How a single-axle tractor differs from a cultivator which is better
Differences between a walk-behind tractor and a cultivator
Owners of summer cottages and garden plots know very well how difficult it can be to dig them up after winter. Therefore, many resort to the help of special equipment. a walk-behind tractor or a cultivator. in order not only to prepare the land for planting, but also to work throughout the season: to huddle, loosen, harvest, etc. We just mentioned two units. a single-axle tractor and a cultivator. The question arises: what to choose. To answer it, we will have to figure out how one differs from the other.
What tasks does a single-axle tractor solve?
Motoblocks are heavier. their weight can reach 150 kg or more. Some models are equipped with more powerful diesel engines than petrol engines.
Transport wheels, a gearbox with reverse speed, the ability to work with a wide range of attachments make the walk-behind tractors more functional than cultivators.
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The limited slip differential on medium and heavy motoblocks allows you to work on virgin lands, wet grass, move on arable land or washed-out roads. The heaviest models are comparable in functionality to mini garden tractors.
Choose a single-axle tractor if the site has an area of more than 0.5 hectares, in addition, it is assumed not only soil cultivation, but also deep plowing, especially virgin land, mowing grass, snow removal, and transportation of goods.
To work with a plow, choose walk-behind tractors weighing 100–120 kg. At the same time, it is important to remember: heavier walk-behind tractors work easier with rear attachments, but due to their weight and dimensions, they are much less convenient for milling.
When to use a cultivator
The main working element of the cultivator is a sectional rotary cutter with a width of 35 to 100 cm, because the main function of the unit is tillage by milling. Thanks to the removable sections, the cutter width can be adjusted to suit different crops. Due to the coupling of the cutter to the ground, forward movement occurs.
Motorized cultivators are usually equipped with a 3–6 hp gasoline engine, and their weight starts from about 20 kg.
All these features determine the functionality of the cultivators. With their help, they perform:
Small, lightweight cultivators. about 20 kg. are indispensable for cultivating flower beds and greenhouses.
If it is necessary to process a summer cottage or garden plot up to 15-20 acres, cultivators weighing 40 kg or more are suitable.
Heavier cultivators (from 50 kg) are similar in function to light walk-behind tractors. Sometimes they are equipped with gearboxes, so it is possible to work with attachments: wheels with grousers, plows, hillers. Although in terms of processing quality, they are still inferior to walk-behind tractors.
Motorized cultivators pay off in small areas and in greenhouses. For such conditions, they are preferable to walk-behind tractors, since there is no need for intensive work and deep plowing, and their price is much lower. And the cultivators do an excellent job with loosening the soil with a milling cutter and processing row spacings.
What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a motor-cultivator
With the close functionality of the cultivator and the walk-behind tractor, there are still differences between them.
At first glance, it is easy to see that the cultivators are smaller and lighter. Motoblocks are heavier and more overall, but at the same time they are more powerful. As a rule, cultivators are equipped with an engine of no more than 6 hp, while the engine power of a walk-behind tractor can reach 12 hp. and even more. Although some motor-cultivators in weight and dimensions are closer to walk-behind tractors.
The main difference lies in functionality: for a cultivator, the main operation is tillage with a milling cutter, a single-axle tractor can also loosen the ground with a milling cutter, but it is often used with a heavier plow for deep plowing. Therefore, a single-axle tractor will come in handy on virgin lands, and will also allow you to perform much more various operations thanks to additional attachments. A mower, potato digger, trolley, snow thrower, etc. can be attached to the unit.
The cultivator differs from the walk-behind tractor and the type of gearbox. Usually, a chain, sometimes gear-chain, worm gearboxes are installed on cultivators. Motoblocks are most often equipped with a reliable gear-chain reducer.
Country lesson: how to choose a uniaxial tractor
When choosing a single-axle tractor for a suburban economy, determine what types of work you are going to perform using this technique. The main advantage of the walk-behind tractor is a large assortment of attachments with which you can: plow, harrow, process and loosen the soil, huddle and dig potatoes; mow and process grass and hay; clean the yard and paths from dirt, sand, debris and snow; carry small loads, etc.
Attachments to the walk-behind tractor in autumn and winter
Autumn is the time for harvesting and preparing the soil for winter. This task will be simplified by a single-axle tractor and its attachments. What devices will be needed in the fall, and what in the winter, we will consider in this article.
Features of motor cultivators
The cultivators are equipped with a gasoline or electric engine. Their main purpose, in contrast to motoblocks, is to loosen the soil. The main differences are:
- Inappropriate to use for the transportation of goods.
- Not intended for aggregation with active attachments.
- The main method of soil cultivation is milling.
- Only some models are equipped with pneumatic wheels.
- The frame design depends on the weight of the equipment.
- The power of the power unit varies between 1-6 horsepower.
- Weight. 10-60 kg.
- The transmission is represented by one gear. Reverse rotation of cutters available.
All means of small-scale mechanization are produced by manufacturers in various variations. Light, medium and heavy cultivators differ in power, which affects the ability to cultivate different areas. Lightweight electrical attachments suitable for soil cultivation in closed greenhouses.
