How to make a small tractor with your own hands

How to make a minitractor from a power tiller: step by step instructions

For owners of land plots, the minitractor is undoubtedly a more desirable acquisition than the single-axle tractor, because it is many times more powerful and convenient. But, unfortunately, not everyone and not always manages to get hold of this particular unit, citing its cost, size and a number of possible reasons.

But if you already have such equipment as a single-axle tractor at your disposal, you can easily remake it into a mini-tractor with your own hands. For this you will need some tools, materials and willingness.

The mini-tractor from the power tiller with his hands

In order to make a miniature tractor from a power tiller with your own hands, you will need:

  • angle grinder;
  • parts for mounting;
  • channels and pipes;
  • a device for drilling;
  • electric welding;
  • Measuring tools (angle, tape measure, caliper);
  • small hand tools (screwdriver, wrenches, hammer, etc. д.).

It is also necessary to buy a ready-made kit for the conversion of a power tiller into a mini-tractor. This will be the main item of expenditure, but you should not save on this equipment, so as not to compromise the quality of the future product.

You still need to pick up comfortable and high-quality steering wheel, seat, wheels and pedals. When all the necessary components are selected, you can begin to create a drawing. Do not neglect this step. with clear drawings and diagrams you will work much easier and faster. The photo below shows examples of the simplest drawings for self-rebuilding a Moto-Block into a mini-tractor.

A good homemade tractor with a motor from a tiller can be made only if the original machine has good power and performance. Ideal for modification are heavy diesel motor blocks. They are quite economical, have a lot of weight, have considerable power, productive and hardy. All these parameters allow you to make a fully-fledged mini-tractor from a walking tractor, capable of plowing heavy soils and work for a long time without interruption.

The remodeling process in general is carried out according to the same algorithm, with minor differences for different models. The general scheme of converting a power tiller into a mini-tractor is as follows.

Preparing the frame

As the mini-tractor will need another pair of wheels, the frame design will have to be improved and strengthened. Metal profiles or metal pipes are used for the new frame. Thickness and size of blanks should be selected according to individual preferences, taking into account the power of the future machine. The components of the future frame are cut out with an angle grinder and welded together. It is reasonable to strengthen the frame with a crossbar. Also take care of attachment points for attachments and towbar if you plan to use a trailer.

Running gear

The front wheels are mounted on a piece of pipe of suitable diameter. On it are mounted ready-made wheel hubs with brake pads. Make a hole in the center of the frame to attach it to the frame. Then mount steering rods to frame through worm reducer. Finally the handlebars themselves are installed.

To mount the rear axle, bearings are pressed into the hubs. On the axle itself the torque is transmitted by the pulley. The wheels can be left from the previous unit, you can pick up new ones, with a stronger tread and a larger width. It is recommended to choose the wheel diameter for the future minitractor of 12 inches and more.

Mounting the engine

It is recommended to mount the engine on a front beam of the frame. This will improve the balance of the machine. It is important to make sure that the PTO is parallel to the rear axle pulley. This will save the belt drive from wear.

Additional systems

When the bulk of the work is done, the braking system and the control system of the attached equipment are installed. It is also not superfluous to install lighting devices.

After the complete assembly, the mini tractor should be run-in according to the requirements of the instruction manual for the power tiller.

Let’s consider in detail how quickly and easily can be converted into a mini-tractor various models of motor blocks.

Homemade tractor from a power tiller

tractor

Mini tractor made from a power tiller “Oka”: photo and description of the construction of self-made.

A single-axle tractor can be converted to a handy mini tractor, this will allow you to perform a wider list of works. We offer to look at another self-made tractor from a folk craftsman. the tractor from the Oka power tiller.

The tractor is made on the frame of the break type, it consists of two half-frames interconnected by the break point. The second half-frame is welded from angles.

Wheels from VAZ car are installed on the tractor, on the rear frame half-axles of Zhigulov.

Power of the “Oka” engine is 6 hp.

The photo shows the fracture unit and the turning mechanism.

In addition, the author has made a dozer blade for snow clearing with a mini tractor.

As you can see, it is possible to make a simple and practical self-made tractor with your own hands.

Instructions for making a machine

Having decided on the model of a power tiller, you can proceed to its modernization. This instruction will be useful for owners of tractors Kentavr, Agro and Zubr.

Making a frame

This is the main element of the mini-tractor’s design and it is with its making that you should start. By extending the frame, an extra pair of wheels, seat and steering wheel can be mounted. To make the frame you will need metal pipes, channel and angle. The cross-sectional dimensions of the workpieces are not of fundamental importance. The main thing is to prevent the frame from deforming under load.

