Cutting of sandwich panels for slopes

Table of Contents:

Do-it-yourself quick installation of sandwich panel slopes

Have you ever dealt with finishing window slopes with your own hands? I, yes, and I want to say that I did not like the plastering. Not that it looks ugly, it’s just that the installation process is long and very laborious. I would like to use a faster option that I can do with my own hands. A friend advised me to make the slopes with sandwich panels. According to him, this is a quick and easy way that does not require much effort or skill. Immediately after that, I began to look for the information I needed, which now I want to share with you.

cutting, sandwich, panels, slopes

Now technologies do not stand still and are constantly being improved. One of such innovations is the installation of sandwich panels. Having a sufficient number of advantages, panels are becoming more and more in demand every day, and even an inexperienced beginner can install them.

Material properties

Plastic slopes from sandwich panels

The device of standard panels looks like a sheet, the outer side of which is a one-piece pvc sheet, the inner side is polystyrene sheet, and there is a heater in the middle. That is why this finishing option was called the American word. sandwich panel. They differ only in the material of the facing side, and the installation remains the same for any type.

Important! The people call sandwich slopes. warm slopes. This is due to the insulation that is present in the panel.

When you have already imagined what it is, I will tell you about their advantages:

  • Despite their popularity, they remain affordable for everyone due to their affordable price.
  • This is not just a building element, it is also an independent device that has its own complete set.
  • The internal space is filled with mineral wool or expanded polystyrene. this indicates the non-combustibility of the structure.
  • Excellent performance of thermal insulation, as well as additional sound insulation is achieved with their help.
  • This finishing method is durable and durable.
  • If you are doing the installation yourself, then you must follow the installation technology exactly. In this case, the resistance to moisture and mold will be at a high level.

Sandwich panels for finishing slopes

For those who decide to change the windows in their house or apartment, and install the slopes with their own hands, I will give advice: you need to wait at least 24 hours after installing the windows and only then finish the slopes with sandwich panels. The advantage of installing a sandwich over plaster is that self-assembly does not require painting skills and is a clean way.

It is important not only to correctly install the slopes, but also how to cut the panels. It is better to cut plastic elements with a circular saw on plastic or aluminum. At the same time, the fine pitch of the teeth is able to cope with the task perfectly. In addition, it is necessary to cut the material at a temperature of 5 degrees Celsius. if you do not observe the temperature regime, then due to a decrease in impact strength, chips may appear on the cut mowing line. If there is a finishing of the slopes with pvc panels, then you can cut it with many tools. But the most optimal is a hacksaw for metal, it is possible for wood. You need to cut it face up and with a slight angular slope. You can cut the angle grinder at your own risk, but overdoing it with pressure can cause the panel to break.

Getting started with the installation

Finishing of window slopes with sandwich panels

It will be quite easy to make the slopes of sandwich panels if you adhere to the rules and sequence of actions. Even if there is no experience in finishing the slopes with your own hands, then there is no need to be afraid of this work. Before starting installation, you need to prepare tools and materials, you will need:

  • Sandwich panel. what material to purchase, you choose yourself
  • Start profile
  • F profile
  • Liquid plastic. used as desired
  • Roulette and knife
  • A screwdriver with self-tapping screws, a screwdriver and a drill. the latter are probably in every home.

Sandwich panel slopes in a panel house

I have already said that installation should be done at least one day after the installation of new windows. Using a tape measure, you need to measure and cut out panels for the side and top slopes. Unnecessary pieces of polyurethane foam are removed with a knife and the installation of the starting P profile begins using self-tapping screws for fasteners. They need to be screwed in with a gap of 10-15 cm. Do not forget that the upper profile is attached first, and only then the side ones should tightly dock with the upper one. Next, we proceed to the installation of the slopes with a sandwich panel, it is inserted into the grooves of the profile. In the same way, we start from the upper slope.

Finishing plastic slopes

Then there are two options:

  • First. from above and below we insert pieces of the starting profile into the vertical strip, and then the side panels enter these grooves.
  • The second. the panel is simply attached end-to-end with the window sill and the upper slope, after which the gaps are closed with the help of liquid plastic.

When this stage is completed, it remains to give the slopes a finished look. To do this, use the f profile, it must be fixed at the edges of the sandwich canvas. For additional thermal insulation, the voids between the sandwich sheet and the wall are filled with polyurethane foam. this process does not bring any inconvenience, since it is very easy to dismantle the profile. After filling the voids f, the bar is returned to its place.

Plastic slopes from sandwich panels on a balcony block

One more tip! It is better to cut the f profile after installation. for this it is fastened with an overlap and then with the help of a pencil the cutting line is outlined. Thus, the maximum joining of the planks can be achieved.

Composition of sandwich panels

PVC sandwich panels for slopes are of two types: two and three-layer. Two-layer products consist of a decorative outer plastic layer and expanded polystyrene on the back. The three-layer product has a decorative layer on both sides, which provides a more rigid structure that retains its shape well.

The decorative plastic layer can be made in any color scheme, and can also imitate various textures, therefore, finishing windows with sandwich panels of this type is possible in any interiors.

Three-layer structure provides a more rigid structure

Thanks to the use of extruded polystyrene foam as the main material of the product, the maximum energy-saving effect is achieved. And thanks to the zero thermal conductivity of the products, you don’t have to worry about fogging up the windows and frames.

For finishing slopes, it is recommended to use two-layer panels.

