What to pour oil to pour tiller neva

What gasoline to fill?

Owners of gasoline-powered tillers disagree on which gasoline is better for pouring into the Neva tiller. For example, for “Neva MB-2” and all its modifications, the manufacturer recommends choosing only AI-92 and AI-95 gasoline.

On farm forums, there are references to the fact that tillers work better on gasoline with a low octane number, for example, the AI-80 brand. GOST 2084-77 regulates the division of gasoline into winter and summer. Obviously, gasolines with a high octane number are less corrosive and more chemically stable, therefore they are suitable for most tillers by default.

Oil change in the “Neva” tiller

First of all, you need to decide whether you need to change the oil? It is quite possible that his level is still sufficient for the effective work of the tiller. If it is necessary to change the oil, place the chiller on a level surface and clean the area around the oil dipstick. This plug is located on the side bottom of the engine.

How to determine the oil level after filling? Very simple. with a dipstick. To check the oil level, wipe the dipstick plug until dry, and then, without twisting it, insert it into the oil filling hole. By the trace of oil on the dipstick, you can determine at what level it is.

Important! The engine oil level must not exceed the maximum mark. If there is too much oil in the reservoir, it may start to flow. This will increase wasteful oil consumption, and hence operating costs.

The engine must be cool before checking the oil level. A recently operated engine or gearbox will give incorrect oil levels and will be higher than it actually is. When the parts have cooled down, the level can be measured accurately.

Which oil to choose?

pour, tiller, neva

There are two types of oil. for two-stroke and four-stroke engines.

The engine type is determined by the factory marking.

Oils are divided into:

  • synthetic (mineral)
  • semi-synthetic

Oils for engines of Neva tillers are used depending on the season, for example, in the winter season it is better to use synthetic oils, they are less sensitive to temperature drops. Semi-synthetic oils are used in summer.

The API standard defines three types of oils. for gasoline and diesel engines, and universal. For gasoline engines, oils are used with the first letter S and the second, determined by the oil quality (A, B, C, F, G) in decreasing quality. For diesel engines, oils with the first letter C are used.

For oils suitable for both diesel and gasoline engines, double markings are used, for example SG / CD. The second character in the label shows the quality of the oil, the closer the letter is to the beginning of the alphabet, the lower the quality of the oil (the CD label indicates that the engine oil is better than the product with the CD label).

Carefully study the instruction manual of the tiller. The manufacturer indicates what kind of oil should be poured into the engine or gearbox, so it is advisable to follow these recommendations.

For example, for the tiller “Neva” MB-2, the manufacturer recommends using transmission oil TEP-15 (-5 ° C to 35 ° C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 ° C to 25 ° C) GOST 17479.2- 85 to SAE90 API GI-2 and SAE90 API GI-5, respectively. For “Neva” MB-1, transmission oil is recommended in accordance with GOST 23652-79 (TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others).

Popular brands today: MOTUL, ESSO, MOBIL, LUKOIL, SHELL, Valco, Yarneft, KAMA OIL, Leol, WOG, YUNIOIL, Krol, Spectrol.

Diesel engine maintenance. key points

In order to ensure uninterrupted operation of Neva diesel tillers, the manufacturer recommends performing the following types of engine maintenance work:

  • checking the oil level, topping up or changing the oil;
  • adjustment of the clutch cables;
  • check of gears;
  • check of clutch friction units;
  • checking and tightening bolts and nuts;

Without fail, before installing the Neva diesel tiller “on idle”, you should perform the following actions:

  • run out of fuel before the engine stops working;
  • leave the engine to cool down completely, and then drain the remaining fuel from the tank.

Maintenance of the diesel engine filter must be carried out after 8-50 hours of operation (depending on the degree of load and the duration of continuous operation).

After 100 hours of operation, you need to change the oil, clean the oil filter and oil distribution box, carry out lubrication work.

