Judging by the reviews, the device has proven itself well in the seasonal loosen of the soil. With solid ground and perennial weeds can not cope.

Plowing scheme

To get a high.Quality result, you need to work carefully, drive slowly, slowly. If you use an unit of light or middle class, do not forget to take breaks from time to time to prevent the engine overheating.

The soil plowed is carried out according to this scheme:

  • Install the equipment on the edge of the field;
  • Put the car for transmission;
  • Take the handles;
  • Slowly move along a given path.

After completion of work, it is necessary to clean the working bodies of equipment from the residues of the soil and other pollution. Wipe the metal knives. The mills also need to be washed and wiped well so that they remain dry. The effect of moisture on these elements can lead to the occurrence of foci of corrosion.

Read more about gasoline, diesel and electrical cultivators

The percentage of the sold motoblocks

A light agricultural machine is designed for land treatment with milling. Motor cultivators often have a set of hinged equipment that simplifies soil weeding. Some manufacturers have to buy it separately. Classification of cultivators:

Gasoline models

Liquid fuel cultivators belong to the average price category. They are productive, easy to manage. Examples of models: Tarpan TMZ-MK-03, Patriot Denver, Huter GMC-6.5. The advantages of the gasoline cultivator:

  • Low noise;
  • It works under any weather conditions;
  • There is practically no vibration from the steering wheel;
  • Not tied to a power source.

The disadvantages of gas.Cultivators include:

  • Work exclusively at high speeds;
  • The need for annual full maintenance;
  • Fast failure when using cheap gasoline.

Huter GMC-1.Eight

Chinese.Made garden instrument. Light, weighs a little more than 10 kg, convenient for transportation. The engine is two.Stroke, has a power of 1.25 liters.With., works on gasoline. Used for cultivation, spins well, plows. Processes a layer of about 22 cm deep. The quality corresponds to the price.

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DAEWOO Dat 3555r

The motor.Cultivator is made in South Korea. Has a four.Stroke engine with a power of 4 liters.With. Has an average weight of 30 kg. Plows to a depth of 28 cm. Works on gasoline, has front and rear gear. Four cutters adjust plowing in width. It is convenient to use the model in the country, it is easy to transport by car.

Neva MK-200-C6.0

In the design of the gasoline motor-cultivator Neva MK-200-C6.0 includes a special device. A hitch, thanks to which hinged guns can be aggregated: plows, flat cutters, cigns, etc. This middle.Class cultivator performs a variety of functions:

  • Plowing land.
  • Cultivation.
  • Helping plants.
  • Digging beets, carrots, potato tubers.
  • Cutting rows and many other works.

The capture width in one pass is adjustable within 30. 60 cm. The cutting edges of the milling plants have high strength, so that the cultivator of this model can be operated throughout the year, regardless of the degree of complexity of the soil.

  • Relatively low cost.
  • The cultivator is equipped with a high.Quality Subaru brand engine with air cooling.
  • The presence of 3 speeds-two front and one back.
  • Due to the fuel tank of a large volume (3.6 l) the unit works for a long time without refueling.

Champion BC6712

In a series of medium.Sized gasoline machines, the multifunctional model Champion BC6712 is deservedly a real Champion. This is the best cultivator for giving in this segment. He gained universal love and popularity among numerous users due to high performance and adequate value. Many farmers and owners of private houses do not always prefer heavy analogues using the American average cultivator.

  • The car works quietly, without vibration.
  • High quality soil processing regardless of its complexity.
  • A large fuel tank allows the cultivator to work for a long time without refueling with gasoline.
  • High efficiency, plowing depth. At least 33 cm, capture width. 85 cm.
  • Economy due to moderate gasoline consumption.
  • Reliability, durability.

