What kind of oil to pour into a diesel single-axle tractor

Why Automotive Engine Oil Is Not Suitable?

First of all, you need to follow the instruction manual for the walk-behind tractor and only on the basis of this document choose the required brand and type of lubricant. In this article we will consider all the most important issues of replacing the lubricating fluid in the main units of motoblocks.

Many owners of walk-behind tractors are wondering whether it is possible to use automotive engine oil to lubricate the main units of the unit. Experienced mechanics responsibly declare that even if there is a sufficient amount of automobile, it is not recommended to use it for filling into a uniaxial tractor.

The thing is that the engine of the car and the walk-behind tractor have a different lubrication scheme and a rather different temperature regime of operation.

In addition, the engines of the walk-behind tractor and the car will differ from each other:

  • Specific design
  • The degree of forcing
  • Certain material

Therefore, it is categorically not recommended to use automotive engine oil to maintain the walk-behind tractor in working order. After all, the use of an automobile leads to accelerated wear of the cylinders and the engine piston group as a whole, which ultimately causes engine breakdown.

Walk-behind tractor malfunctions

Like any other product that is used for the normal maintenance of machinery, oil can cause malfunctions. Consider the most common problems that occur with lubricant for the engine and transmission.

Special care

There are a large number of very different motoblocks, each of which has its own characteristics, specific characteristics and other differences, so you can choose exactly this type of equipment for caring for your site, which will seem to you as attractive as possible.

However, it should be borne in mind that, like any other equipment, motoblocks Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, LANDER, Champion, Carver, Husqvarna, Lifan 6.5 and others need constant care, proper use and good attitude. After all, this unit is very similar to a car, therefore, its care must correspond.

For more information about the walk-behind tractor, see

How to change?

Naturally, if you see that there is not enough oil, then you just need to add it. This can be done either through a funnel, or through a hose, or directly from the neck of the bottle to the neck of the crankcase. Oil is poured into the crankcase of the walk-behind tractor smoothly, without haste.

After topping up, you need to measure the oil level again to make sure it is correct. After that, the oil change in the walk-behind tractor can be considered complete.

To top up engine oil, tilt it forward slightly. There is a special plug for changing the lubricant in the gearbox. Please note that there is no need to turn over or tilt a single-axle tractor, as this can lead to oil leakage, which can cause it to enter the engine cylinders.

Owners of walk-behind tractors usually change the oil for the first time after 5 hours of operation on their unit, and then change it every 25 hours. But it is advisable to change the lubricant product every spring before the first use.

In any case, check that the oil level is sufficient before each use of the walk-behind tractor.

It is worth considering before turning off the oil sensor on the walk-behind tractor, because thanks to it you can also monitor the lubricant level without any tools.

As we already said, the oil level must meet two criteria: if you measured the level without a dipstick, then add until the oil is visible to the eye through the hole in the neck. But, in any case, it is advisable to check the level with a dipstick.

To do this, simply lower it into the crankcase and make sure it is normal. Thus, you can make sure that the oil is just as much as is required for the normal operation of the unit.

How to change oil in a Diesel tractor

What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor?

The whole procedure, based on which oil to pour into the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor and how to replace it, begins with the use of transmission substances. Before starting the replacement, you should initially track the level of the used oil, then wipe the dipstick with a rag. In the normal state, the lubrication level in the walk-behind tractor should be between the divisions that mean the minimum and maximum. If the level of lubricants falls below a certain level, then it must be increased.

Oil selection

As mentioned above, the gearbox is the main strength of the walk-behind tractor and an important structural element. Depending on the manufacturer, there may be differences in the gearboxes.

For refueling, transmission oils must be used. Many owners of walk-behind tractors have a question: how to choose oil for the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, at what time to change it, what oil to fill in a single-axle tractor, in what volumes. All this data you need to know.

The most correct solution would be to use the recommendations of the manufacturer of the unit.