After 500 hours of operation, the same actions are carried out as during maintenance after the first 50-100 hours of operation, in addition, carbon and dirt are removed from the cylinder cover, oil filters and oil distribution box. You should also descale the water tank.

Petrol engines

The Tiller “Neva” gasoline engine has the following advantages over diesel ones:

  • easier to maintain;
  • fuel does not freeze in frost (for example, if it is necessary to clear the area from snow);
  • suitable for light soil (not virgin soil);
  • have proven themselves well in small areas;
  • the noise level of such an engine is lower than that of a diesel engine;
  • lower cost.

Oil for Tiller “Neva” with Subaru engine

We should also mention the Neva model with a Subaru engine. This is a very popular model, especially among novice farmers. The unit is powerful enough, with a large motor resource, which is why it is so popular. The manufacturer recommends to use for this model the transmission oil TEP-15 (-5 ° C to 35 ° C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 ° C to 25 ° C) GOST 17479.2-85 according to the international engine oils classification system by viscosity SAE90 API GI-2 and SAE90 API GI-5. Filling volume 2.2 l.

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A Robin Subaru engine will work with or automotive oil and 10W-30 (SAE classification). Oil class: SE or higher. The quality should not be worse than SG. For example, when choosing between oils with different markings, it is recommended to choose SJ oil, and if it is not available, SH oil if it is not available.

The most important recommendation for engine maintenance is to observe the schedule for the transition from operation in the warm season to operation in the cold season. When the air temperature drops below 4 ° C, change the summer type of engine oil to winter. The same procedure should be performed in reverse order when switching to summer operation, when the air temperature will constantly exceed 4 ° C.

Gasoline engine maintenance. what to look for

The main work on servicing gasoline engines of Neva tillers is:

First engine oil changing on my kisan Kraft power weeder

  • oil level monitoring
  • oil change according to the manufacturer’s recommendation
  • control of the ignition system
  • control of the fuel supply system
  • air filter maintenance (usually performed after 50 operating hours). If necessary, such maintenance can be done earlier, especially if the Neva tiller is used in dusty areas.

Refueling with oil of a gasoline engine is carried out using a brand of oil used only for this type of engine or universal, suitable for both diesel and gasoline tillers “Neva”.

The oil level must reach a special mark on the filler neck.
Changing the oil in the tiller:

The first scheduled oil change in Neva tiller engines is performed after 25-50 working hours.

If the tiller is operated every day, then the oil must be changed after 25 hours, if less often, then, respectively, after 50. It is imperative to change the oil during the change of seasons, for example, before spring harvesting or sowing.

Oil change and maintenance of diesel and gasoline engines of Neva tilers

In general, there are two main types of engines for tillers “Neva“, they are classified by fuel. diesel and gasoline.

In agriculture, electrical units are also used, but often much less often.

Tiller Gear Oil. Selecting the Right Gear Lubricant

To lubricate the gearbox included in the tiller, use a special gear oil. It must meet a number of important criteria, the main of which is the degree of material viscosity. The gear oil must be viscous enough to cover all rubbing parts of the mechanism with a thin film. At the same time, in no case should a too thick composition be used, since such a agent will not be able to penetrate into all the spare parts in the gearbox.

How to replace the lubricant in the gearbox?

The procedure is as follows.

  • Before you start filling with new fluid, you need to drain the old.
  • Place the cultivator on a raised platform. This will make it easier for you to drain the lubricant.
  • You will find 2 plugs on the gearbox. One of the plugs is designed for draining, it is located at the bottom of the unit. The other closes the filler neck. The filler plug is turned out first.
  • Take any reservoir and place it directly under the oil drain plug.
  • Unscrew the oil drain plug carefully. The transmission oil will begin to drain into the container. Wait until absolutely all the oil has drained, after which you can screw the plug back into place. Tighten it to the limit with the spanner.
  • Insert a funnel into the filler neck. Take the appropriate lubricant.
  • Fill it up to the required level. Then replace the plug. Now you need to find out the level of the lubricant. Tighten the plug with the dipstick until the end. Then unscrew it again and inspect.
  • If there is lubricant at the tip of the probe, do not add any more.