Diesel

Diesel model Prorab GT 606 VDK

The most reliable and popular motor cultivators work on diesel fuel. Examples of such devices: Prorab GT 606 VDK, Redverg Goliath-2-9DMF, Patriot Boston 6D. Diesel units are designed for sections of large area. Their performance is 3-4 times higher than electric and gasoline models. Advantages of motor cultivators working in diesel oil:

By choosing a diesel unit with water cooling and starter, get ready for its additional maintenance. Before starting work, each time you will have to pour purified water into the cooling system. For cooling the device, you can use the R22 refrigerant, but then operation costs will increase. Cons of diesel motor cultivators:

Forte 1050S 8 ″

The model belongs to the easy class, applies in everyday life, to process the site up to 0.8 ha. It comes complete with a locking lever, soilofraise, a pair of wheels. Weighs 100 kg, but with the help of a trailer it is able to transport the load up to 400 kg. The supporting frame is made of high.Quality steel, a lightweight design provides good maneuverability on any soil. Working with the machine is convenient and safe.

The weight 100 kg
Power 4.5 l.With
The volume of oil one.1 l
Cooling Air
Launch system Manual, mechanics
Number of programs 2 (front, back)
The depth of processing up to 30 cm
Width 80 cm
  • Reliable diesel engine, low.Speed and powerful, one of the best in its class;
  • Wide milling cutter, without problems loosening the earth to a depth of 25 cm.

What is a cultivator

A cultivator for a summer residence is an agricultural machine with a small frame on which a power unit and a shaft are attached. The latter puts additional inventory, for example, a plow or a cutter that determines the type of work. The operator holds the handles like a wheelbarrow and starts to work.

The motor cultivator helps with the main types of soil processing in the garden and the garden: with its help they develop the Earth, take care of it, plant and harvest it. You can connect a cart to some models, which is convenient for transporting collected vegetables.

Compared to the walk.Behind tractor, the cultivator does not have a power shaft, and the power unit (engine) is much weaker. In this regard, the walk.Behind tractor is treated with an area of ​​up to 4 hectares, and a motor.Cultivator. 30. 40 acres.

Such a hitch as an electric plow designed for plowing and turning large layers of land will help with this.

Compact garden equipment will help not only prepare the Earth, but also put it in order when harvesting. What else do they do:

  • Dig the virgin lands;
  • Loosen the resulting crust;
  • Weeds remove;
  • Grind the surface to preserve moisture;
  • Enchanting tree trunks and so on.

The suspension equipment worn on the shaft expands the working capabilities of agricultural machinery.

Cultivators: Secrets of proper operation

Not a single summer season is complete without exhausting work on Earth. Cultivators and motoblocks allow you to greatly simplify and accelerate the processing procedure of soil. The life of the equipment directly depends on the correct operation. We will consider these and some other issues in this article.

Before starting work, check the territory for the presence of stones and other solid foreign objects. When working with a cultivator, children and pets should be at a distance of at least 15 m from working equipment, since there is always a danger of flying from under the cutter of various objects.

Solid items can harm not only to others, but also the details of the cultivator itself.

This procedure causes the largest number of difficulties in people who had not previously dealt with motor appliances. Cultivators and motoblocks are supplied without oil and fuel. Accordingly, first they need to be seasoned. To start the motor, you need to make sure that a cap is installed on the spark plugs. Then you need to open the fuel valve, close the air damper and pull the starter handle.

work, does, cultivator, soil, loosening

After 1. 2 jerks, the motor should start. The fuel valve is set to the position depending on the task, and the air damper is opened.

The cultivator is turned in a horizontal position in the fresh air. It is impossible to launch in a closed room.

Previously, it was recommended that the run.In was done at idle for 5 hours. This was done for the purpose that the details could get to each other. Today, the accuracy of manufacturing engine parts has increased and such a mode of preparing a new cultivator is no longer required. Manufacturers of different engines recommend their current conditions, more details with them must be familiarized with the instructions. In most cases, the operating mode at medium and low speeds with subsequent oil replacement is expected after 5 to 20 hours.

The good functioning of the cultivator or walk.Behind tractor is guaranteed only with a sufficient amount of oil in the engine. Therefore, checking the oil level is carried out before each launch of the technique.

  • The cultivator is installed in a horizontal position.
  • Using a rag, you need to clean the grass and particles of the earth from the neck.
  • The cover is removed from the crankcase.
  • If there is a probe on the cultivator, then the oil level is determined by the tags on the probe. Otherwise, the oil level is determined by the lower edge of the neck.