Important! Before each start it is necessary to check the oil level, and during operation it is advisable to take breaks to prevent overheating of the engine.
Before buying, you need to pay attention to the following characteristics:
- cutting width of the cutter;
- engine’s type.
The main differences of all models are maximum productivity per hour of work.
Features of motoblocks
Self-propelled technical device has many functions of soil cultivation and allows you to transport various goods. They have the following characteristics:
- Suitability for transport work.
- Functioning with a potato digger, a plow for different types of soil, a double hiller.
- Most models are equipped with pneumatic wheels.
- The transmission is represented by a gearbox with several speeds and the ability to move backwards.
- Equipment equipped with a power take-off shaft is aggregated with active attachments: mowers, snow blowers.
- Internal combustion engine power. over 8 liters. from.
- The design features a reinforced frame.
- Weight exceeds 60 kg.
Small-scale mechanization devices are ideal for use on personal plots, greenhouses, flower beds. Many potential buyers are concerned about the question: what is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator. Consider the main differences between this technique.
Attachments to the walk-behind tractor
Self-propelled small-scale mechanization works with dumps, brushes, seeders, mowers and other attachments. Important attachments for working on a personal plot. hiller.
Hilling is a necessary type of land cultivation under many plants, especially under potatoes. This process is needed to retain moisture, kill weeds and improve tuber formation, if it is potatoes.
If you have a single axle tractor, you can significantly reduce labor costs or save money on hiring equipment for this type of work. Manufacturers offer several varieties of hillers:
- active propeller. the process of adding earth occurs with the help of propellers;
- Dutch. the wings of the device rotate horizontally and vertically;
- disc, working body. discs installed at a certain angle.
Devices for hilling plants come with adjustable and constant row spacing. In the first models, the “paw” with wings is fixed motionless, in the second, it moves and is fixed depending on the distance between the plants.
single-axle tractor or cultivator: which is better to choose
Which is better: a single-axle tractor or a cultivator? It all depends on the size of the treated area, as well as the cycle of work.
If the land is about a hectare, it is better to opt for a self-propelled heavy walk-behind tractor, which can perform various works and transport the crop. It will also allow you to transport a variety of goods.
If the area is 20-50 acres, you can purchase a heavy cultivator or a single-axle tractor. A land plot of up to 20 acres can be processed both with a walk-behind tractor and a cultivator.
It is advisable to cultivate flower beds, flower beds, beds, the land in closed greenhouses with light and medium cultivators with an electric motor.
Motoblocks are a better offer or a waste of money?
Motoblocks are more functional agricultural equipment. That is, with such a unit, you will be able to perform a greater number of different works faster and better.
With a motor-cultivator, you can only cultivate the land, and the main difference between the walk-behind tractor is its versatility. You can water plants, plant and harvest crops, mow the grass, remove snow, transport goods The list goes on and on. In addition, the power of such machines is an order of magnitude higher, but here the fuel costs will be higher.
Motoblocks are real hard workers who make life much easier for farmers and farmers. If your site is large enough, then a motor-cultivator simply will not suit you. it will not cope with the loads.
Motoblocks also come in different types, and run on diesel or gasoline. It all depends on your material capabilities, as well as on the tasks that the machine will have to cope with.
What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a motor-cultivator?
If you have a vegetable garden, a small plot or even a farm, you have definitely heard of such equipment as walk-behind tractors and motor-cultivators. They are both aimed at facilitating human work on the ground and on the site, but at the same time they differ from each other in some parameters. It is wrong to consider them as one unit.
What’s the difference? You can, for example, compare them with a modern mobile phone and an old one that was used 15 years ago. It seems that both are ringing, but at the same time, modern models can act as a TV, and a computer, and a player. That is, the technique is essentially the same, but the possibilities are different. But first things first.
What is a motor cultivator?
A motor-cultivator is a technique designed to cultivate the land. It can be gasoline or electric. At the same time, it has a lot of advantages, as well as characteristics that you should pay attention to before buying.
So, gasoline cultivators are the most powerful, and there are such types:
- Ultralight. They weigh about fifteen kilograms, their power is no more than 1.6 horsepower. Designed for small gardens. They have the smallest set of attachments. And, of course, the price is also small;
- Lungs. The weight is already about forty kilograms, and the power is up to 4.5 horsepower;
- Average. Weight. about 60 kilograms, and the power can already reach 6 horsepower;
- Heavy. Already considered professional. The power is over 6 horsepower, and the weight depends on what tools you use on it. Designed for heavy soil types.
Electric cultivators differ in that they can only cultivate small areas. Plus, you’ll always be tied to the power grid. However, the maintenance of such a technique is very simple, and the management will not cause difficulties. Therefore, if you have a very small vegetable garden, there is no point in overpaying.
Please check these points before buying. What angle of inclination of the soil can be processed? Usually this is no more than 20 degrees, but there are models designed for a larger slope. Also find out if there is a cutter that can handle difficult soil types. Experts and consumers recommend purchasing equipment with several speeds. This will allow you to control the process of work.
Which is better. a single-axle tractor or a motor-cultivator?
