What oil is needed in a walk-behind tractor engine
What oil to pour into the engine of the Lifan walk-behind tractor
Light agricultural machinery also requires careful maintenance and care, just like sophisticated, powerful machines. What kind of oil to pour into the Lifan walk-behind tractor engine is a dilemma that worries many users. The brand is quite popular and is in good demand among consumers.
How often to change
“Zero” engine oil change should be performed after 5 hours of operation from the moment the engine was first started. Further, the manufacturer’s requirement says about the service interval from 50 to 100 hours, depending on the model.
For a 4-stroke motor-block motor, you should select mineral or semi-synthetic lubricants. Don’t worry about the sheer simplicity of the base. Such power plants are developed taking into account the use of ordinary “gardeners”, whose budget for maintenance of equipment is usually small. In most cases, high-quality mineral water will be more than enough.
Pure synthetics poured into the crankcase will be too fluid for the unit, which will lead to the formation of leaks. Also, such mixtures can lead to excessive wear of the friction units due to the formation of a too thin protective film.
How much to fill in the motor
If the most popular model on the market is considered. a petrol, single-cylinder 6.5 hp engine. its crankcase capacity is 0.6 liters of fluid. For diesel engines, the actual capacity is 0.9-1.0 l, depending on the modification.
What the manufacturer recommends
The manufacturer recommends using original engine oil of the same name in gasoline and diesel units. Also, in some modifications, the recommended lubricant may differ. Here you need to look at the instructions for a specific unit.
Usually a mineral or semi-synthetic fluid is used, selected according to the ambient temperature.
How to choose an analogue
When it comes to two-stroke power plants, a mineral-based analogue with a minimum flash point and ash content is selected. This will be enough for the normal operation of the internal combustion engine. The grease is mixed with fuel according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
When a 4-stroke engine is serviced, and there is no access to official recommendations or instructions, you can pick up oil for the Lifan walk-behind tractor according to the following points.
The selection of a lubricant for viscosity is carried out based on the specific operating conditions and time of year. For the summer of central Russia, a liquid such as SAE-30 or 40 is optimal. In winter, it is recommended to pay attention to products like 10W / 15W.
If the equipment is operated all year round, without a break for seasonality, you can safely pour 5W-30 / 10W-40 liquids.
Engine oil for walk-behind tractor
Some manufacturers recommend using their own products. Others indicate the necessary trademarks in the instructions for use. Next, consider what kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor.
Grease brands are also divided according to the purpose of use and the model of the cultivator. Honda recommends the use of SF grade products designated 10W-30. Subaru offers brands for severe climates. 5W-30, moderate. 10W-30.
Lifan requires for its equipment to purchase SAE-30 for cold weather, and in summer SAE 10W-30.
The manufacturer Kaluga engine uses all-season grades of the SF and SH categories. 15W-30 and 10W-30.
Classification of grades of oils
Regardless of the configuration, a technical passport and an operation manual are issued for each equipment. In the last document, the manufacturer proposes suitable grades of fuel and lubricant.
The lubricating fluid in the engine is used for:
If air-cooled parts are used, then oil remains on the walls of the hot cylinder. As a result, the motor becomes dirty, in which case it will be necessary to pour oil into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor.
Quality products contain special additives with antioxidant properties. They serve to clean the cylinders from carbon deposits and increase the service life of the equipment.
What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor
A gearbox is installed in the basic configuration of each agricultural machinery. To replace the spent fluid, they take a transmission, thus extending the life of the engine.
What and how much oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor:
- Neva MB-2 is a summer composition of TEP-15, which does not lose its physical properties even at 5. In winter, fill in TM-5, which can withstand up to 25. The volume to be filled is 2.2 l.
- Neva MB-1. TAP-15 and TAD-17 with a capacity of 1 l.
- Belarus 08H-09H and Salyut 5. in the summer season they fill in M-10G2 and M-10B2, in winter they take M-8G2.
- Oka MB-1D1. transmission fluid TAP-15 or TAD17I.
- Tarpan. TAD17I or suitable analogs.
Lubricants are also divided by composition into:
If you use the wrong brand, then the motor will stop working properly. Do not mix products of synthetic origin with mineral.
The viscosity of the engine oil is an important parameter for choosing a lubricant. The following characteristics influence the choice of products:
- modification of a mini-tractor;
- air temperature.
- features of work;
- motor resource.
In addition, the lubricant is divided into categories according to the season of the year for summer and winter. The first category has a higher degree of viscosity and has such designations as SAE 20, 60, CAE 30 or 40. The winter composition is distinguished by the letter W and has a low-viscosity property (SAE 0W, 25W).