Every 20 hours of operation of equipment, it is recommended to completely replace the oil. Irregular oil replacement leads to breakdowns of key elements of the motor, bunks are formed on the details, and the channels are clogged with dirt and developed lubricants. To replace it is necessary to follow the recommendations of the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • The cultivator is installed in a horizontal position and put a tray under the drain openings.
  • The plug of the drain hole is unscrewed.
  • After draining the waste oil, the cork is returned to the place and the new oil is poured.

Many breakdowns of cultivators are due to the choice of poor.Quality fuel or lubricants. Over, in most cases, the manufacturer refuses to carry out warranty service. It is better to use the oil that the manufacturer of equipment recommends.

How to “make friends” a plow with a cultivator

Soil processing by a cultivator can be carried out using a plow or milling. When using milling plants, unauthorized processing is carried out, when working with the plow, on the contrary, large soil plate is turned over. Both methods have their advantages and disadvantages. Read more about them in the article: “Preparing the soil after winter”.

The plow is installed on the hitch behind the cultivator and screwed onto the shkvoren. It is necessary to install the plow so that the element retains mobility within 6-7 degrees in the horizontal plane. This allows you to get rid of additional efforts in the direction of technology. If you fix the coup on two shkvorni, then it will lose mobility.

Plugs usually have height adjustment, for this, holes are provided in the plow rack, to which the gun is attached using bolt compounds. It is recommended to install a height so as not to mix the fertile horizon with sand and clay.

Usually the angle of attack changes on the plows, t.E. Tilt of the tip to the ground. Adjustment systems depend on the plow model. The presence of a screw allows you to smoothly change the angle, the deciduous bolted joints make it possible to change the tilt step by step.

A special type of plow for digging root crops is called a catofel.

The back side of the plow should be raised above the soil by 2.5 cm. If the cultivator is slipping, then the angle is too small. When the technique goes like a knife through the oil, the angle is most likely too big.

The choice of the plow depends on the weight of the technique. Motobobes weighing 100 kg are capable of working with plows with a capture of 23 cm, 75 kg. 18 cm, cultivators can be equipped with an instrument of up to 13 cm.

Wheels and soil.Spaces. Increase traction

Working with a plow involves a high dragging force, therefore, on cultivators, cutters are replaced by soils. To ensure a sufficient width, the primrose are attached to the shaft for special extension cords. Pneumatic wheels are usually provided on motor blocks. The diameter should be 46. 50 cm.

Cultivator mount to the tractor.

There are different cultivator fastening systems to the tractor. Cultivators are equipped with wheels to control the depth. These machines are connected not to the hydraulic (mechanical) system of the tractor, the transverse beam. Add additional weight to the rear axle of the tractor. Clutch and discharge is performed quickly and easily, transport (forward and backward in the field) only at low speed. It can become a problem in small fields, for example, with irrigated crops, due to a lack of a place for workers.

Techniques to Improve Soil Health. Learning From The Land

Hinged cultivators join a three.Point tractor hitch. Supply systems can be suitable. The cultivator is never supported by protective wheels, since the depth is regulated by the hydraulics of a three.Point hitch. During operation, most of the force that makes up the weight of the plow is transmitted to the rear axle of the tractor, where there is less slip. A significant force is required to separate the cultivator from the Earth, about three times higher than the weight of the plow, which limits the number of bodies.

Several types of councils, dumps and other details are available, such as coupons, depending on specific conditions associated with soil, slopes and needs of cultures.

What is a cultivator?

The cultivator simplifies the process of land care. A few years ago, productive equipment was used mainly on large agricultural farms, where they had to process large areas. Today there are models for use in the country, small personal plots. The cultivator is capable of performing such operations: plowing, hilling, aeration, loosening, landing and digging out various crops. Functional machine destroys weeds, with its help you can make neat beds, mix fertilizers. To effectively use the technique, first, figure out what a cultivator is, how it works, how to choose the optimal model from a wide range.