When arranging slopes on windows, it is recommended to use plastic sandwich panels with two layers. In this case, additional insulation of the inner layer covered with plastic is not required.

Preparation for work

To install the slopes from the sandwich panels with your own hands, you will need the following tools and fixtures:

  • Several spatulas of various sizes and a miter box so that the slab can be cut at the required angle;
  • Jigsaw or hacksaw for working with metal;
  • Screwdrivers or screwdriver;
  • Measuring instruments in the form of a level and tape measure;
  • “Liquid nails” and a gun for them;
  • Furniture stapler.

Before installing warm slopes, you need to prepare a number of tools

Before installing a sandwich panel for slopes, it is necessary to prepare:

  • Window sills and plastic windows should be closed with polyethylene or cardboard;
  • The surface of the wall is inspected for mold or dampness;
  • Cut off excess polyurethane foam with a clerical knife;
  • At this stage, it is important to assess the strength of the base, if it is partially destroyed, then it must be restored;

Before installing the panels, it is necessary to clean the window opening.

  • Before finishing the slopes with sheets, they must be treated with an antiseptic primer. This is done to prevent the spread of mold;
  • Installation of slopes from sandwich panels involves sealing all seams that will be hidden under them with a sealant.
  • Installation of slopes from sandwich panels will be done with high quality with correct measurement of the opening.

    Material features

    It is important to purchase high-quality material, since otherwise, under the influence of direct sunlight, the panels may lose their shape and turn yellow.

    When working with this material, care should be taken with mechanical stress on it, for example, cutting. The material is fragile enough and the sheet can be damaged if the forces are not calculated.

    Sandwich panels should be handled with care to avoid material damage.

    If there is not enough space between the window hinge and the wall, this material cannot be installed. It is important to take into account that the window opening when using this material will decrease on both sides by the thickness of the panels.

    Instructions for finishing window slopes with sandwich panels

    The final stage after the installation of metal-plastic windows is the internal and external finishing of the slopes of the windows. Various materials can be used for interior work, but slopes for windows made of sandwich panels have proven themselves best. This is due to the technical characteristics of the material used and the ease of installation. How to make slopes from sandwich panels will be described below.

    Positive traits

    The sandwich is used in the manufacture of blind elements for balcony and street doors, as well as balcony enclosing structures. The doors, with sandwich panels at the bottom, prevent heat from escaping. This is due to the fact that the panels for the slopes of windows and doors have the following positive qualities:

    • The sandwich is lightweight with sufficient strength.
    • Thanks to the expanded polystyrene filler, heat loss is excluded, the energy efficiency of the room is increased and optimal microclimatic conditions are created. No wonder expanded polystyrene has established itself as a reliable insulation.
    • The ability to laminate the surface to create a single composite integrity with the window system makes it a modern, versatile finishing material.

    With the help of laminated panels, you can finish the window for any interior

  • It is possible to select the size of the material depending on the parameters of the window opening.
  • Plastic slopes are resistant to moisture ingress, temperature extremes and biological substances.
  • Warm slopes for plastic windows are not subject to rotting and the spread of mold.
  • Finishing the slopes of plastic windows with this material allows you to increase the noise insulation properties of the window system.
  • Ease of installation and maintenance of window slopes.
  • What are slopes

    It is a structural element of a window opening niche in the form of side inner walls. Window decoration is mandatory, since the functioning of the window structure depends on it. Filling the assembly seam with foam requires its protection from the external environment.

    The slope protects the polyurethane foam from destruction

    Polyurethane foam is a porous material that insulates the seam, but at the same time is able to absorb moisture and collapse under its influence. If the foam is closed reliably, then you don’t have to worry that over time the windows will fog up or freeze through in winter.

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    Due to the aesthetic appearance of the material, the finishing of the slopes with sandwich panels has a neat appearance.

    Advantages over other finishes

    If you are thinking of finishing the slopes of plastic windows with your own hands, then insulated panels are the best option.

    When using drywall, you will have to purchase more material than is required for one window. Working with this material is considered time consuming and requires certain skills.

    Decorating slopes with sandwich panels is the least labor-intensive in comparison with other methods

    Plastering will take a lot of time and effort. If you have no experience with plaster, it will be very difficult to create a flat surface. It will take time for the plaster layer to dry. The process of work itself is associated with significant pollution of the surrounding space.

    The use of other materials, such as MDF, will look strange. A trim element made of the same material will look more harmonious with a plastic window frame.

    Window slopes / sandwich panels

    • Roto NT fittings for PVC windows and doors
    • Roto NT hardware for wooden windows and doors
    • Maco fittings for plastic windows and doors
    • GU hardware for PVC windows and doors
    • WinkHaus fittings for plastic windows
    • Fornax fittings for plastic windows and doors
    • Siegenia fittings for plastic windows and doors
    • Roto OK (GT) fittings for PVC windows and doors
    • Push-on set (handle for entrance door)
    • PVC door hinges
    • Hinges for AL doors
    • Single point locks
    • Multi-point locks
    • Striking plates
    • Door handles
    • Cylinder / Lock Cylinder
    • Closers for doors
    • Anchor bolts
    • Anchor plates
    • Dowel-nails
    • Self-tapping screws
    • Concrete screws

    Installation and design of slopes is an important component in the installation of window structures. There are several materials from which quality slopes can be made, but plastic sandwich panels have become the most popular option in the modern market. They are not difficult to install, and the opening is very neat and beautiful.