When changing the oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor in cold weather with summer brands, the device simply cannot be started. If winter grades are used in the summer, then the parts will not receive a sufficient amount of lubrication.
Manufacturers also offer formulations that are suitable for all seasons. They are designated as 5W-40 and 10W30.
For diesel engines
Using the recommended products will increase the life of the unit and reduce fuel consumption. In the manual, manufacturers offer the following types of lubricants:
- CA. at low loads;
- CB. for work with diesel, which contains a large amount of sulfur;
- CC. for an engine without a turbine when operating at increased loads.
When using the first category, the volume of carbon deposits on the cylinders decreases, but the quality of the lubricant deteriorates. If you fill in more than necessary, then the engine will stop working.
Next, we will talk about which oil is best to fill in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor.
For gasoline engines
If the mini-tractor runs on a gasoline engine, then manufacturers recommend buying the following types of fluids:
- SA. at low loads;
- SB. for operation at medium power;
- SC. used in motors without PCV valves;
- SD. used in a power unit with a forced crankcase ventilation system;
- SE. the grease is suitable for engines that have been produced since 1980;
- SF. products that are similar in properties to the previous lubricant, only of higher quality;
- SH. used in almost any modification of the motor.
The SB category is highly resistant to corrosion. Using a lubricant, the cylinder walls and bearings are coated. Penultimate class products reduce the amount of carbon deposits in two- and four-stroke engines.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor Neva
A feature of Neva walk-behind tractors is a wide variety of modifications of the model range due to the use of various engines, respectively, from different manufacturers. Therefore, before choosing an oil for a walk-behind tractor, it is worthwhile to once again revise the instructions for the engine and check which oil is recommended by its manufacturer. Read about the features of motoblock models and technical characteristics in the relevant articles. single-axle tractor Neva MB-2S-7.0, Neva MB-23S-9.0 Pro, as well as technical characteristics and device of motor-cultivators. Neva MK-100, Neva MK-200.
What oil is better for pouring into the engine of the walk-behind tractor
There is a lot of controversy about which oil should be poured into the engine of a home walk-behind tractor. Those who consider their point of view to be correct, others refute it, but only one thing can resolve these disputes. the instructions for the device, created by the manufacturer of the equipment. Each of the manufacturers in it indicates the exact amount of oil to be poured, how this amount is measured, and even the type of oil that is used.
What all their points of view agree on is that the oil should be designed specifically for the engine. There are two types of oils. oils for two-stroke engines and oils for four-stroke engines. Both of these options are used for walk-behind tractors, depending on which engine is installed in the model. Mostly walk-behind tractors have 4-stroke engines, but in order to determine the type of engine, it is worth looking at its factory marking.
Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their composition. This criterion allows you to distinguish between semi-synthetic and synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. It is believed that synthetic oils are more versatile and can be used constantly, but this is not the case.
The use of oils is divided according to the seasonality of the use of the walk-behind tractor. So, some models can be operated in the winter season, and due to the thickening of natural components that are sensitive to temperature drop, semi-synthetic oils cannot be used like mineral oils in winter. But the same oils are successfully used in the summer and reliably protect equipment.
Thus, oil is used not only as a lubricating agent for engine components, but also as a medium that effectively retains soot generated during fuel combustion and metal fractions that appear during parts abrasion. This is why most oils have a thick, viscous texture.
What kind of oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor
Despite the fact that the gearbox, like the engine, is actively working, they require completely different types of oils for lubrication. It is not engine oil that is poured into the gearbox, but gear oil, which ensures excellent lubrication of the moving parts. The amount of oil to be poured is also determined by the manufacturer, but not the engine, but the device as a whole, in this case it is a uniaxial tractor.
What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor
In the maintenance of agricultural tools, it is important to choose the right accompanying and consumables. Particularly acute, in this sense, is the question: what kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor. The performance of the equipment, its service life and a number of other factors that relate to a particular brand of walk-behind tractor depend on this choice. Some manufacturers clearly indicate in the technical documentation that comes with the device, the recommended brand and type of oil. However, such information is not always saved, and as a result, the user of the equipment is forced to follow the basic recommendations, ignoring the warnings of the manufacturer.
What oil is better to fill in a single-axle diesel tractor
In addition to the fact that oils are divided into synthetic and mineral oils, they are also divided according to the types of fuel that the engine burns. According to the API standard, three types of oils are distinguished. for gasoline engines, for diesel engines, and also universal, which are suitable for devices of both categories. The first category includes oils with two-letter markings. In this case, the first letter on the left must be S, the second can be any of the list (A, B, C, F, G, H, J). If the oil is intended for diesel engines, then the first letter on it will be different, namely C.
