How To Plow Properly With A Tiller With Cutters
Tiller requires preparation for work: installing ground hooks, hanging and adjusting the plow.
Attaching and adjusting the plow
The plow is attached to the machine with various couplings. First, the hitch is attached to the tiller using a pivot. The mount should not be strong, with a horizontal clearance of 5-6˚. If the connection is made firmly, the tiller will deflect in different directions when plowing the land due to the uneven effect of the soil on the plow. This complicates the control of the unit.
The next step is to attach the plow to the hitch. Better to do this with an assistant. It is not recommended to tighten the nuts completely so that the plow adjustment for the tiller is correct. This is an important operation. In case of wrong actions, plowing with a tiller will be of poor quality. For correct adjustment of the cultivator, the unit is installed on supports 20-25 cm high.They can be made of bricks or scraps of boards.
Ground hooks are installed on stands and fixed. Tiller should not outweigh this. Set the plow bed in a position where the heel is parallel to the ground. This can be adjusted with the adjusting bolts. The stands can now be removed and the control handles can be installed at the level of the operator’s belt.
In the last step, the angle between the ground and the plow end is adjusted. The adjusting screw is unscrewed until the plow blade rests on the ground. Then its back must be raised 2.5 cm above ground level. If this is not done, it will be impossible to plow with a tiller. The plowing depth is equal to the height of the stands when adjusting.
The operation of diesel and gasoline engines begins with starting. Many owners of a newly acquired tiller have no idea about this process. They don’t read the purchase instructions, although they are included with every product. Check the oil and fuel levels first. This is done before each start of the engine.
Two-stroke engines are fueled with gasoline and diluted oil. The proportions of oil and gasoline, the mixing technique are described in the instructions. A-92 or A-95 gasoline is poured into the fuel tank of a gasoline engine. The diesel engine runs on diesel fuel, which is available in summer and winter. The instruction gives information about the temperature at which winter or summer diesel fuel should be used.
Immediately before starting, the control systems for clutch, reverse, gas, steering are checked. All connections in these systems must move with little effort. To start a gasoline engine equipped with a recoil starter, you need to open the tap on the gas tank. The choke lever is set to the Start position. With the ignition off, 3-5 movements of the starter are performed. Then the ignition turns on and the engine starts. Choke lever is set to Run.
If the engine is equipped with an electric starter, starting is easier. The ignition turns on and the engine starts. Gasoline enters the carburetor under the action of an electric pump.
It is more difficult to start a diesel engine. There is air in its power system, which must be expelled with an electric starter. When the air comes out of the tubes and diesel fuel takes its place, then the engine will start. When starting with a recoil starter, open the fuel supply valves, set the gas and press the decompressor. After several strokes with the starter, the decompressor returns to its original position and the engine starts. It is possible to work under load only after warming up the diesel.
How to plow with a tiller with a plow
Today, land owners often use machinery. Plowing with a plow on a tiller is much easier and faster than digging a garden with a shovel. Tiller will plow in an hour and a half the entire area that needs to be dug with a bayonet shovel for a week. But for this you need to properly control the mechanism. The unit together with attachments you need:
- Deliver to the place of work;
- Replace rubber wheels with soil hooks;
- Elongated axles will give the mini-tractor additional stability;
- Attach and adjust the plow;
- Start the engine;
- Start plowing.
Correct plowing has advantages over other types of work:
- During this process, fertilizers can be applied;
- The plowing depth throughout the entire area remains unchanged;
- The soil is saturated with oxygen and moisture;
- Weed growth slows down;
- The yield doubles;
- Saves time.
Controlling the tiller is simple: you need to walk next to it and use the handles to adjust the direction of its movement. The unit weight must be at least 70 kg. Plowing can be done on the Neva tiller and other mechanisms. A lighter implement will not pull the plow.
This plowing also has disadvantages:
- Do not plow areas with deep roots;
- The fertile layer gradually fades away and loses quality.
The evenness of plowing can be adjusted by the speed of the mini-tractor.