If there is no manual for your device, then we will give an example of popular transmission oils:

  • Synthetics: zicg-ftop 75w90, Castrol Syntans Transaxle SAR 75W90, Total Transsynfe 75w90;
  • Semi-synthetics: Tdl75w90, Nfj 75w80. TNK trans gipoid super 75w90;
  • Mineral-based: 75W80 BV, EPX 80W90 GL5, Lukoil 80W90 TM-4.

The most popular use is by domestic walk-behind tractors: Tep-15, Tm-5, Tap, Tad-17i. Semi-synthetics. ZIC 10W40.

Important! Before you start working on a new walk-behind tractor, it must be run in. After 25-30 hours of running in, you must change the oil. Subsequently, it changes after 180-200 hours of operation, if the unit is not in operation, then every one and a half to two years.

How often to change the lubricant in the walk-behind tractor?

The first replacement should be carried out after the end of the engine running-in (26-33 hours of continuous operation).

Further oil changes should be carried out twice a year:

  • Before the start of the winter period.
  • At the beginning of the spring-summer season, before the start of intensive use of the unit in field work.

If it has not worked for a long time, it is still necessary to replace the oil in it, since it will begin to water under the influence of time. If it has changed from a relatively transparent color to a darker one, then the replacement should be carried out immediately.

What types of lubricant should be used?

There are two types of grease for walk-behind tractors:

  • For 4-stroke engine
  • For 2-stroke engine

How to choose oil for a walk-behind tractor?

kind, pour, diesel, single-axle

What is the best way to use oil for a walk-behind tractor, how to change it correctly? This issue should be taken with particular seriousness, since the choice of a good product has a direct impact on the durability of the unit and the quality of its work.

Changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor

After 100 hours of motor operation, a lubricant change is required. In rare cases, this should be done every 50 hours. What kind of oil to fill in a single axle tractor? One that meets all the required operating conditions.

The replacement procedure consists of several stages:

  • Place the single-axle tractor in a horizontal position.
  • Using a sturdy screwdriver, remove the drain plug.
  • Drain its contents into a specially prepared container with a volume of at least 2 liters. This process takes approximately 15 minutes.
  • Screw on the drain tank cap.
  • Fill the gearbox with oil for the walk-behind tractor to the desired level, then close the hole. Oil must be poured carefully so that it does not drip around the edges.

The most successful would be to use the 10w30 brand. This oil is suitable for grass trimmer and any four-stroke engine. A bonus of the substance is its anti-corrosion properties. The effect is enhanced when used in conjunction with special additives that can be poured at any time of the year at temperatures from 25 to 25 ° C.

Some buyers purchase walk-behind tractors without lubrication. Then it is required to fill them with a new product before starting operation. You need to choose the oil in the motor-block engine of high quality and suitable. Be sure to pay attention to the viscosity, which is indicated on the label. According to this indicator, the oil for the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor of the SAE and API brands is ideal. But first you need to read the instructions for the unit, which will indicate the recommended type of lubricant.

Replacement is carried out every 3 hours of continuous operation. But first, you should still read the operating instructions and take into account the recommendations specified in it.

After the first procedure, carried out after the time interval noted in the documents, the replacement should be carried out every 25 hours of operation.

All actions should be organized only with a well-warmed engine. This will give the oil the optimum viscosity, which is important for this process. a single-axle tractor during operation must be located in a horizontal position.

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The main stages of changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor:

  • Remove the lid of the container containing oil.
  • Open the drain tank with a long and sturdy screwdriver.
  • Drain old grease into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters, close the drain tank.
  • Pour new oil into the walk-behind tractor engine to the desired level. Do not pour more than the specified mark into a uniaxial tractor.
  • Close the product filling hole.

Provided the instructions are followed, the oil change process does not take much time.

What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor?