The procedure for changing the transmission lubricant will depend on the modification of the tiller. But basically, replacement is done after every 100 hours of unit operation. In some episodes, more frequent replacement may be necessary: ​​after every 50 hours. If the cultivator is new, then the initial replacement of the lubricant after running in the tiller must be performed after 25-50 hours.

A systematic change of transmission oil is necessary not only because the manufacturer advises it, but also for a number of other circumstances. During the operation of the cultivator, foreign steel particles are formed in the lubricant. They are formed due to the friction of the components of the cultivator, which are gradually crushed. The oil eventually becomes thicker, resulting in unstable tiller operation. In some cases, the gearbox may fail. Filled with fresh lubricant prevents such unpleasant events and eliminates repairs. Replacing a lubricant is several times cheaper than purchasing and installing a new gearbox.

If you want your technical equipment to function for a long time and correctly, do not ignore the timely oil change. How to maintain and clean the oil filter of the motor cultivator Maintenance of the air filters of the tiller motor must be carried out according to the maintenance intervals indicated by the manufacturer or as needed, if the technical equipment is used in conditions of high dustiness. It is advisable to inspect the condition of the air filter every 5–8 hours of the tiller’s operation. After 20-30 hours of activity, the air filter needs to be cleaned (if it is damaged, change it).

Motor oils for tillers of popular brands

These or those engine oils can be suitable for lubricating engines of various chillers. Let’s take a look at which lubricants meet the guidelines of the most popular agricultural engine engine manufacturers.

Oil for Tiller “Neva” with Subaru engine

We should also mention the Neva model with a Subaru engine. This is a very popular model, especially among novice farmers. The unit is powerful enough, with a large motor resource, which is why it is so popular. The manufacturer recommends to use for this model the transmission oil TEP-15 (-5 ° C to 35 ° C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 ° C to 25 ° C) GOST 17479.2-85 according to the international engine oils classification system by viscosity SAE90 API GI-2 and SAE90 API GI-5. Filling volume 2.2 l.

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A Robin Subaru engine will work with or automotive oil and 10W-30 (SAE classification). Oil class: SE or higher. The quality should not be worse than SG. For example, when choosing between oils with different markings, it is recommended to choose SJ oil, and if it is not available, SH oil if it is not available.

The most important recommendation for engine maintenance is to observe the schedule for the transition from operation in the warm season to operation in the cold season. When the air temperature drops below 4 ° C, change the summer type of engine oil to winter. The same procedure should be performed in reverse order when switching to summer operation, when the air temperature will constantly exceed 4 ° C.

Subaru

These engines are quite often included in the package of the Centaur and Zubr engines. For their lubrication, it will be optimal to use SAE 30 synthetic or semi-synthetic oil in summer, and SAE 10W-30 universal lubricant composition for winter operation.

Gearbox oil level

To find out if there is enough oil in the gearbox, unscrew the control hole bolt, which is usually located on the right. If oil starts to flow from under the bolt, its level is normal. If oil does not flow out, add it. Topping up must be done using a funnel and a hose. The hose is inserted into the filler hole, then oil is added, and when it starts pouring out of the control hole, it means that its level has reached the norm.

After adding oil, the control hole plug is tightened tightly, the filler cap is closed. The remaining oil must be completely removed from the surface with a dry cloth. The oil types for the gear unit and the engine are fundamentally different! The gearbox is filled with gear oil, and the engine is filled with ordinary engine oil.

If the tiller is not in use (in storage), it is necessary to change the oil at least once every 1-2 years.

Important! Topping up oil and changing oil are not the same thing. In order for the tiller to work for a long time and without breakdowns, it is necessary to follow the replacement schedule and monitor the oil level in the gearbox.

Is it possible to fill the tiller with automotive engine oil?