    What is sandwich panel.

    As the name suggests, the material consists of three layers. two thin polymer plates on the sides and insulation in the middle made of mineral wool or expanded polystyrene. Insulation can be free-foam or extruded. In addition, the design of the sandwich panel slopes also includes a starting profile in the shape of a P and a casing. a plastic profile in the shape of an F.

    The advantages of sandwich panels. This material has become widespread due to the many advantages that distinguish it favorably from other coatings for slopes.

    • Ease of installation and ease of use. the installation of slopes from sandwich panels does not require special skills or experience, when used it is easy to clean;
    • Moisture resistance. do not get damp and do not deteriorate from water, do not let moisture into the room, condensation does not form on the panels;
    • Reliability and durability. the panels serve for a long time and with high quality, comply with fire safety, if you do not expose them to heavy loads, they will last for more than a dozen years;
    • Resistance to external influences. do not fade in the sun, withstand temperature changes and humidity, are not susceptible to the formation of mold, mildew and insects;
    • High hydro-, heat- and noise insulation. high-quality insulation used in the panels gives a reliable guarantee of sealing the room, does not let cold, dampness and outside noise into the dwelling;
    • Aesthetics. sandwich panels are completely ready for use, do not require decorative coating, have a wide color spectrum, fit into any interior and look organically with plastic windows.

    Installation of sandwich panels on window slopes. Although the installation of sandwich panels does not require special skill and skill, it is more expedient to entrust the repair or construction work to a specialist. If you want to install the slopes yourself, then follow the recommendations:

    • first, it is necessary to clean the slopes of dust and dirt, fill up the existing holes and voids, treat the surface with an antiseptic;
    • for additional sealing, you can stick a vapor barrier tape around the perimeter of the window block;
    • measure the dimensions of the slopes in order to correctly select the length of the profile and sandwich panels;
    • using self-tapping screws, strengthen the starting profile, pre-cut to the required length, along the perimeter of the window opening;
    • carefully cut the sandwich panel to the desired size at a 90 ° right angle to avoid creating gaps;
    • insert the sandwich panels into the previously installed profiles and fix it with foam or self-tapping screws (in this case, install the side panels first, then the upper sandwich panels);
    • install platbands or decorative corners, gluing them to the wall and slope with liquid nails;
    • seal the butt joints between the slopes and the window sill with silicone sealant.

    Note. When installing sandwich panels yourself, do not forget to purchase a U-shaped starting profile and an F-shaped platband or decorative corner. In addition, for work you will need:

    • scissors or a hacksaw for cutting metal. to cut panels and a profile of the required length evenly and accurately;
    • tape measure. to measure the size of the slopes;
    • level. to exclude the possibility of curvature and unevenness of the panels;
    • electric drill. when attaching parts to self-tapping screws;
    • polyurethane foam, sealants and liquid nails Cosmofen CA 12 or liquid plastic Cosmofen 345.

    Qualitatively installed slopes made of sandwich panels give the interior a complete aesthetic appearance, they combine environmental friendliness, simplicity and practicality. over, sandwich panels reliably protect housing from the cold and do not allow moisture to pass through, preventing the formation of mold and mildew. Such slopes will serve you for a long time, pleasing with their quality and beautiful design.

    Comparison with other materials.

    Sandwich panels and classic plastic slopes are similar in consumer qualities, since the first and second are lightweight, resistant to everyday loads and unpretentious in maintenance.

    If you look at the indicators of moisture resistance, then “clean” plastic wins over the panels, but noticeably inferior to them in terms of thermal insulation parameters. This advantage of sandwich panels is achieved due to the use of extruded polystyrene as a heater against the air gap in plastic. This indicator is important, because the moisture resistance of the window depends more on the correct installation of the profile system and its insulation, and protection from the cold of the streets is never superfluous.

    The use of panels for installation of slopes increases the operational parameters of metal-plastic windows in Odessa and makes it possible for the window unit not to lose its characteristics for 20-30 years.

    Comparing sandwich panels to drywall, you can immediately notice their benefits. So the weight of the panels is 1.6-1.7 kg / m2 against the weight of the gypsum board up to 10 kg / m2 with a sheet thickness of 12.5 mm. This reduces the load on the base of the slope and speeds up the installation process. In terms of thermal insulation, panels also outperform gypsum boards by up to 20-30% with comparable material thickness.

    During installation, the sandwich panels do not crumble, therefore a minimum of construction waste is formed, which is especially important if the work is carried out in a clean apartment without parallel repair of the premises.

    Advantages and Disadvantages of Sandwich Panels for Window Slopes.

    It is possible to take full advantage of the advantages of a metal-plastic window only with proper installation of slopes, because in this case the expectations for the complex heat and sound insulation of the window block are justified. Today we will look at the advantages and features of sandwich panels, which are often used to equip a window slope.

    Panel features.

    Sandwich panels consist of:

    • J- and C-profile,
    • Guide rail,
    • Insulation (polystyrene),
    • Top decorative panel.

    The C-shaped profile is fixed to the inner (from the side of the room) edge of the slope, so the owners do not need to re-glue the wallpaper near the window after the installation is completed. The rail goes under the C-profile, adjacent to the J-piece, on which the plastic panel rests. Insulation fills the voids between the plastic and the base of the slope, blocking the flow of cold from the side of the window block.