If no recommendations are found, then attention should be paid to the walk-behind tractor model. For example, a diesel unit must be filled with diesel oil. It is also important to take into account the time of the year. certain types of oily substances are not used in sub-zero temperatures. For example, oil for a snow blower must be purchased that is resistant to low temperatures.

If you have a walk-behind tractor that runs on gasoline and does not have instructions, it is better to take 4-stroke SAE 30 or 5w30 oil. In winter, 0w40 should be preferred. They are expensive but provide less engine wear. This criterion is very important, since the work of the walk-behind tractor puts a serious load on the motor parts. Buying must be handled with caution.

There may be cases of acquiring fakes, which can cause significant damage to the mechanism of summer cottages. To improve the effect of oil in the engine, additives can be added to it. these are special liquid substances that enhance the quality of lubrication.

And there are different compositions for sale: oil for lawn mowers, cultivators, trimmers, oil for 4-stroke engines of lawn mowers, etc. Each has a number of characteristics that you need to know. Quality and viscosity are the main ones. They should be given special attention. The first must meet the requirements of the engine model, and the second must meet the climatic conditions and the season in which the unit will be operated. The choice of an oily substance depends on the model of the walk-behind tractor and on the weather conditions in which it will work. Usually all this data is indicated on the label.

Main brands and properties of motor oils

  • SAE formulation withstands large temperature fluctuations. Oil is suitable for 4-stroke engines and not only, garden units with a Honda engine work well on it. The oily substance is suitable for use at any time of the year. The degree of endurance can be determined by looking at the marking under the letter W. The lower the number is indicated next to the letter W, the more adapted the fluid is to changing climatic conditions (the smallest value is 0W). If the letter W is missing, then the oil is only suitable for use in the summer. The API letters indicate the quality of the oil. The numbers indicate the number of strokes in the engine. There are also combined oils that can be used in multi-stroke engines. The EC indicator, or the degree of conservation of energy, is indicated by Roman numerals and increases according to their value.
  • ASEA can be used in both passenger cars and trucks. A number is placed after the letter designation. At the same time, high means having the ability to endure difficult working conditions. Lawn mower oil can be marked with this mark.
  • MIL-L is used for military vehicles and denotes the nature of the engine. Code 2104 indicates that the oil is suitable for a diesel walk-behind tractor, code 46152. for gasoline.
  • GOST 17479.1-85 characterizes the viscosity of the oil. This inscription is followed by a set of letters and numbers that indicate the type of fuel. In the absence of the latter, you need to know that oil is universal.

The main condition for the operation of a worm gearbox is regular oil change. This helps to extend the service life of the structure, as it protects them from foaming, and therefore the gearbox from malfunctions. Today, there are already mechanisms on sale that do not require a lubricant change.

In order to successfully change the oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to use transmission substances. Before proceeding with the replacement, it is imperative to check the level of the old oil, then wipe the dipstick with a soft cloth. Normal lubrication in the walk-behind tractor should be between the dashes denoting the maximum and minimum values. In case of insufficient quantity, it is necessary to increase the level.

Conclusion

In order not to make a useless purchase, there are a few key points to keep in mind. First, decide on the season in which the oil will be used. Secondly, purchase additives to enhance its properties. They will definitely provide the details of the walk-behind tractor with additional protection.

If you choose a high-quality product suitable for the type of motor, then you can extend the life of the unit and improve its operation.

