Installing a Lifan engine on a tiller ural

Selection and installation of the engine on the Ural tiller

installing, lifan, engine, tiller

All gardeners and gardeners prepare their plots with the beginning of seasonal work. Many people use tillery for plowing the land. But not everyone can buy the latest models and continue to use the legacy of the Soviet Union. One such unit will be discussed today.

tiller “Ural

Tillers “Ural-UMP-5V” first began to be sold in the country just before its global redistribution at the dawn of the 90s of the last century. Since many people needed tillers as a convenient and cheap technical means, therefore it became very popular in the USSR. In just a few years, its sales reached 150 thousand units. Such popularity of the tiller was facilitated by the optimal combination of its characteristics.

The developers were able to combine the high performance of the tiller, which was achieved by a five-horsepower gasoline unit that accelerates it to a speed of 15 km / h, combined with the power of the batteries, sufficient to process up to 2 hectares of arable land. In addition, the unit could carry loads of up to half a ton in weight.

The tiller has a wide adjustable ground clearance, which allows the device to be operated on different types of sites. But it should be noted that the basic model of the “Ural” is not particularly versatile. It can only transport goods and cultivate the soil. Mowing grass, removing garbage or snow using attachments will not work with this technique. such opportunities are not provided. But if you independently redo the structure by adding the necessary fasteners, then you can expand its functionality.

The model is implemented according to the scheme of power transfer to the wheels through a differential. Some modifications use foreign high-power engines, but domestic versions are the most popular due to the availability of spare parts, proper documentation and durability of operation.


Here are some data on tiller.

  • Tiller dimensions: 1560/790/1050 mm;
  • ground clearance 270 mm;
  • cylinder volume 0.475 l;
  • weight. 125 kg;
  • with a fuel tank volume of 6 liters, fuel consumption is less than two liters of gasoline;
  • four-stroke engine with right-hand rotation, single-cylinder, uses gasoline with any octane number, reacts well to gas;
  • air-cooled;
  • the battery shows high charge rates.

Advantages of the Ural tiller:

  • when the unit weighs more than a centner, it is not necessary to additionally press on the handles with its own weight, which makes it easier to cultivate the land;
  • there are numerous opportunities for independent improvements and design upgrades;
  • high resource indicators of the engine;
  • air filter does not require replacement of gaskets.

At the same time, the following disadvantages were also noted:

  • Frequent leakage of lubricant at the joints of the engine / gearbox;
  • you have to check the oil level frequently;
  • the gas distribution mechanism leads to an increase in the consumption of gasoline and engine oils due to design features;
  • not recommended for long trips with a load (low speed).

Engines UMZ-5B and its variant UMZ-5DU-B have the following characteristics:

  • four-stroke, power up to 5.4 liters. from. (more than 3.5 kW);
  • equipped with a two-stage gearbox with a gear ratio of 1 to 6 or 1 to 2.91;
  • one cylinder;
  • forced cooling.

The UMZ-5DU-B model differs in that its gearbox is single-stage and its gear ratio is 1 to 6, and a ratchet is not installed on the gearbox shaft.

As an alternative to the Ural engines, if it becomes necessary to replace it, they often choose imported products from the Chinese manufacturer Lifan (Lifan).

Lifan was founded in the early 90s of the twentieth century and today is one of the most famous large companies in the automotive market in our country. In addition to engines, Lifan also produces other motor vehicles with an optimal price-quality ratio. The products are certified, and each product must be accompanied by a technical passport and operating instructions.

Lifan presents different types of engines on the Russian market. One of the most important characteristics when choosing an engine is the mounting dimensions, since they do not always correspond to Russian standards.

See also  How To Adjust The Clutch On The Tiller

Another important characteristic is engine power, since in most cases Lifan engines have 6.5 liters. from. against 5 liters. from. at the “Ural”.

Disassembly itself is not particularly difficult and is performed in a couple of stages even by a specialist with little or no experience.