    The panels are washed with any detergent (one requirement is the absence of an abrasive in the composition), while they do not fade under ultraviolet light and do not emit any harmful fumes when heated.

    Installation of wall sandwich panels

    In addition to the tools required to install the sandwich panels on the roof, you will need a plumb line.

    Wall panels are installed in two ways. vertically and horizontally.

    The vertical method is convenient when the height of knowledge is from 3 to 6 m.The panels are fastened with self-tapping screws closer to the plinth and roof, the locks provide a strong adhesion of the panels.

    The horizontal method of fastening makes it easier to connect the locks. The weight of the panel ensures a secure grip of the locks.

    The panels are attached at the edges to the frame. Installation begins from the basement of the building.

    General rules for sandwich panels installation

    • Preparatory work.
    • Install frame.
    • Treat wooden structures with an antiseptic.
    • Protect metal structures from corrosion. remove rust and apply a primer on the metal.
    • Carry out a gasket. For panels with polyurethane insulation, polyurethane foam is used. If the insulation is made of mineral wool, the gasket is made of the same material.
    • Stick plastic tape on the frame elements, or apply silicone sealant.

    When joining panels, apply silicone sealant to the lock.

    • Final work.

    Install strips at joints, slopes and corners.

    Cutting Rake angle on Panel

    What are the captures

    Grips for sandwich panel mounting are mechanical and vacuum.

    • Mechanical grippers.

    The gripper-clamp has a screw mechanism. With this grip, the panel is lifted horizontally.

    Fixing scheme when using a gripper. clamps.

    Mechanical grippers “Maina-Vira” allow to lift panels in a vertical position.

    • With the help of vacuum grips, the panel is attached within a few minutes. They are more convenient to work with. At a cost more expensive than mechanical.

    In order not to spend money on expensive equipment, rent a tool.

    When using vacuum grippers, remove the protective film from the places where the gripper will be attached. You do not need to remove the entire film. this is done after installation.

    After the panel is secured in the gripper, it must be lifted to a height. It’s good if you have a crane. If there is no crane, use the winch.

    What is a sandwich panel and where are they used

    Panels are produced ready-made or assembled on site.

    Piece-wise sandwich panels are cheaper. Their installation takes much longer than the installation of ready-made ones. The only advantage of such panels is that they are lightweight and easier to lift.

    The rules for assembling panels of element-by-element assembly are shown in the video.

    The finished sandwich panels are made of three main layers. The outer sides are rigid, between them there is insulation.

    For the outer coating, metal, fiberboard, magnesite plates or PVC are used. Fiberglass, expanded polystyrene, mineral wool or polyurethane foam are used as insulation.

    Topcoat material determines the area of ​​application of the panels.

    • Metal, galvanized iron. for roofing and erection of frame building structures.
    • Fiberboard. for building houses. Fiberboard covering requires further finishing.
    • PVC cover. for finishing indoor slopes

    It is necessary to work especially carefully with panels with mineral wool insulation. If the installation rules are violated, moisture can penetrate into the panel, this will significantly reduce the service life of the panel due to the loss of thermal insulation properties. Sealants and strips must be used to seal.

    reliable polyurethane foam insulation. It is not afraid of moisture and retains its qualities for a long time.

    The panels are produced in two types. roofing and wall.

    Wall panels have a smooth or profiled surface.

    Roofing ones have a profile on both sides or only on the outside. The top layer of the coating is made of galvanized iron with a thickness of 0.5-0.7 mm.

    When purchasing, study the technical documentation, it contains recommendations for installation and requirements for the frame base.

    Installation of roofing sandwich panels

    Cutting of sandwich panels for slopes

    Sandwich panels are used for the construction of new buildings, as well as for reconstruction and insulation of already built ones.

    Tools and materials

    • Slings and clamps for lifting panels.
    • Metal scissors.
    • Fine-toothed hacksaw.
    • Screwdriver.
    • Wooden scraper.
    • Level.
    • Cord.
    • Panels.
    • Self-tapping screws.
    • Means for sealing joints.
    • Cover strips.

    To prepare for the installation of sandwich panels on the roof, wooden rafters are installed, taking into account a slope of no more than 7º.

    The most difficult thing when installing roof sandwich panels is to lift them.
    It is important here not to damage the lock. If you do not have grabs, lift the panels with soft slings on the pallet. Handle the coating carefully. damage to the coating will lead to corrosion of the top layer.

    • Examine the locks. Mineral wool should not protrude beyond the inner shelf of the lock.
    • Remove excess cotton wool with a wooden scraper.
    • Start installation from the ridge of the roof.
    • The first panel is attached with an open wave towards the end of the building.
    • Align the edge of the panel with the end of the building.
    • Check how much the overhang of the panel protrudes. Observe the distance indicated in the project.
    • Pull the cord over the ridge of the roof. The panel edge must run parallel to the building axis.
    • Secure the panel. Use special self-tapping screws with a rubber washer. Self-tapping screws are spaced 50 mm apart, screwed at an angle of 90º to the panel. Do not screw in the self-tapping screws deeply. you can damage the top layer of the coating.
    • After installing the first row of panels, apply a sealant to the locks to seal the joints.
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    What tool is used for cutting?

    • Jigsaw.
    • Electric shears for metal
    • Circular or band saw for metal.

    Do not use an angle grinder for cutting. the metal heats up very much, this leads to a loss of corrosion resistance.