Choosing a tiller for plowing
When purchasing a tiller for plowing the land, you need to remember about other work that it is capable of performing. A mechanism with a motor not only plows, cultivates and spuds, but also transports goods, removes debris and snow from the territory, and mows the grass. Watering the beds and harvesting in the fall are operations that are also subject to the tiller. Some specimens have a shaft, to which various equipment is connected, capable of sawing and chopping wood, pumping water, and providing electricity. This is the difference between tillers and cultivators.
There are 3 varieties of machines for plowing the plot: light, medium and heavy. Products of the middle and light classes are intended for household use. Their weight is in the range of 50-100 kg. They are equipped with 4-8 hp engines. C. Most units have multiple forward and reverse gears. Heavy class Tillers work on farm land. They weigh over 100 kg and are equipped with an engine with an output of over 8 liters. FROM.
The choice of a mechanical assistant for soil cultivation is related to the number of functions it performs, the area of the site and the type of soil. The denser the soil, the heavier and more powerful the unit will be needed for plowing the land. Its weight must be selected from 95 kg. The best products are equipped with diesel engines. They have a large tractive effort, a high service life, diesel consumes less fuel. But when the ambient temperature drops to 2 ° C and below, the engine starts more difficult.
For a cultivated area of up to 15 acres, a tiller is needed with a processing width of 70-80 cm and an engine with a capacity of 3-4 liters. C. For 15-40 acres, a unit with a processing width of up to 90 cm and a capacity of 7 liters is suitable. C. If a land plot with an area of more than 40 acres and up to 1 hectare, it can be plowed with a unit with an engine over 9 liters. C. And 1 m working width.
A wide range of equipment can be purchased along with the main tiller. But it is best to choose the necessary devices: a lawn mower, a motor pump, a snow thrower, a potato digger. A product with a gasoline engine is purchased for snow removal. To transport goods, you need wheels with a diameter of 45 cm.It is good if there are handles adjustable in height.
The most expensive part of the tiller is the engine. Domestic units are equipped with imported motors. Saving on the engine leads to frequent repairs that are more expensive than the cost of the engine. High-quality engines are produced by companies:
- Greenfield (Greenfield);
- Subaru (Subaru);
- Honda (Honda);
- Forza (Forza);
- BRIGGS STRATTON.
All manufactured engines are two-stroke and four-stroke. The latter have established themselves as reliable and economical. When choosing an engine, preference should be given to motors with a disc clutch and a serviceable gearbox. These products are the most functional and reliable. It is better to choose gear reducers. Worm gear systems often overheat during operation and require the unit to stop every 20 minutes.
The best light type tillers:
- Salute (Russia) with a Japanese engine;
- Tiller Neva MB-3S (Russia) with Subaru engine.
These machines are suitable for cultivating the land on small farms and household plots.
Middle class products:
- Cayman (France) with a 6 hp Robin-Subaru engine. C. Has transfers: forward 2, back 1. Plowing depth 32 cm, width 90 cm.
- Neva and Cascade are produced by domestic manufacturers and are equipped with the American Briggs Stratton engine.
- Centaur (China) with a 7 hp gasoline engine. C. Plows 30 cm deep, passage width 100 cm.
These units are equipped with high-quality diesel engines of American or Japanese production, equipped with a gear reducer and a disc clutch. 4 forward and 2 reverse gears allow you to work with various attachments, carry loads.
Installation of ground hooks
Soil hooks are wheels with a diameter of at least 50 cm and a width of 18 cm. They are made of metal. First you need to cook them along with the additional axles. Tiller is installed on level ground. Rubber wheels are turned away and ground hooks are put in their place.
Instructions: how to plow with a tiller with a plow
Now that the tiller is ready to plow the soil, the ground hooks are in place, we proceed to installing the mounted plow on the tiller:
1. We fasten the plow with the hitch, while the fastening nuts do not fully tighten so that you can subsequently adjust the plow.
2. Attach the hitch to the plow and the tiller attachment with two pins.
That’s it, the plow is installed on the tiller and now you can proceed to adjusting it (photo).
Unlike the preparation of the tiller and the installation of the plow, the adjustment of the plow is a little more complicated and must be done with high quality, since if the plow is incorrectly adjusted, plowing the land will take you a lot of time and effort, and, unfortunately, the quality of plowing will leave much to be desired.