Characteristics of types of products

  • SAE. Its main indicator is its resistance to various temperature changes. It is used not only for the summer, but also for the winter period. How to determine? First of all, you need to look at the number in front of the letter W. The lower its value, the more it is adapted to cold temperatures. The smallest value is 0W. If there is no such letter, then the oil is intended for the summer season. The higher the value, the better its quality.
  • API. This value characterizes the operating conditions. There are two types of them: diesel and gasoline. The alphabetic values ​​indicate the quality of the oil, as well as where it is necessary to fill it: into a single-axle gasoline or diesel tractor. Also, its appearance depends on the number of measures. That is, the number 2 is an engine with two strokes, etc. Some brands can be used for both two strokes and four, which are called combined. Another indicator is the literal value of EU, which stands for energy conservation. The economy of the oil is indicated by Roman numerals, and the higher they are, the better it is.
  • ASEA. Indicates the original quality of the material. The oil can be used not only by cars, but also by trucks running on diesel fuel. It is usually followed by a number. If its value is high, then the vehicle can work in difficult conditions.
  • CCMC. This indicator is rarely used. He indicated for which types of cars the oil is suitable.
  • MIL-L. This indicator is used in military terminology and is divided into two parts. Code 2104. indicates that the single-axle tractor is diesel, and 46152 is gasoline.
  • GOST 17479.1-85. This is the last characteristic that indicates the viscosity of the oil. It is followed by various letters and numbers indicating the type of fuel. If they are absent, then the grease is universal.

Changing the engine oil

It so happens that a person has purchased a single-axle tractor without oil. In such a case, it is necessary to fill in new clean agent before using the unit. At the same time, attention is paid to the viscosity. It must correspond to a certain indicator. For these purposes, brands such as SAE and API are suitable, the features and characteristics of which were presented above. But you should still look at the instructions. It is in it that a certain type of oil is indicated, which is most suitable for this type of engine.

Replacing it in the engine occurs after three hours of continuous operation of the walk-behind tractor. But it should be borne in mind that different manufacturers of this fuel indicate their specific time. After the first replacement, the procedure takes place according to the instructions, that is, every 25 hours.

  • open the lid of the container where the oil is located;
  • we unscrew the cover of the drain tank;
  • the oil that remains in the engine is drained into a special container (the procedure takes about 15 minutes);
  • close the cover of the drain tank;
  • we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
  • close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.

There is nothing complicated in this process. It can be done by following certain instructions.

Lubricant for walk-behind tractor

The most common is 10w30 oil for a walk-behind tractor.

The price of lubricants for walk-behind tractors depends on the brand of the manufacturer, as well as on their technical characteristics.

How to choose?

During operation, the motor of the walk-behind tractor is constantly exposed to serious stress.

There are a large number of technical indicators of oils. What kind of oil to fill in a single axle tractor? When choosing, you should pay attention to viscosity and quality. These two indicators are key. First of all, they choose which uniaxial tractor is better to use for this type of tool, as well as climatic conditions. The answers to these questions can be found on the labeling of the motor fluid.

Features of tools for the reducer

The oil in the gearbox of the walk-behind tractor should be changed regularly. Why do this? After a while, the additives begin to lose their characteristics. In order for them to serve for a long time, they must be protected with oil. If you do not replace it, this will lead to foaming of the product, and the gearbox begins to jam. But there are vehicles in which it is not necessary to replace this fluid.

To replace it, use transmission types of products.

Changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor

As a rule, the filling of funds is carried out after 100 hours of its operation. But it so happens that this procedure must be carried out every 50 hours. To make a replacement, you need:

  • unscrew the plug from the drain tank;
  • pour the oil into a special dish (this operation takes about 15 minutes);
  • we twist the plug from the drain tank;
  • we fill the gearbox with new oil to the required level;
  • close the hole with a plug through which clean fuel was poured.
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What kind of oil to fill in a uniaxial tractor?

First you need to read the instructions for the used device model. It is here that it is indicated which oil to fill in a single-axle tractor and in what quantity. These rules should be strictly adhered to. First of all, you should find out which single-axle tractor is better. If you choose a machine that runs on diesel fuel, then you need to use diesel oil accordingly. In addition, they pay attention to the season, as there is a summer and winter remedy.

It happens that a person buys a single-axle gasoline tractor without instructions.

Replacing engine oil in a walk-behind tractor

The process of changing the oil in the walk-behind tractor is quite simple and takes a little time. For this work, you need to prepare in advance a container for draining the used lubricating fluid with a wide neck and a set of keys of the required size.