    Heaters. mineral wool or expanded polystyrene are highly flammable. One spark is enough for ignition, and when cutting metal, a lot of them are formed.

    Trimming is done on site after fixing the panel.

    PVC window slopes

    Obvious pluses

    Among the advantages of PVC elements, the following should be highlighted:
    -aesthetics of the PVC surface;
    -the presence of a perfectly smooth and even surface of PVC elements;
    -the presence of a grandiose color palette, which will not cause problems with the choice;
    -the duration of use of the presented slopes is equivalent to the service life of the window structures themselves;
    -the ability to quickly install. in the conditions of an average window in panel houses, finishing work will take no more than an hour and a half;
    -finishing with plastic slopes does not need any additional measures;
    -easy to clean;
    -sandwich panel slopes are characterized by a low heat transfer coefficient, which is possible due to the closed and inhomogeneous texture of the inner layers;
    -the presented elements are moisture resistant, which can be attributed not only to the outer, but also to the inner layer of the PVC element;
    -are distinguished by a good indicator of resistance to vapor permeability;

    Sandwich panels and slopes

    Window slope Qunell 300mm, mahogany (Renolit 2097-013)

    Window slope Qunell 300mm, mahogany (Renolit 2097-013)

    1,027.39 benefit: 102.74

    Cost per 6 m: 4 824.24

    Self-adhesive strip Bauset RNG 50×1 mm roll 6,25m dark oak (blister)

    Self-adhesive strip Bauset RNG 50×1 mm roll 6,25m dark oak (blister)

    1,598.21 benefit: 159.82

    Vacation rate: 1 roll.

    Cost for 1 roll. : 1 438.39

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, natural oak (Renolit 3118-076)

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, natural oak (Renolit 3118-076)

    769.03 gain: 76.90

    Cost for 6 m: 3 611.10

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset RS 10x1500x3000 mm (0.8×1.0 mm), white matt

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset RS 10x1500x3000 mm (0.8×1.0 mm), white matt

    2,278.98 benefit: 227.89

    Vacation rate: 1 piece.

    Cost for 1 piece. : 2 051.09

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, white

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, white

    145.74 benefit: 14.57

    Cost for 6 m: 684.36

    Slope with platband VNT-Premium EM 250×10 6,0m white ice painted

    Slope with platband VNT-Premium EM 250×10 6,0 m white ice painted

    1,570.67 benefit: 157.07

    Vacation rate: 1 piece.

    Cost for 1 piece. : 1 413.60

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    788.07 benefit: 78.81

    Cost for 6 m: 3 700.50

    Corner PVC Bauset TPL 30x30x0.8 white matt 3.0m

    Corner PVC Bauset TPL 30x30x0.8 white matt 3.0m

    49.80 benefit: 4.98

    Vacation rate: 3 m

    Cost per 3 m: 44.82

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset TPL 9х400х2000 mm, matt white (cutting)

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset TPL 9х400х2000 mm, matt white (cutting)

    353.99 benefit: 35.40

    Vacation rate: 1 piece.

    Cost for 1 piece. : 318.59

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, sheffield oak light (LG GF402_5F)

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, sheffield oak light (LG GF402_5F)

    387.02 benefit: 38.70

    Cost for 6 m: 1 817.34

    Platband Exter 78×10 mm R 2097 013 mahogany 6.0 m

    Platband Exter 78×10 mm R 2097 013 mahogany 6.0 m

    1 923.12 benefit: 192.30

    Vacation rate: 6 m

    Cost per 6 m: 1,730.82

    Profile (L) initial Bauset TPL 27x20mm white 6.0 m

    Profile (L) initial Bauset TPL 27x20mm white 6,0 m

    21.89 gain: 2.20

    Cost per 6 m: 102.72

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset TPL 9x250x2000 mm, white matte (cutting)

    Sandwich panel (insulated slope) Bauset TPL 9x250x2000 mm, white matte (cutting)

    210.26 benefit: 21.02

    Vacation rate: 1 piece.

    Cost for 1 piece. : 189.24

    Self-adhesive strip Bauset RNG 50×1 mm roll 6,25m white (blister)

    Self-adhesive strip Bauset RNG 50×1 mm roll 6,25m white (blister)

    326.75 benefit: 32.68

    Vacation rate: 1 roll.

    Cost for 1 roll. : 294.07

    Corner strip for window trim Qunell U-81 R 2178 001 ash oak

    Corner strip for window trim Qunell U-81 R 2178 001 ash oak

    273.78 benefit: 27.37

    Vacation rate: 1 piece.

    Cost for 1 piece. : 246.41

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, light Sheffield oak (LG GF402_5F)

    Window slope Qunell 200mm, light Sheffield oak (LG GF402_5F)

    779.81 benefit: 77.99

    Cost for 6 m: 3 661.68

    Window slope Qunell 600mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    Window slope Qunell 600mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    2 699.17 benefit: 269.91

    Cost for 6 m: 12 674.40

    Cover strip Bauset RNG 60×1 mm roll 50.0 m white, self-adhesive

    Cover strip Bauset RNG 60×1 mm roll 50.0 m white, self-adhesive

    1,823.00 benefit: 182.50

    Vacation rate: 50 m

    Cost per 50 m: 1,640.50

    End profile for slopes Exter 40×6000 mm white (F)

    End profile for slopes Exter 40×6000 mm white (F)