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The cultivator is used for plowing and loosening the earth. This is his main purpose. Models with low power cope with the destruction of weeds, weeding the beds. They are also used for processing a row, space between shrubs and trees. Motor cultivators with high power indicators are used to work in spacious territories, they cope with the task of plowing virgin grounds.

Cultivators are not characterized by a particularly complex design. The technique consists of such elements:

  • Strong metal frame;
  • Electric or gasoline engine;
  • Gearbox;
  • Working bodies (mills, paws, discs);
  • Transport wheels;
  • System of fixing the working bodies;
  • Mechanism for switching between working and transport modes;
  • Control system;
  • Device for setting up the depth.

The performance of the motor.Cultivator depends on the qualitative characteristics of its components. The principle of operation of the machine is simple. The rotational moment is transmitted from the motor to the gearbox. The latter sets the working bodies, mills that rotate and perform the tasks.

TOP-10 rating according to KP

Best household assistant

Here is a powerful electric tool for loosening and alignment of the soil. It is based on an electric engine with a volume of 3.4 liters and a capacity of 2500 watts. For processing, impressive 4 cutters and 16 knives are used.

The cultivator is equipped with an increased diameter transport wheel, for convenient movement around the site. The device power comes from the 220 V electrical network, starting. From switching the lever on the tool handle.

Characteristics

High.Quality device from the world manufacturer

This model is equipped with an electric motor, the capacity of which is 2000 W. The cultivator provides 450 mm processing width and is perfect for use in medium and large areas. The device’s body is made of metal, and is significant for any effect on any effect.

The mass of the cultivator is 29.8 kg, which is not too much for devices of this class. The delivery kit includes mills, user guide and fastener kit.

Characteristics

Budget option for a small site

Self.Propelled cultivator with a worm gearbox is suitable for use on a small area. The model is distinguished by small overall dimensions and small (12 kg) mass. The cultivator processes the soil to a width equal to 400 mm. Maximum processing depth. 220 mm.

The cultivator is equipped with a folding handle for convenient storage. A special shield on the device is a “barrier” between the working area and the space above it.

Characteristics

The quality for which you will have to pay

Cultivator 850 is designed for mechanical soil processing. Its capacities in 6.5 l.With. Enough to loosen even highly compacted clay soil. On the plowed soil, the device moves at the speed of a pedestrian and breaks large clods, leaving behind a bed that is fully entered to planting plants.

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Characteristics

Compact device for small areas

Electra 1 Electric Cultivator 1500 is designed for loosening and cultivating relatively small land plots. Thanks to his size, he is a reliable assistant in greenhouses and on a garden plot.

work, does, cultivator, soil, loosening

Yes, his power will not impress the experienced owner, but for beginners and the owner of 6 acres, the cultivator is ideal. And it is also compact and suitable for storage even on the smallest area.

Characteristics

Monster among cultivators

This is reliable and multifunctional equipment for loosening and weeding soil. A four.Stroke gasoline engine with a capacity of 4780 W and a 3.Fuel tank with a volume of 3 are installed in the motor.6 l for gasoline AI-92 brand. Of the features, a special intermediate gearbox can be distinguished, which allows the unit to move forward and backward.

For convenience in the process, the cultivator is equipped with a supporting wheel, a bunner for monitoring the depth of plowing, an ergonomic rubberized handle with the necessary controls and a folding mechanism.

Characteristics

We make a DEEP-REDUCER for the walk-behind tractor.

Reliable assistant in loosening of any soil

The DAEWOO Dat 4555 cultivator is equipped with 4 knives, which provide an impressive width and depth of processing. In this model, transport wheels and a handle are installed, which can be folded. The adjustment of the height of the handle is allowed and adjusted.

The presence of a muffler contributes to a decrease in the noise level in the cultivator. The mass of the body of the model is relatively low: it is 31 kg.

Characteristics

The Hammer RT-50A cultivator is designed to treat turf and loose soil, as well as for soil processing in gardens, around trees and shrubs. The device is distinguished by an impressive power of more than 5 horsepower. It is made of a strong metal alloy and will serve you for many years. Yes, you have to spend money on gasoline, but if you need to treat a large site, pay attention.