The entire replacement process consists of the following work:

  • The engine must idle for 4-5 minutes for the oil to warm up and drain quickly;
  • The single-axle tractor tilts gently and the drain hole is opened with a key of a certain size;
  • The used oil completely flows out of the hole into a previously prepared container;
  • The drain hole is closed;
  • The filler hole opens;
  • New oil is carefully poured into the filler hole;
  • Filler hole closes securely.

After replacement, you need to check its level with a dipstick. The volume of the drained old and the filled new one must be the same. It is very important to replace and replace the spark plugs at the same time.

What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor

In order for a single-axle tractor to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is a key factor in engine performance. What kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor we will try to figure out on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the walk-behind tractor. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for walk-behind tractors and cite excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.

OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

OIL VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils that are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter, and an oil with a higher value (more viscous) in summer.

The multi-grade oil is highly stable under seasonal and temperature changes. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Engine oil for motoblocks recommended by manufacturers.

Motoblock engine make Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter service class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates SAE 5W-30. in cold regions Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (Honda) SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area. SG, SF.
Lifan (Lifan) SAE-30 SAE-10W-30. all-season
Briggs Stratton (brigs) Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be apply at any temperature. Change synthetic oil as usual. Air cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often. SF, SG, SH, SJ or above
DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine) М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
DM-1K Instruction from OJSC “Red October” M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)

Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced walk-behind tractors such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.

Use only SE, SF, SG engine oils in general gasoline engines.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines

SA For low stress applications where no additives are required
SB For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
SC For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SD For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SE For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SF For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SG It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.
SH Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.

Diesel engine oil categories

CA For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.
CB For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CC For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.
CD For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.

We give information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of Patriot (Patriot) walk-behind tractors and cultivators

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, walk-behind tractors, mini tractors and other equipment.

Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.

The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE OPERATING CONDITIONS OF THE MOTOR BLOCK.

Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows to reliably protect the engine under extreme operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties. 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties. Supreme 4-Stroke Mineral Oil is a special high-quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling. The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.

The frequency of changing the oil in the engine of the walk-behind tractor

Briggs Stratton (brigs) First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.
Honda (Honda) Lifan (Lifan) Check Oil Level. Every Use. Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 operating hours; subsequently every 100 operating hours
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A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of walk-behind tractors and cultivators:

  • check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • when changing the oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • do not use additives and additives in the oil
  • dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from the owner’s manual for a Honda engine:

Timely oil change in the construction of the walk-behind tractor is a very responsible and important job. Indeed, without this, it is impossible to ensure high-quality and long-term operation of the main units and systems of the walk-behind tractor. The answer to the question. is it possible to fill a single-axle tractor with motor oil and which one to choose?

The service life of the aforementioned unit largely depends on the quality of the engine oil poured into a uniaxial tractor. It should be remembered that a timely and correct engine oil change is much cheaper than buying and installing new engine parts that have failed due to improper care.

2.1 Gasoline motoblocks

Motoblocks of this class are ideal for cultivating small plots of land. In a gasoline engine, fuel is ignited by a spark that is generated from a spark plug. These motoblocks are very maneuverable and lightweight.

Any gasoline used in modern cars is suitable for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.

The main advantages of a gasoline engine:

  • It can be started in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
  • Reduced noise level.
  • Significantly less vibration when driving.

Kubota Oil & Oil Filter Change for L Series Tractors (#64)

The main advantage over a diesel engine is its relatively low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they do not withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases. to the menu

What types of lubricant should be used?

There are two types of grease for walk-behind tractors:

  • For 4-stroke engine
  • For 2-stroke engine

What kind of oil to pour into a uniaxial tractor

When purchasing a single-axle tractor, it must be remembered that its long-term operation depends not only on replacing consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the walk-behind tractor.