  • The old engine is removed from the fastening connectors using standard open-end wrenches.
  • First, disconnect the fuel and oil lines, if any.
  • Next, remove the centrifugal regulator.
  • Sometimes, at the stage of installing a new engine, it is necessary to use gaskets, but with the correct sizing, this is not necessary. The easiest way is to fit an adapter plate with holes for fixing.

Lifan offers several lines of gasoline engines: 168F, 168F-2, 177F and 2V77F.

Ruler 168F:

  • four-stroke;
  • power. up to 5.4 liters. from. (more than 3.5 kW);
  • 1 cylinder;
  • cooling. forced;
  • the crankshaft is located at an angle of 25 degrees;
  • cylinder. 163 cm3;
  • fuel tank. 3.6 liters;
  • cylinder with a diameter of 68 mm;
  • shaft with a diameter of 19 mm;
  • started manually;
  • dimensions 312х365х334 mm;
  • weight. 15 kg.

The 168F-2 engine is of interest to buyers in that it differs from the previous version in its increased resource and higher parameters. it is more powerful (6.5 hp), has a larger cylinder (196 cc).

Engines in 9 liters. from. represented by Lifan 177F models:

  • four-stroke;
  • power. up to 9 liters. from. (more than 5.6 kW);
  • one cylinder;
  • forced air cooling;
  • the crankshaft is horizontal;
  • cylinder. 270 cm3;
  • fuel tank. 10 liters;
  • started manually;
  • dimensions 378x428x408 mm;
  • weight. 27 kg.

The Lifan 2V77F model has even higher characteristics and more power, according to its characteristics. the best heavy engine in its class:

  • four-stroke;
  • power up to 17 liters. from. (more than 12.4 kW);
  • two pistons;
  • mechanical speed controller;
  • cooling. forced, air;
  • the crankshaft is horizontal;
  • cylinder. 615 cm3;
  • fuel. 27.5 liters;
  • launch. manually;
  • dimensions 455x396x447 mm;
  • weight. 42 kg.


According to their traction characteristics, the tillers are divided into classes.

  • The light class includes devices with engines of less than 5 liters. from. they are used to treat areas less than 0.02 hectares.
  • Medium tillers with engines less than 9 hp. from. used on plots up to one hectare.
  • Heavy, with a capacity of up to 18 liters. from. cultivate the soil on plots of up to four hectares.

we can say that the current market offers different tiller engines, both Russian and imported, and in many cases they are interchangeable.

How to install the Lifan 168f-2 engine on the Ural tiller, see the video.

MTZ 09

tiller MTZ 09, having a 13 hp Lifan engine in its stock, is a technique manufactured at the Minsk Tractor Plant. The scope of its application for MTZ, Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, Plowman, Champion, Carver, Husqvarna tillers is very extensive: mowing grass, harrowing, cultivation, plowing, inter-row cultivation, etc.

  • total weight. 120 kg;
  • lifting capacity. up to 650 kg;
  • maximum speed. 11 km / h;
  • unit length. 178 cm;
  • unit width. 84 cm;
  • unit height. 107 cm;
  • gears. four forward and two reverse.

In the design of this tiller, a Lifan 188FD engine is installed, it is equipped with an electric coil with a power of 7A, which allows you to connect various electrical equipment to it.

The advantages of this engine:

  • the ability to start manually, as well as using an electric starter;
  • rather compact dimensions;
  • electronic type ignition.
  • maximum power. 13 hp;
  • cylinder diameter. 8.8 cm;
  • engine displacement. 389 cm3;
  • revolutions. 3600 revolutions per minute;
  • start type. manual and with the help of an electric starter;
  • fuel tank capacity. 6.5 liters;
  • fuel consumption. 374 g / kWh;
  • unit length. 46.5 cm;
  • unit width. 43.5 cm;
  • unit height. 50 cm;
  • total weight. 33 kg.


Tiller Oka

the Oka tiller with a Lifan engine has a power take-off shaft, which allows the device to be aggregated with various attachments, which must be purchased separately.

The Tiller Oka has a fairly heavy frame, which makes it possible to use the unit on the most difficult soil areas.