Universal oils suitable for all types of engines are usually marked with a double marking, in which 2 types of devices are indicated at once through the sign /. For example, it can be SF / CC, or SG / CD.
As for a more detailed decoding of markings, it is worth noting that the quality of all oils is determined precisely by the second symbol in the marking. The closer it is to the beginning of the Latin alphabet, the worse the quality of the oil. Thus, diesel oil with the CC marking is slightly worse in performance than the engine oil with the CD marking.
What kind of oil to fill in a single-axle Subaru tractor
One of the most popular models of Subaru engines installed in walk-behind tractors is the Robin Subaru model. This engine is quite sensitive to the quality of the oil used, so the manufacturer recommends # 20, # 30, and 10W-30 SAE oil for it. Recommended oil grade is SE or higher. In this case, the quality of the oil should be no worse than SG. Therefore, once again, asking the question: what kind of oil to fill in a single-axle Subaru tractor, ideally, you should give preference to oil marked SJ or SH if it is not available.
What kind of oil to fill
Oils for motoblocks: which are suitable and how much to pour?
-What oil to fill in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor?.What oil to fill in the engine of the walk-behind tractor?.What oil to fill in the transmission of the walk-behind tractor?.Oil for diesel walk-behind tractors-What oil to fill in the Shtenli walk-behind tractors? car engine oil in a uniaxial tractor?.How much oil is required for the motor-block motor?.How to check the oil level?.A few more simple tips Results The presence of high-quality elements in any technique is the key to its safe and smooth operation for a long time. But the availability of oil for lubricating parts is also important. Without it, the engine will not last long, and soon you will have to change the entire single-axle tractor entirely or repair it. Oil is necessary so that all systems and components work without chafing. This improves performance and extends the service life.
The oil must be selected according to the intended purpose. Various lubricants are produced for the motor, transmission, and also for the gearbox. Plus, it is necessary to take into account what fuel the engine runs on (gasoline or diesel). Also, some manufacturers immediately indicate what kind of oil a person should pour into a uniaxial tractor. If you do not follow their recommendations, you can significantly reduce the service life of your equipment.
To understand what kind of oil to pour into a uniaxial tractor, you need to understand their types. The first division of oils is carried out according to the type of engine. two or four stroke. Next comes the difference in composition. semi-synthetic or synthetic. And oils are also distinguished by the time of the year they will be used. summer, winter and all-season. Only taking into account all the factors, you can choose a lubricant that is suitable for the walk-behind tractor.
What kind of oil to fill in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor? The gearbox can be filled with gear oil specified by the manufacturer of the equipment or selected from the available list. If the manufacturer does not indicate that it cannot be used, then the oil is selected according to the parameters of the device. For selection, you need to look at the letter and number designations. What can be found on the oil bottle:
SAE is the viscosity of the oil. There is a letter W on the package, to the left of it there are minus temperatures, and to the right. plus temperatures. So you can understand at what time of the year and under what temperature conditions the grease will work well. API. type of engine fuel. There is a letter S next to it. this is for gasoline, and if C, then for diesel 4-stroke. ACEA is an indicator of energy saving. If the load of the walk-behind tractor is high, then it is better to take the oil with the maximum indicator. The higher the numbers, the more protected the equipment will be from wear. There are several of the most common types of oils:
10w30, 10w40. all-season, characterized by high anti-corrosion properties. 0w30, 0w40. suitable for use in winter. 15w40, 20w40. used at high temperatures. 5w30, 5w40. all-season, can be used if it is not lower than 25 degrees outside. win-win “options. If the packaging is marked with paired letters. SG / CD or SF / CC, then the lubricant is suitable for any walk-behind tractor with any fuel.
Considering that walk-behind tractors are used more often in the summer, all-season or anti-corrosion oils are more in demand, which extend the service life of the equipment. The oil manufacturer can be any, but often the brands ZIC, Mobil, Shell Helix and Castrol are on the shelves, which showed a good ratio of price and quality.
What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor?
To prevent the engine from overheating and its parts from rubbing against each other, it is necessary to use a lubricant. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor depends on the type of fuel it runs on. For diesel equipment, you should choose a lubricant for the following reasons:
Category CA is suitable for motoblocks with light loads. CB. lubricants are used if the fuel has high sulfur. The lubricant marked CC is suitable for walk-behind tractors that do not have a turbocharger and work with an increased load level. If you use a well-chosen oil for the walk-behind tractor engine, you can reduce fuel consumption and increase work productivity (resource technique).
