How to properly assemble a cutter bar to a Forte single axle tractor

How to properly assemble cutters on a single axle tractor

It’s really quite simple. Most domestic manufacturers buy their blades from a single factory in Smolensk Oblast, where the blades are created from heat-treated, high-frequency steel with a cutting edge.

Please note that domestic cutters are always mounted on the flange of the cultivator with bolts. This is due to the fact that the rolled steel does not lend itself well to welding

So you can understand that many Chinese welded cutters are made of metal of worse quality than domestic.

Sabre saws have seen miles and miles of clearing

The process of creating such an edge is accompanied by the melting of the edge of the blade and its rapid cooling. As a result, the blade of the knife under magnification will look uneven and resemble a saw.

When working in the ground and constantly hitting rocks, rebar, and so on, the carbide blade will not blunt, but will crumble. Forming the deeper teeth of the “saw”. That is why many people call such cutters self-sharpening.

Frankly speaking, in my opinion, this term is not quite fair. A chipping blade is more likely to work.

Now to the question of sharpening at home. Power tillers can be sharpened with a high-temperature sharpening machine. If there is no such apparatus in the garage, there is no need to take a file from the shelf !

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A file will remove fine teeth, making the blade flat, which can lead to a large chipping or breaking of the blade during subsequent cultivation and hitting a stone.

If there is a nick on the cutter, just keep it running. You will see, after a while it will disappear by itself.

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Auxiliary equipment for the power tiller

Among the necessary improvements to the motoblock in the form of attachments, it is recommended to make, in addition to all of the above, the following elements:

For designs of wheels used as propulsion for a motor-block in the arable field, wheels with rubber tires are used. How to make wheels for a power tiller with grooming tips experience and ability to work with ready-made structures, such as steel disks from avtokoles.

Angle is cut into sections of 35-40 cm. The wheel rims are marked into equal segments. It is best if there will be. The marks are made and the angles are welded at the marks.

Elevator with his own hands for a power tiller is better to make from a piece of pipe with a diameter of 100 mm. The elevator itself is made in the form of a roller on a bracket. It changes its position when necessary and makes it possible to lift the single-axle tractor on the support. The roller is normally located at the front of the machine and acts as a support roller when traversing ditches and potholes.

Bucket for a power tiller with his hands is recommended to assemble in the event that you plan to use it as a snowplow.

  • Sheet metal 1.5-2 mm thick;
  • rigid plastic with a knife at the bottom of the metal strip;
  • plywood 8-10 mm thick or OSB 10-12 mm thick.

The bucket is rigidly attached to the frame of the power tiller. To facilitate the work it is possible to make a rotary device to change the angle of the cutting plane to the road surface.

It is possible to improve the home motor technology to meet your requirements without large expenditures. After all, you can assemble the attachment to a singleaxle tractor by yourself, making everything with your own hands.

What do they say on the forums?

There are a large number of forums on the Internet, where people share their experiences, how to cultivate with a Neva power tiller.

“Cultivation is for me, as a farmer, an integral part of working with the land. This is a necessary procedure, which allows you to increase the amount of crops. I’m familiar with power tillers, because I can no longer imagine my work without them. Thanks to him, this process takes place quickly and qualitatively. Yes, it does take some physical effort to control the tiller, but not without it in farming.”

“I installed the tiller, and happily went to my plot. But the work initially seemed to be very hard. Cultivation was slow, uncomfortable and a lot of effort. I was perplexed as to why such. I wondered for a long time what I had done wrong. Turns out it was just necessary to lower the control knob. I repositioned it, and the work got much easier from there.”

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Goosefoot

These models are relatively new on the market. Any virgin soil can be tilled with them, and they are also effective in cultivating hard and difficult soils.

  • solid construction, which provides high performance accuracy;
  • equipment fights weeds so well;
  • ease of operation, the ability to replace parts at home.