There is simply no definite answer to this question. Both the one and the other technique perfectly cope with the tasks that are assigned to it. The power and functionality of the technology is another matter. After all, everyone has different plots, different soils, different jobs and different needs.
What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a motor-cultivator:
- a single-axle tractor is much more expensive than a motor-cultivator. Therefore, it makes no sense for you to overpay if the technician does not have to perform many different works;
- a single-axle tractor can be upgraded. you can use attachments to turn it into a mower, a snow blower, a brush for sweeping the territory, a potato planter or a potato digger. over, a single axle tractor can be converted into a mini tractor. A motor-cultivator cannot boast of this;
- The mass of the walk-behind tractor is more. Sometimes this is good, but sometimes there are problems with plowing the field when it is advisable to use a lighter technique;
- The cultivator is less powerful, therefore, it will plow the land more slowly and will only cope with light work.
Another difference between a cultivator and a walk-behind tractor is electricity. It is not only convenient but also environmentally friendly. In addition, gasoline is quite expensive today.
Design: differences between the two units
The first thing that catches your eye when evaluating these two mechanisms is that a single-axle tractor is more massive, heavier and looks more solid. True, if the cultivator is gasoline, then its dimensions and weight catch up with a small uniaxial tractor.
What is cheaper and more economical: the cost of equipment and maintenance
In addition to the above criteria, in order to compare the two mechanisms, it is necessary to take into account the cost of operation and repair. a single-axle tractor is an order of magnitude more expensive than its younger brother, especially electric models. Cultivators are unpretentious in operation, there is almost nothing to break, low gasoline consumption. It is expensive to repair, buy attachments for a walk-behind tractor, refueling it is not cheap.
In terms of cost, there is not such a cardinal difference. on average, a single-axle tractor is 2 times more expensive when comparing samples with similar power. This is due to a more complex design and a better engine. So a soil cutter with 6 hp costs around 250. and a single-axle tractor. 500.The electric version will cost 100. and a gasoline one. 200. diesel is even more expensive.
PTO or who needs additional functions
The walk-behind tractor has an important advantage. the power take-off shaft. Due to this, various types of hinges are attached to the main unit, which expands the functionality.
What is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator
- The cultivator is designed for cultivating the topsoil. A small milling cutter is spinning, pulling the entire structure along with it. With the help of attachments, the cultivator can be loosened, hilled, weeded, and dug out. That is, to perform basic work in the garden.
- the uniaxial tractor moves independently, the drive is directed to the wheel shaft. In fact, this is the front of the mini tractor, so it drives back and forth by itself, when the wheels are locked, it turns on the spot. He is a small vehicle (vehicle). And additional attachments allow you to perform not only gardening and gardening work. With the help of a walk-behind tractor, you can perform all soil work, also sow and mow, remove snow and leaves, transport small loads.
The main differences or which is better
Although both mechanisms are similar, as well as their functions, in practice they are different units. If you wish, you can hang several attachments on the cultivator and increase its functionality, but there is something in which the technique differs radically.
Performance: comparing similar models
Power. In terms of productivity, the single-axle tractor is again the winner: higher speed, more powerful engine. Cultivators are more often 1-6 hp, while walk-behind tractors. 6-13 hp. But in the line of both units there are low-power ones, and there are more powerful models. The most productive cultivator cannot be compared with a heavy and efficient “tractor”, which can loosen the knocked-down soil without a heavy load, while the “kid” will either not pull, or the engine will burn out.
Processing area. Experts recommend using a cultivator if the territory of the garden is up to 20 acres, and it is rational to use a uniaxial tractor if the field is more than 30 acres. That is, a single-axle tractor will fulfill the tasks of a small farm, and a cultivator is capable of giving and small suburban areas.
Depth and width of cultivation. The cultivator’s cutter covers a width of up to 90 cm, and a walk-behind tractor. up to 130 cm. On both units, the width of the processing strip is regulated. The depth of immersion in the soil on the walk-behind tractor is greater, due to its weight and greater power.
Speed. Of both mechanisms, only a single-axle tractor is a self-propelled vehicle. The cultivator can travel short distances by rotating the cutter and gripping the soil from the front of the wheels. Therefore, by attaching a trailer with wheels to the walk-behind tractor, the unit is turned into a vehicle for transporting small loads. The speed of such a “tractor” is low, the speed controller is up to 6 gears.
Complexity of management. The cultivator wins on this point. It is not easy to operate a walk-behind tractor. you need good physical strength, especially in the hands, plus a certain skill. The weight of the cultivator starts from 30 kg with a power of 4 hp, and the walk-behind tractor. from 50 kg. Due to the power, maneuverability and large dimensions, you will have to learn how to operate such a machine. There are models with additional devices that make it easier to control the walk-behind tractor:
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- Electric starter. the unit is started with a key. This is especially important in the cold season and if the engine runs on diesel.
- Differential lock. with one wheel spinning, the second remains stationary. Thanks to this function, the mechanism easily rotates around its axis.
Compact and lightweight cultivator easy to operate.
Transportation. To transport the cultivator, a trunk is enough, and for a walk-behind tractor you need a special trailer, or self-propelled.