How to properly plow a plow on a tiller, recommendations
Tillers make manual work easier for many owners of personal plots and vegetable gardens. Tiller, if properly operated, will become an indispensable assistant in your household. But not everyone knows how to properly plow with a plow on a tiller.
Rather, they do not know how to properly prepare a tiller and a plow for plowing and cultivating the land. Oh, it’s not so difficult. Explore our recommendations and you will succeed.
First of all, depending on the size of the cultivated area, you need to choose a suitable tiller and a plowing tool. All tillers are divided into three types:
- 1. Light tillers or motor-cultivators with a weight usually not exceeding fifty kilograms. The power of a motor-cultivator is from three to five horsepower. Designed for cultivating the land with a cultivator or cutter. The area of the cultivated area is up to six acres.
- 2. Medium Tillers with a capacity of up to twelve horsepower and weighing up to one hundred kilograms. Plots up to twenty acres are processed using a cultivator or a light plow.
- 3. Heavy tillers with a capacity of up to thirty horsepower and a cultivation area of up to two hectares, usually with a mounted plow.
Now that we have decided on the tiller, we will learn how to plow with the tiller correctly. Small areas are best cultivated with a cultivator or cutter. The scope of delivery for light and medium tillers includes cutters.
The technology of plowing the soil with their help is simple. It’s just that the tiller is placed on the edge of the section, an overdrive is turned on and, holding it, we follow him, turning 180 degrees at the opposite end of the section.
Plowing over a large area is quite another matter. Correct plow adjustment is very important here. Suppose it is done correctly.
Then, at low speed, a control pass is made from one to the other edge of the section, on which we unfold the tiller and perform the reverse pass. At the same time, we put the tiller with the right wheel in the middle of the furrow, which remained from the first pass. We closely observe the plow. Taking into account the tiller tilt, the plow should be perpendicular to the ground plane. If not, then adjust the plow again.
Then a second pass is made and the depth of the furrow is estimated. If the depth is too deep or too shallow, then adjust the plow. As a rule, when plowing with a plow, the depth of the furrows in should be within 15-20 centimeters.
As you become more plowed and your furrows are level, you can increase the speed of the tiller. Then the plow will roll off the soil more strongly, its surface will be flat, without lumps, and the plowing itself will go faster. This is how they plow with tillers.
Tiller plow adjustment
- 1. First, put the stands under the tiller, which should be specially prepared for this (photo 2).
- We put the tiller’s ground hooks on the stands, and put the same stand under the tiller’s support leg so that it does not lean towards the plow, that is, you need to balance the tiller standing on the stands with the plow.
- 2. The height of the supports for ground hooks is determined by the depth of plowing the soil you plan: if plowing before winter, then the height of the supports should be up to 20-25 cm, if you are going to plow in spring, then the height of the supports is less than 10-20 cm.
- 3. After the tiller is balanced, use the adjusting bolts to tilt the plow body so that its heel is parallel to the ground (photo 3).
- Photo 4 shows a correctly adjusted plow with a heel parallel to the ground.
- 4. Next, remove the tiller from the stands, set the carrier so that the control handles are at the level of the belt. This position of the tiller carrier during operation does not load the hands and they do not get tired for a long time during operation. When all the plow adjustment operations have been completed, you can start plowing.
Before starting the main plowing of the soil with a tiller, carry out a test plowing and evaluate whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what is the quality of the soil dumping and what is the depth of the furrow.
The ridge of the next furrow should lie close to the ridge of the previous furrow, that is, there should not be more than 10 cm between them (ridges). Also, the next furrow should not lie on the previous furrow with a bulk of soil. For this to work, the right wheel of the tiller needs to go not along the base of the previous furrow, but in the middle of its dump (the previous furrow) (photo 6).
How to plow with a plow tiller and description
Before we begin to figure out how to plow with a tiller with a plow, it is necessary to prepare the tiller itself for plowing the soil:
- 1. First, move (roll) the tiller to a level place on your site.
- 2. Prepare soil hooks and replacement axles.
- 3. Replace the wheels with tires on the trailer with wheels with soil lugs, which are installed on replacement (extended) axles.