These models are made of carbon steel, which is not as strong as sabre milling cutters.

How to correctly assemble the cutters on a single axle tractor?

Assembly of the cutter can cause some difficulties, especially if you do it for the first time and by yourself.

To begin with, we should familiarize ourselves with the structure of the cutter.

The drawing below shows its main constituent elements:

  • rotary axle (comes in different lengths, can be one-piece or split);
  • pin with a fixer;
  • blades (right and left);
  • the assembly parts (nuts, washers and bolts).

Also do not forget to take into account the fact that the movement of the blades during work is counterclockwise. Be careful when assembling the module. any deviation in the design will lead to the fact that the balance of the axis will be broken, the unit will be skidded to the side when working.

We also suggest reading the video, which explains in detail the process of assembling the cutters to the power tiller:

Features of cultivator cutter knives

Cutter for power tillers (tiller). a device for cultivating the soil. On light cultivators they are installed instead of the wheels. For heavy models of power tillers or minitractors, they are made according to the type of attachment. Tines are used for crumbling, loosening or leveling the ground. The attachment has proven itself well in the development of the virgin land. It is also used for fertilizing and plowing of green manure.

Types of tiller blades for power tillers

First of all, the design features of blades determine the depth and type of cultivated soil. Thicker blades are used for dense and stiff soil, as well as for celenium. If you plan to cultivate the arable layer of great depth, long blades are used. The cutting tool has a curved shape to improve the grip. Bending direction can be to the right or to the left.

7 useful devices for the modern dacha ownerThere is an opinion that the work in the countryside is quite a tedious activity, which takes a lot of effort and time

Cutting organ by the way of fastening to a body of a mill can be dismountable or monolithic. The latter is a fully welded construction without the possibility of replacing damaged parts. practical is the collapsible version. In such design there is a possibility to change component that fails. over, with a set of interchangeable blades of different lengths, it is possible to quickly adjust the unit for cultivating the soil to different depths.

Material for blades

In order to withstand heavy loads during work, as well as to be resistant to abrasion, the cutter blade is made of high-quality carbon steel. Such material withstands heat treatment for strength and hardness. Hardening increases wear resistance by an order of magnitude. Some manufacturers produce the cutting part by forging. Such a part has a longer service life.

Forging pressure causes the steel to harden the surface layer of the metal as a result of hardening. This makes the cutting edge harder, and such tools need less sharpening than forged tools.

How to correctly assemble blades on a single axle tractor with 3 cutting blades?

The main mistake when assembling cutting tools of a power tiller is to install left-handed blades on the left section, and right-handed blades on the right section. Such scheme of knives assembly is functional, but has a number of drawbacks:

  • increased distance between the right and left side (20 to 25 cm) reduces the quality of cultivation. after the passage of the technique remains a wide strip of uncultivated soil;
  • cutting blades do not overlap each other, which reduces the quality of soil loosening;
  • the wear and tear of the cutting tools increases;
  • the comfort of operating the special equipment decreases. a power tiller will bounce when passing the strip because of the asymmetric entry of the cutting tools into the ground.

In order to assemble blades correctly on a single-axle tractor, it is necessary to adhere to the principle of diagonals and perform all mounting operations symmetrically. Some models of special equipment are equipped with left and right-handed cutters with a detachable last section. Their number does not affect the principle of assembling blades. The main thing when attaching the cutter blades to the next section is to offset them so that they “pass” through the formed angle of the already attached ones when looking along the hub.

When observing the diagonal (offset) assembly, the section blades will cut through the ground one after another. Left and right tillers will rotate symmetrically. When assembled correctly, uniformity of work and load distribution is guaranteed.

Instructions on how to assemble tillers on a cultivator

Getting to work, it is more convenient to separate the left and right blades, prepare wrenches to tighten the threaded fasteners. A three-blade left cutter will contain two left-handed and one right-handed blades in each section, and a right-handed cutter will contain two right-handed and one left-handed. Before attaching the cutting units, make sure that the sharp edges face forward on the power tiller.