The weighting of the whole machine will benefit him, because traction with the ground will be improved. All material should be cut to the required size, and then welded to a rectangular structure. Bolted joints can be used to strengthen the undercarriage.

It is also desirable to install the frame on a crossbar to increase the rigidity of the entire structure. Then it remains to attach the hanger, the device to work with attachments, to the frame. If the mini-tractor will be used to move objects, it is worth thinking about a towbar.

Undercarriage

Making this element of the machine should begin with the installation of the front wheels. This requires two hubs with brakes that are mounted on a piece of metal tubing. Strictly in the center of this axis it is necessary to drill a through hole. It is required for attaching to the transverse front member of the frame.

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The next step is to mount the gearbox with worm gearing. It must be connected to the front axle by steering rods. After that you can mount the steering column. The rear axle of the machine is mounted on bearings precompressed in steel bushes. Also features a pulley that transmits torque to the wheels from the power pack.

Mounting the motor

In most cases, on homemade mini-tractors, the power plant is located at the front. For this purpose special mounts are welded to the frame. The front-mounted engine allows the implement to be balanced. The drive is transmitted to the wheels through a belt drive. To be able to tension the belt well, all fastening elements should be made adjustable. In addition, when installing the power unit, special attention should be paid to the pulleys, which should be aligned with each other.

Additional equipment

When the power unit is attached to the frame, there are only a few steps to take. First of all mount the braking system and be sure to check the reliability of its operation. After that, you should install the hydraulics to work with the attachments and fix the seat. To protect the engine and other mechanisms of the unit, it is worth to make of thin sheet metal covers. When the machine is assembled, it should be run-in. If there are no problems, you can check its operation under load.

Minitractor with engine from a power tiller with his hands drawings. Instructions for assembling a mini-tractor from a power tiller

Those who are interested in how to make a mini tractor from a Neva, Forte or Zubr motoblock, you should know that the manufacturer does not matter much, it does not affect the efficiency of the tractor. The main thing is to work out the drawing and the scheme of the construction correctly. The owner of the equipment can also use ready-made.

Frame and body

It is allowed to use metal spigots and angles to build the frame. Bolts should be used as fasteners, but welding is required to create a strong connection.

The mini tractor with their own hands can be equipped with a body. This will give the technique not only a presentable appearance, but also protect the components from dust, mechanical and climatic effects. Stainless steel sheets are used in this case.

Operator’s seat and steering unit

After completing the frame with the body for the homemade equipment, the operator’s seat should be attached to the structure. You can use the driver’s seat from any car. Install it in such a way that the driver can easily adjust to the position of the seat itself. the height and angle. The steering system is built according to the principle of karting setup. But here you need to strengthen and shorten the drawbar.

Running gear

The wheel set for making a special equipment into a mini-tractor must consist of four wheels with a diameter of 12-14 inches.

If you install wheels with smaller dimensions, the mini tractor will bury itself in the ground when driving, and in the opposite case. it will be difficult to steer.

Running-in equipment

After work on the creation of a mini tractor to treat the body with rust remover and paint. Next, the technique requires running-in, so the operator can verify the performance of all mechanical components.

When the equipment is already tested, it can be supplemented with a head light, a canopy, hydraulics and other attachments.

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How to make a minitractor from a MTZ power tiller?

To remake the motor blocks of this brand, you should also take into account their design and capabilities. MTZ units have a sufficiently high power, which makes it possible to turn them into a full-fledged crawler mini-tractor. It will be characterized by high cross-country ability and excellent traction with the soil, so the quality of plowing of such a machine will be many times higher than that of wheeled mini-tractors.

Before you begin, be sure to study the drawings, which contain all the information you need for the redesign. The procedure for assembling the mini-tractor is as follows:

  • At first, switch the single-axle tractor into operation with a mower;
  • After that completely dismantle the front platform of the machine;
  • In the front part of the mini-tractor to be made, install the crawler drive;
  • In a recess designed for installation of steering linkage, install a regulating link. This element will increase the rigidity of the entire structure;
  • Weld the driver’s seat to the top of the frame;
  • Near the engine set up a platform for the battery and the hydrodistributor.

This method of manufacture is suitable for modification into small tractors MTZ 05, MTZ 09 and MTZ 12. Each of them has enough power to work together with the trailer and attachments at the same time.

The mini-tractor from a power tiller with his hands

Homemade mini-tractor made from a power tiller Luch: photo and description of the construction of the homemade.

Greetings! I want to show you how to make a homemade front adaptor for power tiller with a snow shovel.