Lifan 125cc wiring. no lights, just run.

  • total weight. 95 kg;
  • digging depth. 35 cm;
  • width of the processed strip. 60 cm;
  • lifting capacity. up to 400 kg;
  • maximum speed. 9 km / h;
  • unit length. 150 cm;
  • unit width. 60 cm;
  • unit height. 105 cm;
  • fuel tank capacity. 3.6 liters;
  • fuel consumption. 1.5 liters per one hour of operation.
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The Tiller Oka device uses the Lifan 168F-2 engine, which is considered the most powerful in its line. A manual starter and a reduction gear are supplied with it.

  • compact dimensions;
  • unpretentiousness in the fuel used;
  • the cylinder liner is made of cast iron, which can significantly improve reliability;
  • ignition system without a transistor;
  • slight vibration during operation;
  • a system that prevents the engine from starting if there is not enough oil in it.
  • ease of use.
  • engine volume. 0.196 l;
  • maximum power. 6.5 hp;
  • rotation. 3600 rpm;
  • motor weight. 15.3 kg;
  • diameter. 6.8 cm.

For more information about the operation of the Lifan 168F-2 engine, see

This Lifan engine for Tiller Oka, has enough powerful characteristics for use in relatively small areas.

  • total weight. 120 kg;
  • lifting capacity. up to 500 kg;
  • maximum speed. 15 km / h;
  • unit length. 156 cm;
  • unit width. 79 cm;
  • unit height. 105 cm;
  • fuel tank capacity. 6 liters;
  • fuel consumption. 2 liters per one hour of operation.

Tiller Ural with a Lifan engine is a rather unpretentious device that does not require frequent repair actions.

The Lifan 170F motor used in this tiller can also be used in other units. Salyut, Favorite, etc.

  • the type of motor used. 4-stroke, gasoline;
  • number of cylinders. 1;
  • engine displacement. 212 cm3;
  • maximum power. 7 hp;
  • rotation. 3600 rpm;
  • motor weight. 20 kg;
  • diameter. 6.8 cm;
  • crankcase volume. 0.6 liters;
  • fuel consumption. 394g / kWh;
  • cooling type. air.

Lifan 125cc manual engine basic wiring to make it run


Running in

Many people ask. how to break in the tiller Oka, Cayman, Patriot, Texas, Foreman, Crossser, Viking, Forza. The answer is quite simple. you need to start the engine, and then immediately proceed to cultivating the land, but at medium speed. In this case, it is impossible to run idle, because oil starvation may occur.

Oil change

The oil change in the tiller containing the Lifan engine should be carried out as follows:

  • The engine itself must be hot, but before draining the oil from the crankcase, it must be turned off.
  • We unscrew the drain plug, as well as the oil sump dipstick, after which the remaining oil should be drained. Then we reinstall the cork in its original place.
  • We fill the crankcase with oil recommended by the manufacturer. Its level must be determined by the dipstick.
  • We install the probe in its original place, and then we twist it all the way.

Many people ask. what kind of oil to pour into the Lifan tiller engine? In general, each instruction directly indicates the name of the oil that it is desirable to fill. In general, most often recommends SAE-30 summer oil, or SAE-10W-30 multigrade oil.

How to install a Lifan (Lifan) engine on a Tiller Ural. valve adjustment

Lifan tillers refer to small-scale mechanization tools that are widely used in agriculture. Their popularity is based on many factors, including a relatively low cost and high technical and performance indicators.

Engine specifications and prices

Repair and assembly

As in any other technical unit, there are certain operational problems in Lifan engines. This is not due to the poor quality of the motors, but to certain circumstances, which, quite often, are associated with the consumer himself.

Perhaps the main problem is as follows. the Lifan tiller does not start. There may be several reasons:

  • Poor fuel supply to the tank. to fix it, you need to open the fuel valve and pour fuel into the crankcase.
  • Complete lack of fuel supply to the tank. you need to clean the air filter or the fuel cock.
  • There is no spark. in this case, the main reason is the failure of the high voltage coil. The only way out is to completely replace the failed part.