    186.00 benefit: 18.60

    Vacation rate: 6 m

    Cost per 6 m: 167.40

    Window slope Qunell 400mm, white

    Window slope Qunell 400mm, white

    654.80 benefit: 65.48

    Cost for 6 m: 3 074.70

    Window slope Qunell 400mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    Window slope Qunell 400mm, golden oak (Renolit 2178-001)

    1,653.52 benefit: 165.35

    Cost per 6 m: 7 764.36

    Platband Bauset RNG 75x10mm white 6.0 m

    Platband Bauset RNG 75x10mm white 6.0 m

    580.32 benefit: 58.02

    Vacation rate: 6 m

    Cost per 6 m: 522.30

    Platband Exter 78×10 mm white 6.0 m

    Platband Exter 78×10 mm white 6.0 m

    127.51 benefit: 12.75

    Cost per 6 m: 598.74

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, UV-printing (Geometry) white

    Platband window Qunell N-75mm, UV-printing (Geometry) white

    1 202.10 benefit: 120.18

    Vacation rate: 3 m

    Cost for 3 m: 1 081.92

    The construction industry is constantly renewing itself and identifying fresh priorities. Few people are attracted by traditional wooden windows. Plastic constructions have become a worthy replacement for them. PVC products have proven themselves in the field of glazing not only in new buildings, but also during the reconstruction of old buildings.

    Plastic corner for slopes. classification

    It is quite realistic to make slopes on windows with your own hands, but first, let’s get acquainted with the most popular technologies for their industrial execution:
    1. From sandwich panels. can have different texture and color. They are in perfect harmony with any window frames. PVC sandwich panels have a porous texture, which perfectly conserves heat and eliminates the risk of condensation. The cost is not great.
    2. Products made of foamed polyvinyl chloride. durable and uniform surface. They are characterized by high plasticity, therefore they are used to create curved and extended slopes.
    3. Plasterboard slopes, which are covered with hard plastic. they have a low strength of the plastic layer, because of this there is a high risk of deformation.

    Slopes from Bauset

    Characteristics and features of the material

    A pair of layers consists of plastic, the third, the inner layer is insulation. Such panels are used in construction almost everywhere, you can do any work, but there are some differences, which lies in the insulation used.

    Advantages of sandwich panel slopes

    Panel insulation is most often mineral wool. The sandwich construction is ideal to install it on the slope of the window, the material does not allow extraneous noise and cold to pass through, due to which the window will retain heat in the house. The characteristics of the panels do not end there, because mold, fungus does not appear on them, they do not undergo temperature changes. The sandwich panel is made of different materials, which stands on the outside, for more details in the table:

    Material: Description:
    Cink Steel: Installation of panels is easy, operation is simple. Not used for windows.
    Aluzinc: It is extremely rarely used for windows, due to the fact that the view of the window will be spoiled.
    Drywall: Suitable for creating panels on slopes. Easy to use in work, the slopes will look beautiful.
    Plastisol: Durable material, since the panels contain special additives that make the panel stronger. Not subject to destruction due to weather conditions, resistant to mechanical damage. The composition is free of toxins, which means that sandwich panels of this type can be installed for window slopes, both inside and outside.
    Polyvinyl chloride or polypropylene: Most often used to create a sandwich panel, ideal for window slopes.

    Important! It is convenient to sheathe a window with such material, because PVC panels are produced in different colors, they use white material or wood imitation.

    Preparatory work

    After dismantling wooden windows and installing metal-plastic ones, it is necessary to prepare the surface for the device of a slope made of sandwich panels. You need to do the work step by step, the instructions for preparation are as follows:

    • The wall is coated with an anti-fungal agent.
    • The polyurethane foam, which interferes, is cut off, if necessary, the slots can be foamed and then the remaining foam can be cut off.
    • The frame is measured, points must be put along the perimeter, retreating from the edge by 5 mm. 2-3 points are drawn on each side. After that, a level is put to them and everything is connected. the line must be flat.
    • The dimensions of the opening at the top and bottom are removed. By the way, during preparation, you can also insulate the window sill. Insulation will make the house warm and cozy.

    Do-it-yourself preparation of slopes from sandwich panels is completed, now you need to install the system on the window.

    How to make sandwich panel slopes correctly

    Sandwich panels for slopes: basic rules and nuances of installation

    Window slopes. a window element on which not only the appearance, but also the functioning depends.

    A sandwich panel is increasingly used, since the material is light in weight, easy to maintain and resistant to stress.

    Sandwich panels for the slopes of plastic windows. finishing material, which includes three layers.

    Pros of plastic sandwich panels for window slopes

    The main advantage of the panels is 100% resistance to moisture, which means that there will be no mold and mildew on the slopes, condensation will not appear on the window. Comparing drywall and sandwich panel, the plastic sheets are easier to install, the installation process is easy, in addition, there is almost no debris during operation.

    The cladding does not require special care, it will be enough to rinse the surface when needed and that’s it. Installation work does not require a special tool, a standard set and a knife or jigsaw, which can be used to cut and saw the material, are enough. The expense of funds for the slope is minimal, the cost of the panels is acceptable, given the advantages of the material.