For motoblocks with gasoline as fuel, you need to choose oil according to a different marking:
What kind of oil to fill in the transmission of a walk-behind tractor? The transmission is complex in structure, and has many parts. Therefore, it also requires a lubricant to prevent frequent breakdowns. What kind of oil to pour into the box of the walk-behind tractor is mainly selected based on the degrees at which it is planned to use a uniaxial tractor on the street. If there is only a number on the package with oil, then this is an indicator of a positive temperature at the upper limit. Winter oil always has a mark in the form of the letter W, and if numbers on the sides are added to this letter, then this is an all-season oil with an indication of the permissible temperatures. Examples of how oil is marked in the transmission of a walk-behind tractor:
20W40 –.15 °. 45 °.15W40 –.20 °. 45 °.10W40 –.25 °. 35 °.0W30 –.35 ° and below. 25 °.0W40 –.35 ° and below. 30 °.5W30 –.30 °. 25 °.5W40 –.30 °. 35 °.75W90 and 75W80 –.40 °. 35 °.80W85 and 80W90 –.25 °. 35 °.85W90 –.12 °. 45 °. what kind of oil to fill in the transmission of the walk-behind tractor, you need to see if there are letters “TM” on the label. If they are absent, then the lubricant is not suitable for the transmission.
It is best to give preference to oils that protect equipment from corrosion. this is the main enemy. The faster plaque and rust appears, the less a single-axle tractor will last. Therefore, it is better to pay for high-quality oil for the season, but with anti-corrosion properties. But the purchase of an all-season may be less economical if the equipment quickly deteriorates.
A few private examples about which oil to take based on the motoblock firm:
MTZ.05. oils M-8G1, M-8V1 and M-8B1. Neva MB-1. TAP-15V, TAD-17 I. Neva MB-2. TM-5, SAE90 API GI-5, TEP-15, SAE90 API GI-2 Agat. MS-20 and TAD-17 I. Zubr. TAP-15 Ugra NMB-1. TCn-10 All these oils are constantly on sale, and it will not be difficult to find the right lubricant.
Oil for diesel motoblocks
Diesel-based walk-behind tractors are very common and often used in agriculture. Oil is selected depending on the type of equipment. And here everything is quite simple, it is not possible to meet 2-stroke motoblocks, these are most often cultivators. All walk-behind tractors are four-stroke, and you need to take oil according to this functional feature.
There are three types of oils. synthetics, semi-synthetics and mineral oils. all car owners will say so. But if the oil is chosen for a walk-behind tractor or other gardening equipment, then there are only two options:
Semi-synthetics. Belongs to the budget segment. Great for summer and warm autumn and spring. In winter, walk-behind tractors are rarely used, but if it is planned to take the equipment out in the cold, then it is impossible to fill in semi-synthetics, it will thicken. Synthetics, it is also mineral oil. These lubricants are versatile and can be used all year round. If the bottle with oil is W (Winter. winter), then you can use such a tool at sub-zero temperatures. There are also all-season options, only you need to look at the numbers on both sides of the letter W. this is the temperature range. Many manufacturers produce engine oil. Lubricants from the brands Mannol, Silver, Diamond, Mobil, Motul are very popular. They are affordable, suitable for any motoblocks and are most often found on the sale of all-season. There are also oils with anti-corrosion properties. Oil marked 0w30, which can withstand both 35 and 25 degrees, has proven itself well. 10w30 and 10w40 are also popular, which have slightly different ranges.
Can motor oil be poured into a uniaxial tractor?
This question can be answered affirmatively if the owner has a technician with a 4-stroke engine. Regular car oil will do just fine for her. Only it should still be selected based on climatic conditions. If you plan to use a single-axle tractor in the summer, then it is better to give preference to SAE oils. They are designed for freezing temperatures, and some options can even withstand extreme heat. 4045 ° C. If you need to use a single-axle tractor only in winter (which is very rare), then automotive lubricants marked 30w, 20w, 10w, 0w and others will do. And if you need an all-season option for wide temperature fluctuations, then you need to buy car oil, on which there are numbers to the left and right of the letter “w”.
Automobile oil will not work for owners of two-stroke motoblocks. Their engine is designed only for well-purified fluid. Incorrectly selected oil will damage the engine.
How much oil is required for a walk-behind tractor motor? It all depends on its volume. For gardening equipment with an engine of up to 8 horsepower, 0.6 liters of lubricant is enough. If the walk-behind tractor has 9-10 hp, then 1 liter of oil will be enough here. You can pour 1.1 liters of oil into all other motoblocks, which have 11, 13, 14, 16 horsepower. After all, the difference in engine volume is small.
Knowing which motor the walk-behind tractor has, you can easily choose the type of oil and its amount. You should always read the instructions of the motoblock manufacturer, and then there will be no difficulties with the operation of the equipment.