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Assemble the first outer section

To do the assembly of the left side cutter correctly, you should not deviate from the instructions:

  • Place the shaft with the blade mounting plates vertically.
  • Place the left blade parallel to the flange so that their edges and mounting holes are aligned.
  • Angle from above to place the second left blade.
  • Bolt both blades from the outer edge, but do not tighten.
  • At an angle from above put the right blade on the first two blades.
  • Secure with bolts, tighten.

In the picture above there is an assembly of the cutting elements of one group. To correct the error, replace the upper blade with the left one.

Assemble subsequent sections

The algorithm for assembling the components will be similar. The difference lies in the position of the first element on the next flange. The blade must not be mounted parallel to one of the knives of an already assembled group, but so that it divides the angle (diagonal) between the knives that are already fixed.

Elements on the third flange must be installed with an offset relative to the blade group of the second section, the fourth. with an offset relative to the third.

The nuances of assembling a 4-blade cutter

To assemble the cutters correctly on a cultivator with four cutting elements, the principle of diagonal displacement is also used. Only the blades are alternated by placing them on the flange perpendicular to each other. On one flange you must install one left blade, then one right blade, then the left blade again, and complete the assembly with the right blade. The video provides a detailed instruction on assembling and installing the attachment with 4 cutting blades.

Instructions on how to assemble the cutters on the cultivator

Getting to work, it is more convenient to separate the left and right blades, prepare wrenches to tighten the threaded fasteners. A three-blade left side cutter will have two left and one right side blade in each section, and a right side cutter will have two right side and one left side blade. Before attaching the cutting blades, check that the cutting edges are facing in the direction of the front edge of the power tool.

Assemble the first outer section

To assemble the left-hand side cutter correctly, you should not deviate from the instructions:

  • Place the shaft with the blade plates vertically.
  • Place the left blade parallel to the flange so that their edges and mounting holes coincide.
  • Angle the second left blade at the top.
  • Bolt both blades from the outer edge, but do not tighten.
  • Angle the right blade upwards onto the first two blades.
  • Bolt and tighten.

The illustration above shows the assembly of the cutting elements of one group. To correct the error, it is necessary to replace the upper blade with the left one.

Assembling the subsequent sections

Algorithm of assembling components will be similar. The difference is the position of the first element on the next flange. The blade should not be mounted parallel to one of the knives of the already assembled group, but so that it divides the angle (diagonal) between the knives that are already fixed.

Elements on the third flange must be installed with an offset relative to the blade group of the second section, the fourth. with an offset relative to the third.

Assembly of a 4-blade cutter

To correctly assemble the cutters on the cultivator with four cutting elements, also use the principle of diagonal displacement. Only the blades alternate sequentially, placing them perpendicular to each other on the flange. On one flange, you must install one left, then one right, then left again, and complete the assembly with the right blade. In the video there is a detailed instruction on assembly and installation of the attachment with 4 cutting blades.

Particular cases

Cutters on a power tiller with 2-3 sections usually have a solid shaft. But often there are models with collapsible or additional sleeves, hinged sections. The diagonal principle of blade assembly in all of the above cases will be identical to the one described above. The process is complicated only by the need to perform additional actions. to assemble the entire cutter.

The mounting of the construction is performed by means of steel stoppers. They reliably fix all the elements of the attachment, prevent the loosening of connections under dynamic loads.

Homemade tillers for power tillers

Manufacturers offer different versions of tillers for power tillers. You can use one set of cutters or buy two different types of devices, changing them depending on the soil conditions.

Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, if properly assembled, will be no worse than the factory ones.

The main advantage of independent creation of soil cutters is that it can be adjusted to the specific features of the site.

About the elements

They are needed when cultivating the soil. Therefore, the model determines the quality of processing and the complexity of the procedure itself: the load on the motor, the ease of operation and the work involved.