The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how correctly to choose engine oil for motoblocks. The question arises, what kind of oil to pour into the engine of the walk-behind tractor, how to replace it or check the level.

Why Automotive Engine Oil Is Not Suitable?

First of all, you need to follow the instruction manual for the walk-behind tractor and only on the basis of this document choose the required brand and type of lubricant. In this article we will consider all the most important issues of replacing the lubricating fluid in the main units of motoblocks.

Many owners of walk-behind tractors are wondering whether it is possible to use automotive engine oil to lubricate the main units of the unit. Experienced mechanics responsibly declare that even if there is a sufficient amount of automobile, it is not recommended to use it for filling into a uniaxial tractor.

The thing is that the engine of the car and the walk-behind tractor have a different lubrication scheme and a rather different temperature regime of operation.

In addition, the engines of the walk-behind tractor and the car will differ from each other:

  • Specific design
  • The degree of forcing
  • Certain material

Engine oil functions

Each technique, including walk-behind tractors, comes with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the technique to last a long time and not break.

You need to know that during the operation of the walk-behind tractor, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:

When the air-cooled walk-behind tractor engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, after which a smoky exhaust is formed. The deposition of resinous substances dramatically affects the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.

It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for a walk-behind tractor according to SAE classification is a guarantee of the durability of the equipment.

When using a single-axle tractor, select the lubricant based on the climatic zone.

For example, when using grease of the SAE 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. It is undesirable to pour summer lubricants at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use results in difficult starting of the engine and damage to the cylinder bore. to the menu

Oil change: how to do it right

First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, it should be moistened to the middle.

What oil is better for pouring into a diesel engine of a walk-behind tractor?

Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option that is indicated in the instruction manual. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.

But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the species presented on the market today. According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to the operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:

  • API СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful devices of 10-12 liters. with., which are constantly exposed to serious loads. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sulfur 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
  • API CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high desperging properties;
  • API CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully complies with the most stringent requirements of American and European manufacturers. Oil is less sensitive to fuel containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
  • API CF-2. The specified option is ideal for motoblocks with two-stroke engines used in difficult conditions. The oil contains additives that protect the internal parts of the engine from rapid wear;
  • API CA. Suitable for a walk-behind tractor running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, not suitable for high mechanical stresses). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
  • API CВ. Ideal for engines running on high sulfur fuels. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
  • API CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without superchargers. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.

If you classify the specified substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:

  • The letter “W” denotes those types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W);
  • The absence of a letter designation is accompanied by highly viscous species that are ideal for summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
  • All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are indicated by a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).

Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (higher viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel motoblocks with and without air cooling should be just selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.

The replacement procedure is pretty simple:

  • To begin with, you should place the uniaxial tractor in a horizontal position;
  • Then you need to remove the plug on the drain tank (you can use a screwdriver);
  • The next step is to patiently drain the entire contents of the tank into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters (the process takes 15-20 minutes) and tighten the cap;
  • Now you can very carefully fill in fresh oil up to a certain mark without spilling it.

Oil for diesel walk-behind tractor

a uniaxial tractor, like any technical device, requires careful operation and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But it is necessary to deal with oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.

For what reasons a diesel single-axle tractor takes a lot of oil?

Sometimes situations arise when in the work of the walk-behind tractor, not everything goes as smoothly as we would like. Among the reasons for this problem are:

  • Malfunction of the PCV system causing oil to be sucked back into the engine. To get rid of the trouble, replace the PCV valve;
  • Mechanical problems can also cause excessive oil absorption. It is necessary to check the compression, because because of its poor performance, the oil may not enter the combustion chamber, but simply “disappear” along with the fuel;
  • Preexisting problems with a destroyed catalytic converter can also be the cause. It is possible that dust and particles of the scattered catalyst got into the combustion chamber and led to mechanical damage to the cylinders. The solution is to replace the cylinders;
  • Worn valve seals allow oil to easily seep through the engine, so you should carefully check them if necessary.