Plowing tiller compilation
We have given below how to properly plow with a tiller. You will clearly see that the tiller copes well with plowing not only the already repeatedly processed soil, but also virgin lands.
How to install and plow a mounted plow
The main working bodies of the tool are a metal ploughshare and a blade. The ploughshare plows, it cuts the top layers of soil and directs them to the dump. And the dump wraps the soil raised by the share, crumbles it and throws it into the furrow. Thanks to this process, the soil is deeply loosened, in which it is saturated with oxygen and gets rid of weeds.
The figure (diagram) shows what a share plow looks like, designed to be plowed with a cultivator, a tiller in the garden. Different models of plowing devices may have some differences between themselves, but mostly they are all arranged this way.
Before starting to plow the land with a cultivator, tiller, a removable plow is assembled. To do this, take two bolts and with their help attach the hitch to the rack of the mounted implement. The assembled unit must be attached to the cultivator bracket, slightly fixed and then adjusted according to the parameters:
- Plowing depth;
- Blade tilt angle;
- Heel angle (field board).
To fit the required plowing depth, the motor cultivator is rolled out on supports 12-20 cm high and placed as evenly as possible, so that the field board is completely in contact with the ground surface, and the stand is perpendicular to it. The mounted plow is adjusted to the required position at which it will plow, and then secured with the adjusting screw and lock nut.
To adjust the angle of inclination of the blade, the cultivator is tilted to the side. To do this, remove the stand from under the right wheel (or lug), leaving only under the left one. The nuts securing the hitch to the hitch are slightly loosened, the plow is slowly turned, giving it an optimal position for plowing.
The angle of inclination of the heel (field board) is changed by rotating the adjusting screw of the cultivator hitch. If you want to increase the height of the heel relative to the share, the screw is turned clockwise and vice versa. When adjusting, it is imperative that the distance does not exceed 3 cm, otherwise the plow nose, when plowing in the garden, will begin to dig deep into the ground and worsen the tractive effort of the cultivator, however, as well as the tiller or the motorized tractor. At the end of the adjustment, all nuts are well tightened with a wrench. You can take a closer look at the process of setting up a plow for plowing with motor-cultivators Salyut, Neva and others on.
After making the above settings, the plow is completely ready for use, you were able to set it up, and you can try to plow in the garden. Before they start plowing them thoroughly, especially virgin soil, they carry out control plowing and assess whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what are the furrow depths and the quality of the soil dumping. How to properly plow with a cultivator is well illustrated by the example of the Tiller Neva. You can also see how the heavy tiller Zirka behaves when plowing virgin soil, pay attention to how the plow is deepened.
With the correct adjustment of the plow, the motor unit moves evenly during plowing, without jerking, without burying the plowshare nose deeply. The furrows from the dump are flat and do not overlap each other when plowing. If there is solid soil on the site, then plowing is carried out in two passes. At the first plowing, a predetermined shallower depth is set, at the second it is greater. In the same way, you need to plow virgin soil. For processing small areas, they mainly use a cultivator and a plow cutter. Medium-sized plots are also cultivated with a cultivator, but with the use of a cultivator or a light plow, and heavy and virgin lands with the help of a powerful motor-cultivator (for example, the Neva) and a mounted plow. You can develop your own plow setting method that suits your tiller. Hitching the plow to the tiller is easy.
How to plow with a tiller correctly: plowing the land, working with different attachments
The multifunctional tiller can perform a wide range of works in the field, summer cottage and garden. Together with the device, various types of hitch are used, which help to quickly and efficiently cultivate arable land and virgin lands. The most common and best tillage implement is the share plow. Instructions on how to prepare it for work and properly plow it are described in our article.
What attachments does the tiller work with?
Any experienced farmer knows that with the help of a tiller, cultivator or other motorized equipment, you can mechanize almost all agricultural work, from cultivating the land to prepare it for sowing and ending with the transportation of the harvested crop. The motor units have become universal due to the possibility of using a variety of attachments. So, for example, for the cultivation of arable land and the cultivation of virgin lands, not only moldboard and other plows were created, but also:
- Rotary tillers;
- Weeding cutters.