Characteristics

Very powerful cultivator of Russian production

This is a powerful gasoline cultivator for loosening and cultivation with a good combination of high performance, controllability and stability. The handle of the device is available with the ability to adjust the vertical. And the presence of reverse greatly facilitates its operation.

The model is well thought out for the user. The adjustable couch is securely fixed to the cultivator frame and is responsible for adjusting the depth of plowing. And hardened mills are well buried to full depth and contribute to the advance of the cultivator forward.

Characteristics

Reliable, maneuverable and easy.To.Operate cultivator for loosening and cultivation of soil in a personal plot. The device has an effective engine with lightweight launch function and an air.Batter in an oil bath. Sushnik allows you to control the value of the deepening. Stacked, adjustable handles and transport wheel facilitate the operation, transportation and storage.

Types of motor cultivators

The former, in turn, are divided into 2-step and 4-bed. Gasoline fuel cultivators are used in large.Volume works and at high energy costs. The electric engine is powered by both from the network and from the built.In battery.

Most often, light class machines use engines on electricity and gasoline (2-bed). In the technique of medium and heavy severity, 4-bed engines are used and diesel fuel, however, it is recommended to periodically serve machines on a gasoline engine.

If the farmer wants to process a small section, he should choose a cultivator with an electric engine. True, they will not be as powerful as a gasoline cultivator.

The cultivator is what is a cultivator?

Cultivator-cultivator-teddy KRN-4.2 for the inter-row processing of row crops:1. Transverse beam;2. Support wheel;3. Section of the working bodies;4. TUKOPRET;5. Top.Feeding knife;6. Connecting roller;7. Footboard;8. Chain gear;9. A skilled apparatus;10 and 11. Stands of the hitch.

Cultivator, Agricultural tool for loosening the soil, destruction of weeds, hilling and top dressing of plants. By purpose To. Divide: steam. For continuous soil processing and rowing. For inter.Row processing of row crops; By the method of connecting with the tractor. On the trailed, hinged and semi.Wainted.

By type of working bodies steam To. Can be pawed, barbell and flat cutters. Lap To field (mounted and trailed), garden, berry, forest, looser (stysors) and anti.Erosion. Have lancut paws designed for horizontal cutting of the roots of weeds and the soil layer (crushing it to a small state). Field To., For example, KRS-4, ceremonial treatment of the soil to a depth of 6-12 cm, also processing clean vapors. Hinged To. Work with the tractors “Belarus”, from trailed To. They are equipped with wide.Up units using universal clamps; Widely.Winged immunity units are also used. Forest (KL-2,6) and berry (KMK-2,6) To modifications of hinged field To., The soil processing in the aisles of the fields of the fields of the forest strips and berry shrubs. Garden To. (KSG-5, KSL-5) with 1-2 sliding sections (KSM-5) are hung on the tractors of classes 3 and 4 and are cultivated with a depth of 8-12 cm and loosening up to 16–20 cm. To. KSL-5 stamps operate in irrigation gardens, where it additionally cuts furrows and brings fertilizers. Cultivators KSG-5 and KSL-5 with a capture width of 3, 4 and 5 m for 2 passes process the aircraft of gardens 6, 8, 10 m wide and the trunk stripes. To. KSM-5 stamps processes 5 m wide a rifle width in one passage. The Chisel-Cultivator of the ChKU-4 is aggregated with the T-4 tractor and carries out in irritable cotton breeding a prerequisite of loosening up to 18 cm deep, the introduction of mineral fertilizers and the cutting of irrigation grooves. KRG-3,6 loot (hung on class 3 tractors) processes the soil, clogged with stones, lancishes with a capture of 380 mm to a depth of 10-16 cm, interchangeable loosening twigs to a depth of 12–25 cm. Anti.Erosion To. (KPE-3,8) is aggregated with a class 3 tractor, processes stubble fields to a depth of 8-16 cm, preserving more than half of the soil-protective stubble. Out of two and three To. With universal coupling, wide.Up units are compiled for class 5 tractors. Shtandy To. (KSh-3,6A) processes stolen unauthorized and clean dump pairs to a depth of 6-10 cm. The working body is a frontally located square bar, which is slowly rotating in the direction opposite to rotation of the drive of the tractor and the progressive movement To. With the help of the rod, weeds pull out of the soil, the surface of which is aligned and mulched with excessive remnants. To. Hung on the tractor “Belarus”; 3-4 To. Connect with a universal hitch (work with class 3 and 5 tractors). Flat cutters used for the main processing of soils subject to wind erosion.