Ignorance of the answer to this question often becomes the reason for the breakdown of practically new agricultural machines. The answer to it is quite simple. in no case should you use car oil to lubricate the tiller engine.

The thing is that the produced grease for the tiller engine and the agent for the car engine are different in their composition liquids. Each of them has its own temperature regimes, as well as the principles of the lubrication itself. In tiller engines, engine oil is distributed by splashing, therefore lubricants containing special additives must be used for such engines. Otherwise, the tiller engine will fail quickly enough.

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How to check the level?

Checking the oil level is carried out using standard technology, to which every person is accustomed. For this, a special probe is present in the tiller’s device, which goes deep into the unit. After removing it from the hole, at the tip of the dipstick, you can see a limit strip, the level of which is equal to the level of the oil. If there is not enough liquid, then it must be topped up. On the other hand, this nuance forces you to check the entire system, since a low level of lubricant indicates that it is leaking somewhere.

In addition to the standard dipstick, some models of tillers have special sensors that automatically indicate the amount of lubricant present. Even in the process of replacing the oil fluid, it can be used to determine how much the size of the lubricant composition has increased or its lack.

Which is better to choose?

As mentioned earlier, there are several types of tiller oils. It is necessary to use the liquid recommended by the manufacturer of the unit. for this, it is enough to carefully study the device labeling and read the instructions.

In addition, each separate type of oil is divided into several types according to its chemical composition. In most cases, manufacturers try to manufacture units with the ability to use the most common types of oils. synthetic, mineral, and semi-synthetic, for example, Mannol Molibden Benzin 10W40 or SAE 10W-30.

It is worth noting that this lubricant contains a friction modifier that creates a strong film on the inner surface of the parts. This significantly reduces the wear rate of the tiller.

Three Ways To Pour Engine Oil | NO FUNNEL,NO TOOLS

Another marking that should not be forgotten is the designation of the properties of oil exploitation. It also comes in several varieties. For example, category C is used for 4-stroke diesel engines, and category S is used for gasoline.

A certain total can be derived from this data. Given the engine variety, a high level of demand is directed to multigrade oils labeled 5W30 and 5W40. Of anti-corrosion oils, 10W30, 10W40 are popular.

At temperatures above 45 degrees, oils marked 15W40, 20W40 should be used. For winter cold weather it is necessary to use oil liquid 0W30, 0W40.

How to change?

Anyone can change the lubricant in the tiller, but if there are any doubts, it is better to contact a highly qualified specialist. The procedure for updating with oil liquid in any model of chillers is the same, whether it is an Enifield Titan MK1000 instance or any other motor from the Nikkey line.

First of all, it should be remembered that the oil changes exclusively on a hot engine, that is, the system must first work for at least 30 minutes. This rule applies not only to four-stroke, but also to two-stroke engines.

Thanks to the above nuance, the warm spent mixture easily flows into the container placed from below. After the used oil is completely gone, you can start the replacement process.

First you need to unscrew the breather plug, drain the remaining used oil and, if necessary, change the additional oil and air filter. Then you need to fill in fresh liquid and return the plug to its place. Pour new oil carefully so that it does not get on other parts of the system, otherwise an unpleasant odor will arise.

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Appointment

When buying a new tiller, the kit must include accompanying documents, in which there are special sections with recommendations for proper care and operation. The names of oils ideally suited to the unit are also indicated there.

First of all, you should understand the basic functions of oil fluids. Liquids do the following:

  • system cooling;
  • getting the smearing effect;
  • cleaning the inside of the engine;
  • seal.

During the operation of the tiller in an air-cooled engine, the oil liquid begins to burn, respectively, the burnt particles remain on the cylinder. That is why there is the formation of a smoky exhaust. In addition, resinous deposits are the strongest contaminant for the rest of the tiller, which makes it more difficult to lubricate the parts.

Tiller oil is best filled with antioxidant fluids, which are a cleaning agent for the interior of the unit.