Donor for mini-tractor was used as a single-axis tractor Luch. Frame made of profiled pipes 60403mm.

Frame dimensions: length. 1000mm. Width. 300mm. height 200mm. from the ground.

Beam rocker, hubs 08 VAZ. crosspieces from the classics and all steering. Cables for forward and reverse from handbrake, throttle cable from ant. Front wheels from a snowplow.

We get a simple mini-tractor for clearing snow in the yard and working on the garden.

The mini-tractor from a power tiller with his hands

Assembling the design of the future homemade tractor from a power tiller, the user should understand that he will have to move the gas and brake from the cultivator under the gas pedal pedals and the brake respectively on the future tractor. To switch gears the traditional scheme with the use of a lever is used. You also need to take care of moving the power buttons for the convenience of the operator.

Particular attention is paid to the supporting frame, which must be able to withstand the weight of all equipment. To make it, a strong channel is used, which is first cut and then welded. Subsequently, it is equipped with steel plates on the sides and front. The front one accommodates the power unit, and the side ones are used by the operator to get to his workplace. Optional electrical equipment and brake system from any passenger car is installed.

A mini tractor from a power tiller

Self-made mini-tractor breaks advantageous in that it can be installed a wide variety of auxiliary equipment for land and other subsidiary works. It is easily used for mowing and making hay and grass, plowing the soil, harvesting, snow removal, etc. Brake system and steering rack are usually used automobile or motorcycle. The steering wheel, seat and pedals are usually taken from an old car. Ready-made tractor kits allow making a complete tractor with a few modifications.

On sale there are ready-made kits for further modification of this or that particular cultivator model. However, you need to stock up on certain tools, among which will certainly be a welder and grinder. Because of the practicality of this design the resulting machine can be used not only for agricultural work, but also for transporting crops or building materials. Many farmers are completing it with a removable trailer.

Minitractor from the Kentavr power tiller

Using improvised means to make a minitractor from a power tiller is not difficult, even without having a specialized technical education for this. An example of this is the products of a brand called “Kentavr”. These cultivators are equipped with a front-mounted diesel engine. It is necessary to transmit the torque on the tractor to the rear pair of wheels. For this we need to install a gear or belt drive.

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The power unit has a 4-stroke engine with a cubic capacity of 400 cc. For cooling we use a condenser. Electric start is not provided here, and the engine is started manually. To drive it, a V-belt transmission system is used. The 5-liter diesel fuel tank allows to work long hours without refueling. The weight of such a tractor will be about 300 kg after transformation., and its dimensions provide a fairly good working width. The most important advantage is the adjustable power tiller. When working, it is lowered with a lever and raised when moving, making it easier to drive.

A mini tractor from a Cascade power tiller

Using simple instructions, you can easily convert a single-axle tractor model Cascade into a small tractor with high performance. On sale there are ready-made factory kits, selected with the calculation of those nodes that are already in the cultivator. The result of these modifications is an efficient farming assistant, which not only cultivates the land, but also pulls the trailer with it.

To make cross and longitudinal side members you will need an angle grinder and a welder. Welding of seams will give additional reliability of bolts as fasteners. On the rear axle after completing the assembly set a pair of proprietary wheels, sheesh in the kit, and the front pair of any other, often even well worn. However, the higher the tread, the better the traction and, consequently, the better the cross-country capability in heavy terrain. To make a complete running gear, you will have to buy hubs and brake kit, as well as steering rods, wheel and steering column. After installing the steering and wheels proceed to the layout of the power unit.

A mini-tractor from a power tiller Oka

To make a mini-tractor from a power tiller with your own hands, you can pay attention to the cultivator Oka. In addition to overall reliability, it is characterized by ease of operation and economical engine. With such a handy device, you can perform such operations as:

To make a tractor with your own hands you first need to assemble a frame construction. To create the longitudinal members and cross beams we use channels with numbers from 10 to 16. For the metal bar, you can use a crossbar. The power unit is a diesel engine with a capacity of 40 liters. с. and water-type cooling. The axle does not need to be changed. it is simply attached to the frame as it was made. In the same way, the transmission is fixed to the frame structure, but you will have to make a new clutch basket, which is subsequently adjusted to the size. When choosing wheels, you need to understand for what purposes you’re going to use the machine. When it comes not only to transportation of goods, but also to agricultural work, you need to install wheels with a diameter of 18 to 24.