    Installation of slopes from sandwich panels

    The installation of window slopes from sandwich panels is correctly carried out as follows:

    • A material is being prepared that needs to be lined with a window. In the course of work, application will require: starting profile, finishing profile, platband, foam, silicone or sealant.
    • Further, everything is carefully measured again, the data is transferred to the mount (profile). The profile should be cut to size and then installed around the window perimeter with self-tapping screws. The step width is 15-20 cm.
    • Now the depth of the slope and other parameters of the elements are taken in order to transfer the data to the panel. Cutting tools cut the sheathing.

    Filling cracks with polyurethane foam

    • All the cracks on the slope must be filled with foam, only after that the installation of the slopes from the sandwich panels begins.
    • The panel is placed in the starting profile, it will guide the rest of the slicing. The material is leveled.
    • The trim should be fixed with tape or with a support rail.
    • Similarly, the panels should be fixed throughout the window and adhesive tape should be glued to them.
    • If the gap between the panel and the wall is large, the thickness allows, then the technology provides for the insertion of mineral wool.
    • The outer casing is cut to the height of the window and is made slightly longer than the opening, by the width of the casing.
    • The plastic casing is put on the panel, in accordance with the dimensions.

    Installed sandwich panels on a plastic window

    • Making the right angles, for them you will need to cut the upper part of the casing at 45 degrees, and then fasten it at the top. The plastic corner should be aligned around the edges. The vertical side is done in the same way.
    • At the end, the seams are sealed, which will keep street noise and cold, preventing them from entering the house. Silicone is used for this. The platbands themselves should be smeared around the perimeter and glued to the slope.
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    This completes the finishing of the slopes with sandwich panels. The technical process is presented in detail in the video at the end of the article. A sample of how to trim a window can be found on the Internet in the photo. Installation of PVC sandwich panels for slopes is a simple process, the most convenient and good for people without plastering experience. Knowing the peculiarity of the material and the rules for how to install the slope, you can revet everything yourself.

    Start of installation of slopes

    Like any other repair or construction process, the fastening of sandwich panels for a plastic door begins with the preparation of the surface, walls and the selection of the correct size of insulation material plates. Naturally, replacing the door system involves freeing the opening from the old box and partial destruction of the walls. After finishing the installation of the doors, you need to level the surface around the perimeter, free it from construction debris and dust and prime the walls. This will allow you to fix the slopes with the highest quality in the future.

    Further, of course, you need to prepare the sandwich panels and PVC-endings. This process is as follows:

    • Using a tape measure, the length and thickness of the required plates are measured. This must be done with special care so that the slopes do not go beyond the edges of the opening.
    • All measuring work must be carried out in a certain order: first the upper panel, then the side ones, the bottom. the last.
    • If slopes are being installed in the balcony door system, the width of the window sill should be taken into account, for more accurate measurement.
    • Step by step, all measurements are transferred to. And slabs of the required dimensions are cut out from them.

    The preparation of the PVC end is carried out in the same way.

    The right sandwich slicing and tool selection

    But with all their indisputable advantages, sandwich panels have one serious drawback: they are extremely demanding on mechanical processing. Plastic sheets are very fragile and easily damaged by any careless movement. Foamed polystyrene is a rather viscous material that requires a lot of effort during its machining.

    And the surface of the window slopes is such that the sheets of sandwich panels should be cut to give them the required dimensions. To do this, it is best to use an electric jigsaw, the ultra-fast movements of its cutting blade create a uniform force, under which both brittle plastic and viscous polystyrene are carefully cut. Another advantage of the electric jigsaw is the ability to create curved cuts.

    The only drawback of this tool is that it is not found in every owner.

    Unlike the same angle grinder, which is sure to be found if not with you, then with your iconic or neighbors for sure. But there is one complication here. Keep the angle grinder suspended while cutting. Since this tool has a fairly large weight, it itself, even with not very strong pressure, can damage fragile plastic.

    Finally, you can use a metal hacksaw for cutting, but this method significantly increases the likelihood of cracks and chips due to resonating vibrations that occur, and as a result, you will get uneven cut edges.

    Therefore, if you do not have an electric jigsaw or an angle grinder at home, then it is best to entrust this procedure to a professional who will have the necessary power tool available. Or you can rent a tool, but in current conditions it will cost you dearly.

    For window openings, two- and three-layer sandwich panels are used. The first ones are made of decorative plastic, to the reverse side of which a heat-insulating layer of expanded polystyrene is fixed on an adhesive basis. In the second case, decorative plastic covers the heat-insulating layer on both sides. As a result, three-layer sandwich panels have greater rigidity, which is why they better retain their shape.

    Note that decorative plastics are made in any color scheme, as well as in imitation of various textures of facing materials (wood, stone, etc.). Foamed polystyrene has practically zero thermal conductivity, due to which condensation will not form on the walls of the window opening, and the windows will not fog up.

    A miracle of technology, this is construction sandwich panels

    Each piece consists of a J- and C-like profile, with polystyrene (insulation) between them and an upper design platform. In this case, the “C” profile is fixed at the end of the slope from the side of the room, overlapping the wallpaper without damaging it. So the replacement of windows does not require other types of repair work in the apartment. The plastic panel rests on the J element and the rail under the C element. Cold air streams are blocked by insulation that fills all voids.

    The sun baking in summer will not harm anything and will not cause a harmful smell. Well, you can easily wipe off the dust with a damp cloth with any means at hand. Don’t scratch it! Everything will be as in the photo, and you can’t imagine a better version of the slopes.

    For example, classic plastic panels are not so different from sandwich panels: lightweight, durable, easy to clean. Maybe we don’t need any sandwiches, we’ll just use the ones on the dinner table !? Or even take a half-forgotten drywall.