Harrows are used to plow virgin soil, as well as for pre-sowing (spring) or post-harvest loosening (autumn) of arable soil to a depth of 7-14 cm. By harrowing with a tiller, a cultivator, they level the surface, cover moisture, and destroy weeds. The working bodies of such agricultural implements are metal teeth or spherical discs. On this you can clearly see how to plow correctly with a tiller and a homemade harrow. And also from there you can pick up the improvement for the harrow.
With the help of a hiller, potatoes are hilled, cut furrows for sowing seeds, backfilled planting material, as well as weeds directly in the row zone. Hilling devices are single-row and double-row, with a fixed and adjustable working width, distinguishable both by their design and by their efficiency. Here is how the Neva MB2 motor-cultivator performs processing with a mounted two-row hiller-weeding machine.
The rotary tiller can plow virgin soil, carry out pre-sowing and main cultivation of plowed land. This agricultural tool allows you to mill, cultivate the land and prepare it for sowing with high quality. It is capable not only of plowing the soil, but also crumbling large layers, mixing with fertilizer, crushing stubble particles, leveling the sown area. Tillers for cultivation are of different types, depending on the number of cutting elements. This shows how to actually plow with a tiller with a cutter installed on it, as well as cultivating.
The weed cutter helps to cut weeds, split and cut grooves without turning the layer, plow and crush the soil. Flat cutters come with all kinds of working widths and working depths, which allows you to choose them for specific conditions for processing agricultural plots and crops. How in practice to carry out processing with a hinged flat cutter is well demonstrated by the example of the Tiller Dnepr.
In addition to the listed removable tools, created in order to plow virgin soil and cultivate arable land, rakes, wood splitters, seeders, choppers, cultivators, rotary and segment mowers, shovels, dumps, sprayers, sweeping brushes, snow blowers, etc. Are used with the motor unit. Having in stock the main set of mounted agricultural implements, you can use a tiller or a powerful cultivator to perform all sorts of economic tasks, in particular, pre-sowing plowing, sowing and planting crops, fertilizing, inter-row cultivation, harvesting root crops, seasonal harvesting of green forage.
How much does it cost to plow a field
Manual processing of the land of plots is a rather difficult task, and if it is also virgin land, then it is almost impossible to dig up the ground. Therefore, farmers and summer residents, in order not to plow by hand, try to acquire special agricultural units, cultivators, motor-cultivators, tillers, mini tractors and various accessories for them. The technique will allow high-quality plowing of virgin soil and quickly cultivating the plowed land.
But not every owner of a farm or summer cottage has the opportunity to purchase a whole arsenal of motorized equipment. Often, the power of a purchased cultivator is simply not enough to cultivate virgin soil or plow an abandoned garden. In this case, you have to seek help from the owners of more serious agricultural machinery of powerful mini tractors and tractors. These high-performance machines become especially popular in the seedbed and post-harvest season. They promptly and efficiently process the field, cultivate, cultivate overgrown sod and virgin soil.
Of course, agricultural machinery services are not cheap. The cost of mechanized work performed by a tractor depends on various factors, in particular on:
- Fuel and lubricants prices;
- The size of the processed area;
- The degree of neglect of the site, the presence of vegetation on it;
- The relief and condition of the soil to be processed;
- Distances from the parking lot of the equipment to the place where it will work;
- The type of excavation and agricultural tools used for their implementation.
How much does it cost to hire a tractor for plowing virgin lands or cultivating plowed land, you can find out on thematic forums where experienced farmers and beginners exchange relevant information with each other and give practical advice. Typically, tractor owners calculate the cost of plowing as follows: all costs for processing 45-50% (virgin soil, of course, is more expensive). But it is difficult to accurately name the final amount, since in different regions of the country can vary greatly.
The most expensive are the work of a tractor on plowing virgin land and arable land using a disc harrow, a tillage cutter and a three-body or double-body plow (25,000 rubles / 1-5 ha). Disking of the earth and mowing of grass will be a little cheaper if you work with a mini-tractor using a mounted rotary mower and a tooth harrow (20,000 rubles / 1-5 hectares). But even with relatively high prices, the services of tractors and mini tractors are used by many farmers, including owners of garden and summer cottages. Whatever one may say, but plowing and cultivating without equipment is difficult and time consuming. In addition, this is a very responsible process that does not do without time and financial investment. To plow a plot, you can either hire a tractor or dig it up yourself.