Rowing To To.-planters and cummers They process the aisles of rowing crops: they loosen the soil and cut the weeds with one.Sided and lancet paws to a depth of 4-12 cm; They loosen the soil with donkey paws and apply mineral fertilizers to a depth of 8-16 cm; They sprinkle the plants with paws, pouring loose soil from rows to rows; Cut the furrows in the aisles for watering and hilling of plants (see. Cultivator-bush). Rowing To. They are divided into 3 subgroups depending on the size of the clearance (500, 700 and 900 mm) under the frame for passing over cultivated plants without damage. To. (KRSh-8.1; UMK-5.4; UTMP-5.4) and thinningers (PSA-2,7) with a clearance of 500 mm are used to process crops of low-stumped crops (beets and other root crops) with a row of 45 cm. To. (KRN-4.2; KRN-4.2g; KRN-5.6) and cupchers (KON-2,8 PM; Cor-4.2) with a clearance of 700 mm are used to process crops of high-stumped crops (corn, sunflower, potatoes, tomato, cabbage) with aisles 70 cm. To. (KRX-4; KRX-3.6; KRT-4) with a clearance of 900 mm are used to process crops of high-stumped irrigation cotton with a row width 60 and 90 cm.

Agriculture. Great Encyclopedic Dictionary M.: Big Russian Encyclopedia. AT. To. Month (editor.In.Chief) and others 1998.

On my area, clay soil, which cultivator should I choose?

To cultivate clay soil, it is necessary to use cultivators weighing from 30. 35 kg and harder. It is difficult for an easy cultivator to deepen the equipment into clay soil and perform working operations. For normal work with such soil, a stronger traction is necessary. The weight of the equipment helps to produce better, deep plowing.

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For complex, solid and heavy soil, choose cultivators at the rear speed, it will help to quickly free the cutters stuck in the ground. Do not forget that powerful equipment is many times more functional and more productive than low.Power models that are not intended for operation in difficult conditions.

Iron Angel GT 09 motor.Cultivator

Heavy.Class Dutch unit is intended to loosen solid land in large areas, as well as work with attachments. The most optimal area for it is 50 acres, it can easily cope with it, requiring only two fuel dressings. This motor.Cultivator not only loosen, but also flight, huddles, plants and digs root crops, cuts harrows. Depending on which weight you attach. A heavy stock machine is perfectly coping with household and professional work, in particular, preparation of soil for sowing. He established himself well, both on sandy soils and chernozems, and on clay virgin lands. The motor from the manufacturer, reliable and unpretentious, like the whole Dutch technique. Engine power 7.5 l.Strength., which is an excellent indicator for its class devices. Transmission at 2 speeds forward and one back. Steel saber.Shaped blades well process the soil to a sufficient depth. From 15 to 30 cm. Adjustment occurs using a coupon. The width of the aisle at once to the maximum is one meter, which is productive for large areas. Having removed the side blades we get a width of 80 cm. Users also like that large pneumatic fires are included in the kit.

  • A powerful Dutch engine has a long resource;
  • Heavy weight combined with forged saber.Shaped blades. A tool for plowing virgin lands;
  • The presence of pneumatic wheels makes it possible to attach the trailer and transport goods;
  • Convenient and fast adjustment of both widths and depths of plowing;
  • Multi.Level gearbox. 2 speed speeds, one rear gear.