    In terms of moisture resistance, plastic itself even surpasses panels, but it loses a lot in its thermal insulation qualities. By what means? The sandwiches are insulated with extruded polystyrene (that’s why it’s a sandwich!), Providing high profile insulation. And there is little sense from the air gap system of “clean” plastic, it does not provide the moisture resistance of the window and does not protect it from the external cold in winter.

    Simply put, slopes are made not for the sake of slopes, but for the sake of windows, moreover, metal-plastic ones. And then the use of panels in this matter will extend the life of the window even in a damp climate (next to the sea, river, lake) up to 25-30 years.

    Now let’s compare a sandwich panel with drywall. Take sheets of one and the other with an area of ​​1 sq. meter and 12.5 mm thick. and weigh them. We get one and a half kilograms against ten! Do I need to explain how much easier and faster the installation procedure is and how many times less pressure on the window sill. Well, the fact that panels gain in thermal insulation with the same sheet thickness up to 30% is given in construction textbooks and a reference book. Not to mention that the sandwich is neatly cut with a penknife, and the drywall crumbles. Imagine just the reaction of the landlady with all the household utensils to dust and debris!

    Conclusions of experts

    Insulation is the main factor when buying sandwiches

    As for the properties of sandwich panels, they are most often determined by the type of insulation. In this case, manufacturers offer several options:

    • Mineral wool sandwich panels for balconies. The difference with this type of material is that it has a relatively low weight, so it is easy to install it even at high heights. The advantage of using such structures is resistance to ignition of mineral wool, as well as excellent sound insulation performance.
    • Styrofoam is also popular as an interior design. All thanks to such a property of raw materials as resistance to moisture penetration and the effects of other natural factors. Also, the building material has an improved degree of protection against heat loss.
    • For balconies located at high heights, polyurethane foam systems are very convenient to use. They are comparatively lightweight, and installation of the structure will not take much time. Well tolerate the effects of natural climatic changes and prevent the appearance of mold.
    • Fiberglass has good indicators of heat and sound insulation, which is also used as insulation for a balcony. The material does not deform during long-term operation, it is resistant to fire.

    Advantages of using sandwich panels

    As for the SIP panels, they, according to the opinion of people from different parts of our country, have the following positive characteristics:

    • Many owners of slopes from SIP panels note the speed and ease of installation of this type of building materials. It can be installed without additional physical assistance. Due to the relatively low weight and dimensions, it is also noted that slopes made of this material will not weigh down the wall.
    • Excellent performance indicators are an indisputable plus of the products. Sandwiches have excellent heat and sound insulation. This is due to the presence of a dense ball of insulation, which is used for the inner layer of products.
    • Sandwich panels are resistant to external weather conditions, changes in temperature conditions, so you can install slopes from this type of assembly raw material at any time of the year.
    • Aesthetics. Perhaps one of the indisputable advantages of this type of building product is the attractive design of the structure. You can choose a different color scheme of the panels, depending on the overall appearance of the window opening.

    Compared to other finishing materials, sandwich panel slopes look much more interesting and differ in performance.

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    The outer part of the sandwich panels is an important structural element

    Having decided on the inside of the structure, you should also study the materials that are used for the external design of the panels. It also offers several types of wireframes:

    • Galvanized steel is very popular for sandwich panels. It has excellent strength characteristics and is resistant to corrosion;
    • For loggias located on the sunny side, aluminum is perfect as a frame. It reflects the rays well and eliminates the rapid heating of the room. Also resistant to various weather manifestations in the form of precipitation;
    • The increasing popularity of the frame is gaining polyester. It has good strength characteristics. Does not deform during long-term operation and does not lend itself to changes in temperature conditions.

    In addition to the above configurations of sandwich panels, with daily technological development, new materials and raw materials for structures appear, therefore, the determination with a choice from installation specialists and owners of loggias and balconies becomes more difficult every day.

    It is no longer fashionable to use a balcony as a room for storing unnecessary rubbish that is not needed in an apartment. Now designers are ennobling this room and turning it into a full-fledged working area or a place for rest and relaxation. And in this matter, it is very important that the outer and inner parts of the walls have good thermal insulation performance and have an attractive appearance. The best solution in order to refine the loggia is to use special building structures. But how to choose the highest quality view and not be mistaken with priorities?

    Of course, despite the difference in appearance and characteristics, all structures have a similar structure:

    • The inner layer of the building material, as a rule, is made with the use of insulation;
    • On both sides of the insulation, a special finishing material is applied, which can have a very different design, structure and color scheme.

    What products to choose

    With the growing popularity of building products for quick installation of wall finishing materials, the market is annually replenished with new manufacturers of sandwich panels. And the consumer is faced with a difficult brand choice.

    • Domestic companies for the production of building structures offer quality products that have good thermal performance. You can also pick up products from various types of insulation layer (one manufacturer may have several of them) and a large assortment of external finishing of the material.
    • European sandwich construction companies provide the consumer with various types of products. The long-established production of raw materials and modern technologies have influenced the replenishment of the range of building structures. Today it is possible to purchase two, three and even five-layer configurations, depending on the need for their use.

    But, despite the experience of foreign competitors, firms located in our country are not inferior to the quality of the manufactured product. Therefore, when purchasing a sandwich panel, you should first of all study the characteristics of the raw materials from which they are made.