And you should not confuse the gearbox and the engine, because they need a different amount of lubricant. The gearbox oil will require more. from 1.5 to 2 liters on average, and sometimes 2.5 liters. The fewer horses a motorcycle has, the less lubrication is required for its gearbox. The largest amount of oil is poured if the walk-behind tractor has 16 horses (like Profi 1900 Pro or Centaur 2016B).
How to check the oil level?
You can use a normal human eye to check the oil level. If, when pouring, you can see that the liquid is getting to the top, then it’s time to stop. But this method is extremely unreliable and is only suitable for emergency situations. To make sure that there is enough oil, it is in the middle between “minimum” and “maximum”, it is worth using a dipstick.
The dipstick plug is a special device that is screwed into the neck of the walk-behind tractor engine. Before use, the dipstick must be wiped dry, then screwed in until it stops. After it is removed and judged on the remainder of the oily liquid. There are clearly marked borders on the device. If the fluid level is normal, then you can continue to work.
One important rule is that you cannot measure the oil level immediately after turning off the walk-behind tractor. You need to wait 2-3 minutes for the liquid to cool down and go down to the bottom of the engine crankcase. Only such a measurement will be correct. Otherwise, you can get an overestimate. And the use of equipment with an insufficient level of lubrication threatens with a quick failure.
It is important to change the oil regularly, looking at the time spent by the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, it is better to have a notebook in which to record the operating hours of the equipment. The oil for the gearbox and transmission may be the same, here it is not necessary to overpay for different fluids. If it is not clear which engine, then you should look at its data sheet. 2-stroke engines have one piston and 4-stroke engines have two or more pistons. The mark on the oil bottle always shows the operating temperature. Do not look for the “” and “-” icons, they will not be there. If the number to the left of the letter W is a minus, and to the right is a plus. It is not difficult to change the oil. Now on the network and even in the instructions for the technique, the order of actions is fully prescribed. Just be sure to find an option specifically for the walk-behind tractor model.
ConclusionUnderstanding how much oil and when to pour into a single-axle tractor, every owner of the equipment can. First of all, the accompanying documentation for the device helps in this. Therefore, you need to first read it, and then make a purchase. The choice of engine oils is great, there are no good or bad options. Yes, they differ in price, but this is not always an indicator of quality. You just need to select the oil that is suitable for the temperature at which the single-axle tractor will operate. And if it also protects equipment from corrosion, then this is generally ideal. But the brand is already a matter of taste. Both in the budgetary and in the more expensive segment, you can find high-quality motor oils for motoblocks.
What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor
In order for a single-axle tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Butter. it is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor we will try to figure out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and cite excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. oil with a higher value (more viscous).
The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Engine oil for motoblocks recommended by manufacturers.
|Motoblock engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)|
|Honda (Honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.||SG, SF.|
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. all-season|
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be apply at any temperature. Change synthetic oil as usual. Air cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.||SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
|DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine)||М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
|DM-1K Instruction from OJSC “Red October”||M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,|
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils in general gasoline engines.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Diesel engine oil categories
|CA||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We give information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot (Patriot) walk-behind tractors and cultivators
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.
The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.
|Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extreme operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance motor oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling. The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.|
The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.|
|Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan)||Checking the oil level. with every use. Change of oil. the first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. each time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation; later. every 100 hours of operation|
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:
ATF as an Engine Oil substitute? Let’s see what happens!
- check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- when changing the oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- do not use additives and additives in the oil
- dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the owner’s manual for a Honda engine:
Engine oil functions
Each technique, including walk-behind tractors, comes with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the technique to last a long time and not break.
You need to know that during the operation of the walk-behind tractor, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:
When the air-cooled walk-behind tractor engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, after which a smoky exhaust is formed. The deposition of resinous substances dramatically affects the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.
It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for a walk-behind tractor according to SAE classification is a guarantee of the durability of the equipment.
When using a single-axle tractor, select the lubricant based on the climatic zone.
For example, when using grease of the SAE 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. It is undesirable to pour summer lubricants at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use results in difficult starting of the engine and damage to the cylinder bore. to the menu
2.1 Gasoline motoblocks
Motoblocks of this class are ideal for cultivating small plots of land. In a gasoline engine, fuel is ignited by a spark that is generated from a spark plug. These motoblocks are very maneuverable and lightweight.
Any gasoline used in modern cars is suitable for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.
The main advantages of a gasoline engine:
- It can be started in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
- Reduced noise level.
- Significantly less vibration when driving.
The main advantage over a diesel engine is its relatively low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they do not withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases. to the menu
How to choose a single-axle tractor: diesel or gasoline?
Diesel powered units are designed mainly for work on large areas of land. This type of engine is capable of generating high tractive effort by operating at low rpm. They are designed for a much larger amount of resources than gasoline.