In fact, this is how the main repair of the Lifan engine for the tiller is carried out with your own hands. In principle, the instructions for the engine provide all the detailed information regarding possible breakdowns, as well as methods for their elimination.

Lifan tillers, spare parts for which can be purchased from authorized dealers, have certain requirements for components. In particular, the manufacturer advises using only those parts that are produced by Lifan itself when carrying out repairs.


According to their traction characteristics, the tillers are divided into classes.

  • The light class includes devices with engines of less than 5 liters. from. they are used to treat areas less than 0.02 hectares.
  • Medium tillers with engines less than 9 hp. from. used on plots up to one hectare.
  • Heavy, with a capacity of up to 18 liters. from. cultivate the soil on plots of up to four hectares.
See also  How To Start An Eye Tiller

we can say that the current market offers different tiller engines, both Russian and imported, and in many cases they are interchangeable.

How to install the Lifan 168f-2 engine on the Ural tiller, see the video.

Characteristics and description of popular modifications of the Ural Tiller

Tiller Ural was produced from 1990 to 1998 by the defense enterprise TsMPO, located on the territory of Bashkiria. The production was discontinued due to the development of the modernized Agros model. Products under the Ural brand belonged to the number of popular brands. over 8 years of production, more than 100 thousand copies were produced.

Advantages and disadvantages

Based on the reviews of the Ural model range, a number of advantages can be distinguished:

  • the weight of the product is 120 kg, so there is no need to exert additional physical influence on the control handles during operation;
  • the possibility of alteration and modernization;
  • the engine for the Ural Tiller with a gearbox has a long resource;
  • effective air cleaner that does not require replacement of filter elements;
  • simplicity of design and the possibility of self-repair.

The owners point out the disadvantages:

  • oil leaks at the joints of engine and gearbox parts;
  • the need to check the oil level;
  • increased fuel and engine oil consumption due to the design of the gas distribution mechanism;
  • the tiller is not suitable for long trips with a trailer due to the low driving speed.

Ural ZID-4.5

This engine does not have any special distinguishing technical characteristics from UMP 5V. The only thing is that it is capable of working on AI-72 fuel, but this affects the operational characteristics of the Ural tiller.

A large amount of carbon deposits begins to form on the cylinders and spark plugs, the stability of revolutions and power in general decreases.

Ural ZID 4.5 was produced as an experimental model, which was not widely used.

and prices

Ural products with ZiD or UMP engines are estimated by their owners at 9 to 15 thousand rubles. Tillers with Chinese motors on sale are rare, their.

the tiller is used for plowing a personal plot. During the work there were problems with the ignition. After installing the coil from the contact ignition of a VAZ car, the situation has improved. Instead of a magneto, a battery from a computer uninterruptible power supply unit is used. The ignition works stably throughout the entire rev range. The engine is stopped by turning off the power supply from the battery.

Dmitry, Kaluga region

the tiller was purchased together with the house and plot in the village. Maintenance requirements are low, the engine started after replacing the spark plug, wires and adjusting the ignition gaps. During operation, it is necessary to compensate for the slight tilt to the side arising from the heavy flywheel. Gasoline A92 is used for work, since A80 fuel is not produced.

Ural Tillers Review

The first Ural Tillers were released in the early 90s and continue to be produced to this day. Over the entire period of its long history, this technique has found application throughout the territory of the CIS countries, regardless of the type of soil and climatic zone.

The popularity of Ural tillers is due to the simplicity of repair work, a long service life and simplicity of design.

Due to the popularity of this model, the manufacturer has released several modifications of the Ural chillers, which differ in the installed engines.

The most popular are those devices that are equipped with domestic motors. The main reason for this choice is the availability of spare parts and their low cost.

Potato digger and potato planter

Potatoes are a very common crop in our region. However, planting and excavating it takes a lot of time and effort. In order to mechanize this labor, appropriate attachments are used.

The following video review demonstrates one of the ways to plant potatoes with the Ural Tiller: