DIY tiller scraper

How to make a homemade blade (shovel) for a tiller. do it yourself

In Russia, there are such winters that very often the owners of private households are faced with the problem of removing a large amount of snow. Traditionally, this problem has been solved with conventional shovels and various tools. Now, when many farms have at least tillers that can be equipped with various types of attachments, snow removal, debris removal and other work has become much easier.

Tiller Snow Shovel Design

  • vertical plane of the blade;
  • struts for structural rigidity. 4 pcs.;
  • horizontal plane of the blade;
  • knife;
  • eyelets for fastening rods.

Tools and materials

To create a snow plow yourself, you will need:

  • steel sheet 850x700x3 mm;
  • 4 steel plates 450x230x3-4 mm;
  • iron strip 850x100x3 mm;
  • two eyelets for attaching rods;
  • 1 m of a square pipe with a section of 40×40 mm;
  • bolts М10, М12 and М8, as well as washers and nuts;
  • two rods 520 mm long;
  • a set of drills for metal;
  • pliers;
  • set of wrenches;
  • a sheet of thick durable rubber;
  • small but thick steel sheet;
  • angle grinder with discs for metal;
  • apparatus for electric welding;
  • hand electric drill.

Scheme for making a shovel blade for a tiller

Features of the manufacture of a snow plow

Consider another option for making a shovel, which is not too different from the previous one. For the blade itself, you will need 3 mm steel sheet, and for the struts that provide additional rigidity, you need to take thicker steel. It is necessary to make holes in the racks for attaching the shovel to the rods. It is very important to ensure vertical placement of attachments homemade equipment in relation to the front of the power unit.

  • shovel;
  • barbells;
  • bracket for attaching the rods to the tiller;
  • thrust.

Tiller with blade

Homemade snow shovel

Dump barrel

To make your own snow shovel for the Neva tiller, you first need to collect the necessary tools and materials. So, we need:

  • an old steel barrel with a capacity of 200 liters;
  • a strip of iron with dimensions of approximately 850x100x3 mm;
  • 1 m of a square pipe with a section of 40×40 mm;
  • bolts М10, М12 and М8, as well as washers and nuts;
  • a set of drills for metal;
  • pliers;
  • set of wrenches;
  • a sheet of thick durable rubber;
  • small but thick steel sheet;
  • angle grinder with discs for metal;
  • welding machine;
  • hand electric drill.

After all the tools, materials and drawings have been collected, you can start making a do-it-yourself blade for the tiller. The simplest solution would be to make a bucket from an old 200 liter barrel, since it initially has the optimal roundness. In this case, you do not need to heat the metal sheets and bend them, giving them the desired shape. So, you need an old barrel, from which you need to cut off the lid and bottom of the angle grinder. The resulting pipe should be cut lengthwise into three equal segments. These two thirds must be joined together along the contour using a welding machine, and the remaining third must be cut with an angle grinder into strips that will be used to ensure sufficient rigidity. Attach the shovels one strip at a time, and distribute several pieces evenly along the entire length of the blade.

Homemade snow plow design

Now, to further strengthen the entire structure of the blade, you need to make a knife at the bottom of the bucket. This will require an iron strip with dimensions of 850x100x3 mm. Using an electric drill, drill three holes with a diameter of 5-6 mm and a distance between them of 100-120 mm in the knife. This is to reinforce the rubber pad, which will prevent the bucket from damaging the road surface. The knife is attached to the working edge of the bucket using a bolt connection.

Next, you need to take another piece of square pipe and make an L-shaped holder out of it. The short side of this holder is installed in a pivoting semicircle, and the other end of the pipe is bolted to the frame of the power unit. To adjust the height of the blade, two bolts are used, screwed into the recess of a square pipe, which is welded to the hitch and is put on the L-shaped holder. The video shows a snow shovel for a tiller and working with it.

Homemade dump

Snow plows that can be installed on almost any type of equipment (tractors, ATVs, cars or tillers) make life much easier and the process of removing snow drifts itself. Any snow plow consists directly of a working body, a steering angle adjustment mechanism and a fastener that fixes the shovel to the chassis of the power unit.

DIY snow plow for a tiller

Despite the fact that there are various modifications of factory devices for cleaning the fallen snow masses, however, according to the presented drawings, you can easily and independently make a snow shovel. Thanks to such attachments for the “Neva” tiller, you can clear your site from snow drifts in winter, and use it the rest of the time for garbage collection, leveling earthen pads and much more. Despite various modifications, all plows are characterized by the same general design and principle of operation. The snow shovel has three main positions:

  • forward;
  • to the right with a slope of 30˚;
  • to the left with a slope of 30˚.

A self-made blade made from a gas cylinder or steel barrel must be turned 30˚ to the left or right before snow removal work. Having set the required angle, the tiller‘s shovel is fixed in the required position by means of metal cotter pins.

The width of the working grip is usually 1000 mm, provided that for the manufacture of a shovel, metal is 2-3 mm. True, some models may be more or less than this value. The industry makes snow shovels from high quality steel.

Blade installation

To install the grader, you will have to resort to using brackets mounted on the frame of the power unit being used. Additionally, the blade is attached to the tiller with two rods, which, when inoperative, make it possible to unload the motoblock brackets. The knife, made of steel plate 850x100x3 mm, is attached to the lower horizontal edge of the grader by means of a bolt connection.

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Now, after the blade is ready, you need to install it and you can start clearing snow drifts, removing garbage or leveling the earthen area on your site. A do-it-yourself blade for a tiller is a versatile equipment with which you can perform various works. And self-production will make it possible to get a multifunctional device adapted specifically to your needs.

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In order for the motoblock blade to last as long as possible and resist corrosion, it should be treated with a special primer or protective paint.
The rubber strip attached to the working edge of the shovel should protrude beyond the steel plate.

Blade manufacturing features

It is not difficult to make a blade for the Salyut tiller on your own, and you will have to use a welding machine, an angle grinder and a drill. It is not worth looking for a metal of suitable quality for a long time, because for this you can prepare an ordinary steel barrel, the volume of which is 200 liters. The container needs to be cut into three equal parts, which will make it possible to obtain three segments, each of which has a curved shape, which is exactly what is required. It is these blanks that will be used to make shovels. Along the contour, two previously prepared elements must be welded together, which will make it possible to obtain a product whose metal thickness is equal to three millimeters. This indicator will be enough to ensure the required rigidity of the equipment.

Blade design features

If you decide to make a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller, then first you need to familiarize yourself with the design features of this attachment. The operation to correct the position of the element is completed by setting the required angle and fixing the blade in a certain position. In this case, cotter pins are used. It should be noted that the width of the shovel of the described equipment, as a rule, is equal to the limit of one meter. This indicator can be considered relevant when the bucket is made of metal with a thickness ranging from 2 to 3 millimeters. You should take advantage of the experience of professional manufacturing companies that use high-quality steel in the manufacture of dumps. When a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller is made, it can be additionally equipped with metal attachments in the form of knives, which will be most conveniently used for leveling the ground. Among other things, you can equip the equipment with rubber nozzles, which are indispensable when clearing snow. Shovels should not be equipped with spring damping mechanisms, this is due to the fact that the speed of movement is low enough, therefore, protection is not required from contact with an uneven soil base. the tiller does not need swing-lifting devices at all, which can reduce the cost of a set designed for snow removal.

Features of making a blade-blade

A drawing of a blade for a tiller will allow you to figure out what design features the manufactured element will have. Thus, the dimensions of the device are 850x220x450 millimeters. The shovel must be made of steel sheet, the thickness of which is 3 millimeters. The racks, which are located inside, must be made of sheet steel of impressive thickness. These additions act as stiffeners. Holes must be drilled in them to fix the blade to the rods. It is important to keep the equipment upright in relation to the front of the tiller.

The dump for the Neva tiller can be manufactured using the same technology. To mount the element, use a bracket that is installed on the legs of the tiller. The base of the folding front support is fixed to the latter. In this case, you need to use M10 bolts. Additionally, the equipment should be secured to the tiller using adjusting rods, the number of which is limited to two. When not in use, they allow the brackets to be relieved. The tiller blade is bolted to the bottom. The knife must have dimensions of 3x100x850 millimeters.

Final work

The bottom should be sheathed with metal in order to prevent the element from cutting into the ground. The depth of the bottom can be whatever you choose yourself. If the height of the main element is equal to 450 millimeters, and the depth is equivalent to 220 millimeters, then such equipment will more resemble a bucket.

Nuances of work

When the blade for the Salyut tiller is being manufactured, the lower part of the element can be reinforced with a knife. To do this, the master must prepare a metal strip, the thickness of which is 5 millimeters. Its length should be equivalent to that of the blade. At the next stage, 6 mm holes should be made in the knife, placing them 12 cm apart. These manipulations are necessary to fix the safety strip, which is made of rubber. the tiller “Salyut” is supplemented with attachments by means of a technique that assumes a fairly simple design of fasteners. Any master can do such work at home. To the dump, which is made of two barrel elements, a square pipe with a side of 40 millimeters must be welded to the middle of the height. This will strengthen the device. the tiller “Salyut” will be equipped with attachments that will be quite convenient to use. At the next stage, a semicircle made of thick steel must be welded to the pipe, or rather to its central part. Three holes are pre-drilled in it, which are needed to fix the angles of rotation of the manufactured element.

The need to use a blade

This solution eliminates the need to use a shovel, which is a rather laborious task. Before proceeding with the manufacture of an addition to an existing tiller, it is necessary to consider the design features of a snow blower, which consists of three parts, namely: a mount, a snow shovel and a steering angle correction device. The attachment point is responsible for fixing the shovel on the tractor frame. Having made a do-it-yourself blade for the tiller, you can do such work on the site as cleaning up garbage and leveling the soil surface. If it is necessary to carry out the last of the named works, it will be possible to transfer the soil from one place to another.

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Blade builder tips

When a shovel for a tiller is made, the next step is to attach the holder, which has an L-shape. Insert one end of this element into the hole located in the semicircle. The other end is fixed to the tiller frame with bolts. The bolts should also be used to adjust the blade lift. They are screwed into the holes in the section of the profiled pipe, which is located on the coupling device.

Of steel sheet

When making a bucket from sheet metal, the work process is different from the previous options. In this case, the following manipulations are provided:

  • Sheet bending. In order to bend the sheet and give it the required shape, you need to use a semicircular, strong, large object. This achieves the optimal curvature and shape of the product.
  • The bottom must be heavy, so a steel strip must be welded
  • On the reverse, convex side of the part, a fastener is welded

If it is necessary to achieve sufficient strength, several sheets are welded together, and a stiffening body can also be made, to which a shovel is ultimately welded.

Preparation for work

You can install a snow blower knife on the frame of any motor-cultivator with a capacity of at least 4 liters. from. and weighing more than 50 kg. Also, having revised the drawings of a plow for a mini-tractor with your own hands, they can be adjusted to fit your needs if the farm has a mini-tractor. It is important for this unit that it is not lightweight. The heavier it is, the easier it will be to rake the snowdrifts. Tiller Neva of domestic production is well suited for this type of work. The technique has a high operational efficiency. the tiller is adapted to harsh weather conditions at maximum loads.

In the process of making a shovel for a tiller, you will need the following tools:

  • Welding
  • Roulette
  • angle grinder with cutting and grinding discs for metal
  • Electric drill
  • A set of keys
  • Screwdriver
  • Paint brushes and paint

After completing the preparation of the tool, you can proceed to the choice of material for the manufacture of the device. For this, many metal products with a good strength indicator can be suitable.

#85 Custom 8″ 260 Backhoe Scraper Bucket

The shovel can be made from such materials

tiller, scraper
  • Inoperative gas cylinder. The walls of the product are made of thick and durable metal, therefore, having made such a blade, it will be possible to remove compacted snow, level the ground, rake gravel and sand.
  • Large barrel with a capacity of 200 liters. When choosing such a material, you need to remember that the steel of the product is not thick, and such a material can only withstand the removal of snow that has recently fallen out and is not compacted.
  • Metallic stripes. In the manufacture, bumpers of trucks or corrugated steel for covering the floor of industrial premises may be suitable.

For the manufacture of a snow plow, you can also use the Zykov plow, drawings and dimensions. Steel with a thickness of more than 10 mm should be chosen as the material for the swivel mechanism. Such material is easy to find in places where scrap metal is received. For fastening, you need a steel pipe profile of about 20 × 40 mm.

In the process of creating drawings and making a snow plow, devices such as a reversible tiller plow or a horse plow are often used. Their design can be modified and changed depending on the availability of materials and needs.

When working with loose snow and deep bumps, the equipment can get stuck and skid. This problem is solved by installing tracks on the semi-axle of the tractor. After that, you can work with the snow blower without losing productivity in any conditions.

Basic rules and manufacturing criteria

An important point that cannot be neglected when drawing up a homemade drawing is the ratio of the amount of work to the power of the unit. When overloaded, components and mechanisms will quickly wear out, which leads to breakdowns and inoperability of the machine.

The manufacture of a blade for a tiller must be carried out with keeping certain conditions:

  • Durable material. For normal service, at least for several years, the knife must have a strong base. Any part of the shovel must be manufactured with a load and strong impact in mind.
  • Excerpt sizes. The self-made blade should not be very wide or high. The optimal width is considered to be the limit from 80 to 130 cm, and the height from 30 to 50 cm.
  • Lifting mechanism. When developing a drawing, a lifting device in the form of hydraulics or levers can be added to the structure. This function will allow you to transport snow or use the unit as a loader.
  • Swivel joint. With the help of such a device, you can change the angle and inclination of the shovel to the left and right, up and down. Thanks to this, the removal of snow or debris will be carried out better and taking into account human needs. For turning up and down, you can make a structure like a rotary plow.
  • Rubber. It is imperative to install a thick rubber cushion strip on the bottom of the blade. In this case, the tiller is less damaged from impacts, and the bucket from deformation and failure. The road surface is also protected.
  • Installation and dismantling speed. Since the tiller is a universal device, its rigging should be carried out as quickly as possible without the use of special tools.

The blade can be placed on the front bracket, under the chassis, or behind the tiller. For attachment at the rear, you can use the attachment of the plow to the tiller, which will greatly facilitate and speed up the work, but the most suitable position is considered to be located in front of the unit. With this setting, the maximum cleaning quality is ensured.

The finished product can be created and oriented in a horizontal or vertical position. The vertical option is chosen when space is limited.

From a balloon

According to this principle, a dump is made from an old gas cylinder. There is no need to reinforce it additionally, since the walls of the cylinder are quite strong.

It is advisable to use the second part of the cylinder for the manufacture of a replaceable blade, since the metal will wear out and wear out. In this case, if necessary, it will be possible to quickly replace the device.

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From the barrel

It is desirable to carry out the work in the following sequence:

  • First, you need to mark the barrel. The bottom and sides are divided into 3 identical parts. Then the product is divided using an angle grinder. The rest of the bottom is cut in a circle. The end dense part must be left for better blade rigidity.
  • When using a thin-walled barrel, the 2 parts must be folded and stapled. Before bonding, it is better to lubricate the material using hot bitumen, which will improve the metal’s resistance to corrosion. This will increase the bucket weight and reduce impact noise. Parts are fixed with rivets or bolts.
  • Around the perimeter of the shovel, you need to attach a stiffening strip of steel at least 3 mm thick. The strip is welded with a welding machine using bolts or rivets. It is better to strengthen the upper and lower parts of the shovel by cutting out the inserts from the remnants.
  • The width of the conveyor belt attached to the bottom of the blade should be such that it protrudes from 3 to 10 cm, but this depends on the area of ​​operation of the snow blower. The tape can be made removable, which allows you to work with bulk material.