Therefore, their work can be carried out for much longer without stopping. Do not often let the diesel engine idle, because this leads to its breakdown. Sometimes it is necessary to load the unit at full capacity for 3-4 hours. This will extend the life of the walk-behind tractor.
The main advantages of a diesel walk-behind tractor:
- Convenient maintenance and operation, as there are no candles and magneto, as well as no carburetor, which has to be constantly adjusted.
- Maximum ground grip due to heavy weight.
- Cooling is possible either with air or water. Gasoline engines lack this variety.
- The take-off run in fuel consumption can vary from 2 to 5 liters per 100 km, based on the power of the unit.
- Engine operation is ensured by stable rpm due to increased tractive effort.
The price can scare off when buying a diesel walk-behind tractor. But it is worth considering that it consumes less fuel than gasoline, and diesel is cheaper than gasoline. Such an acquisition pays off over time.
Classification of oil grades for motoblocks
When purchasing a single-axle tractor, it must be remembered that its long-term operation depends not only on replacing consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the walk-behind tractor.
The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how correctly to choose engine oil for motoblocks. The question arises, what kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor, how to replace it or check the level.
1.1 Classification of oil grades by viscosity
The viscosity grade of engine oil grades is generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).
- Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have a high viscosity and do not have a letter designation. These are: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
- Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have a low viscosity. The letter designation of this variety is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
- All-season varieties are the most popular at the present time, as they are used both in summer and winter. They are indicated by a double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.
In addition to seasonal differences in lubricants, they are divided in composition into two types:
|Differences in chemical and physical characteristics of oils of different types for 4-stroke engines|
|Alkaline number, mg||5.5-10||5.10||5.5-10|
|Pour point, ° С||-fifteen||-thirty||-40|
All oils are also divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Usually, 4-stroke air-cooled engines are installed on motoblocks. Such engines only need to be filled with 4-stroke oil.
Checking the oil level with the dipstick in the oil filler hole
An air-cooled engine runs more heat than a water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. Therefore, the filling liquid must have low volatility and high thermal-oxidative stability. Also, modern oils must be environmentally friendly, i.e. the amount of smoke and toxicity of exhaust gases is controlled.
Since waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it should not contain components that form toxic compounds when burned. In a motor cultivator that runs on gasoline and does not have instructions, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil of the 5W30 or SAE30 brand.
In winter, winter or gear oil, such as 0W40, is preferable. But this quality comes at a price. It is not worth saving on this, because high-quality oil affects less wear and tear of the engine and its durability. to the menu
2.2 Changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor
There are many different opinions about how often the oil for walk-behind tractors should be changed. But in this case you need to rely on the manufacturer’s instructions. If there is no instruction, you can change the lubricant in the usual way among users.
Replacing the gearbox oil of a diesel walk-behind tractor
The first oil change in the walk-behind tractor is carried out after the unit has been run-in. The engine and all its components must be run-in at idle speed. Before starting the engine, make sure that there is a lubricant in it. When buying a unit, its engine may be generally dry.
After an hour of engine operation, the first grease change is made. The next change is after 5-6 hours of operation. It is recommended to change the oil in the walk-behind tractor every 40 hours of operation, which is much more frequent than in a car. After the winter period, a grease change is mandatory. It does not matter how many hours a single-axle tractor has worked, if its grease has become viscous, darkened or a strong burning smell emanates from it, then it needs to be changed.
The single axle tractor must be warmed up before changing the oil. This is necessary in order for the lubricant to become more fluid. a single-axle tractor is installed in a horizontal position. The drain plug is unscrewed and the old fluid is removed from the engine crankcase.
After that, it is required to screw back the drain tank plug and fill the lubricant through the filler neck. You can check the filled oil level with a dipstick. The level should be between the Minimum and Maximum marks. Then the plug is screwed in completely.
To fill and check the lubricant level in the gear case, place the single-axle tractor on a flat surface and clean the gear case around the filler hole. Then loosen the filler bolt. If the level is normal, oil will start to flow from the hole. If this does not happen, it is necessary to unscrew the bolt completely and pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the hole.
An important nuance is the proper condition of the air filter. After all, without an air filter or with a filter, but without the required oil level, you cannot start the engine. To add grease, unscrew the nut on the filter cover, pull the filter element out of the sump, add oil to the level of the mark on the oil sump body. Put back the filter element and tighten the nut.
Based on the above, before buying oil, you need to understand several important points:
- Decide on the season for using the oil.
- Purchase special additives to enhance the properties of the lubricating fluid.
With the right choice of product, a long service life of the unit will be ensured and its performance will be improved.