The working bodies of cultivators

Cultivators supply a set of interchangeable working bodies. The main working organs are flat.Cutting, universal and loose paws. The following types of working organs of cultivators (paws) are distinguished by the design features: one-sided flat-cutting, lanceted flat-cutting, firing universal, chiselines, hips, furrows (arresters-bearded cutters), booros, revolving paws, needle-shaped bars, feeding knives, etc. D.

Unilateral flat.Cutting paws (razors) are designed to destroy weeds. Launching flat.Cutting paws of cultivators Well suited for the destruction of weeds and loosening the soil to a depth of 4-6 cm without removal of the lower moist layer of the soil on its surface. Fighting universal paws Apply for continuous and inter.Row processing of the soil to a depth of 14 cm. They cut weeds well and crumble the soil, partially taking out more wet layers to the surface. Frankly universal legs differ from flat.Cutting angles of cringing. In universal paws it is 25-30 degrees, in flat.Cutting. 12-18 degrees. The width of the capture of such paws is 220. 385 mm. Loose.Shaped paws Used to loosen soil to a depth of 15 cm. They are performed as a whole with a persistent. The width of the capture of such paws is 20 mm. Feeding knives Used for loosening of aisles and sealing into the soil of fertilizers to a depth of 16 cm. To get the grooves that remain after the paw-noise, the second loosening or rinching paw is installed behind it. Helpers Designed for cutting rowers, destroying weeds in rows and falling asleep weeds in protective zones. They process the soil to a depth of 16 cm, while the height of the crests can reach 25 cm. Arynchetes-bearded cutters differ from the perch with the presence of a funnel for making mineral fertilizers. They are used to cut irrigation grooves up to 20 cm deep in the inter.Row processing of roller crops. Needle wheels use the destruction of soil crust and the destruction of weeds in protective zones. The needles of the disks enter the soil to a depth of 4 cm and shift the surface layer by 1-2 cm. Disks are made with a diameter of 350, 450 or 520 mm. Boronki Used for loosening the soil in rows and protective zones. Spring teeth are attached to the frame, which is jointly connected to better copying the relief with the ridge of the cultivator section.

The working bodies of cultivators are attached to the racks, rigidly or articiously connected to the frame.

Device and principle of action of cultivators

One. Device and adjustment of cultivators for continuous soil processing

Purpose of work: to get acquainted with the device and principle of operation of cultivators KPS-4, KSHU-12, KShP-8, ChKU-4, KSM-5.

One. Using the methodological instructions and equipment of the laboratory installation, to study the device and the principle of operation of cultivators for continuous processing.

To study the main adjustments of cultivators for continuous soil processing.

Study the preparation of cultivators for work.

To study the possible malfunctions of cultivators KPS-4.

Make a report on the work done.

Cultivator KPS-4, keys 6×10; 10 × 12; 14 × 17; 17 × 19; ruler.

By purpose, cultivators are not divided by three groups: for continuous processing and inter.Row treatment of soil and special purpose. Steam cultivators are used to destroy weeds and loosening the soil in preparation for sowing, as well as when caring for pairs.

Rowing cultivators are used to process row crops. With their help, in addition to the destruction of weeds by cutting, combing and sprinkling with earth, they feed plants and loosening the aisles.

Special cultivators are garden, forest and anti.Erosion. Cultivators during work should destroy 98-99% of weeds and loosen the soil without removal of wet layers to the surface.

Device and principle of work of cultivators for continuous processing

Purpose and technical characteristics

The KPS-4 cultivator is intended for continuous processing of vapors, prerequisite loosening and cutting weeds with simultaneous harrowing at speeds up to 12 kms 2.50-3.34

Aggregated with MTZ-80/82 tractors; T-40C

The cultivator is equipped with a device for hinging four medium.Sized bonas or one spring.

The cultivator consists of a welded frame 4, downshrow collected from three bars I, II and 12, supporting pneumatic wheels 3 with screw mechanisms for regulating the position of the wheels in height 2, riddle 5, 9 with paws B, a device for hinging Boron 8 with a leash 7 and hydraulic cylinder 10 for transferring bodies to working and transport position.

Rumor Rumor rectangular shape. They were attached to her, the chassis and the side bars are fastened.