The finished shovel for the tiller must be cleaned of corrosion and scale. Treat with anti-corrosion agent and paint.

Differences between other modifications of the grader

If you want to make attachments from steel sheet, then you should take options at least 3 millimeters thick. You should not buy thicker steel, as it will be very difficult to shape it. To ensure rigidity, make the struts of stronger steel, narrow strips will be easy to bend.

Holes are made in these posts to help you secure the attachment to the chiller. In total, this design provides 4 parts: a pair of rods, a working blade, brackets and rods. A steel plate knife is bolted onto a shovel. A minimum of 4 stiffeners must be installed on a steel grader. Brackets are mounted on the frame of the motor power unit.

The rods are attached to the blade and brackets. When inoperative, it is necessary to lower the working blade in order to relieve the load from the frame of the power unit of the cultivator. The rotary mechanism of this grader is manufactured according to the same principle as in the variant described above.

Buying ready-made attachments can punch a decent hole in your budget, so it’s worth paying attention to the DIY instructions above. Having a gas cylinder or an old barrel on hand, you can make this design yourself.

In terms of time, work usually takes no more than three hours. Additional materials for making a grader will cost you much less than a factory-made knife. It is quite easy to use the tiller to clear snow from areas: set the shovel at an angle of 30 degrees and lower it.

A self-made grader will perfectly cope with the snow mass. Users report that it is easy for them to level sites for construction, laying paving slabs or equipping beds.

With the onset of a harsh winter, there is a problem with snow removal. This especially affects the owners of private houses and land plots outside the city. Therefore, many are wondering how to make a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller.

Making a Small Hand Scraper

Tips & Tricks

Drawings of a plow for your mini tractor with your own hands and a snow plow can be made by any owner of a mini tractor who has experience of this type of work. With such a snow blower, you can easily regularly clean the yard from snowdrifts. It should be borne in mind that while saving money, the device can be used both for private use and for commercial purposes, because the device is capable of performing large volumes of work in a short time compared to manual work.

When making your own blade, which will be used together with the tiller, it is recommended to adhere to the rules and sizes. It will not be difficult for any owner to work with the dimensions and design a device according to their needs and for a specific tiller model. Snow removal can be an easy and enjoyable experience with such a device. It is also important to take care of the condition of the metal surface.

It is best to treat it from time to time with a special primer, which prevents the metal from rusting and subsequent destruction. The bucket surface can be coated with frost-resistant paint.

A motor-cultivator is a useful tool that will help you not only plow the land on the site, but also move loads or clear the area of ​​snow. To use the additional functions, you will need to purchase a special attachment. It is not cheap, so many equipment owners make various hinges, including, for example, a do-it-yourself blade for a tiller.

Snow shovel design

Important! All shovels for tilers have a similar device, so they can be made according to the general algorithm.

The structure must be rotated and fixed in three positions:

  • straight;
  • right and left by 30 degrees.

The shovel can be cut from an old tin barrel or an empty propane canister. Metal cotter pins are used for fixing to the chassis. The grip of the working surface of the knife should be about a meter, and the thickness of the metal should be about 3 millimeters.

In order to make a dump on a tiller, you need to prepare:

tiller, scraper
  • barrel with standard volume (200 liters);
  • a steel plate with dimensions of 85x10x0.3 centimeters;
  • a piece of pipe with a square section of 4×4 cm, 1 meter long;
  • bolts of sizes M12, 10 and 8, as well as nuts suitable for them;
  • durable rubber plate;
  • steel sheet.

In addition, prepare the tools: metal drills, welding machine and electrodes, electric drill, spanner set, angle grinder and metal cutting discs.

Important! Before making the blade, make sure the tool is in good working order and that you can handle it. Observe safety precautions, wear a protective mask for welding, and use special goggles when drilling.