Can motor oil be poured into a uniaxial tractor?
This question is very relevant, especially among novice farmers. Many of them use automotive engine oil, considering that there is absolutely no difference between it and the composition for filling the motor-block motor.
In fact, using car oil is a big mistake. The fact is that such a tool does not have the characteristics that are needed for the proper operation of the walk-behind tractor. This results in accelerated wear of the cylinders and the piston group of the motor, which leads to a breakdown of the walk-behind tractor and the need to completely replace its engine.
To prevent this, you should use a specialized motor oil for a walk-behind tractor, the composition of which fully meets the requirements of an agricultural machine. To fill the motor, you can use 2-stroke or 4-stroke oil. it all depends on the type of engine of the walk-behind tractor.
The manufacturer of the lubricant is also of great importance. formulations from popular brands have proven themselves best in practice: Shell, Mobile, Castrol and Liqui Moly. they work equally well in engines manufactured by BriggsStratton, Subaru and other well-known companies. The third important factor is the seasonality of the engine oil. it depends on this characteristic at what temperatures the composition begins to lose its most important properties. In order not to miscalculate, we advise you to choose an oil for an all-season walk-behind tractor. it does not lose its characteristics at temperatures ranging from 25 to 40 ° C.
Oil for walk-behind tractor: for engine, gearbox, transmission
Many new owners of motoblocks are interested in issues related to the use of oils for agricultural machines. Let’s look at what formulations are suitable for lubricating certain mechanisms of the walk-behind tractor, and how to use them for stable operation and extending the life of the unit.
Do I need to add oil to gasoline for a walk-behind tractor?
To find out whether you need to dilute gasoline for a walk-behind tractor, you need to study the instructions for its operation. It indicates what type of engine the unit is equipped with. 2- or 4-stroke.
If a single-axle tractor is equipped with a 2-stroke engine, then the fuel mixture for it must necessarily consist of gasoline and oil. During the preparation of the mixture, observe the exact proportion indicated by the manufacturer in the instruction manual. At the same time, fuel for a walk-behind tractor with a 4-stroke engine does not need to be mixed with oil, since all 4 strokes of such motors run on pure fuel.
It should be remembered that motoblocks, into which diesel is poured, also do not need to prepare a fuel mixture. The fact is that all diesel engines are 4-stroke engines and run on clean fuel.
Oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor. how to check and change?
The gearbox is an important element of the walk-behind tractor, the function of which is to transfer torque from the motor to the wheels of the unit by means of a V-belt transmission. Gearbox parts are susceptible to increased wear and therefore require regular lubrication. Let’s make a reservation right away that not all the means available on the market are suitable for this purpose.
The best option for lubricating the gearbox is gear oil. This type of compound is excellent for lubricating moving parts. The second important question is how much lubricant to add to the gearbox. To find out, you will need to perform a number of specific actions:
- Position the uniaxial tractor carefully so that its wings are parallel to the ground;
- Take a wire, at least 70 cm long, and bend one of its sides into an arc;
- Push the wire through the filler hole until it stops, then pull it back.
Next, look at the wire. If its wet side is 30 cm, then there is no need to add oil to the gearbox. If the lubricant level is lower, then you will need to add as much oil as is required to reach the 30 cm mark on the wire. Fill the lubricating fluid into the gearbox in the following order:
- Place the single-axle tractor on stands;
- Find the drain plug under the walk-behind tractor at the bottom of the gearbox. Place a wide container under it and start slowly unscrewing the lid;
- Wait 10 minutes, during which all oil will drain from the gearbox;
- Tighten the drain cap to the end, unscrew the filler plug and put a funnel in it;
- Fill the gearbox with about 2 liters of gear oil;
- Check the compound level with a wire. if the oil contains less than 30 cm of wire, then add some more material.
Changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor
The working life of the engine of an agricultural unit depends not only on the quality of its components and assembly, but also on how correctly and how often you will change the engine oil. Adhering to the manufacturer’s recommendations, you can extend the life of the unit and save it from typical breakdowns.
To change the lubricant in the walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to preheat the motor of the unit. To change the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor, you need to proceed in the following order:
- First place the unit in a horizontal position. Holes for filling and draining oil are always located on the left side of the walk-behind tractor engine. The oil remaining inside the motor must be drained through the drain hole, which is closed with a conical threaded plug. If the plug is twisted too tightly, then you can unscrew it with a long screwdriver;
- Place a wide container with a minimum volume of 2 liters under the drain hole and slowly unscrew the plug. After finally removing it, wait 10 minutes until the lubricant is completely drained from the walk-behind tractor engine;
- After that, tighten the drain plug and start filling with new engine oil. It is best if you choose 10W40 synthetic or mineral oil as a new formulation. Its volume should be equal to the amount of previously drained oil.