The tiller is usually supplied with the power tiller. But that may not be enough. Sometimes the working depth or width needs to be increased, so the unit can be supplemented with other products. This solution also improves the forward motion of the power tiller. In addition, it will increase the service life of the mechanism.

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If the ground is clay, then it is better to use two pairs of tillers. And even if the soil is light and has already been tilled before, the additional elements are not a hindrance.

Depth adjustment is possible with the variable coulter. It is a sturdy element, located vertically in the hitch of the power tiller. The actual hoeing depth is influenced by the diameter of the tiller.

About the elements

These are needed when tilling the soil. Therefore, the model determines the quality of processing and the complexity of the procedure itself: the load on the motor, the ease of operation, and the laboriousness.

As a rule, a power tiller is included with a power tiller. But this may not be enough. Sometimes you need to increase the depth or width of processing, so the device can be supplemented by other products. This solution also improves the process of moving the tiller forward. This will also increase the service life of the machine.

If the soil is clayey, it is better to use two pairs of rotary cultivators. And even if the soil is light and has already been worked before, the additional elements will not be a hindrance.

Changing the depth is possible thanks to the variable coulter. It is a solid element that is vertically positioned in the hitch of the power tiller. And the final tilling depth is influenced by the diameter of the tiller.

How to assemble the right tillers on a single axle tractor?

The machine must be assembled with its own hands as correctly as possible. And here it is particularly important to make sure that the active part cuts into the ground when working. For this purpose it is initially recommended to study the drawings, and then already start manufacturing equipment.

The following tools are required to create the cutters:

  • Rotor axis of the required length. It can be split into two parts if you need to assemble a milling machine from two units.
  • Short axle.
  • Gearbox with clamps.
  • Left and right knives.
  • Bolts, washers, nuts.

The assembly does not take more than an hour, but here it is important to install the blades in such a way that they do not interfere with the rotation.

  • Long rotary axis is equipped with knives at an angle of 30 degrees.
  • Four blades must be combined on a single block and fastened to the gearboxes.
  • Then the correctness of the construction is checked and all fastening elements are tightened.

This design is very reliable and can withstand quite high loads.

How to assemble the right cutters on a single axle tractor?

The assembly of the cutter with your own hands must be done as correctly as possible. And here it is especially important to make sure that the active part cuts into the ground during work. To do this, it is first recommended to study the drawings, and then proceed to the construction of equipment. The following tools are required to build the cutters:

  • Rotor axle of the required length. It can be divided into two parts if it is necessary to assemble a milling machine of two units.
  • Short axle.
  • Gearbox with clamps.
  • Left and right blades.
  • Bolts, washers, nuts.

Assembly does not take more than an hour, but here it is important to install the blades in such a way that they do not interfere with the rotation.

  • The long rotor axis is equipped with knives at an angle of 30 degrees.
  • It is necessary to combine four blades on a single block, attaching them to the gearboxes.
  • Then the correctness of construction is checked and all fastening elements are tightened.

This design is very reliable and can withstand quite high loads.

Installation of the cutters on the single axle tractor

To install the tillers on a single-axle tractor, you should use special wooden trestles, the height of which should be about 50 cm. The unit should be supported on the coulter and tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the wheels are removed and the burrs are put on. On the outer ends special platters are fitted on both sides, which make the machine run more smoothly and steadily.

All tillers are self-sharpening tools. Sharpening is not necessary, as it would only damage the structure. Only in some cases, if you have been using it for a long time and see that it is not working properly, you can have the blades sharpened.

properly, assemble, cutter, single, axle

The tiller is an important element of every cultivation tool. Homemade properly assembled tillers can be used on any modern power tillers, in particular on Neva MB 1 and MB 2, MTZ and others. Such designs will help in the cultivation of the land and make it easier to perform agricultural tasks.

properly, assemble, cutter, single, axle