Work with a milling cutter on a tiller. How to install a rotary tiller, types of tools and rules of work
Cultivation, or milling of the soil, is basic and one of the main processes that a tiller performs. The essence of cultivation is crumbling the soil and mixing it at a depth of 30-40 cm. The depth varies depending on the type and model of the tiller. The quality of the soil, the controllability of the tiller, the application of the operator’s efforts, the load on the engine and transmission depend on the correct operation of the cutter. Therefore, you cannot neglect the rules for the selection of a hinge and cultivation.
Tiller cutting helps control weeds. The cutter is also responsible for the structure of the cultivated soil: large or small clods of soil. Please note that such a tool is able to cope with very heavy and virgin soils, you just need to choose the right equipment.
Rotary tillers are of various types and types, and can be radically different from each other. They differ in shape, design, as well as the number of knives and their location.
Conventionally, all tools can be divided into 2 large categories according to the type of working body:
Crow’s feet milling cutter
Cutter of saber type
Let’s consider each of them.
The saber-type knives are often referred to as the standard rotary tiller because it is the most common and popular option. Such a hitch is often included in the basic factory set of tractors and motor tractors. Its widespread use explains the versatility of the device: it can work with almost any type of soil. The tiller’s saber blades are made of very durable high quality carbon steel. In addition, such a cutter has a collapsible design, so installation, maintenance and transportation of the tool is as simple as possible. The steel from which the knives are made is not at all susceptible to welding. To improve the mechanical properties of the product, so-called heat hardening is used during production. Steel for strength is processed by high-frequency currents.
The crow’s feet cutter is very effective when working on virgin or hard soils. Such a tool has been used relatively recently. It performs well when working on rocky ground. The solid construction of the rotary tiller speaks of its high reliability and durability. In the production of the crow’s feet cutter, ordinary carbon steel is used, however, the advantage is that the tool is weldable and repairable.
So, if you have to work with a cutter on heavy and difficult soils, choose the type of crow’s feet. If the soil is simple, then strong, reliable and durable saber knives on the cutter will be enough for you.
Now let’s look at how to work with a cutter on a tiller. The process is simple, but it takes practice. At first it will seem to you that the tiller is disobedient, the cultivation depth is insufficient, and the work is too hard. Trust our experience, all this is temporary. A little patience and practical skills and you will be delighted.
So where to start?
When working with the cutter, the opener must be installed in the rear bracket of the tiller. It must be fixed in the middle position. Then, working with the machine, you will adjust the final adjustment depth. It will depend on the density and quality of the treated soil.
Pay attention to this issue, since it is on the correct adjustment of the opener that both your convenience and the quality of the cultivated land will depend. A situation often arises when the tiller digs in place, shows insufficient cultivation depth, or you have to make significant efforts to work. It is the correct opener adjustment that will solve these problems. Remember that you don’t need to push, pull, push, or lean on the tiller, he will do all the work himself, and you just have to guide and control him.
Well, after setting the opener to the middle position (before starting cultivation), start the car and warm up the engine for a few minutes. Now turn on the first speed, add revs, smoothly engage the clutch and, without resting the opener on the ground, roll the tiller to the starting position for milling. Don’t be afraid to roll the tiller on the cutters. Nothing will happen to them as they are designed for such situations.
Now turn on the second speed, set the maximum revs and smoothly engage the clutch. The cutters will begin to enter and burrow into the soil, and the tiller will follow. Pay attention to the type and condition of the soil. If the soil is hard, then the cultivation should be carried out at the first speed, at high engine speeds.
To adjust the loosening depth with the tiller, you need to lightly press the handlebars to the ground. This will push the opener into the ground more strongly and start to slow down the tiller. And thus, accordingly, the depth of cultivation will increase. If it is not possible to reach the required depth, then lower the opener in the shoulder lower.
When loosening the soil on a shovel bayonet, you need to slowly swing the tiller to the sides. This will shift the gearbox in depth and to the sides, and it will not rest against uncultivated soil.