Pneumatic running wheels are not mounted in half.Beds brackets whose outer ends are connected to the side rays of the skills with screw mechanisms to adjust the depth of the working organs.

Hydraulic cylinder 10, installed on the bracket 16 and articidically connected to the central beam of the words, serves to transfer the trailed cultivator to the transport position.

5 stitched on the cultivator two designs are installed: short and long. On short ridges, one lancetish paw is mounted, and two loosening paws are fixed on the long ones with the help of double holders. Standing 7 paws joins the ridge bolt 6, holder 8 and bar 9. Paw stand holds in a given position adjusting bolt 12. The cultivator is equipped with lancet universal paws with a capture width of 270 and 330 Mi, respectively, 8 and 16 pieces. On highly clogged fields on long ridges, paws B are installed with a capture width of 270 mm.

work, does, cultivator, soil, loosening

Boron mounting device is a design assembled from four rods with rods, leashes and four stretch marks. The teeth harrows are attached to the device with the help of hooks and loops of leashes 30. Stretches of 28 are fixed with stretch marks or chains 29 to the ends of the rods. Stretch marks; or the chains are connected by locks with the links Boron. When transporting a boron of links to a larger distance, it is necessary to put the cultivator’s frames on the bars without separating them from leashes, and each link should be securely fixed on the frame.

A hinged cultivator KPS-4-03 instead of the SHCI has a car castle, which is mounted on a frame using brackets and bolts.

KSHU-6 and KSHU-12 cultivators belong to sectional wide-winging machines. By purpose, they are similar to the cultivator KPS-4.

The KSHU-12 cultivator consists of the central 13, two average II and 14 and two extreme 10 and 15 sections interconnected articulated. In the working position, the section is located in one plane. The central section is based on paired wheels 12, and the extreme sections on wheels 5. To transport the cultivator to distant distances, the extreme and medium sections of hydraulic cylinders I to 4 are rotated relative to the central one. And are located vertically. On the sections, universal paws are installed in three rows with 8 width of the capture of 330 mm or loosening paws on elastic pendants, a spring boron 9 or a rink rink. The depth of the course of all paws is changed by rotating the regulator’s screw 6, separate paws. Rearranging the rack in holders. The width of the capture of the cultivator KSHU-12-12 m, KSHU-6-6 m.

The cultivators of the KShP-8 and KPZ-9.7 are used for pre-sowing soil processing with loosening to a depth of 6 12 cm and alignment of the surface, as well as for vapor processing. Shorting machines, folding, equipped with loosening paws of 22 on S-shaped racks, placed in four rows, aligning the beam 16, rinks 23 or oak 9 horns. On moist and heavy soils, dentitions are used, on light soils. Rollers.

The KShP-8 cultivator is aggregated with MTZ-80 and T-150K tractors. The width of its capture is 8 m, the operating speed is 7 12 kmh. The capture width of the KPZ is 9.7. 9.7 m, performance of 8.7 gachs, performance 2.8 hach, operating speed up to 6 km.

In the process of preparing for the work, the health of the cultivator is checked, the arrangement of its working bodies and their installation on a given depth of the course, preparation of the tractor and its connection with the cultivator.

3.2 Check service and arrangement of the working bodies

In a cultivator, cleared of dirt and plant residues, checks the complete part of the parts, strength of fasteners, the presence of bolts and nuts, wiring cords, the serviceability of the riders, the paws of paws, the rising forces and the pressure rods. Faulty parts, replace, weakened fasteners pull up. Check the presence of lubrication in the wheels of the wheels and pressure in the tires, if necessary, lubricate the bearings and pump up the tires. The thickness of the blades of the paws should not exceed 1 mm.

For processing, slightly clogged fields on the front row, they are installed, lancuted paws with a capture of 270 mm, and on the back row. With a capture of 330 mm. To process heavily clogged fields on the front and back rows, it sets paws with a capture of 330 mm. For combing the root of the elaboration weeds, the front and back row was setting a single holders of spring racks, and on the back row. Doubled and attached to the holders of racks with loose paws.