What oil should I use in my lawn mower.
If you have just purchased a single-axle tractor, then you need to change the lubricant in its motor after the first 5 hours of operation of the unit. The fact is that after assembling new motoblocks, small debris remaining inside the motor enters the oil, which leads to engine jamming and the appearance of minor breakdowns. In order for the motor of the new unit to be completely cleaned, the oil in it will need to be replaced three more times. 2 times after 5 hours of operation, and the third. after 10 hours.
Oil for a diesel walk-behind tractor. features of choice
When choosing engine oil for a diesel walk-behind tractor, you should follow the instructions in the operating instructions. However, if the instructions for use have been lost, then you will have to study the formulations on the market more carefully.
Diesel engine oils are classified into the following categories. To determine the type and conformity of the composition for a specific walk-behind tractor, special markings indicated on the container with grease will help:
- API CJ-4. formulations with this marking are designed specifically for motoblocks with a capacity of 10 liters or more. from. and more. The composition of these lubricants has a high viscosity, which guarantees the correct operation of all elements of the motor unit;
- API CI-4. these oils should be used for engines equipped with different types of injection and pressurization. Such oils have good dispersing properties and high thermal oxidation stability;
- API CH-4. lubricants with this marking fully comply with all modern requirements and quality standards. Among the advantages of these compositions, one should highlight the ability to fill them in diesel engines running on fuel, the percentage of sulfur in which exceeds 0.5%;
- API CA. formulations of this type are optimal in cases where diesel fuel contains a small amount of sulfur. Oils with such markings protect the walk-behind tractor engine from the formation of harmful deposits on its walls;
- API CB. the use of oils of this oil reduces the risk of corrosion of motoblock bearings;
- API CC. such oils will be the best option for a turbocharged engine without a supercharger. These compounds help walk-behind tractors to withstand prolonged loads and work properly in difficult conditions;
- API CF-2. oils of this group show themselves well when used in motoblocks that are subject to heavy loads.
After purchasing a suitable engine oil, you can proceed to pouring it into the motor of the walk-behind tractor. The procedure is quite simple:
- Place the unit in a horizontal position first;
- Place a wide container under the drain hole in the engine and remove the plug by gently prying it off with a screwdriver;
- Wait until the old oil is drained from the motor, and screw the plug back into the hole;
- Fill the engine with at least 2 liters of new lubricant.
Transmission oil for walk-behind tractor
When choosing a gear oil, the first thing you should pay attention to is the recommendations of the motoblock manufacturer. Each of the brands involved in the manufacture of agricultural machinery uses mechanisms that are different in their design. Accordingly, the latter require oils of different composition. In order to avoid mistakes when choosing a gear oil, we advise you to study the table, which contains the recommendations of the most famous manufacturers of motoblocks.
|Walk-behind tractor manufacturer||Transmission oil|
|Neva MB-1||Oils of the brand TAP-158, TAD-17I and other compositions corresponding to GOST 23652-79|
|Neva MB-2||Oils TM-5, TEP-15, as well as compositions corresponding to the classification SAE90 GI-2 and SAE90 GI-5|
|Bison||The optimal will be the use of TAP 15 transmission oil|
|Centaur||Transmission oils TAD-17I, TEP-15, Tap-15V, TSl-14|
|Honda||The 80W90 oil has proven itself best.|
|Cascade||Gear oils complying with GOST 23552-79 or MS-20 aviation oils|
In addition to the correctly selected gear oil, the frequency of its replacement also plays an important role in extending the life of the walk-behind tractor. Here, as in the case of the choice of the composition, you should pay attention to the advice of the motoblock manufacturer. In the table below you can study the oil change intervals for the most popular brands of motoblocks.
|Walk-behind tractor brand||Manufacturer’s recommendations|
|Neva MB-1 and MB-2||It is required to change the gear oil at least once every 100 hours of operation with the walk-behind tractor|
|Bison||The first oil change is carried out after 50 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor in a moderate mode. All subsequent replacements are made every 200 hours of operation of the unit.|
|Centaur||Transmission oil must be changed after every 75 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor.|
|Honda||The oil should be changed after every 100 hours of operation with the walk-behind tractor.|
|Cascade||It is best to change the transmission oil every 150 hours of operation of the walk-behind tractor.|
The difference in the frequency of replacing the transmission oil for motoblocks of various brands is due not only to the design features of the units, but also to their condition. Indeed, if a single-axle tractor has a slight breakdown, then the transmission oil in it will lose its characteristics much faster than in the case of a completely serviceable unit. Be sure to take this into account, and eliminate all existing breakdowns immediately after their detection.