Minitractor from a power tiller Salyut

It is very convenient to make a compact tractor with your own hands on the basis of the cultivator Salyut. This transformation will make the hard work of the farmer or farmer to make the work more comfortable and productive. In addition, this special equipment is equipped with a Japanese engine, which works for a long time without overheating. Ready-made kits have everything you need to make the conversion as easy and quickly as possible, even without relevant experience in such work. The price of such kits is quite acceptable for novice farmers, and in any case, the finished technique is cheaper compared to the full tractor.

Minitractor from a power tiller with their own hands

In order to create an effective and working design, it is necessary to apply the schemes and drawings of the future design. If you have the necessary skills, you can draw such a scheme yourself, but if you do not, it is better to find a suitable model on which you can make equipment with your own hands.

Choosing a kit for the conversion, you can take the factory spare parts. But this is not suitable for those who need a 4×4 breaker with significant savings. For homemade tractors, you should purchase:

  • A set of tools and welding equipment;
  • channels, metal pipes;
  • Drill with different drills;
  • hardware and other fasteners;
  • angle grinder.

To properly convert a single-axle tractor, you need to prepare two additional wheels, a seat, a hitch, pedals, and a steering mechanism. It is important to correctly select a single-axle tractor, settling on sufficiently powerful units. This will produce a productive mini-tractor that can perform all agricultural functions.

Creation of a frame

Redesigning the frame of a power tiller will allow you to adapt it for additional two wheels. The frame design can be one-piece or with fractured components. The second option is considered more suitable for homemade tractors.

If you use two small frames, you will get a special axle, which is connected by hinges and can move. This allows the wheels to make better contact with the ground and not overtighten when driving over uneven ground.

  • The transverse members of the longitudinal type must be cut with an angle grinder and connected by welding or other fasteners.
  • Bolt joints are secured by welding seams for higher reliability.
  • To one end of the frame mount a mount for attachments, weld a towbar for the trailer.

Correct installation of the undercarriage

When the attachment for the attachment has been attached to the frame, an axle must be attached to both ends. To the rear attach those wheels that were included with your motoblock, but on the front pick up wheels with deep tread, which can be bought or removed from an old car.

To create a quality running gear, you need to buy a brake system with hubs, steering wheel, steering rod and column, gearbox.

  • Select a steel profile tube that is equal to the thickness of the tractor’s front axle.
  • The wheel hubs are welded to the ends of the tube.
  • The structure should be attached in the center of the front of the frame.
  • Fix steering linkage and align it with the gearbox.
  • Next, attach the gearbox to the frame.
  • Pick up the steering wheel, install it, and then the boom.
  • Adjust steering column.

In some cases, the tractor suspension is equipped with a spring shock absorber, which allows with higher convenience to work with the technique.

To install and secure the rear axle, you will need bearings. Next, it is equipped with a pulley, which starts the rotating parts of the structure and acts on its wheels.

The correct installation of the motor with hydraulics

A tractor with an engine from a power tiller will be a good option, but with enough power from the unit’s motor. The single-cylinder diesel models are economical and highly productive, but you can also choose other types of engines.

As a rule, the motor should be at the front of the frame, which will make the tractor more stable and maintain its balance.

  • Where the motor will be located, you need to install a mounting system, supplementing it with tension straps.
  • Mount the belt drive, which is needed to drive the rear wheels. It is important to make sure that the belt of the transfer case is in the same plane as the belt on the tractor’s rear axle. The belt drive should be covered with a protective cover.
  • After that, a hydraulic lift is installed on the tractor, consisting of an oil tank and pump, distributor, hydraulic cylinder. The system is connected with hoses.
  • After that, a seat, headlights and lights are installed on the vehicle.
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Electrical equipment and brake system

To make a homemade device, one can use an old brake or a new system.

  • First of all, the brake pedal must be located, and then the bracket and the main brake cylinder must be installed.
  • Then attach the brakes to the brake drums (located on the front wheels) with hoses.
  • The brake system should be checked for leaks, as well as to review the drawings, which will avoid mistakes during its installation.

A four-wheeled tractor requires the installation of electrical equipment and the output of sensors on the dashboard. Need liquid coolant indicator, fuel level and oil pressure gauge, ignition switch.

Additionally, you can install a canopy and cladding, which will make the work with the technique more comfortable. On how to properly assemble a mini tractor, you can view the video.

Minitractor from Neva motoblock

Such a homemade tractor is one of the best, as it has compact dimensions and high performance. For conversion, a single-axle tractor is used as a base, two additional wheels and an axle.

To properly carry out the conversion, you should adhere to the following rules:

  • The dimensions of the additional wheels should be in diameter of 14 to 18 inches. Too small can overturn the tractor, and large will not let it move properly.
  • The engine of the power tiller can be located at the back. In this case, it is necessary to widen the track width for better balance.
  • Tires of the equipment are equipped with grousers for better traction with the ground.