For the correct choice of oil, it should be remembered that each individual composition is designed for a specific season and climatic temperature.

In simple words, you cannot use summer oil at temperatures below 5 degrees. this can lead to engine start failure.

  • The summer type of oily liquid is used exclusively in the warm season. Has a high level of viscosity. No letter designation.
  • Winter oils are used during cold weather. They have a low level of viscosity. The letter designation is W, which means “winter” in translation from English. This variety includes oils with the SAE index 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • A variety of multigrade oils is more popular in the modern world. Their versatility allows you to fill the engine with fluid at any time of the year. It is these lubricants that have a special index in the general classification: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonality, oils are divided according to their composition. They are:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.

In addition, all oils differ in the performance requirements of 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines.

Tillers typically use an air-cooled 4-stroke system, so the oil must be 4-stroke. During the winter season, the most preferred option is a transmission engine oil, for example, 0W40.

The price of the issue, of course, is high, but the reaction of the unit lies in its long service life.

Tiller oil: which is better to fill and how to change?

  • Appointment
  • Views
  • Which is better to choose?
  • How to change?
  • In the engine
  • In the gearbox
  • How to check the level?
  • Can I use car oil?

In the engine

The primary oil change in the internal combustion engine occurs after 28-32 hours of operation. The next replacement can be done no more than 2 times a year. in summer and winter, even if the unit has been idle for some time. To start the replacement process itself, it is necessary to prepare special attributes. a funnel and a container for draining the spent liquid.

At the bottom of the engine there is a hole with a cap through which old oil can be drained. In the same place, a container for draining is substituted, the locking cap is unscrewed, and the waste liquid is drained. It is necessary to wait a while for the residues to completely drain out of the engine system. Then the plug is screwed into place, and fresh oil can be poured.

Its quantity must be identical to that of the drained one. If it is not possible to make a measurement, it is better to look at the technical data sheet of the unit, where the required number is indicated in grams. After new oil has been added to the engine, the level must be checked. To do this, just use a special probe.

It is worth noting that in some engines that are sensitive to oil fluids, for example, Subaru or Honda, it is assumed that oils of a certain class are used, that is, SE and higher, but not lower than the SG class.

This instruction is a general guideline for both two-stroke and four-stroke models. specific information on how to change the oil fluid in the tiller is best considered in the instructions for a particular unit.

In the gearbox

The gearbox is the most important part, because it is he who is responsible for the conversion and transmission of torque from the gearbox. Careful care and high-quality oil used for the device significantly prolongs its life.

To replace the oil composition in the gearbox, it is necessary to perform a number of manipulations.

  • the tiller must be placed on a hill. best of all on a pit.
  • Then the hole for the disposal of used oil is unscrewed. The stopper plug is usually located on the gearbox itself.
  • After that, a prepared container is substituted for draining the spoiled lubricant.
  • After completely draining, the hole must be tightly closed.
  • When these manipulations are carried out, clean oil must be poured into the gearbox.
  • Then you need to screw the hole plug.

It is worth noting that in some models of gearboxes, for example, in the Efco line, there are through bolts that determine the amount of oil, which can be guided when filling with fluid. In other models, there is a special dipstick by which you can see the total volume of the filled oil composition.

The initial oil change is made after the break-in time has elapsed. For example, for the Energoprom MB-800 model, the running-in time is 10-15 hours, for the Plowman ТСР-820 unit. 8 hours. But the line of tillers “Oka” is designed with a run-in of 30 hours. Subsequently, it is enough to drain and fill in new oil every 100-200 hours of full operation.

Can I use car oil?

It is strictly forbidden to use engine oil in chillers. Unlike a car engine, a chiller has certain principles of lubrication and an appropriate temperature regime for operation. In addition, tiller motors have certain features. These include the material of construction from which it is made, as well as the degree of forcing. In many cases, these nuances are incompatible with the characteristics of automotive oils.