We would like to remind you that it is imperative to work with a flat back, and the hands should be at waist level. So it will be convenient for you, you will be able to work with the tiller cutter for a long time and will not bring harm to your health.
Gradually, working with a milling cutter on a tiller will become easy for you. You will get used to this process and it will be quick and easy. Then you can walk, for example, to the side of the tiller, turning its handles in order not to step on the already worked soil, or come up with other improvements for better and more efficient processing of agricultural areas.
In the modern world, agricultural equipment is increasingly used to plow the land of personal plots. This became possible due to its variety and the affordable price of some species. One of the most common types of technique is the tiller.
Using a tiller when plowing the land has a number of advantages over manual processing:
- Labor productivity increases several times by reducing the time and effort for processing;
- The ability to carry out other work: loosening the soil, applying fertilizers and others;
- When plowing with a tiller, the furrow depth is greater, while the condition and quality of the soil also improves;
- Thanks to the use of a motor-cultivator, the earth is enriched with oxygen and better moistened;
- The number of weeds is reduced, the yield in such areas is doubled.
However, there are two sides to any business, so mechanical plowing of the land has its drawbacks. So, it is not used in areas with weeds with deep roots, because K. This will lead to their further reproduction. In addition, if the soil is treated in this way constantly, its fertile layer gradually loses its quality, therefore, additional enrichment with fertilizers is required.
To achieve the desired plowing depth, you need to pay attention to the weight of the tiller. It is better to choose the one that is heavier. You can add weights yourself by attaching additional weights to the wheels.
The first furrow is made with a depth of no more than 10 cm. You need to plow slowly and without pressing on the machine. If it happens that the equipment overheats, it is turned off for half an hour.
With relatively soft ground, the metal knife goes into the ground at the distance of the shovel bayonet. If the ground is harder, it is difficult to achieve this depth the first time. Therefore, the plowing operation is carried out in two or even several stages, each time lowering the plow deeper.
Cultivating the site with a tiller
To obtain high quality soil processing with milling cutters, you must select the correct speed mode. There are usually two gears to move the tiller forward:
- Lowered this is the first gear.
- High is the second gear.
Unlike plowing, when cultivating the soil, the tiller must work at an increased speed, therefore in this case it is necessary to select an overdrive to increase the rotational speed of the cutters.
The choice of an overdrive reduces the load on the tiller engine, and with an increase in the rotational speed of the cutters, the quality of soil loosening increases significantly.
After passing the first strip, we check the depth of tillage. If the depth is satisfactory, then you can continue to cultivate the land. The passage of the second strip must be done so that the cutters follow the mowing line left by the opener, since an untreated area of soil remains between the tiller’s cutters.
When carrying out work on the cultivation of the garden, you do not need to press the steering wheel down, you should not push the tiller forward, all this can lead to the fact that the tiller begins to burrow into the ground.
Tiller plowing with plow
Experienced experts advise novice gardeners to begin their plowing work by pulling the cord along the first row. Such a simple procedure will make the furrow even.
When plowing other rows, the tiller wheel will follow the finished furrow of the first row. For this reason, all other furrows will be smooth, no additional measures are required.
In order to plow the garden conveniently, the procedure must be carried out along a long row. This will help you get rid of the extra effort.
How to plow with cutters
If you need to plow a small area, it is better to use a cultivator or cutters. They can be purchased separately, but more often they come with light and medium tillers.
The soil treatment procedure is that the machine is driven along the furrow from edge to edge in overdrive. Having turned the tiller 180 degrees at the end of the section, the procedure is continued. During plowing, it is necessary to ensure that the rotation speed of the mechanism is low, and the cutters rotate, on the contrary, at a high speed.
The cutters must be set perfectly horizontal to prevent the formation of waves during plowing. The use of cutters is ideal for loosening the soil and removing weeds. However, the cutter can destroy soil capillaries that prevent moisture from entering the soil.
The most commonly used are saber cutters, as well as models with crow’s feet. The first option is used most often. Operations with their help are carried out efficiently and accurately. The second is preferable for removing weeds and cultivating heavy soil. The inconvenience is that such a cutter is not strong enough and needs frequent repair.