This model is very simple and suitable for redesigning. It will be a good option for working on any sites.

Homemade tractor with a motor from a power tiller. A mini tractor from a power tiller with his own hands

In order to make a miniature tractor from a power tiller with your own hands, you will need:

  • angle grinder;
  • parts for mounting;
  • channels and pipes;
  • drilling device;
  • electric welding;
  • Measuring tools (angle, tape measure, caliper);
  • Small hand tools (screwdriver, wrenches, hammer, etc.). д.).

It is also necessary to buy a ready-made kit for converting a Moto-block into a mini-tractor. This will be the main item of expenditure, but do not skimp on this equipment, so as not to compromise the quality of the future product.

You also need to find a comfortable and high-quality steering wheel, seat, wheels and pedals. When all the necessary components are selected, you can begin to create a drawing. Do not neglect this stage. with clear drawings and diagrams you will work much easier and faster. The photo below shows examples of the simplest drawings for independent alteration of the motor-block into a mini-tractor.

A good homemade mini-tractor with an engine from a power tiller can be obtained only when the original unit has good power and productivity. Ideal for modification of heavy diesel motor blocks. They are quite economical, have a lot of weight, are powerful, productive and enduring. All these parameters allow to make a power tiller into a mini-tractor that can plow heavy soils and work for a long time without interruption.

The process of alteration is generally performed according to the same algorithm, with minor differences for different models. The general scheme of re-tooling a power tiller into a mini-tractor is as follows.

Preparing the frame

Since you will need another pair of wheels for your mini-tractor, you will need to improve and strengthen the frame design. To make the new frame use metal profile or metal pipe. The thickness and size of the blanks should be selected based on individual preferences, taking into account the power of the future machine. The elements of the future frame are cut out with an angle grinder and welded together. It is reasonable to strengthen the frame with a crossbar. Also take care of the place of attachment and the towbar, if you plan to use a trailer.

Running gear

The front wheels are mounted on a piece of pipe of suitable diameter. Finished wheel hubs with brake pads are mounted on it. In the center of the structure is made a hole, through which it will be connected to the frame. Then the steering rods are mounted to the frame via a worm-gear. And at the end the steering wheel itself is installed.

To install the rear axle, bearings are pressed into the hub. The axle itself will get the torque from the pulley. The wheels can be kept from the previous set or new wheels with heavier tread and wider tread can be chosen. It is recommended to select the diameter of wheels for the future mini-tractor in sizes starting from 12 inches.

Mounting the engine

It is recommended to mount the engine on a front beam of the frame. This will improve the balance of the machine. It is important that the PTO should be parallel to the rear axle pulley. It protects the belt drive from wear and tear.

Additional systems

When most of the work is done, the braking system and attachment control system are installed. It is also not superfluous to install the lighting system.

After the complete assembly, the mini-tractor should be run-in according to the requirements of the instructions for the power tiller.

Consider in detail how quickly and easily can be converted into a mini tractor blocks of different models.

Mini tractor with their own hands from Zhiguli. How to make a mini tractor from Zhiguli with his own hands

Consider how to make a homemade tractor from VAZ, what materials and tools will be needed. First of all, you need to make drawings and diagrams of all nodes of the design. To make a mini-tractor with your own hands, you need the exact dimensions of parts and calculations. Each component must be painted separately. And you need a drawing with the tractor in assembled form. From the made schemes and drawings depends on what will be a homemade tractor with an engine VAZ 2106.

During the work on the drawing, the following points should be taken into account:

  • It is necessary to determine the location of the gearbox;
  • The engine must necessarily be covered with a protective cover;
  • In what place the fuel tank will be installed;
  • If you shorten the tractor frame, then the homemade mini-tractor from VAZ will consume less fuel;
  • The front suspension must be reinforced.

If you decide to create a tractor from VAZ 2109 or VAZ 2106, then as a result of the work you will get a fairly powerful unit that will cope with many agricultural activities, will help care for the garden and plants.

So, let’s proceed to the very design and assembly of a self-made tractor on the basis of VAZ. Mini tractor can be made with an engine from VAZ 2019 or VAZ 2106, to borrow additional parts from other car models.

For example, the gearbox can be borrowed from GAZ-53, the rear wheels can be taken from the tractor MTZ-82, but the front wheels can be removed from an outdated or unnecessary power tiller, or power tiller.

You can also buy them in a store. From any model of Zhiguli you can take the steering wheel and the driver’s seat, or make it with your own hands. The front and rear axles are taken from the Zhiguli.